« 이전계속 »
Foi. Yes, madam; but my lady did not see retire by ourselves, and be shepherdesses. that part: we stifled the letier before she read Mrs. Mar. Let us first dispatch the affair in so far. Has that mischievous devil told Mr. hand, madam. We shall have leisure to think Fainall of your ladyship then?
of retirement afterwards. Here is one who is Mrs. F. Ay, all's out; my affair with Mi-concern'd in the treaty. rabell, every thing discovered. This is the last Lady W. O daughter, daughter, is it posday of our living together, that's my comfort. sible thou shouldst be my child, bone of my
Foi. Indeed! madam; and so 'lis a comfort bone, and flesh of my flesh, and, as I may if you knew all-he has been even with your say, another me, and yet transgress the minute ladyship; which I could have told you long particle of severe virtue? Is it possible you enough since, but I love to keep peace and should lean aside to iniquity, who have been quietness by my good will: I had rather bring cast in the direct mould of virtue ? friends logether, than set them at distance. Mrs. F. I don't understand your ladyship. But Mrs. Marwood and he are nearer related Lady W. Not understand! why, have you than ever their parents thought for. not been naught? have you not been sophisMrs. F. Say'st thou so, Foible? Canst thou Licated ?-not understand ? here I am ruined
to compound for your caprices; I must part Foi. I can take my oath of it, madam, so with my plate and my jewels, and ruin my can Mrs. Mincing; we have had many a fair niece, and all little enoughword from madam Marwood, to conceal some- Mrs. F. I am wrong’d and abused, and so thing that passed in our chamber one eve- are you. 'Tis a false accusation; as false as ning when we were at Hyde-park ;- and we your friend there, ay, or your friend's friend, were thought to have gone a walking: but we my false husband. went up unawares though we were sworn Mrs. Mar. My friend, Mrs. Fainall? your to secrecy too; madam Marwood took a book husband my friend! what do you mean? and swore us both upon it: but it was but a Mrs. F. I know what I mean, madam, and book of poems. So long as it was not a Bible so do you; and so shall the world at a time oath, we may break it with a safe conscience. convenient. Mrs. F. This discovery is the most oppor
Mrs. Mar. I am sorry to see you so pas. tune thing I could wish-Now, Mincing! sionale, madam.
More temper would look
more like innocence. But I have done. I am Enter MINCING.
sorry my zeal to serve your ladyship and faMin. My lady would speak with Mrs. Foi- mily, should admit of misconstruction, or make ble, mem. Mr. Mirabell is with her; he has me liable to affronts. You will pardon me, set your spouse at liberty, Mrs. Foible, and madam, if I meddle no more with an affair, would have you hide yourself in my lady's in which I am not personally concern'd. closet, till my old lady's anger is abated. 0, Lady W. O dear friend, I am so ashamed my old lady is in a perilous passion, at some that you should meet with such returns;-you thing, Mr. Fainall has said; he swears, and ought to ask pardon on your knees, ungratemy old lady cries. There's a fearful hurricane, ful creature; she deserves more from you, I vow.
He says, mem, bow that he'll have than all your life can accomplish-0 don't my lady's forlune made over to him, or he'll leave me destitute in this perplexity;-no, stick be divorced.
to me, my good genius. Mrs. F. Does your lady or Mirabell know Mrs. F. I tell you, madam, you're abused that?
-Stick to you ? ay, like a leach, to suck your Min. Yes, mem, they have sent me to see best blood -- she'll drop of when she's full
. if sir Wilfull be sober, and to bring him to Madam, you shan't pawn a bodkin, nor part them. My lady is resolved to have bim, I with a brass counter, in composition for me. think, rather than lose such a vast sum as six ! defy 'em all. Let 'em prove iheir aspersions: thousand pounds. O, come Mrs. Foible, II know my own innocence, and dare stand hear my old lady:
(Exit. Mrs. F. Foible, you must tell Mincing, that Lady W: Why, if she should be innocent, she must prepare to vouch when I call her. if she should be wrong'd after all, ba? I don't Foi. Yes, yes, madam.
know what to think-and I promise you, her Min. O, yes, mem, I'll vouch any thing for education has been very unexceptionable-I your ladyship's service, be what it will.
may say, it; for I chiefly made it my own [Exeunt Foible and Mincing. care to initiate her very infancy in the rudi
ments of virtue, and to impress upon her tenEnter Lady Wishfort and Mrs. Marwood. der years a young odium and aversion to the Lady W. O my dear friend, how can I
very sight of men- ?-ay, friend, she would ha' enumerale the benefits that I have received shriek'd if she had but seen
a man, till she from your goodness? To you I owe the timely was in her teens. As I'm a person 'tis true. discovery of the false vows of Mirabell; to -She was never suffer'd to play with a maleyou I owe the detection of the impostor sir child, though but in coats; nay, her very baRowland: and now you are become an inter-bies were of the feminine gender.—O, she never cessor with my son-in-law, to save the honour look'd a man in the face, but her own father, of my house, and compound for the frailties or the chaplain; and him we made a shift to of my daughter. Well, friend, you are enough put upon her for a woman, by the help of to reconcile me to the bad world, or else I his long garments and his sleek face; till sbe would retire to deserts and solitudes, and feed was going in her fifteen, harmless sheep. by groves and purling streams. Mrs. Mar. 'Twas much she should be deDear Marwood, let us leave ibe world, and ceived so long.
Lady W. I warrant you, or she would never Mrs. Mar. That condition, I dare answer, have borne to have been catechized by him; my lady will consent to, without difficulty ; and bave heard his long lectures against sing- she has already but too much experienced the ing and dancing, and such debaucheries ; and perfidiousness of men. Besides, madam, when going to filthy plays, and profane music-meet- we retire to our pastoral solitude, we shall ings. O, she would have swoond at the sight bid adieu to all other thoughts. or name of an obscene play-book-and can I Lady W. Ay, that's true. think, afier all this, that my daughter can be Fain. Next, my wife shall settle on me the naught? What, a whore? and thought it ex- remainder of her fortune, not made over alcommunication to set her foot within the door ready; and for her maintenance depend enof a playbouse. O dear friend, I can't believe tirely on my discretion. it. No, no; as she says, let him prove it, let Lady W. This is most inbumanly, savage; him prove it.
exceeding the barbarity of a Muscovité husband. Mrs. Mar. Prove it, madam? what, and Fain. 'I learn'd it from bis czarish majesty's bave your name prostituted in a public court; retinue, in a winter erening's conference over yours and your daughter's reputation worried brandy and pepper, amongst other secrets of at the bar hy a pack of bawling lawyers; to matrimony and policy, as they are at present be ushered in with an 0-yesa) of scandal; practised in the northern hemisphere. But this and have your case opened by an old fumbler must be agreed unto, and that positively. Lastly, in a coif like a man-midwife, to bring your I will be endow'd, in right of my wife, with daughter's infamy to light; to be a theme for that six thousand pounds, which is the moiety legal punsters, and quibblers by the statute; of Mrs. Millamant's fortune in your possesand become a jest, against a rule of court, sion; and which she has forfeited (as will apwhere there is no precedent for a jest in any pear by the last will and testament of your record; pot even in Doomsday-book; to dis- deceased husband, sir Jonathan Wishfort), by compose the gravity of the bench, and provoke her disobedience in contracting herself against naughty interrogatories in more naughty law your consent or knowledge; and by refusing Latin.
ihe offer'd match with sir Wilfull Wilwould, Lady W. 0, tis
which you, like a careful aunt, had provided Mrs. Mar. And then to have my young re- for her. vellers of the Temple take notes,' like 'pren- Lady W. My nephew was non compos, tices at a conventicle; and after talk it over and could not make his addresses. again in commons, or before drawers in an Fain. I come to make deinands-I'll hear eating-house.
no objections. Lady W. Worse and worse.
Lady W. You will grant me time to conMrs. Mar. Nay, this is nothing; if it would sider? end bere 'Iwere well. But it must after this Fain. Yes, while the instrument is drawing, be consign'd by the short-hand writers to the to which you must set your hand till more public press; and from thence be transferr'd sufficient deeds can be perfected, which I will to the hands, nay, into the throats and lungs take care shall be done with all possible speed. of hawkers, with voices more licentious than in the mcan while I will go for the said inthe loud flounder-man's: 2) and this you must strument, and till my
you may balance hear till you are stunn'd; nay, you must hear this malter in your own discretion. [Erit. nothing else for some days.
Lady W. This insolence is beyond an
preLady W. 0, 'tis insupportable! No, no, dear cedent, all parallel; must I be subject to this friend, make it up, make it up; ay, ay, I'll merciless villain ? compound. I'll give up all, myself and my Mrs. Mar. 'Tis severe indeed, madam, that all
, my niece and her all-any' thing, every you should smart for your daughter's failings. thing, for composition.
Lady W: 'Twas against my consent that Mrs. Mar. Nay, madam, I advise nothing; she married this barbarian; but she would have I only lay before you, as a friend, the incon- him, though her year was not out — Ah! her veniences which perhaps you have overseen. first husband, my son Languish, would not Here comes Mr. Fainall; if he will be satis-have carried it thus. Well, that was my fied to huddle up all in silence, I shall be glad. choice, this is hers; she is match'd now with You must think I would rather congratulate a witness, I shall be mad, dear friend; is there than condole with you.
no comfort for me? Must I live to be confis
cated at this rebel-rate ? ---Here come two more Enter FAINALL.
of my Egyptian plagues too. Lady W. Ay,,ay, I do not doubt it, dear Marwood: no, no, I do not doubt it. Enter MRS. MILLAMANT and SIR WILFULL.
Fain. Well, madam; I have suffer'd myself Sir W. Aunt, your servant. to be overcome by the importunity of this lady)Lady W. Out, caterpillar! call not me aunt; your friend; and am content you shall enjoy I know thee not. your own proper estate during life; on Sir W. I confess I have been a little in disdition you oblige yourself never to marry, guise, as they say,— 'Sheart! and I'm sorry under such penalty as I think convenient. for't.' What would you have? I hope I comLady W. Never to marry!
mitted no offence, aunt-and if I did I am wilFain. No more sir Rowlands—the next im- ling to make satisfaction; and what can a man posture raay not be so timely detected, say fairer? If I have broke any thing I'll pay
for't, an it cost a pound. And so let that 1) Ore: (Hear se) from Ouïr. 2) One of the melodinus cries of London, understood content for what's past, and make no niore aply by the happy few.
words. For what's to come, to pleasure you
sive to you.
I'm willing to marry my cousin. So pray
let's Mir. Let me be pitied first, and afterwards all be friends; she and I are agreed upon the forgotten: I ask no more. matter before a witness.
Sir W. By’r lady a very reasonable request, Lady W. How's this, dcar niece? have 1 and will cost you nothing, aunt. Come, come, any comfort ? can this be true?
forgive and forget, aunt; why you must, an Mrs. Mill. I am content to be a sacrifice to you are a Christian. your repose, madam; and to convince you Mir. Consider, madam, in reality, you could ihat I had no hand in the plot, as you were not receive much prejudice; it was an innomisinform’d, I bave laid my commands on cent device, though I confess it had a face of Mirabell to come in-person, and be a witness guiltiness; it was at most an artifice which that I give my hand to this flower of knight-love contrived; and errors which love produ
and for the contract that pass'd between ces have ever been accounted venial. Ai least, Mirabell and me, I have obliged him to make think it is punishment enough, that I have lost a resignation of it in your ladyship's presence; what in my heart I bold most dear; that to -be'is without, and waits your leave for your cruel'indignation I have offer'd up this admittance.
beauty, and with her my peace and quiet; Lady W. Well, I'll swear I am something nay, all my hopes of future comfort. revived at this testimony of your obedience; Sir W. An he does not move me, would I but I cannot admit that traitor+I fear I can- may never be o'the quorum. An it were not not fortify myself to support his appearance. as good a deed as to drink, to give ber to He is as terrible to me as a Gorgon; if I see him again, I would I might never take ship; him, I fear I shall turn to stone, and petrify ping. Aunt, if you don't forgive quickly, I incessantly.
shall melt, I can tell you that. My contract Mrs. Mill. If you disoblige him, he may re-went no farther than a little mouth-glue, and sent your refusal, and insist upon the contract that's hardly dry; one doleful sigh more from still. Then 'tis the last time he will be offen- my_fellow-traveller, and 'tis dissolved.
Lady W. Well, nephew, upon your acLady W. Are you sure it will be the last count-ah, he has a false, insinuating tongue. time?—if I were sure of that — shall I never Well, sir, I will stifle my just resentment, at see him again?
my nephew's request; I will endeavour what Mrs. Mill
. Sir Wilfull, you and he are to I can io forget, but on proviso that you resign travel together, are you not?
the contract with my niece immediately. Sir W. 'Sheart, the gentleman's a civil gen- Mir. It is in writing, and with papers of tleman, aunt, let him come in; why we are concern; but I have sent my servant' for it, sworn brothers and fellow-travellers. We are and will deliver it to you, with all acknowto be Pylades and Orestes, he and I; he is ledgments for your transcendent goodness. to be my interpreter in foreign parts. He has Lady W. Oh, he has witchcrali in his eyes been over-seas once already: and with proviso and tongue: when I did not see him, I could that I marry my cousin, will cross 'em once have bribed a villain to his assassination; but again, only to bear me company: 'Sheart, I'll his appearance rakes the embers which have call him in-an I set on't once," he shall come so long lain smother'd in my breast. [Aside. in; and see who'll binder him.
[Goes to the Door and hems. Enter Fainall and Mrs. MARWOOD. Mrs. Mar. This is precious fooling, if it Fain. Your debate of deliberation, madam, would pass; but I'll know the bottom of it. is expired. Here is the instrument, are you Lady W. O, dear Marwood, you are not prepard to sign?
Lady W. If I were prepared, I am not emMrs. Mar. Not far, madam; I'll return im- power'd. My niece exerts a lawful claim, hamediately
[Exit. ving match'd herself by my direction to sir
Fain. That sham is too gross to pass on Sir W. Look up, man, I'll stand by you! me; though 'tis imposed on you, madam. 'sbud, an she do'frown, she can't kill you; Mrs. Mill. Sir, I have given my consent. besides, harkee, she dare not frowo desperate- Mir. And, sir, I have resign'd my pretensions, ly, because her face is none of her own; Sir W. And, sir, I assert my right; and 'sheart, and she should, her forebead would will maintain it in defiance of you, sir, and wrinkle like the coat of a cream-cheese; but of your instrument. Sheart, an you talk of mum for that, fellow-traveller.
an instrument, sir, I have an old fox by my Mir. If a deep sense of the many injuries thigh shall hack your instrument of ram velI have osfer'd to so good a lady, with a sin- lum to shreds, sir. It shall not be sufficient cerc remorse, and a hearly contrition, can but for a mittimus, or a tailor's measure; thereobtain the least glance of compassion, I am fore withdraw your instrument, or by'r lady too happy; Ah, madam, there was a time, I shall draw mine. but let it be forgotten; I confess I have de- Lady W. Hold, nephew, hold. servedly forfeited the high place I once held, Mrs. Mill. Good sir Wilfull, respite your of sighing at your feet; nay, kill me vot, by valour. turning from me in disdain, I come not to Fain. Indeed! are you provided of your plead for favour; nay, not for pardon; I am guard, with your single beef-eater there? But à suppliant only for pily, am going where I am prepared for you; and insist upon my I never shall behold you more.
first proposal. You shall submit your own Sir W. How, fellow-traveller! you shall go estate to my management, and absolutely make by yourself then.
over my wife's to my sole use; as pursuant
to the purport and tenor of this other cove- no longer; you, thing, that was a wife, shall pant. I suppose, madam, your consent is not smart for this. requisite in this case; nor Mr. Mirabell, your Mrs. F. I despise you, and defy your maresignation; nor, sir Wilfull
, your right; you lice; you have aspersed ine wrongfully; I have may draw your fox if you please, sir, and proved your falsehood; go you and your make a bear-garden flourish somewhere else; ireacherous --I will not name it, but slarve for here it will not avail. This, my lady Wish- together, perish. fort, must be subscribed, or your darling Fain. Not while you are worth a groat, daughter's turn'd adrift, to sink or swim, as indeed, my dear; madam, I'll be foold no she and the current of this lewd town can longer. agree.
Lady W. Ah, Mr. Mirabell, this is small Lady W. Is there no means, no remedy, comfort, the detection of this affair. to stop my ruin? Ungrateful wretch! Dost Mir. O, in good time. Your leave for the thou dot owe thy being, thy subsistence to other osfonder and penitent to appear, madam. my daughter's fortune?
Fain. I'll answer you when I have the rest Enter Waitwell, with a Box of Writings. of it in my possession.
Lady W. O sir Rowland-Well, rascal. Mir. But that you would not accept of a Wait
. What your ladyship pleases. I have remedy from my hands-I own I have not brought the black box at last, madam. deserved you should owe any obligation to Mir. Give it me, madam; you remember me; or else perhaps I could advise. your promise.
Lady W. O, what? what? to save me and Lady W. Ay, dear sir. my child from ruin, from want, I'll forgive Mir. Where are the gentlemen? all that's past; nay, I'll consent to any thing Wait. At hand, sir, rubbing their eyeser to come, to be deliver'd from this tyranny. just risen from sleep.
Mir. Ay, madam; but that is too late, my Fain, 'Sdeath! wbat's this to me? I'll not reward is intercepted. You have disposed of wait your private concerns. her, who only could have made me a pensation for all my services; but be it as it
Enter PETULANT and WitwouLN. may, I am resolved I'll serve you; you shall Pet. How now? what's the matter? whose not he wrong'd in this savage manner,
band's out? Lady W. How! dear Mr. Mirabell, can you Wit. Hey-day! what, are you all together, be so generous at last! but it is not possible. like players at the end of the last act? llarkee, I'll break my nephew's match; you Mir. You may remember gentlemen, I once shall have my niece yet, and all her fortune, requested your hands as witnesses to a cerif you can but save me from this imminent tain parchment. danger.
. Ay, I do, my hand I remember-PeMir. Will you? I take you at your word. tulant set his mark. I ask no more. I must have leave for two Mir. You wrong him, his name is fairly criminals to appear.
written, as shall appear. You do not rememLady W. Ay, ay, any body, any body. ber, gentlemen, any thing of what that parchMir. Foible is one, and a penitent, ment contained.
[Undoing the Bo.r. Wit. No.
Pet. Not I. I writ, I read nothing. Enter Mrs. FAINALL, FOIBLE, and Mincing.
Mir. Very well, now you shall know. MaMrs. Mar. O, my shame! [Mirabell and dam, your promise. Lady Wishfort go to Mrs. Fainall and Lady W. Ay, ay, sir, upon my
honour. Foible] these corrupt things are brought hi- Mir. Mr. Fainall, it is now time that you ther to expose me.
. should know, that your lady, while she was Fain. If it must all come out, why let 'em at her own disposal, and before you bad by know it, 'tis but the Way of the World. That your insinuations wheedled her out of a presball not urge me to relinquish or abate one tended settlement of the greatest part of her tittle of my terms; no, I will insist the more. fortune
Foi, Yes indeed, madam, I'll take my Bible Fain. Sir! pretended! oath of it.
Mir. Yes, sír, I say, that this lady, while a Min. And so will I, mem.
widow, baving it seems received some cautiLady W. O Marwood, Marwood, art thou ons respecting your inconstancy and tyranny false! My friend deceive me! hast thou been of temper, which, from her own partial opia wicked accomplice with that profligate man? nion and fondness of you, she could never
Mrs. Mar. Have you so much ingratitude have suspected-she did, I say, by the wholeand injustice, to give credit against your friend, some advice of friends, and of sages learned to the aspersions of two such mercenary trulls? in the laws of this land, deliver this same as
Min. Mercenary, mem! I scorn your words. her act and deed to me in trust, and to the Tis true we found you and Mr. Fainall in uses within mentioned. You may read if you the blue garret; by the same token, you swore please, (Holding out the Parchment] though us to secrecy upon Messalina's poems. Mer- perhaps what is written on the back may serve cenary! no, if we would have been mercenary, your occasions. we should have held our tongues; you
would Fain. Very likely, sir. What's here? Dambave bribed us sufficiently.
nation! [Reads] A deed of conveyance of Fain. Go, you are an insignificant thing the whole estate real of Arabella Languish, Well, what are you the better for this? Is widow, in trust to Edward Mirabell.-Conthis Mr. Mirabell's expedient? I'll be put off fusion!
Mir. Even so, sir: 'tis The Way of the matter; I'm in a maze yet, like a dog in a World, sir; of the widows of the world. I dancing-school. suppose this deed may bear an elder date Lady W. Well, sir, take her, and with her than what you have obtained from your lady. all the joy I can give you. Fain. Perfidious fiend! then thus I'll be re- Mrs. Mill. Why does not the man take me?
[Offers to run at Mrs. Fainall. Would you bave me give myself to you over Sir W. Hold, sir; now you may make your again? beargarden flourish somewhere else, sir. Mir. Ay, and over and over again. [Kisses Fain. Mirabell
, you shall hear of this, sir; her Hand] I would have you as often as posbe sure you shall. Let me pass, oaf. [Exit
. sibly I can.. Well, heaven grant I love you Mrs. F. Madam, you seem to stifle your not too 'well, that's all my fear. resentment: you had better give it vent. Sir W. 'Sheart, you'll have time enough to
Mrs. Mar. Yes, it shall have vent, and to toy after you're married; or if you will toy your confusion, or I'll perish in the attempt. now, let us have a dance in the mean time';
. that we who are not lovers may have some Lady W. O daughter, daughter, 'tis plain other employment, besides looking on. thou hast inherited thy mother's prudence. Mir. With all my heart, dear sir Wilful.
Mrs. F. Thank Mr. Mirabell, a cautious What shall we do for music? friend, to whose advice all is owing.
Foi. O, sir, some that were provided for Lady W. Well, Mr. Mirabell, you have sir Rowland's entertainment are yet within kept your promise, and I must perform mine. call.
A Dance. First, I pardon, for your sake, sir Rowland Lady W. As I am a person,
can hold there and Foible. The next thing is to break out no longer; I have wasted my spirits so the matter to my nephew; and how to do to-day already, that I am ready to sink under that
the fatigue: and I cannot but have some fears Mir. For that, madam, give yourself no upon me yet, that my son Fainall will pursue trouble; let me bave your consent; sir Wilful some desperate course. is my friend; he has bad compassion upon Mir. Madam, disquiet not yourself on that lovers, and generously engaged a volunteer in account; to my knowledge his circumstances this action for our service; and now designs are such, he must of force comply. For my to prosecute bis travels.
part, I will contribute all that in me lies to Šir W. 'Sheart, aunt, I have no mind to a re-union: in the mean time, madam, (T. marry. My cousin's a fine lady, and the gen- Mrs. Fainall] let me before these witnesses tleman loves her, and she loves him, and they restore to you this deed of trust; it may be deserve one another; my resolution is to see a means, well managed, to make you live eaforeign parts; I have set on't, and when I'm sily together, set on't, 'I must do't. And if these two gen- From hence let those be warn'd, who mean tlemen would travel too, I think they may be
to wed, spared.
Lest mutual falsehood stain the bridal-bed: Pet. For my part, I say little; I think things For each deceiver to his cost may find, are best; off or on.
That marriage frauds too oft are paid in kind Wait. l'gad, I understand nothing of the
CUMBERLAND. RICHARD CUMBERLAND, son of Dr. Denison Cumberland, late Bishop of Kilmore, in Ireland, 'by Joanna, youngest danghter of the celebrated Dr, Bentley (a lady on whom the well-known pastoral of Phebe, by Dr. Hyrnm, printed in The Spectator, Nr. 603, was writien), and greai-grandson of Dr. Richard Cumberland, Bishop of Peterborough, was born February 19, 1739, in the master's lodge of Trinity College, Cambridge, under the roof of his grandfather Bentley, in what is called the Judge's Chamber, When turned of six years of age, he was sent to the school of Bury St. Edmund's, whence lie was in due time transplanied tu Westminster. At the age of fourteen Mr. C. was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, whence, after a long and assiduous course of study, he launched into the great world, and became a private confidential secretary to Lorp Halifax, then at the head of the Board of Trade; which situation he field with great credit to himself, till his Lordslip went out of oshce. Svon after this, he obtained the lay fellowship of Trinily College, vacant by the death of Mr. Titley, the Danish Envoy. This fellowship, bowever, he did not hold iong; for, on obtaining, through the patronage of Lord Halil'ax, a small cstablishment as crown agent for the province of Nova Scotia, he married Elisabeth, only daughter of George Ridge, Esq. of Kilmiston, in Hampshire, in whose family he had long heen intimate. When Lord Halifax relurned io adminislration, and was appointed Lord Lieuteuant of Ireland, Mr. C. went with him to that country, as under-secretary: his father, as one of his chaplains, and his brother in law, Capt. William Ridge, as one of his aidus-de-camp. Before Lord Halifax quitted Ireland to become Secretary of State, Mr, Cumberland's father hail been made Bishop of Clonfert, and Mr. Cumberland himself, who had declined a baronctcy which had been ofered him by his patron, came to England with his Lordship, and was appointed, we believe, to the situation of assistant secretary to the Board of Trade, About the end of the year 1771, the Bishop of Clonfert was translated to Kilmore, which see, however, he held not long, being translated by death lo a better world, to which he was followed by his lady in June 1775. The accession of Lord George Germaine to the scals, for the colonialdepartment promoted Mr. Cumberland from a subaltern at the Board of Trade to the post of secretary. In the year 178, he was sent on a secret and conlidential mission to the court of Spain; and it is reported, that bis embassy would have been snccessful, but for the riots in London, and the capture of our East and West-India fleets, which inspired the Spaniard with ore confidence than they had before possessed. In this mission Mr. Cumberland necessarily incurred great expenses ; and he was cruelly neglected by the ministers after the conclusion of his negotiation, It was, however, during his residence in that country that he collected the Anecdotes of eminent Printers in Spain, which he afterwards published. By the provisions of Mr. Burke's well-known bill, the Board of Trade was annihi