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allied ament animals appear Australian axis belong birds blood body bones botanists Botany Bovey brain carpel cells characters clot Cloth coagulation colour Conifers containing crania cranium Cycads described dimorphic flowers distinct distribution Edinburgh Edition Europe European evidence existence fact fauna favour female fibrin fibrinogen Flora flowers fluid formation fossil frontal genera genus geological globulin groups hybrids Illustrations important insects investing mass islands less London male Mammalia Mammals Marsupials matter membrane Memoir miocene Museum Natural History Naudin Neanderthal notochord observations occipital occur organs origin ossification ovary ovule P. L. Sclater paper parietal parietal bones parietal eminences Paris peculiar perithecia plants plates pollen portion posterior present probably Professor question races referred regard region remarkable sagittal suture scale scaphocephaly side skull Society South species specimens sporidia structure Swinhoe tion tissue vegetation vertebra whole Zoological
566 페이지 - Our ignorance of the laws of variation is profound. Not in one case out of a hundred can we pretend to assign any reason why this or that part varies more or less from the same part in the parents . . . The external conditions of life, as climate and food, &c., seem to have induced some slight modifications.
424 페이지 - Hyaenas' coprolites, and human objects, was agglutinated to the roof by the infiltration of water holding lime in solution. That subsequently, and within the human period, such a great amount of change took place in the physical configuration of the district as to have caused the cave to be washed out and emptied of its contents, excepting the patches of material cemented to the roof and since coated with additional stalagmite.
39 페이지 - As to the successions, or coming in, of new species, one might speculate on the gradual modifiability of the individual; on the tendency of certain varieties to survive local changes, and thus progressively diverge from an older type; on the production and fertility of monstrous offspring; on the possibility, eg, of a variety of auk being occasionally hatched with a somewhat longer winglet, and a dwarfed stature ; on the probability of such a variety better adapting itself to the changing climate...
331 페이지 - Tribes in which such mental and moral qualities were predominant would therefore have an advantage in the struggle for existence over other tribes in which they were less developed, would live and maintain their numbers, while the others would decrease and finally succumb.
42 페이지 - ... inconsistent with, the whole of the facts which it professes to account for ; and if there is a single one of these facts which can be shown to be inconsistent with (I do not merely mean inexplicable by, but contrary to,) the hypothesis, the hypothesis falls to the ground, — it is worth nothing.
332 페이지 - Thus man, by the mere capacity of clothing himself, and making weapons and tools, has taken away from nature that power of slowly but permanently changing the external form and structure, in accordance with changes in the external world, which she exercises over all other animals.
331 페이지 - ... while the form and structure of his body will remain unchanged. So when a glacial epoch comes on, some animals must acquire warmer fur, or a covering of fat, or else die of cold. Those best clothed by nature are, therefore, preserved by natural selection. Man, under the same circumstances, will make himself warmer clothing, and build better houses; and the necessity of doing this will react upon his mental organisation and social condition - will advance them while his natural body remains naked...
572 페이지 - Natura non facit saltum." We greatly suspect that she does make considerable jumps in the way of variation now and then, and that these saltations give rise to some of the gaps which appear to exist in the series of known forms.
334 페이지 - As the earth has gone through its grand cycles of geological, climatal and organic progress, every form of life has been subject to its irresistible action, and has been continually, but imperceptibly moulded into such new shapes as would preserve their harmony with the ever changing universe. No living thing could escape this law of its being; none could remain unchanged and live, amid the universal change around it.