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THE CODE OF LAWS

OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

OF A GENERAL AND PERMANENT CHARACTER IN FORCE JANUARY SIXTH,

NINETEEN HUNDRED AND FIFTY-NINE

1958 EDITION

CONFIFTY-NINE, IN TAVISION OF THE COME DUTY AND AUTE

CONSOLIDATED, CODIFIED, SET FORTH, AND PUBLISHED IN NINETEEN HUNDRED AND

FIFTY-NINE, IN THE ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-THIRD YEAR OF THE REPUBLIC, UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, PURSUANT TO THE DUTY AND AUTHORITY IMPOSED UPON IT BY SECTION TWO HUNDRED AND TWO (c), OF TITLE ONE

THE CODE OF THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 1925 EDITION

JUNE 30, 1926

(H. R. 10000] (PUBLIC, No. 440]

Chapter 712

AN ACT To consolidate, codify, and set forth the general and permanent laws of the

United States in force December seventh, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-five

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the fifty titles hereinafter set forth are intended to embrace the laws of the United States, general and permanent in their nature, in force on the 7th day of December, 1925, compiled into a single volume under the authority of Congress, and designated "The Code of the Laws of the United States of America."

SEC. 2. In all courts, tribunals, and public offices of the United States, at home or abroad, of the District of Columbia, and of each State, Territory, or insular possession of the United States

(a) The matter set forth in the Code, evidenced as hereinafter in this section provided, shall establish prima facie' the laws of the United States, general and permanent in their nature, in force on the 7th day of December, 1925; but nothing in this Act shall be construed as repealing or amending any such law, or as enacting as new law any matter contained in the Code. In case of any inconsistency arising through omission or otherwise between the provisions of any section of this Code and the corresponding portion of legislation heretofore enacted effect shall be given for all purposes whatsoever to such enactments.

(b) Copies of this Act printed at the Government Printing Office and bearing its imprint shall be conclusive evidence of the original of the Code in the custody of the Secretary of State.

(c) The Code may be cited as “U. S. C.”

See section 204 (a) of Title 1 regarding titles that are legal evidence of the law.

Page LXV

21325°-58-vol. 1--5

THE CODE OF LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES

OF AMERICA

TITLE 1.–GENERAL PROVISIONS

This title was enacted into law by act July 30, 1947, ch. 388, § 1, 61 Stat. 633.

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Chap.

Sec. 1. Rules of construction...... 2. Acts and resolutions; formalities of enact

ment; repeals; sealing of instruments.... 3. Code of Laws of United States and Supple

ments; District of Columbia Code and Sup-
plements......

POSITIVE LAW; CITATION This title has been made positive law by section 1 of act July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633, which provided in part that: “Title 1 of the United States Code entitled 'General Provisions', is codified and enacted into positive law and may be cited as 'i U. S. C., § - ''

REPEALS Section 2 of act July 30, 1947, provided that the sections or parts thereof of the Statutes at Large or the Revised Statutes covering provisions codified in this Act were repealed insofar as the provisions appeared in former title 1, and provided that any rights or liabilities now existing under the repealed sections or parts thereof shall not be affected by the repeal.

WRITS OF ERROR Section 23 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 146, 62 Stat. 990, provided that: “All Acts of Congress referring to writs of error shall be construed as amended to the extent necessary to substitute appeal for writ of error."

TABLE I Showing where former sections of Title 1 and the laws from which such former sections were derived, have been incorporated in revised Title 1. Title 1

Title 1 former Revised Statutes

new xations Statutes at Large

sections

овооооо

AWN

Chapter 1.-RULES OF CONSTRUCTION Sec.

1. Words denoting number, gender, etc. 2. "County" as including "parish", etc. 3. “Vessel" as including all means of water transporta

tion. 4. "Vehicle" as including all means of land transporta

tion. 5. “Company” or “association" as including successors

. and assigns.

Limitation of term "products of American fisheries." $1. Words denoting number, gender, and so forth.

In determining the meaning of any Act of Congress, unless the context indicates otherwise

words importing the singular include and apply to several persons, parties, or things;

words importing the plural include the singular;

words importing the masculine gender include the feminine as well;

words used in the present tense include the future as well as the present;

the words “insane" and "insane person" and "lunatic" shall include every idiot, lunatic, insane person, and person non compos mentis;

the words “person" and "whoever" include corporations, companies, associations, firms, partnerships, societies, and joint stock companies, as well as individuals;

"officer” includes any person authorized by law to perform the duties of the office;

"signature" or "subscription" includes a mark when the person making the same intended it as such;

"oath" includes afirmation, and “sworn" includes afirmed;

"writing" includes printing and typewriting and reproductions of visual symbols by photographing, multigraphing, mimeographing, man

ifolding, or otherwise. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633; June 25, 1948, ch. 645, $ 6, 62 Stat. 859; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, $ 1, 65 Stat. 710.)

AMENDMENTS 1951–Act Oct. 31, 1951, amended section by substituting, in fourth clause after opening clause, "used" in lieu or "use".

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June'i, 1940, ch. 325, 81, 54 Stat. 305.

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107 108 109

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RS. 9....
R.S. 10.
R.S. 11.
Nov.'1, 1893, 28 Stat. App. 6..
Mar. 2, 1895, ch. 177, 81, 28 Stat. 769.
Mar. 6, 1920, ch. 94, 1 1, 41 Stat. 520....
R.S., 12.

4.----------------------- -------
RS. 13.
Mar '22, 1944, ch. 12, 58 Stat. 118.
R.S., 5599
Mar. 3, 1933, ch. 202, 43, 47 Suat. 1431.---
Jan 12, 1895, ch. 23, 73, 28 Stat. 615...
June 20, 1936, ch. 630, 9, 49 Stat. 1551.
June 16, 1938, ch. 477, 61, 52 Stat. 760.

R.S., 6908.----- -31...

R.S. 6 .
Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, 41, 45 Stat. 1540
May 29, 1928, ch. 910, $ 2, 45 Stat. 1007.
Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, 2, 45 Stat. 1541.
May 29, 1928, ch.910, 33, 45 Stat. 1007
May 29, 1928, ch. 910, Š 4, 45 Stat. 1007
Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, 93, 45 Stat. 1541.
Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, 64, 45 Stat. 1542
Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 282, § 1, 47 Stat. 1603.
June 13, 1934, ch, 483, $$ 1, 2, 48 Stat. 948.
Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, 85, 45 Stat. 1542.
Mar. 4, 1933, ch. 282, 1, 47 Stat. 1603.

June 13, 1934, ch. 483, 481, 2, 48 Stat. 948. 54.......

Mar. 2, 1929, ch, 586, 86, 45 Stat. 1542 54d...

Mar. 2, 1929, ch. 586, & 7, 45 Stat. 1542.... 55.... . May 29. 1928. ch.910. & 5, 45 Stat. 1007..

Page 1

113 114 201

518.. 52.

202

204

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1948—Act June 25, 1948, amended section to include within the definitions the words "tense", "whoever", "signature", "subscription", and "writing" and a broader definition of the term “person". § 2. “County" as including “Parish”, and so forth.

The word "county" includes a parish, or any other equivalent subdivision of a State or Territory of the United States. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.)

Sec. 113. "Little and Brown's" edition of laws and treaties;

admissibility in evidence. 114. Sealing of instruments

AMENDMENTS 1951-Analysis amended by act Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 655, $ 2 (a), 65 Stat. 710, which inserted items 106a and 106b.

1950—Analysis amended by act Sept. 23, 1950, ch. 1001, $3, 64 Stat. 980, which inserted item 112a. $ 101. Enacting clause.

The enacting clause of all Acts of Congress shall be in the following form: "Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled.” (July 30 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

§ 102. Resolving clause.

The resolving clause of all joint resolutions shall be in the following form: "Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled." (July 30, 1947, ch. 388. 61 Stat. 634.)

83. “Vessel" as including all means of water transpor

tation. The word "vessel” includes every description of watercraft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.) 84. “Vehicle" as including all means of land transpor

tation. The word "vehicle" includes every description of carriage or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on land. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.) 85. “Company” or “association" as including succes

sors and assigns. The word "company" or "association", when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words "successors and assigns of such company or association", in like manner as if these last-named words, or words of similar import, were expressed. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 633.) 86. Limitation of term "products of American fish.

eries”. Wherever, in the statutes of the United States or in the rulings, regulations, or interpretations of various administrative bureaus and agencies of the United States there appears or may appear the term "products of American fisheries" said term shall not include fresh or frozen fish Allets, fresh or frozen fish steaks, or fresh or frozen slices of fish substantially free of bone (including any of the foregoing divided into sections), produced in a foreign country or its territorial waters, in whole or in part with the use of the labor of persons who are not residents of the United States. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

§ 103. Enacting or resolving words after first section.

No enacting or resolving words shall be used in any section of an Act or resolution of Congress except in the first. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.) $ 104. Numbering of sections; single proposition.

Each section shall be numbered, and shall contain, as nearly as may be, a single proposition of enactment. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

8105. Title of appropriation acts.

The style and title of all Acts making appropriations for the support of Government shall be as follows: "An Act making appropriations (here insert the object) for the year ending June 30 (here insert the calendar year).” (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

Chapter 2.-ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS; FORMALI.

TIES OF ENACTMENT; REPEALS; SEALING OF

INSTRUMENTS Sec.

101. Enacting clause. 102. Resolving clause. 103. Enacting or resolving words after first section. 104. Numbering of sections; single proposition. 105. Title of appropriation acts. 106. Printing bills and joint resolutions. 106a. Promulgation of laws. 106b. Amendments to Constitution. 107. Parchment or paper for printing enrolled bills or

resolutions. 108. Repeal of repealing act. 109. Repeal of statutes as affecting existing liabilities. 110. Saving clause of Revised Statutes. 111. Repeals as evidence of prior effectiveness, 112. Statutes at Large; contents; admissibility in evi.

dence. 112a. United States Treaties and Other International

Agreements; contents; admissibility in evidence.

§ 106. Printing bills and joint resolutions.

Every bill or joint resolution in each House of Congress shall, when such bill or resolution passes either House, be printed, and such printed copy shall be called the engrossed bill or resolution as the case may be. Said engrossed bill or resolution shall be signed by the Clerk of the House or the Secretary of the Senate, and shall be sent to the other House, and in that form shall be dealt with by that House and its officers, and, if passed, returned signed by said Clerk or Secrctary. When such bill, or joint resolution shall have passed both Houses, it shall be printed and shall then be called the enrolled bill, or joint resolution, as the case may be, and shall be signed by the presiding officers of both Houses and sent to the President of the United States. During the last six days of a session such engrossing and enrolling of bills and joint resolutions may be done otherwise than as above prescribed, upon the order of Congress by concurrent resolution. (July 30, 1947, ch. 388, 61 Stat. 634.)

§ 106a. Promulgation of laws.

Whenever a bill, order, resolution, or vote of the Senate and House of Representatives, having been approved by the President, or not having been returned by him with his objections, becomes a law

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