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This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.

The seventeenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-second Congress on the 16th of May, 1912, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated the 31st of May, 1913, to have been ratified by the legislatures of the States of Massachusetts. Arizona, Minnesota, New York, Kansas, Oregon, North Carolina, California, Michigan, Idaho, West Virginia, Nebraska, Iowa, Montana, Texas, Washington, Wyoming, Colorado, Illinois, North Dakota, Nevada. Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Ohio, South Dakota. Indiana Missouri New Mexico. New Jersey. Tennessee, Arkansas, Connecticut. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin.

ARTICLE (XVIII. Repealed. See Article XXI.)

SECTION 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

SEC. 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

SEC. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

The eighteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-fifth Congress, on the 3rd of December, 1917, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated the 29th of January, 1919, to have been ratified by the Legislatures of the States of Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, IdahoIllinoisIndiana, Kansas, Kentucky. Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

ARTICLE (XIX.) The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

The nineteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Sixty-sixth Congress, on the 19th of May, 1919, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated the 26th of August, 1920. to have been ratified by the Legislatures of the States of Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

ARTICLE (XX.) SECTION 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of Jan

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uary, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

SEC. 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a diferent day.

SEC. 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become Presih dent. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Conu gress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

SEC. 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

SEC. 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

SEC. 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.

The twentieth amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the legislatures of the several states by the Seventy-Second Congress, on the 3d day of March, 1932, and was declared, in a proclamation by the Secretary of State, dated on the 6th day of February, 1933, to have been ratified by the legislatures of the states of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey. New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming—said states constituting three-fourths of the whole number of states in the United States, and certified as valid to all intents and purposes as a part of the Constitution of the United States.

ARTICLE (XXI.) SECTION 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

SEC. 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

SEC. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Con

stitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.

The twenty-first amendment to the Constitution was proposed to the several states by the Seventy-Second Con. gress, on the 20th day of February, 1933, and was declared, in a proclamation by the Secretary of State, dated on the 5th day of December, 1933, to have been ratified by conventions in the States of Arizona, Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming—said states constituting three-fourths of whole number of states in the United States, and certified as valid to all intents and purposes as a part of the Constitution of the United States.

proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

SEC. 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

PROPOSAL AND RATIFICATION This amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the Eightieth Congress on Mar. 24, 1947 by House Joint Res. No. 27, and was declared by the Administrator of General Services, in a proclamation dated Mar. 1, 1951, 16 F. R. Doc. 51-2940, 16 F. R. 2019, 65 Stat. 777, to have been ratified by the following State legislatures: Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

CERTIFICATION OF VALIDITY Publication of the certifying statement of the Administrator of General Services that the amendment had become valid was made on Mar. 1, 1951, F. R. Doc. 51-2940, 16 F. R. 2019.

ARTICLE (XXII] SECTION 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this Article was

PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

(CHILD LABOR]

Kansas -----

SECTION 1. The Congress shall have power to limit, regulate, and prohibit the labor of persons under eighteen years of age.

SEC. 2. The power of the several States is unimpaired by this article except that the operation of State laws shall be suspended to the extent necessary to give effect to legislation enacted by the Congress. Proposed by the Sixty-eighth Congress on June 2, 1924.

RATIFICATION BY THE STATES Arizona -----

-----------January 28, 1925 Arkansas .--

------June 28, 1924 California -----

-------January 8, 1925 Colorado ...

-----April 28, 1931 Idaho -.

February 7, 1935 Ilinois ------

--- June 30, 1933 Indiana ------

-February 8, 1935 Iowa --------

December 6, 1938

RATIFICATION BY THE STATES—Continued

-February 25, 1937 (certificate not received by State Dept. until

March 29, 1948) Kentucky

----_January 13, 1937 Maine -------------------------------December 16, 1933 Michigan -----------

---------------------May 10, 1933 Minnesota ---------

------------- December 14, 1933 Montana..

--------------February 11, 1927 New Hampshire-----

-----------------May 17, 1933 New versey -------New Jersey

------------------June 12, 1933 New Mexico --------------------------February 12, 1937 Nevada -----

-------------------January 29, 1937 North Dakota...

------------------March 4, 1933 Ohio --------------

--------------------March 22, 1933 Oklahoma

---------------------July 5, 1933 Oregon ------------

--------------------------------January 31, 1933 Pennsylvania

-------------------------December 21, 1933 Utah --------------

------------------February 5, 1935 Washington ---------------------------February 3, 1933 West Virginia.---

--------December 12, 1933 Wisconsin ------------

------------February 25, 1925 (recelved notification in State Dept. on

February 28, 1925) Wyoming --------------

-February 1, 1936

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ANALYTICAL INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

AND THE AMENDMENTS THERETO

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Art. Sec. Ol.
Anner for & capital or infamous crime unless on presentment

of a grand jury. No person shall be held to. (Amend.
ments).........
Except in cases in the land or naval forces, or in the

militia when in actual service. (Amendments).......
Appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such excep-

tions and under such regulations as Congress shall make.
In what cases the Supreme Court shall have......

3 2
Application of the legislature or the executive of 8 State. The

United States shall protect each State against invasion and

domestic violence on the......
Application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the States,

Congress shall call a convention for proposing amendments
to the Constitution. On the....
Appointment of officers and authority to train the militia re-
served to the States respectively......
Of such inferior officers as they may think proper in the

President alone. Congress may by law vest the......
In the courts of law or in the heads of departments.

Congress may by law vest the....
Apportionment of representation and direct taxation among
the several States. Provisions relating to the..
of Representatives among the several States. Provi-

sions relating to the. (Amendments)....
Appropriate legislation. Congress shall have power to make

all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the
foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Con.
stitution in the Government of the United States, or in any
department or officer thereof..

1 8 18
Congress shall have power to enforce the thirteenth

the thirteenth
article, prohibiting slavery by. (Amendments)......
Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the

fourteenth article by. (Amendments)....
Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of

the fifteenth article by. (Amendments) ....
Appropriation of money for raising and supporting armies

shall be for a longer term than two years. But no........
Appropriations made by law. No money shall be drawn

from the Treasury but in consequence of.....
Approve and sign a bill before it shall become a law. The
President shall....

1 7 2
He shall return it to the House in which it originated,

with his objections, if he do not....
Armies, but no appropriation for that use shall be for a longer

term than two years. Congress shall have power to raise
and support........................... .............
Armies. Congress shall make rules for the government and

regulation of the land and naval forces.
Arms shall not be infringed. A well-regulated militia being

necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the
people to keep and bear. (Amendments ....
Arrest during their attendance at the session of their respec-

tive Houses, and in going to and returning from the same.
Members shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and
breach of the peace, be privileged from..

1 6 1
Arsenals. Congress shall exercise exclusive & athority over
all places purchased for the erection of ..

i 8 17
Articles exported from any State. No tax or duty shall be

Jaid on...
Arts by securing to authors and inventors their patent rights.

Congress may promote the progress of science and the
useful......
Assistance of counsel for his defense. In all criminal prosecu-

tions the accused shall have the. (Amendments).........
Assumption of the debt or obligations incurred in aid of re-
bellion or insurrection against the United States. Provi

sions against the. (Amendments]....
Altainder or a post facto law shall be passed. No bill of.....
Attainder, a post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of
contracts.No State shall pass any bill of.....

1 10 1
Attainder of treason shall not work corruption of blood or

forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted ... 3 3 2
Authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings

and inventions. Congress shall have power to secure to.. 1 8 8

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Art. Sec. CI.
Abridged. The privileges or immunities of citizens of the
United States shall not be. (Amendments)....

14 1 -
Absent members, in such manner and under such penalties

as it may provide. Each House is authorized to compel
the attendance of ......

-

1 6 1
Accounts of receipts and expenditures of public money shall

be published from time to time. A statement of the.....
Accusation. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall

be informed of the cause and nature of the. (Amendments)
Accused shall have a speedy public trial. In all criminal
prosecutions the. (Amendments] .....
He shall be tried by an impartial jury of the State and

district where the crime was committed. (Amend-
ments)...
He shall be informed of the nature of the accusation.

(Amendments)....
He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him.

(Amendments)............
He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses

in his favor. (Amendments).....
He shall have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
(Amendments)-----

6 - -
Adions at common law involving over twenty dollars shall
be tried by jury. (Amendments)........

7 - -
Ads, records, and judicial proceedings of another State.

Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the...
Ads. Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such

acts, records, and proceedings......
Adjourn from day to day. A smaller number than a quorum
of each House may.....

S . 1 6 1
Adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place

than that in which they shall be sitting. Neither House
shall, during the session of Congress, without the consent

of the other ..
Adjournment, the President may adjourn them to such

time as he shall think proper. In case of disagreement

between the two Houses as to...
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. The judicial power

shall extend to all cases of....
Admitted by the Congress into this Union, but no new States

shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any
other State. New States may be.....
Nor shall any State be formed by the junction of two

or more States, or parts of States, without the consent
of the legislatures and of Congress...

4 3 1
Adoption of the Constitution shall be valid. All debts and

engagements contracted by the confederation and before
the.. .

8 - 1
Adrice and consent of the Senate. The President shall have
power to make treaties by and with the..

2 2 2
To appoint ambassadors or other public ministers and
consuls by and with the....

2 2 2
To appoint all other officers of the United States not

herein otherwise provided for by and with the.....
Affirmation. Senators sitting to try impeachments shall be
OD oath or...

1 3 6
To be taken by the President of the United States.
Form of the oath or.....

2 1 7
No warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause
and on oath or. (Amendments).........

4 - -
To support the Constitution. Senators and Repre-

sentatives, members of State legislatures, executive
and judicial officers, both State and Federal, shall be

bound by oath or....
Age. No person shall be & Representative who shall not
have attained twenty-Ave years of...

1 2 2
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained .
thirty years of......

i 3 3
Agreement or compact with another State without the

consent of Congress. No State shall enter into any..... 1 10 3
Aid and comfort. Treason against the United States shall

consist in levying war against them, adhering to their
enemies, and giving them.

. 3 3 1
Alliance or confederation. No State shall enter into any
treaty of..............

10 1
Ambassadors, or other public ministers and consuls. The
President may appoint.

2 2
The judicial power of the United States shall extend to .
all cases affecting .......

- 3 2 1
Amendments to the Constitution. Whenever two-thirds of

both Uouses shall deem it necessary, Congress shall pro-
pose..........................
To the Constitution. On application of the legislatures

of two-thirds of the States, Congress shall call a con-
vention to propose...

8
Shall be valid when ratified by the legislatures of, or by

- -
conventions in, three-fourths of the States. ---

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Art. Sec. Cl.
Bankruptcies. Congress shall have power to pass uniform

laws on the subject of...
Basis of representation among the several States

visions relating to the. (Amendments).....
Bear arms shall not be infringed. A well-regulated militia
being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of

the people to keep and. (Amendments)....
Beharior. The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts
shall hold their offices during good......

- 3
Bill of attainder or e post facto law shall be passed. NO.
Bill of attainder, er post facto law, or law impairing the
obligation of contracts. No State shall pass any...

1 10 1
Bills of credit. No State shall emit..

1 10 1
Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of

Representatives. All.:....
Bills which shall have passed the Senate and House of

Representatives shall, before they become laws, be pre-
sented to the President.

1 7 2
If he approve, he shall sign them; if he disapprove, he
shall return them, with his objections, to that House
in which they originated.....

1 7 2
Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the Presi-

dent with his objections, if two-thirds of each House

agree to pass the same, it shall become a law.... ...
Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the Presi.

dent, the question shall be taken by yeas and nays... 1 7 2
Not returned by the President within ten days (Sun.
days excepted), shall, unless Congress adjourn, become
minnav on the credit of the United States. Congress

1 7 2
Borrow money on the
shall have power to....

1 8 2
Bounties and pensions, shall not be questioned. The

validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insur-
rection and rebellion against the United States, including
the debt for. (Amendments)......

14 4 -
Breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest while

attending the session, and in going to and returning from
the same. Senators and Representatives, except for
treason, felony, and....

1 6 1
Bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. The

President, Vice-President, and all civil officers shall be
removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason...

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Art. Sec. Cl.
Coin & tender in payment of debts. No State shall make
anything but gold and silver.....

1 10 i
Coin money and regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin.
Congress shall have power to......

: 186
Coin of the United States. Congress shall provide for pun.

ishing the counterfeiting the securities and current......
Color. or previous condition of servitude. The right of citi-

zens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or
abridged by the United States or by any State on account
of race. (Amendments) ................

- 15 1 -
Comfort. Treason against the United States shall consist in

levying war against them, and giving their enemies aid
and..

3 3 1
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy, and of the militia
when in actual service. The President shall be...

2 1
Commerce with foreign nations, among the States, and with

Indian tribes. Congress shall have power to regulate..... i 8 3
Commerce of terenue. No preference shall be given to the
ports of one State over those of another by any regulation

96
Vessels clearing from the ports of one State shall not pay

duties in those of another......
Commissions to expire at the end of the next session. The

President may fill vacancies that happen in the recess of

the Senate by granting .....
Common defense, promote the general welfare, &c. To insure

the. (Preamble)....
Common defense and general welfare. Congress shall have

power to provide for the......
Common law, where the amount involved exceeds twenty
dollars, shall be tried by jury. Suits at. (Amendments)
No fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reëxamined in

any court of the United States than according to the

rules of the. (Amendments)...
Compact with another State. No State shall, without con-
sent of Congress, enter into any agreement or...

1 10
Compact with a foreign power. No State shall, without the

consent of Congress, enter into any agreement or..........
Compensation of Senators and Representatives to be ascer.
tained by law......

... 1 61
Compensation of the President shall not be increased nor

diminished during the period for which he shall be elected. 2
Compensation of the judges of the Supreme and inferior courts

shall not be diminished during their continuance in office. 3
Compensation. Private property shall not be taken for pub-

lic use without just. (Amendments) ....
Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. In

criminal prosecutions the accused shall have. (Amend-
ments)....
Confederation. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance,

or ................
Confederation. All debts contracted and engagements en.

tered into before the adoption of this Constitution shall be
valid against the United States under it, as under the....
Confession in open court. Conviction of treason shall be on

the testimony of two persons to the overt act, or upon....
Congress of the United States. All legislative powers shall
be vested in a......

Shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives..
Shall assemble at least once in every year, which shall

be on the first Monday of December, unless they by
law appoint a different day....

2
May at any time alter regulations for elections of Sons-

tors and Representatives, except as to the places of

choosing Senators.....
Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns,

1 5
A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to
do business. . ...

16
A smaller number may adjourn from day to da
compel the attendance of absent members.....

1 6 1
Each House may determine the rules of its proceed-

İngs, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and,
with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member...
Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings...... 1 5 3
Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall,

without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than
three days ...

16 4
Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensa.
tion to be ascertained by law....

1 6 1
They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach

of peace, be privileged from arrest during attendance
at their respective Houses, and in going to and return-
ing from the same......

i 61
No Senator or Representative shall, during his term, be

appointed to any civil office which shall have boen
created, or of which the emoluments shall have been
increased, during such term...

1 82
No person holding any office under the United States.

shall, while in office, be a member of either House of
Congress

1 6 2
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House
of Representatives...

17 1
Proceedings in cases of bills
with his objections....

17
Shall have power to lay and collect duties, imposts, and

excises, pay the debts, and provide for the common
defense and general welfare...

i 8
Shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the
United States....

i 8 2
To regulate foreign and domestic commerce, and with
the Indian tribes...

18
To establish uniform rule of naturalization and
laws on the subject of bankruptcies......

1 8 4
To coin money, regulate its value and the value of foreign

coin, and to fix the standard of weights and measures.. 1 8 0
To punish the counterfeiting the securities and current
coin of the United States........

1 8 6

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Capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on indictment

of a grand jury, except in certain specified cases. No
person shall be held to answer for a. (Amendments).....
Capitation or other direct tas shall be laid unless in pro-

portion to the census or enumeration. No...
Captures on land and water. Congress shall make rules

concerning.....
Casting oote. The Vice-President shall have no vote unless

the Senate be equally divided....
Census or enumeration of the inhabitants shall be made

within three years after the first meeting of Congress, and

within every subsequent term of ten years thereafter....
Census or enumeration. No capitation or other direct tax

shall be laid except in proportion to the....
Chief Justice shall preside when the President of the United

States is tried upon impeachment. The...
Choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give

their votes, which shall be the same throughout the United

States. Congress may determine the time of.....
Citizen of the United States at the adoption of the Con-
stitution shall be eligible to the office of President. No

person not a natural-born....
citizen of the United States. No person shall be a Senator
who shall not have attained the age of thirty years, and
been nine years &...
No person shall be a Representative who shall not have

attained the age of twenty-five years, and been seven

years a...
Citizenship. Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all
the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several
States....
All persons born or naturalized in the United States,

and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of
the United States and of the State in which they reside.

(Amendments) .....
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall

abridge the priviloges or immunities of citizens of the

United States. (Amendments] ......
Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty.

or property without due process of law. (Amend.

ments........
Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal

protection of the laws. (Amendments)...
Citizens or subjects of a foreign state. The judicial power of

the United States shall not extend to suits in law or equity
brought against one of the States by the citizens of another

State, or by. (Amendments).....
Civil officers of the United States shall, on impeachment for
and conviction of treason, bribery, and other high crimes

end misdemeanors be removed. All....
Claims of the United States or any particular State in the

territory or public property. Nothing in this Constitution
shall be construed to prejudice......
Classification of Senator 8. Immediately after they shall be

assembled after the first election, they shall be divided as
equally as may be into three classes......
Classification of Senators. The seats of the Senators of the

first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second
year........
The seats of the Senators of the second class at the expi-

ration of the fourth year..
The seats of the Senators of the third class at the expirs-
tion of the sixth year.-------

...

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Art. Sec. Cl.
Congress of the United States-Continued
To establish post-offices and post-roads...

. 1 8 7
To promote the progress of science and the useful arts. 1 8 8
To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court..
To define and punish piracies and felonies on the high
_seas and to punish offenses against the law of nations.
To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and

make rules concerning captures on land and water... 1 8 1
To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two
years...

8 12
To provide and maintain a Navy-

8 13
To make rules for the government of the Army and
Navy...

8 14
To call out the militia to execute the laws, suppress in-
surrections, and repel invasions...

8 15
To provide for organizing, arming, and equipping the
militia....

1 8 16
To exercise exclusive legislation over the District fixed

for the seat of government, and over forts, magazines,
arsenals, and dockyards...

18 17
To make all laws necessary and proper to carry into

execution all powers vested by the Constitution in the
Government of the United States.....

8 18
No person holding any office under the United States

shall accept of any present, emolument, office, or title
of any kind from any foreign state, without the consent

OI.................... .
Sessions, time of assembling. (Amendments)..
May determine the time of choosing the electors for

President and Vice-President and the day on which
they shall give their votes......
The President may, on extraordinary occasions, convene

either House of...
The manner in which the acts, records, and judicial

ceedings of the States shall be prescribed by.
New States may be admitted by Congress i
Union....

3 1
Shall have power to make all needful rules and regulations

respecting the territory or other property belonging to

the United States...
Amendments to the Constitution shall be proposed

whenever it shall be deemed necessary by two-thirds

of both Houses of...
Persons engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the

United States disqualified for Senators or Represent.

atives in. (Amendments).....
But such disqualification may be removed by a vote o

two-thirds of both Houses of. (Amendments)..
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,

the thirteenth amendment (Amendments]..
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,

the fourteenth amendment. (Amendments)
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,

the fifteenth amendment. (Amendments)..
Consent. No State shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in

the Senate without its........
Consent of Congress. No person holding any office of profit
or trust under the United States shall accept of any present,
emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any
king, prince, or foreign potentate, without the.....

1 98
No State shall lay any imposts, or duties on imports,

except what may be absolutely necessary for executing
its inspection laws, without the.......

1 10 2
No State shall lay any duty of tonnage, keep

or ships of war in time of peace, without the.......... 1 10 3
No State shall enter into any agreement or compact with

another State, or with a foreign power, without the... 1 10 3
No State shall engage in war unless actually invaded, or

in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay,
without the......... .............................

1 10 3
No new State shall be formed or erected within the juris-

diction of any other State, nor any State be formed by
the junction of two or more States, or parts of States,
without the consent of the legislatures thereof, as well
as the

3 1
Consent of the legislature of the State in which the same may
be. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over all
places purchased for the erection of forts, magazines, arse.
pals, dockyards, and other needful buildings by the.......

17
Consent of the legislatures of the States and of Congress. No

States shall be formed by the junction of two or more States
or parts of States without the......
Consent of the other. Neither House, during the session of

Congress, shall adjourn for more than three days, nor to
any other place than that in which they shall be sitting,
without the.......
Consent of the owner. No soldier shall be quartered in time

of peace in any house without the. (Amendments)......
Consent of the Senate. The President shall have power to
make treaties, by and with the advice and....

2 2 2
The President shall appoint ambassadors, other public
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court,
and all other officers created by law and not otherwise

herein provided for, by and with the advice and... 2 2
Constitution, in the Government of the United States, or in
any department or officer thereof. Congress shall have
power to pass all laws necessary to the execution of the
powers vested by the...

........ 1 8 18
Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President. No

person except a natural-born citizen, or a citizen at the time
of the adoption of the.....
Constitution. The President, before he enters upon the ex-

ecution of his office, shall take an oath to preserve, protect,
and defend the......

2 17
Constitution, laws, and treaties of the Upited States. The
Iudicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the..

Art. Sec. CL.
Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims

of the United States, or of any State (in respect to territory
or other property of the United States). Nothing in the..
Constitution. The mainer in which amendments may be

proposed and ratified.....
Constitution as under the Confederation shall be valid. All

debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of the 6
Constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereot, and all

treaties made, or which shall be made, by the United
States, shall be the supreme law of the land. The......
The judges in every State, anything in the constitution
or laws of a State to the contrary notwithstanding, shall
be bound thereby....

........
Constitution. All officers, legislative, executive, and judicial,

of the United States, and of the several States, shall be
bound by an oath to support the.-.-
But no religious test shall ever be required as a qu

tion for any office or public trust....
Constitution between the States so ratifying the same. The
ratification of the conventions of nine States shall bo sul-

ficient for the establishment of the
Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny
or disparage others retained by the people. The enumera-

tion in the. (Amendments).....
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved

to the States respectively or to the people. Powers not

delegated to the United States by the. (Amendments)...
Constitution, and then engaged in rebellion against the United

States. Disqualification for office imposed upon certain
class of persons who took an oath to support the. (Amend.
ments.....

14 3
Constitution. Done in convention by the unanimous con-

sent of the States present, September 17, 1787.....
Contracts. No State shall pass any ex post facto law, or law
impairing the obligation of.....

1 10 1
Controversies to which the United States shall be a party:

between two or more States; between a State and citizens
of another State; between citizens of different States;
between citizens of the same State claiming lands under
grants of different States; between a State or its citizens
and foreign states, citizens, or subjects. The judicial power

shall extend to....
Convene Congress or either House, on extraordinary occasions.

The President may....
Convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution.
Congress, on the application of two-thirds of the legislatures

of the States, may call &...............
Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present

on the 17th of September, 1787. Adoption of the Constitu-

tion in...
Conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the estab

lishment of the Constitution. The ratification of the....
Conriction in cases of impeachment shall not be had without

the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.....
Copyrights to authors for limited times. Congress shall have

power to provide for.......
Corruption of blood. Attainder of treason shall not work....
Counsel for his defense. In all criminal prosecutions the ac-

cused shall have the assistance of. (Amendments) ..
Counterseiting the securities and current coin of the United

States. Congress shall provide for the punishment of....
Courts. Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals
inferior to the Supreme Court..

-........... 1 8 9
Courts of law. Congress may by law vest the appointment of

such inferior officers as they think proper in the President
alone, in the heads of departnents, or in the....
Courts as Congress inay establish. The judicial power of the
United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and

such inferior .......................
Courts. The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall
hold their offices during good behavior
Their compensation shall not be diminishe

continuance in office
Credit. No State shall emit bills of..
Credit of the United States. Congress shall have power to
borrow money on the......

1 8 2
Credit shall be given in every other State to the public acts,

records, and judicial proceedings of each State. Full faith
and....
Crime, unless on a presentment of a grand jury. No person

shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous.
(Amendments).
Except in cases in the military and naval forces, or in

the militia when in actual service. (Amendments).
Crimes and misdemeanors. The President, Vice-President.

and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for
and conviction of treason, bribery, or other..
crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shail be tried by
jury. All...
They shall be tried in the State within which they may

be committed....
When not committed in a State, they shall be tried at

the places which Congress may by law have provided
Criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have a speedy and
public trial by jury in the State and district where the
crime was committed. In all. (Amendments)...
He shall be informed of the nature and cause of the ac-

cusation. (Amendments)...
He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him.

(Amendments) ....
He shall have compulsory process for obtaining vitnesses

in his favor. (Amendments)....
He shall have the assistance of counsel in his defense.

Amendments).......
Criminate himsel). No person as a witness shall be compelled

to. (Amendments).
Cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Excessive bail

shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor.
(Amendments)....

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