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Art. Sec. CI.

Art. Sec.Cl.
Duties and powers of the office of President, in case of his
death, removal, or inability to act, shall devolve on the
Vice President ....

.. 2 i 6
In case of the disability of the President and

dent. Congress shall declare what officer shall act... 2 1 6
Duties. imposts, and excises. Congress shall have power to
lay and collect taxes.....

Shall be uniform throughout the United States..
Duties shall be laid on articles exported trom any State. No

tax or......
Duties in another State. Vessels clearing in the ports of one

i 90
State shall not be obliged to pay......
On imports and exports, without the consent of Congress,

except where necessary for executing its inspection
laws. No State shall lay any.....

1 10 2
The net produce of all such duties shall be for the use of
the Treasury of the United States

1 10 2
All laws laying such duties shall be subject to the revision

and control of Congress.....
Duty of tonnage without the consent of Congress. No State
shall lay any.

1 10 8

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Danger as will not admit of delay. No State shall, without

the consent of Congress, engage in war, unless actually in.
vaded, or in such imminent...

.. 1 10 3
Day on which they shall vote for President and Vice-Presi.

dent, which shall be the same throughout the United
States. Congress may determine the time of choosing the
electors, and the....

2 1 3
Day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance
of absent members. A smaller number than a quorum of
each House may adjourn from .......
Death, resignation, or inability of the President, the powers
and duties of his office shall devolve on the Vice-President.
In case of the....

2 16
Death, resignation, or inability of the President. Congress
may provide by law for the case of the removal.

2 1 8
Debt of the United States, including debts for pensions and

bounties incurred in suppressing insurrection or rebellion,
shall not be questioned. The validity of the public.
(Amendments).....

... 14 4 -
Debts. No State shall make an
coin a tender in payment of...

1 10 1
Debts and provide for the common defense and general wel-

fare of the United States. Congress shall have power to
pay the............... T
Debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of this

h ention nithie
Constitution shall be as valid against the United States,
under it, as under the Confederation............
Debts or obligations incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel-

lion against the United States, or claims for the loss or
emancipation of any slave. Neither the United States

nor any State shall assume or pay any. (Amendments)...
Declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make
rules concerning captures on land and water. Congress

shall have power to.......
Defense, promote the general welfare, &c. To insure the

common. (Preamble).
Defense and general wellare throughout the United States.

Congress shall have power to pay the debts and provide

for the common......
Defense. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have

the assistance of counsel for his. (Amendments)......
Delaware entitled to one Representative in the first Congress. i 2 3
Delay. No State shall, without the consent of Congress,
engage in war unless actually invaded, or in such imminent
danger as will not admit of ....

1 10
Delegated to the United States, nor prohibited to the States,

are reserved to the States or to the people. The powers
not. (Amendments) --
Deny or dis parage others retained by the people. The enu-
meration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be
construed to. (Amendments)...
Departments upon any subject relating to their duties. The

President may require the written opinion of the principal
officers in each of the executive ....
Departments, Congress may by law vest the appointment

of inferior officers in the heads of ....
Direct lar shall be laid unless in proportion to the census or

enumeration. No capitation or other.....
Direct lares and Representatives, how apportioned among

the several States..
Disability of the President and Vice-President. Provisions
in case of the...

2 1 5
Disability. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in

Congress, or presidential elector, or hold any office, civil
or military, under the United States, or any State, who
having previously taken an oath as a legislative, executive,
or judicial officer of the United States, or of any State, to
support the Constitution, afterward engaged in insurrection
or rebellion against the United States. (Amendments).... 3 -
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House,
remore such. (Amendments) ..

14 3-
Disagreement between the two Houses as to the time of
adjournment. the President may adjourn them to such
time as he may think proper. In case of

2 3 -
Disorderly behavior. Each House may punish its members
for......

And with the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member.
Disparage others retained by the people. The enumeration

in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed
to deny or. (Amendments).....
Disqualification. No Senator or Representative shall, during

the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any
office under the United States which shall have been
created or its emoluments increased during such term .. 1 6 2
No person holding any office under the United States

shall be a member of either House during his continuance
in office............

1 6 2
No person shall be a member of either House, presidential

identi
elector, or hold any office under the United States, or
any State, who, having previously sworn to support
the Constitution, afterward engaged in insurrection

or rebcllion. Amendments) .....
Disqualification. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds

of each House, remove such disability. (Amendmente). 14
District of Columbia Congress shall exercise exclusive

legislation in all cases over the ......
Dockyards. Congress shall have exclusive authority over all

places purchased for the erection of..
Domestic tranquillity. provide for the common defense.

&c. To insure. (Preamble)......
Domestic violence. The United States shall protect each

State against invasion and......
Due process of law. No person shall be compelled. in any

criminal case, to be a witness against himsell, nor be de
prived of life, liberty. or property without. Amendments). 6
No State shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or

property without Amendments).

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Eighteenth Amendment. Repeal. (Amendmen

21 1 -
Election of President and Vice-President Congress may
determine the day for the.....
Shall be the same throughout the United States. The . .
day of the....

S S ... 2 1 3
Elections for Senators and Representatives. The legislatures

of the States shall prescribe the times, places, and manner of
holding.
But Congress may, at any time, alter such regulations,

except as to the places of choosing Senators..... 1 4
Returns and qualifications of its own members. Each

House shall be the judge of the.....
Senators elected by the people. (Amendments)....

17
o

i
Electors for members of the House of Representatives. Qual-

ifications of...........
Electors for Senators. Qualifications of. (Amendments)....
Electors for President and Vice-President. Each State shall

appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may
direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of
Senators and Representatives to which the State may be
entitled in the Congress....................
But no Senator or Representative, or person holding an

office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be
appointed an elector.......
Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors

and the day on which they shall give their votes...
Which day shall be the same throughout the Unit
States......

2 1 3
The electors shall meet in their respective States and

vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same

State with themselves. (Amendments)......
Electors shall name, in their ballots, the person voted for as

President; and in distinct ballots the person voted for as
Vice-President. (Amendments)...
They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for as

President and of persons voted for as Vice-President.
which they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed
to the seat of government, directed to the President of

the Senate. (Amendments).....
No person having taken an oath as a legislative, executive

or judicial officer of the United States, or of any State,
and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebellion

against the United States, shall be an elector...
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House,

remove such disability. (Amendments)..
Emancipation of any slave shall be held to be illegal and void.

Claims for the loss or. (Amendments)....
Emit bills of credit. No State shall.....

** ***--- -
Emolument of any kind from any king. prince, or foreign

state, without the consent of Congress. No person holding

any office under the United States shall accept any........
Enemies. Treason shall consist in levying war against the
United States, in adhering to, or giving aid and comfort to

8 8 1
Engagements contracted before the adoption of this con-
stitution shall be valid. All debts and..

: 0- 1
Enumeration of the inhabitants shall be made within three

years after the first meeting of Congress, and within every
subsequent term of ten years thereafter.....
Ratio of representation not to exceed one for every 30.000

until the first enumeration shall be made...
Income tax authorized without regard to. (Amend.

ments)...............
Enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights sball not be

construed to deny or disparage others retained by the

people. The. (Amendments).....
Equal protection of the laws. No State shall deny to any

person within its jurisdiction the. (Amendments)......
Equal suffrage in the Senate. No State shall be deprived

without its consent, of its.....
Establishment of this Constitution hetween the States ratily.

ing the same. The ratification of nine States shall be

sufficient for the...........
Focessire bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines im-

posed. nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

(Amendments)...
Excises. Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes,
duties, imposts, and...
Shall be uniform throughout the United States. Ai

duties. imposts, and...

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Art. Sec. 01.

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Art. Sec. Cl.
Erdusine legislation, in all cases, over such district as may
become the seat of government. Congress shall exercise.. 1 8 17
Over all places purchased for the erection of forts, maga-

zines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful build-
ings. Congress shall exercise.....

i 8 17
Executive of a State. The United States shall protect each

State against invasion and domestic violence, on the appli-

cation of the legislature or the...
Executive and judicial officers of the United States and of the

several States shall be bound by an oath to support the
Constitution.......
Erecutive departments. On subjects relating to their duties
the President may require the written opinions of the prin-
cipal officers in each of the......

2 2 1
Congress may by law vest the appointment of inferior

officers in the heads of.....
Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United
States of America. The....

2 1 1
Expel a member. Each House, with the concurrence of two
thirds, may.....

i 62
Expenditures of public money shall be published from time

to time. A regular statement of the receipts and......
Exportations from any State. No tax or duty shall be laid on. 9
E ports or imports, except upon certain conditions. No State
shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duties on. 1 10 2
Laid by any State, shall be for the use of the Treasury.
The net produce of all duties on.....

: :.

1 10 2
Shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress.

All laws of the States laying duties on....
E post facto law shall be passed. No bill of attainder or.... 1
E post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts.
No state shall pass any bill of attainder ....

1 10 1
Extraordinary occasions. The President may convene both
houses, or either House of Congress, on....

---... 2 3 -

Esportation sports, excepunt of Congo

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Habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in cases of
rebellion or invasion. The writ of......

O ioa
Heads of departments. Congress may, by
pointment of inferior officers in the....

2 2 2
On any subject relating to their duties, the President
may require the written opinion of the principal officers
in each of the executive departments..........

22
High crimes and misdemeanor. The President, Vice-Presi.

dent, and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment

for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other............
House of Representatives. Congress shall consist of a Senate
and................----------

Shall be composed of members chosen every second year..
Qualifications of electors for members of the.....
No person shall be a member who shall not have attained

the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years &

citizen of the United States....
The executives of the several States shall issue writs of
election to fill vacancies in the...

1 2 4
Shall choose their Speaker and other officers......

i 2 5
Shall have the sole power of impeachment..

i 25
Shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifica-

tions of its own members.....
A majority shall constitute & quorum to do business..
Less than a majority may adjourn from day to day, and

com pel the attendance of absent members.....
May determine its own rules of proceedings.......
May punish its members for disorderly behavior, and.

with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member...
Shall keep a journal of its proceedings......
Shall not adjourn for more than three days during the

session of Congress without the consent of the Senate. 10 4
Members shall not be questioned for any speech or

debate in either House or in any other place.......... 6 1
No person holding any office under the United States

shall, while holding such office, be a member of the... 102
No person, while a member of either House, shall be

appointed to an office which shall have been created or

the emoluments increased during his membership....
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the......
The votes for President and Vice-President shall be

counted in the presence of the Senate and. (Amend-
ments).....
Il no person have a majority of electoral votes, then from

the three highest on the list the House of Representa-
tives shall immediately, by ballot, choose a President.
(Amendments)...
They shall vote by States, each State counting one vote.

(Amendments)....
A quorum shall consist of a member or members from

two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States
shall be necessary to the choice of & President.

(Amendments).....
No person having as a legislative, executive, or judicial

officer of the United States, or of any State, taken an
oath to support the Constitution, and afterwards en-
gaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United

States, shall be a member of the. (Amendments).....
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House.

remove such disability. (Amendments)..........

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Forfeitainder of treascates. Propied states sha

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Faith and credit in each State shall be given to the acts, rec-

ords, and judicial proceedings of another State. Full.....
Felony. and breach of the peace. Members of Congress shall

not be privileged from arrest for treason......
Felonies committed on the high seas. Congress shall have

power to define and punish piracies and..
Fine. Excessive fines shall not be imposed. (Amendments).
Foreign coin. Congress shall have power to coin money, fix

the standard of weights and measures, and to regulate the

value of...
Foreion nations, among the States, and with the Indian

tribes. Congress shall have power to regulate commerce

with........
Foreign power. No State shall, without the consent of Con.

gress, enter into any compact or agreement with any......
Forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.

Attainder of treason shall not work...
Formation of new States. Provisions relating to the....
Form of gorernment. The United States shall guarantee to
every State in this Union a republican...
And shall protect cach of them against invasion; and on

application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domes-

tic violence.......
Forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful

buildings. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority
over all places purchased for the erection of..
Freedom of speech or the press. Congress shall make no law

abridging the. (Amendments) --------.....
Pee State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall
not be infringed. A well-regulated militia being necessary
to the security of a. (Amendments)...

urity oI & laneniameris -..-..-..............
Fugitives from crime found in another State shall, on de
mand, be delivered up to the authorities of the State from

which they may flee.....
Fugitives from service or labor in one State, escaping into

another State, shall be delivered up to the party to whom
such service or labor may be due......

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181

Imminent danger as will not admit of delay. No State shall.

without the consent of Congress, engage in war, unless
actually invaded or in such......
Immunities. Members of Congress shall, in all cases except

treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respec-
tive houses, and in going and returning from the same....
No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the

consent of the owner in time of peace. (Amendments)-
Immunities. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy
of life and limb for the same offense. (Amendments)......
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and

subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the
United States and of the State in which they reside.

(Amendments).....
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall

abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the

United States. (Amendments)...
Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty,

or property without due process of law. (Amend.
mente.. .. .....-
Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal

protection of the law. (Amendments)...
Impeachment. The President may grant reprieves and
pardons except in cases of..
The House of Representatives shall have the sole power

of... ......
Impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, and

other high crimes and misdemeanors. The President,
Vice-President, and all civil ofhoers shall be removed
upon....
Impeachments. The Senate shall have the sole power to
try all...
The Senate shall be on oath, or affirmation, when sitting

for the trial of
When the President of the United States is tried the

Chief Justice shall preside.....
No person shall be convicted without the concurrence

of two-thirds of the members present..
Judgment shall not extend beyond removal from office

and disqualification to hold office...
But the party convicted shall be liable to indictment

and punishment according to law....

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General welfare and secure the blessings of liberty, &c. T

promote the. (Preamble.). ..
General welfare. Congress shall have power to provide for

the common defense and......
Georgia shall be entitled to three Representatives in the first

Congress.............
Gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts. No Stato

shall make anything but.....
Good behavior. The judges of the Supreme and inferior

courts shall hold their offices during...
Gorernment. The United States shall guarantee to every
State in this Union a republican form of..
And shall protect each of them against invasion, and on
application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic

violence............
Grand rury. No person shall be held to answer for a capital

or otherwise infamous crime, unless on the presentment
of a. (Amendments) .......
Except in cases arising in the land and naval forces, and

in the militia when in actual service. (Amendments)..
Guarantee to every State in this Union a republican form of
government. The United States shall...
And shall protect each of them against invasion; and on

application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic
violence..............

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Art. Sec. Ci.
Importation of slaves prior to 1808 shall not be prohibited by
the Congress......
But a tax or duty of ten dollars for each person may be
imposed on such....

... 1 9 1
Imports or a ports except what may be absolutely necessary

for executing its inspection laws. No State shall, without

the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on... 1 10 2
Imports or er ports laid by any State shall be for the use of the
Treasury. The net produce of all duties on...

1 10 2
Imports or exports shall be subject to the revision and control

of Congress. All laws of States laying duties on....... 1 10
Imports and ercises. Congress shall have power to lay and
collect taxes, duties...

1 8 1
Shall be uniform throughout the United States. All
taxes, duties...........-----

1 8 1
Inability of the President, the powers and duties of his office

shall devolve on the Vice-President. In case of the death,
resignation, or....

2 1 5
Inability of the President or Vice-President. Congress may

provide by law for the case of the removal, death, resigna-
tion, or ...................................................

2 1 6
Income tares. Congress shall have power to lay and collect
without apportionment among the several States, and
without regard to any census or enumeration. (Amend.

- 16
Indian tribes. Congress shall have power to regulate com-

merce with the...
Indictment or presentment of a grand jury. No person shall
be held to answer for & capital or infamous crime unless on.
(Amendments...
Except in cases arising in the land and naval forces, and

in the militia when in actual service. (Amendments)..
Indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to

law. The party convicted in case of impeachment shall
nevertheless be liable and subject to...
Infamous crime unless on presentment or indictment of a

grand jury. No person shall be held to answer for a capital

or. (Amendments).......
Inferior courts. Congress shall have power to constitute

tribunals interior to the Supreme Court
Inserior courts as Congress may establish. The judicial
power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme
Court and such...
The judges of both the Supreme and inferior courts shali

hold their offices during good behavior.
Their compensation shall not be diminished during their
continuance in office......

3 1 -
Inferior officers in the courts of law, in the President alone,

or in the heads of Departments. Congress, if they think
proper, may by law vest the appointment of ...,

2 2 2
Inhabitant of the State for which he shall be chosen. No person

shall be a Senator who shall not have attained the age of
thirty years, been nine years a citizen of the United States,
and who shall not, when elected, he an......

bitdem

3 3
Insurrection or rebellion against the United States. No

person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress,
or presidential elector, or hold any office, civil or military.
under the United States, or any State, who, having taken
an oath as a legislative, executive, or judicial officer of the
United States, or of a State, afterwards engaged in.
(Amendments) .....

14 3
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each

House, remove such disabilities. (Amendments) ....
Debts declared illegal and void which were contracted
in aid of. (Amendments)......

14 4 -
Insurrections and repel invasions. Congress shall provide for
calling forth the militia to suppress.....

1 8 15
Intoricating liquors. Prohibition of manufacture, sale and
transportation. (Amendments).....

Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment. (Amendments).....
Transportation in states prohibiting use therein prohibit-
ed. (Amendments)...

21 2 -
Invasion. No State shall, without the consent of Congress,
engage in war unless actually invaded, or in such imminent
danger as will not admit of delay.....

1 10 3
Invasion. The writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended

unless in case of rebellion or ....
Invasion and domestic violence. The United States shall
protect each State against .......

4 4 -
Invasions. Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia
to suppress insurrections and repel.....

1 8 15
Inventors and authors in their inventions and writings. Con

gress may pass laws to secure for limited times exclusive
rights to............. . . ....

... 18 8
Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime.

abolished in the United States. Slavery and. (Amend.
ments)..

13 1-

Art. Sec. CI.
Judicial power of the United State. Congress shall have power
to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court.......
The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in
one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as Con-

gress may from time to time ordain and establish......
The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold

their offices during good behavior.....
Their compensation shall not be diminished during their

continuance in office.........
It shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under

the Constitution, laws, and trcaties of the United

States....
To all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers,
and consuls.....

3
To all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction :
To controversies to which the United States shall be &
party.......................

3 2 1
To controversips between two or more States...
To controversies between a State and citizens of anoth
State.....

3 2 1
To controversies between citizers of different States 3 2 i
To citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants
of different States. ---

3 2 1
To controversies between a State or its citizens and foreign
states, citizens, or subjects

3 2 1
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers

and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party,
the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction...

3 2 2
In all other cases before mentioned, it shall have appellate

jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such excep-
tions and under such regulations as Congress shall
make ....

3 2 2
The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment,

shall be by jury....
The trial shall be held in the State where the crimes shall
have been committed....

3 2 3
But when not committed in a State, the trial shall be at

such place or places as Congress may by lav have
directed.........

3 2 3
The judicial power of the United States shall not be held

to extend to any suit in law or equity commenced or
prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign
State. (Amendments) .....

11 -
Judicial proceedings of every other State. Full faith and
credit shall be given in each State to the acts, records, and
Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such acts,

records, and proceedings...
Judicial and executive officers of the United States and of the

several States shall be bound by an oath to support the
Constitution .......
Judiciary. The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdic-
tion in all cases affecting ambassadors, other public minis-
ters and consuls, and those in which 8 State may be a
party..-..-..-.

3 2 2
The Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction

both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and regu-
lations as Congress may make....

3 2 2
Junction of two or more States or parts of States without

the consent of the legislatures and of Congress. No State

shall be formed by the ..
Jurisdiction of another State. No new State shall, without

the consent of Congress, be formed or erected within the..
Jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions
and under such regulations as Congress may make. The
Supreme Court shall have appellate....

3 2 2
Jurisdiction. In all cases affecting ambassadors and other
public ministers and consuls, and in cases where a State
is a party, the Supreme Court shall have original..
Jury. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeach-
ment, shall be by.......
In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have a

speedy and public trial by. (Amendments)...
All suits at common law, where the valu' exceeds twenty

dollars, shall be tried by. (Amendments)....
Where a fact has been tried by a jury it shall not be re-

examined except by the rules of the common law.
Just compensation. Private property shall 1

public use without. (Amendments)...
Justice, insure domestic tranquillity, &c. To establish.

(Preamble)..

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Labor. in one State escaping into another State shall be de-

livered up to the party to whom such service or labor may
be due. Fugitives from service or ......
Land and naval forces. Congress shall make rules for the

government and regulation of the...
Law and fact, with exceptions and under regulations to be
made by Congress. The Supreme Court shall have appel-

late jurisdiction as to....
Law of the land. The Constitution, the laws made in pur-

suance thereof, and treaties of the United States, shall be
the supreme..........

The judges in every State shall be bound thereby...
Law of nations. Congress shall provide for punishing of-

fenses against the...-..
Laws, Congress shall provide for calling forth the militia to

suppress insurrection, repel invasion, and to execute the..
Laws and treaties of the United States. The judicial power
shall extend to all cases in law and equity arising under

the Constitution, or the.....
Laus necessary to carry into execution the powers vested in

the government, or in any department or officer of the
United States. Congress shall make all....

6

-

2

1

Jeopardy of life and limb for the same offense. No person

shall be twice put in. (Amendments) ......
Journal of its proceedings. Each House shall keep a .....
Judges in every State shall be bound by the Constitution, the

laws and treaties of the United States, which shall be the
supreme law of the land......
Judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall hold their
offices during good behavior...
Their compensation shall not be diminished during their

continuance in office.
Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further
than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any
office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States......
But the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and

subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment
according to law.........

........

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Art. Sec. CI.
Legal lenda in peyment of debts. No State shall make any.
thing but gold and silver coin .......

1 101
Legislation in all cases over such district as may become the
seat of government. Congress shall exercise exclusive..... 1 8 17
Over all places purchased for the erection of forts, maga-

zines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful build.
ings. Congress shall exercise exclusive...

1 8 17
Legislation, Congress shall have power to make all laws
Decessary and proper for carrying into execution all the
powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of

ibe United States or in any department or officer thereof.. 1 8 18
Legislation. Congress shall have power to enforce article
ziii, prohibiting slavery, by appropriate. (Amendments). 132 -
Congress shall have power to enforce the fourteenth
amendment by appropriate. (Amendments) ........ 14

14 5 -
Congress shall have power to enforce the fifteenth amend-
ment by appropriate. (Amendments)...

15 2 -
Legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in Con-

gress. All......
Legislature, or the Executive (when the legislature cannot be

convened). The United States shall protect each State
against invasion and domestic violence, on the application
or toe............................................. ..
Legislature of two-thirds of the States, Congress shall call
a convention for proposing amendments to the Constitu-

tion. On the application of the.......
Letters of marque and reprisal. Congress shall have power
to grant.............

No State shall grant....
Liberty to ourselves and our posterity, &c. To secure the

blessings of. {Preamble)...
Life, liberty, and property without due process of law. No
person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a wit-
Dess against himsell, nor be deprived of. (Amendments). 5
No State shall abridge the privileges or immunities of

citizens of the United States, nor deprive any person

of. (Amendments) ......
Life or limb for the same offense. No person shall be

twice put in jeopardy of. (Amendments]
Loss or emancipation of any slave shall be held illegal and
void. Claims for the. (Amendments) ...

------------...... 14 4 -

Nations. Congress shall have power to regulate commerce
with foreign....

18
Congress shall provide for punishing offenses against *
the law of ......

1 8 10
Natural-born citizen, or a citizen at the adoption of the Con-

stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President. No
person except &.....

2 1 4
Naturalization. Congress shall bave power to establish a

uniform rule of....
Naturalized in the United States, and subject to their Juris-

diction, shall be citizens of the United States and of the
States in which they reside. All persons born, or.
(Amendments -----

14 1
Naval forces. Congress shall make rules and regulations for

the government and regulation of the land and..... i8 14
Navy. Congress shall have power to provide and maintain

i 8 13
New Hampshire entitled to three Representatives in the
first Congress

1 2 3
New Jersey entitled to four Representatives in the first
Congress...:

. .. 1 2 3
New States may be admitted by Congress into this Union..

But no new State shall be formed within the jurisdiction

of another State without the consent of Congress......
Nor shall any State be formed by the junction of two or

more States or parts of States, without the consent of

the legislatures and of Congress...
New York entitled to six Representatives in the first Con-
gress...

1 2 3
Nobility shall be granted by the United Sts
No State shall grant any title of ..

1 10
Nominations for office by the President. The President shall

nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate, shall appoint ambassadors and other public officers. 2 2
He may grant commissions to fill vacancies that happen

in the recess of the Senate, which shall expire at the
end of their next session...

2 2 3
North Carolina entitled to five Representatives in the first

1 2 3
Number of electors for President and Vice-President in each

State shall be equal to the number of Senators and Repre-
sentatives to which such State may be entitled in Congress 2 1 2

2

Congress

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Magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful buildings.

Congress shall have exclusive authority over all places
purchased for the erection of..---

1 8 17
Majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to do busi-
Dess. A.................. ......... ..

....... 1 i
But a smaller number may adjourn from day to day

and may be suthorized to compel the attendance

of absent members.....
Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice.
When the choice of a President shall devolve on the House
of Representatives, & quorum shall consist of a member or
members from two-thirds of the States; but a. (Amend-
ments) .................. ....

.............
.

12 -
When the choice of g Vice-President shall devolve on the

Senate, & quorum shall consist of two-thirds of the
whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole

number shall be necessary to a choice. (Amendments) 12 -
Maritime jurisdiction. The judicial power shall extend to

all cases of admiralty and.....
Marque and reprisal. Congress shall have power to grant
letters of...............

--
No State shall grant any letters of....
Maryland entitled to six Representatives in the prst Con-

3
Massachusetts entitled to eight Representatives in the first
Congress..

1 2 3
Measures. Congress shall fix the standard of weights and.. i §
Meeting of Congress. The Congress shall assemble at least
once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first
Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint
a different day....---

1 1 2
Members of Congress and of State legislatures shall be bound

by osth or affirmation to support the Constitution .........
Militia to execute the laws, suppress insurrections, and
repel invasions. Congress shall provide for calling forth

• 1 8 15
Congress shall provide for organizing, arming, and dis-
ciplining the...

1 8 16
Militia to execute the laws, suppress insurrections, and
repel invasions. Congress shell provide for governing
such part of them as may be employed by the United
States.....

1 8 16
Reserving to the States the appointment of the officers

and the right to train the militia according to the
discipline prescribed by Congress .........

....... 1 8 16
A well-regulated militis being necessary to the security
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear

arms shall not be infringed. (Amendments) ....
Misdemeanors. The President, Vice-President, and all civil
officers shall be removed on impeachment for and con-

viction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and.....
Money on the credit of the United States. Congress shall
bave power to borrow....

.... 182
Regulate the value thereof and

gress
shall have power to coin.....

........... 1 8 5
Shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence

of appropriations made by law. No...
Shall be published from time to time. A regular state-
ment and account of receipts and expenditures of
public............. ............... ............ ...

1 9 7
For raising and supporting armles. No appropriation
of money shall be for a longer term than two years.... 1 8 12

Oath of office of the President of the United States. Form of

the...
Oath or affirmation. No warrants shall be issued but upon

probable cause supported by. (Amendments)...
Oath or affirmation to support the Constitution. Senators
and Representatives, members of State legislatures, execu.
tive and judicial officers of the United States and of the
several States, shall be bound by...
But no religious test shall ever be re

tion for office.....

The Senators when sitting to try impeachment shall be
Ohjections. If he shall not approve it, the President shall

return the bill to the House in which it originatod with his.
Obligation of contracts. No State shall pass any ex post facto

law, or law impairing the..-....
Obligations incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against
the United States to be held illegal and void. All debts or.

(Amendments)......
Offense. No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of life or

limb for the same. (Amendments]...
Offenses against the law of nations. Congress shall provide
for punishing
Against the United States, except in cases of impeach-

ment. The President may grant reprieves or pardons

for ...... ..
Office under the United States. No person shall be a member
of cither House while holding any civil.-.-.
No Senator or Representative shall be appointed to any

office under the United States which shall have been
created, or its emoluments increased, during the term
for which he is elected......
Or title of any kind from any king, prince, on reign

State, without the consent of Congress. No person
bolding any office under the United States shall accept

of any present, emolument ...
Orice of President, in case of his removal, death, resignation,
or inability, shall devolve on the Vice-President. The
powers and duties of the.....
During the term of four years. The President and Vice-

President shall hold....
of trust or profit under the United States shall be an

elector for President and Vice-President. No person

holding an.........
Civil or military under the United States, or any State,
who had taken an oath as a legislative, executive, or
judicial officer of the United States, or of any Stato, and
afterward engaged in insurrection or rebellion. No
person shall be & Senator, Representative, or Presi-

dential elector, or hold any. (Amendments)...
Officere in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the

heads of Departments. Congress may vest the appoint.
ment of inferior...,
of the United States shall be removed on Impoachment

for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high
crimes and misdemeanors. The President, Vice-

President, and all civil
The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker

and other....
The Senate. in the absence of the Vice-President, shall

choose a President pro tempore, and also their other...

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Art. Sec. Ci.
Offices becoming vacant in the recess of the Senate may be

filled by the President, the commissions to expire at the end
of the next session.

2 2 3
One-fifth of the members present, be entered on the journal

of each House. The yeas and nays shall, at the desire of.. 1 5 3
Opinion of the principal officers in each of the Executive

Departments on any subject relating to their duties The

President may require the written.. --------
Order, resolution, or vote (except on a question of adjourn-
ment) requiring the concurrence of the two Houses, shall
be presented to the President. Every...

1 7 3
Original jurisdiction, in all cases affecting ambassadors, other
public ministers, and consuls, and in which a State may be
a party. The Supreme Court shall have......

3 2 2
Overt act, or on confession in open court. Conviction of

treason shall be on the testimony of two witnesses to tho.. 3 3 1

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Art. Sec. Ci.
President of the United States-Continued

Succession in case of death. (Amendments ...
Succession in case of failure to be chosen or qualified.
(Amendments).....

20 3 -
Term of office, beginning and ending. (Amendments).- 20 i -
The Chief Justice shall preside upon the trial of the...
Shall approve and sign all bills passed by Congress before

they shall become laws...
Shall return to the House in which it originated, with his

objections, any bill which he shall not approve.........
If not returned within ten days (Sundays excepted), it
shall become a law, unless Congress shall adjourn before

the expiration of that time..............
Every order, resolution, or vote which requires the con.

currence of both Houses, except on a question of ad-
journment, shall be presented to the......
Il disapproved by him, shall be returned and proceeded
on as in the case of a bill.....

1 7 3
The executive power shall be vested in &.......

2
He shall hold his office during the term of four years......
In case of the removal of the President from office, or of
his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the
duties of his office, the Vice-President shall perform
the duties of.......

2 1 6
Congress may declare, by law, in the case of the removal,

death, resignation, or inability of the President, what
officer shall act as...

16
The President shall receive a compensation which shall
not be increased nor diminished during his term, nor
shall he receive any other emolument from the United
States...........

2 1 6
Betore he enters upon the execution of his office he shall
take an oath of office..

2 1 7
Shall be commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy
and of the militia of the States when called into actual
service....

2 2 1
He may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal

officer in each of the Executive Departments...------- 2 2 1
He may grant reprieves or pardons for offenses, except
in cases of impeachment......

2 2 1
He may make treaties by and with the advice and con-

sent of the Senate, two-thirds of the Senators present
concurring......

2 2 2
He may appoint, by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate, ambassadors, other public ministers and
consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other
officers whose appointments may be authorized by law
and not herein provided for......

2 2 2
Congress may vest the appointment of inferior officers in

14

Pardons, except in cases of impeachment. The President

may grant reprieves and....
Patent rights to inventors. Congress may pass laws for

securing ......
Peace. Members of Congress shall not be privileged from
arrest for treason, felony, and breach of the...
No State shall, without the consent of Congress, keep

troops or ships of war in time of.......
No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the

consent of the owner in time of. (Amendments)......
Pensions and bounties shall not be questioned. The validity
of the public debt incurred in suppressing insurrection and
rebellion against the United States, including the debt for.
(Amendments) .....

......
Pennsylvania entitled to eight Representati

Congress.......
People, peaceably to assemble and petition for redress of

grievances, shall not be abridged by Congress. The right
of the. (Amendments) ...
To keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. A well-

regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free
State, the right of the. (Amendments).....
To be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects,
against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be

violated. The right of the. (Amendments)..........
People. The enumeration of certain rights in the Constitu-
tion shall not be held to deny or disparage others retained
by the. (Amendments)....
People. Powers not delegated to the United States, nor

prohibited to the States, are reserved to the States or to the.

4

Representatives in the

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Perfect Union, &c. To establish a more. (Preamble)......
Persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable
searches and seizures. The people shall be secured in their.

Amendments)....................................
Persons, as any State may think proper to admit, shall not

be prohibited prior to 1808. The migration or importation
of such....
But a tax or duty of ten dollars shall be imposed on the
importation of each of such......

01 Cucu vi sucu.-------------
Petition for the redress of grievances. Congress shall make

no law abridging the right of the people peaceably to as-

semble and to. (Amendments)...
Piracies and felonies committed on the high seas. Congress

shall define and punish.....
Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

Neither House during the session shall, without the con-
sent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to
any other
Places of choosing Senators. Congress may by law make or

alter regulations for the election of Senators and Represent.

atives, except as to the.................
Ports of one State over those of another. Preference shall

not be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to
the
Vessels clearing from the ports of one State shall not pay

duties in another..........
Post offices and post roads. Congress shall establish...
Powers herein granted shall be vested in Congress. All legis-

8

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He may fill up all vacancies that may happen in the

recess of the Senate by commissions which shall expire

at the end of their next session.....
He shall give information to Congress of the state of the

Union, and recommend measures.....
On extraordinary occasions he may con vene both Houses

or either.....
In case of disagreement between the two Houses as to the

time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such

time as he may think proper......
He shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers.
He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed....
He shall commission all the officers of the United States..
On impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery,

or other high crimes and misdemeanors, shall be re-

moved from office. The......
No person except & natural-born citizen, or a citizen of

the United States at the adoption of the Constitution,

shall be eligible to the office of....
No person shall be elected to office more than twice.

(Amendments)...
No person who shall not have attained the age of thirty-

five years and been fourteen years & citizen of the

United States shall be eligible to the office of.....
President and l'ice-President. Manner of choosing. Each
State by its legislature, shall appoint a number of electors
equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives
to which the State may be entitled in the Congress.........
No Senator or Representative or person holding an office

of trust or profit under the United States shall be an
elector...........

--

-- ---- --... 2
Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors

and the day on which they shall give their votes, which

day shall be the same throughout the United States....
The electors shall meet in their respective States and

vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one
of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same
State with themselves. (Amendments)......
They sbalt name in distinct ballots the person voted for
as President and the person votod for as Vice-President.

(Amendments]....................................... 12
They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for
a3 President and as Vice-President, which they shall
sign and certify and transmit sealed to the President
of the Senate at the seat of government. (Amend-
ments)............

.

12
The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the
Senate and House of Ropresentatives, open all the cer.
tificates, and the votes shall then be counted. (Amend.
ments)......

...... ....... 12
The person having the greatest number of votes shall be

the President, if such number be a majority of the
whole number of electors appointed. (Amendments).. 12
Il no person have such majority, then from the persons

having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on
the list of those voted for as President, the House of
Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot,
the President. (Amendments ........................

12

1

2

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Powers vested by the Constitution in the Government or
any Department or officer of the United States. Congress

shall make all laws necessary to carry into execution the...
Powers and duties of the office sball devolve on the Vice-

President, on the removal, death, resignation, or inability
of the President. The....
Powers not delegated to the United States nor prohibited to

the States are reserved to the States and to the people.
(Amendments).-..
The enumeration of certain rights in this Constitution

shall not be held to deny or disparage others retained

by the people. (Amendments) ..............
Preference, by any regulation of commerce or revenue, shall

not be given to the ports of one State over those of another. 1 9
Prejudice any claims of the United States or of any particular

State in the territory or property of the United States.
Nothing in this Constitution shall.....

4 3 2
Present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever

from any king, prince, or foreign State. No person hold.
ing any office under the United States shall, without the
consent of Congress, accept any......

198
Present ment or indictment of 8 grand jury, except in cases

arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia when in
actual service. No person shall be held to answer for a
capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a. (Amend
ments).

.... 5 - -
President of the United States. The Senate shall choose
8 President pro tempore when the Vice-President shall
exercise the office of ...
Additional provision for succession through act of Con.

gress. (Amendments) ....

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