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This sixth edition of the United States Code was prepared and published pursuant to section 202 (c) of Title 1 of the Code. It contains a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 6, 1959. By statutory authority this edition may be cited “U. S. C. 1958 ed.” Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, and 1952.
Inasmuch as many of the general and permanent laws which are required to be incorporated in this Code are inconsistent, redundant, archaic and obsolete, there has been inaugurated a comprehensive project of revising and enacting the Code, consisting of 50 titles, into law, title by title. In furtherance of this plan bills have been enacted to revise, codify and enact into law Titles 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 32, 35, and 38. In addition, bills relating to other titles are also being prepared for introduction at an early date. When this work is completed all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent law and recourse to the numerous volumes of the Statutes at Large for this purpose will be unnecessary.
The title and chapter structure of the 1952 edition, together with Supplement v thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1952. Any errors discovered in the 1952 edition or Supplement V have been corrected.
The actual work of preparing and editing the material for this edition was done by the West Publishing Co. of St. Paul, Minnesota, and the Edward Thompson Company of Brooklyn, New York, under the supervision of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives. These companies prepared the original Code which Congress enacted in 1926 and have continuously served the Committee since that time in the preparation of the authorized new editions and Supplements to the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the editorial and manuscript staffs of both publishing companies and of Dr. Charles J. Zinn, the law revision counsel for the Committee, for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible. Acknowledgment of valuable assistance is made also to various officers of Government departments and agencies for their helpful suggestions and criticisms.
The Committee on the Judiciary invites criticisms or suggestions with the view of improving the Code wherever possible. It is hoped that the program of enacting the Code into law, title by title, to improve its present status as merely prima facie evidence of the law, will meet with early success.
TITLE 5.-EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND
GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES
Continued Chap. 16. Subsistence Expenses. 17. Preference of Veterans in Government Em
Federal Employees Pay Provisions.
Review of Orders of Federal Agencies.
Employees of Hospitals.
Classification of Civilian Positions. 21A. Wage Board Employees Compensation In
Uniform Allowances. 27. Disposition of Remains of Members of Uni
formed Services and Accredited Personnel. 28.
Federal Absentee Voting Assistance.
Federal Executives Pay Provisions. 30. Civil Service Retirement Program.
22. 23. 24.
TITLE 6.-OFFICIAL AND PENAL BONDS
TITLE 1.-GENERAL PROVISIONS
Rules of Construction.
ment; Repeals; Sealing of Instruments. 3. Code of Laws of United States and Supple
ments; District of Columbia Code and Sup
Election of Senators and Representatives.
Federal Corrupt Practices.
Presidential Elections and Vacancies.
Office and Compensation of President. 3. Protection of the President; The White House
Delegation of Functions.
Official Territorial Papers.
GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 1. Provisions Applicable to Departments and
Department of State.
Department of the Army.
Department of Agriculture. 10. Department of Commerce.
Department of Labor. 11A.
Department of Health, Education and Wel
fare. 11B. Department of the Air Force. 11C. General Services Administration. 12. Civil Service Commission and Classified Civil
Retirement of Civil Service Employees. 14A.
Retirement of Citizen Employees of Alaska
Railroad. 15. Compensation for Injuries to Employees of
Insect Pests Generally. 7A. Golden Nematode. 7B. Plant Pests. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and Plant
Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations.
Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry.
Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate Prod
uce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing. 23. Foreign Agricultural Service.
Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 25. Export Standards for Apples and Pears.
Agricultural Adjustment. 26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements.
Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Cholera
Virus. 31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Service. 32. Peanut Statistics. 33. Farm Tenancy.
Sugar Production and Control. 35. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 35A. Price Support of Agricultural Commodities. 36. Crop Insurance. 37.
Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. 43. Agriculture Attaches.
Wool Program. 45. Soil Bank Program.
Surplus Disposal of Agricultural Commodi
and State Employees.
Immigration and Nationality.
SUBTITLE A.-GENERAL MILITARY LAW
PART 11.— PERSONNEL 31. Enlistments. 33. Appointments in Regular Components 35. Appointments as Reserve Officers. 37. General Service Requirements. 39. Active Duty. 41. Special Appointments, Assignments, Details, and
TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued
present sections] 51. Retention of Reserves. 53. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 55. Medical and Dental Care. 57. Decorations and Awards. 59. Separation. 61. Retirement or Separation for Physical Disability. 63. Retirement for Age. 65. Retirement for Length of Service. 67. Retired Pay for Non-regular Service. 69. Retired Grade. 71. Computation of Retired Pay. 73. Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay. 75. Death Benefits, 77. Posthumous Commissions and Warrants. 79. Correction of Military Records. 81. Civilian Employees.
PART III.-TRAINING 101. Training Generally.
PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT 131. Planning and Coordination. 133. Facilities for Reserve Components. 135. Encouragement of Aviation. 137. Procurement Generally. 139. Research and Development. 141. Miscellaneous Procurement Provisions. 143. Production by Military Agencies. 145. Cataloging and Standardization. 147. Utilities and Services. 149. Issue to Armed Forces. 151. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to
Armed Forces. 153. Exchange of Material and Disposal of Obso
lete, Surplus, or Unclaimed Property.
Lease of Non-Excess Property.
TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued
TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued
SUBTITLE C.-NAVY AND MARINE CORPS—Continued
PART 01.-PERSONNEL—continued Chap.
Chap. 345. Rank and Command.
539. Original Appointments. 347. The Uniform.
541. Running Mates. 349. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties.
543. Selection Boards. 351. United States Disciplinary Barracks.
545. Promotions. 353. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits.
547. Examinations for Promotion. 355. Hospitalization.
549. Reserve Promotions. 357. Decorations and Awards.
551. Oficers in Command. 359. Separation from Regular Army for Failure to 553. Special Assignments and Details. Meet Standards.
555. Administration. 361. Separation for Various Reasons.
557. Rations. 363. Separation or Transfer to Retired Reserve. 559. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. (No present sections]
561. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 365. Retirement for Age.
563. Hospitalization and Medical Care. 367. Retirement for Length of Service.
565. Bands. 369. Retired Grade.
567. Decorations and Awards. 371. Computation of Retired Pay.
569. Discharge of Enlisted Members. 373. Civilian Employees.
571. Voluntary Retirement.
573. Involuntary Retirement, Separation, and FurPART III.-TRAINING
lough. 401. Training Generally.
575. Recall to Active Duty. 403. United States Military Academy.
577. Death Benefits; Care of the Dead. 405. Reserve Officers' Training Corps. 407. Schools and Camps.
PART III.-EDUCATION AND TRAINING
601. Officer Procurement Programs. PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT
603. United States Naval Academy. 431. Industrial Mobilization, Research, and Develop- 605. United States Naval Postgraduate School. ment.
607. Retirement of Civilian Members of the Teach433. Procurement.
ing Staffs of the United States Naval Acad435. Issue of Serviceable Material to Armed Forces.
emy and United States Naval Postgraduate 437. Utilities and Services.
School. 439. Sale of Serviceable Material. 441. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to
PART IV.—GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
631. Secretary of the Navy: Miscellaneous Powers Armed Forces.
and Duties. 443. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material.
633. Naval Vessels. 445. Inquests; Disposition of Effects of Deceased Persons; Captured Flags.
635. Naval Aircraft. 447. Transportation.
637. Salvage Facilities. 449. Real Property.
639. Hydrographic Office and Naval Observatory. 451. Military Claims.
641, Naval Petroleum Reserves. 453. Accountability and Responsibility.
643. Civilian Employees.
645. Procurement of Supplies and Services. SUBTITLE C.-NAVY AND MARINE CORPS
647. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material.
649. Quarters, Utilities, and Related Services. PART 1.-ORGANIZATION
651. Ships' Stores and Commissary Stores. 501. Definitions.
653. Claims. 503. Department of the Navy.
655. Prize. 505. Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Sec 657. Stay of Judicial Proceedings. retaries of the Navy.
659. Naval Militia. 507. Office of the Comptrouer of the Navy.
SUBTITLE D.-AIR FORCE 509. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. 511. Office of the Chief of Naval Material.
PART I.-ORGANIZATION 513. Bureaus; Office of the Judge Advocate Gen 801. Definitions. (No Present Sections) eral; Office of Naval Research.
803. Department of the Air Force. 515. Commandant of the Marine Corps; Headquar 805. The Air Staff. ters, Marine Corps.
807. The Air Force. 517. Fleet Commands and Other High Positions. 519. Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.
831. Strength. PART 11.—PERSONNEL
833. Enlistments. 531. Strength.
835. Appointments in the Regular Air Force. 533. Distribution in Grade.
837. Appointments as Reserve Officers, 535. Grade and Rank of Officers.
839. Temporary Appointments. 537. Enlistments.
841. Active Duty.