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PREFACE-1958 EDITION

This sixth edition of the United States Code was prepared and published pursuant to section 202 (c) of Title 1 of the Code. It contains a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 6, 1959. By statutory authority this edition may be cited “U. S. C. 1958 ed.” Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, 1946, and 1952.

Inasmuch as many of the general and permanent laws which are required to be incorporated in this Code are inconsistent, redundant, archaic and obsolete, there has been inaugurated a comprehensive project of revising and enacting the Code, consisting of 50 titles, into law, title by title. In furtherance of this plan bills have been enacted to revise, codify and enact into law Titles 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 28, 32, 35, and 38. In addition, bills relating to other titles are also being prepared for introduction at an early date. When this work is completed all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent law and recourse to the numerous volumes of the Statutes at Large for this purpose will be unnecessary.

The title and chapter structure of the 1952 edition, together with Supplement v thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation since 1952. Any errors discovered in the 1952 edition or Supplement V have been corrected.

The actual work of preparing and editing the material for this edition was done by the West Publishing Co. of St. Paul, Minnesota, and the Edward Thompson Company of Brooklyn, New York, under the supervision of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives. These companies prepared the original Code which Congress enacted in 1926 and have continuously served the Committee since that time in the preparation of the authorized new editions and Supplements to the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the editorial and manuscript staffs of both publishing companies and of Dr. Charles J. Zinn, the law revision counsel for the Committee, for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible. Acknowledgment of valuable assistance is made also to various officers of Government departments and agencies for their helpful suggestions and criticisms.

The Committee on the Judiciary invites criticisms or suggestions with the view of improving the Code wherever possible. It is hoped that the program of enacting the Code into law, title by title, to improve its present status as merely prima facie evidence of the law, will meet with early success.

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18.

20.

TITLE 5.-EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND

GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

Continued Chap. 16. Subsistence Expenses. 17. Preference of Veterans in Government Em

ployment.

Federal Employees Pay Provisions.
19. Administrative Procedure.
19A.

Review of Orders of Federal Agencies.
Compensation and Benefits of Student-

Employees of Hospitals.

Classification of Civilian Positions. 21A. Wage Board Employees Compensation In

crease.
Performance Ratings.
Annual and Sick Leave.
Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance.
Government Employees' Incentive Awards.

Uniform Allowances. 27. Disposition of Remains of Members of Uni

formed Services and Accredited Personnel. 28.

Federal Absentee Voting Assistance.

Federal Executives Pay Provisions. 30. Civil Service Retirement Program.

21.

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22. 23. 24.

25.

26.

20

TITLE 6.-OFFICIAL AND PENAL BONDS

TITLE 1.-GENERAL PROVISIONS
Chap.

Rules of Construction.
Acts and Resolutions; Formalities of Enact-

ment; Repeals; Sealing of Instruments. 3. Code of Laws of United States and Supple

ments; District of Columbia Code and Sup

plements.
TITLE 2.—THE CONGRESS

Election of Senators and Representatives.
Organization of Congress.
Compensation of Members.
Officers and Employees of Senate and House

of Representatives.
Library of Congress.
Congressional and Committee Procedure;

Investigations.
Contested Elections.

Federal Corrupt Practices.
8A. Regulation of Lobbying.
9. Office of Legislative Counsel.
TITLE 3.—THE PRESIDENT

Presidential Elections and Vacancies.

Office and Compensation of President. 3. Protection of the President; The White House

Police.

Delegation of Functions.
TITLE 4.-FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERN-
MENT, AND THE STATES

The Flag.
The Seal
Seat of the Government.
The States.

Official Territorial Papers.
TITLE 5.-EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND

GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 1. Provisions Applicable to Departments and

Officers Generally.

Department of State.
2A. Department of Defense.

Department of the Army.
Department of Treasury.
Department of Justice.
Post Office Department.
Department of the Navy.
Department of Interior.

Department of Agriculture. 10. Department of Commerce.

Department of Labor. 11A.

Department of Health, Education and Wel

fare. 11B. Department of the Air Force. 11C. General Services Administration. 12. Civil Service Commission and Classified Civil

Service.
Classification of Civilian Positions.

Retirement of Civil Service Employees. 14A.

Retirement of Citizen Employees of Alaska

Railroad. 15. Compensation for Injuries to Employees of

United States.

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8A.

10. 11.

3

TITLE 7.-AGRICULTURE

Commodity Exchanges.
Cotton Standards.
Grain Standards.
Naval Stores.
Importation of Adulterated Seeds.
Insecticides.

Insect Pests Generally. 7A. Golden Nematode. 7B. Plant Pests. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and Plant

Products.
Rubber.
Packers and Stockyards.
Warehouses.

Honeybees.
12. Associations of Agricultural Producers.

Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry.

Miscellaneous Matters.
Cooperative Marketing.

Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate Prod

uce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing. 23. Foreign Agricultural Service.

Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 25. Export Standards for Apples and Pears.

Agricultural Adjustment. 26A. Agricultural Marketing Agreements.

13.

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15.

17. 18.

11.

19.

13.

14

26.

Page XI

30.

34.

39.

46.

47.

TITLE 7.–AGRICULTURE—Continued
Chap.
27. Cotton Marketing.
28. Tobacco Industry.
29. Potato Act of 1935.

Anti-Hog-Cholera Serum and Hog-Cholera

Virus. 31. Rural Electrification and Telephone Service. 32. Peanut Statistics. 33. Farm Tenancy.

Sugar Production and Control. 35. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938. 35A. Price Support of Agricultural Commodities. 36. Crop Insurance. 37.

Seeds.
38. Distribution and Marketing of Agricultural

Products.
Stabilization of International Wheat Market.
Halogeton Glomeratus Control.
Agricultural Trade Development and Assist-

ance.

Agricultural Commodity Set-Aside. 43. Agriculture Attaches.

Wool Program. 45. Soil Bank Program.

Surplus Disposal of Agricultural Commodi

ties.
Interchange of Department of Agriculture

and State Employees.
48. Humane Methods of Livestock Slaughter.
TITLE 8.—ALIENS AND NATIONALITY

General Provisions.
Elective Franchise.
Civil Rights.
Freedmen.
Alien Ownership of Land.
Immigration.
Exclusion of Chinese.
The Cooly Trade.
Miscellaneous Provisions.
Alien Registration.
Nationality.

Immigration and Nationality.
TITLE 9.-ARBITRATION
TITLE 10.--ARMED FORCES

SUBTITLE A.-GENERAL MILITARY LAW
PART 1.-ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL MILITARY POWERS
1. Definitions.
3. General Powers.
5. Joint Chiefs of Staff.
7. Boards, Councils, and Committees.
9. Regular Components. (No present sections]
11. Reserve Components.
13. The Militia.
15. Insurrection.
17. Arming of American Vessels.

PART 11.— PERSONNEL 31. Enlistments. 33. Appointments in Regular Components 35. Appointments as Reserve Officers. 37. General Service Requirements. 39. Active Duty. 41. Special Appointments, Assignments, Details, and

Duties.

TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued
SUBTITLE A.-GENERAL MILITARY LAW—Continued

PART II.—PERSONNEL—continued
Chap.
43. Rank and Command.
45. The Uniform.
47. Uniform Code of Military Justice.
49. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. (No

present sections] 51. Retention of Reserves. 53. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 55. Medical and Dental Care. 57. Decorations and Awards. 59. Separation. 61. Retirement or Separation for Physical Disability. 63. Retirement for Age. 65. Retirement for Length of Service. 67. Retired Pay for Non-regular Service. 69. Retired Grade. 71. Computation of Retired Pay. 73. Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay. 75. Death Benefits, 77. Posthumous Commissions and Warrants. 79. Correction of Military Records. 81. Civilian Employees.

PART III.-TRAINING 101. Training Generally.

PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT 131. Planning and Coordination. 133. Facilities for Reserve Components. 135. Encouragement of Aviation. 137. Procurement Generally. 139. Research and Development. 141. Miscellaneous Procurement Provisions. 143. Production by Military Agencies. 145. Cataloging and Standardization. 147. Utilities and Services. 149. Issue to Armed Forces. 151. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to

Armed Forces. 153. Exchange of Material and Disposal of Obso

lete, Surplus, or Unclaimed Property.
155. Acceptance of Gifts and Services.
157. Transportation.
159. Real Property; Related Personal Property; and

Lease of Non-Excess Property.
161. Property Records.
163. Military Claims.
165. Accountability and Responsibility.

SUBTITLE B.-ARMY.

PART 1.-ORGANIZATION
301. Definitions.
303. Department of the Army.
305. The Army Staff.
307. The Army.

PART II.-PERSONNEL
331. Strength.
333. Enlistments.
335. Appointments in the Regular Army.
337. Appointments as Reserve Officers.
339. Temporary Appointments.
341. Active Duty.
343. Special Appointments, Assignments. Details,

and Duties.

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12.

TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued

TITLE 10.-ARMED FORCES—Continued
SUBTITLE B.-ARMY_Continued

SUBTITLE C.-NAVY AND MARINE CORPS—Continued
PART II.-PERSONNEL—continued

PART 01.-PERSONNEL—continued Chap.

Chap. 345. Rank and Command.

539. Original Appointments. 347. The Uniform.

541. Running Mates. 349. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties.

543. Selection Boards. 351. United States Disciplinary Barracks.

545. Promotions. 353. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits.

547. Examinations for Promotion. 355. Hospitalization.

549. Reserve Promotions. 357. Decorations and Awards.

551. Oficers in Command. 359. Separation from Regular Army for Failure to 553. Special Assignments and Details. Meet Standards.

555. Administration. 361. Separation for Various Reasons.

557. Rations. 363. Separation or Transfer to Retired Reserve. 559. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties. (No present sections]

561. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits. 365. Retirement for Age.

563. Hospitalization and Medical Care. 367. Retirement for Length of Service.

565. Bands. 369. Retired Grade.

567. Decorations and Awards. 371. Computation of Retired Pay.

569. Discharge of Enlisted Members. 373. Civilian Employees.

571. Voluntary Retirement.

573. Involuntary Retirement, Separation, and FurPART III.-TRAINING

lough. 401. Training Generally.

575. Recall to Active Duty. 403. United States Military Academy.

577. Death Benefits; Care of the Dead. 405. Reserve Officers' Training Corps. 407. Schools and Camps.

PART III.-EDUCATION AND TRAINING

601. Officer Procurement Programs. PART IV.-SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT

603. United States Naval Academy. 431. Industrial Mobilization, Research, and Develop- 605. United States Naval Postgraduate School. ment.

607. Retirement of Civilian Members of the Teach433. Procurement.

ing Staffs of the United States Naval Acad435. Issue of Serviceable Material to Armed Forces.

emy and United States Naval Postgraduate 437. Utilities and Services.

School. 439. Sale of Serviceable Material. 441. Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to

PART IV.—GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

631. Secretary of the Navy: Miscellaneous Powers Armed Forces.

and Duties. 443. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material.

633. Naval Vessels. 445. Inquests; Disposition of Effects of Deceased Persons; Captured Flags.

635. Naval Aircraft. 447. Transportation.

637. Salvage Facilities. 449. Real Property.

639. Hydrographic Office and Naval Observatory. 451. Military Claims.

641, Naval Petroleum Reserves. 453. Accountability and Responsibility.

643. Civilian Employees.

645. Procurement of Supplies and Services. SUBTITLE C.-NAVY AND MARINE CORPS

647. Disposal of Obsolete or Surplus Material.

649. Quarters, Utilities, and Related Services. PART 1.-ORGANIZATION

651. Ships' Stores and Commissary Stores. 501. Definitions.

653. Claims. 503. Department of the Navy.

655. Prize. 505. Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Sec 657. Stay of Judicial Proceedings. retaries of the Navy.

659. Naval Militia. 507. Office of the Comptrouer of the Navy.

SUBTITLE D.-AIR FORCE 509. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. 511. Office of the Chief of Naval Material.

PART I.-ORGANIZATION 513. Bureaus; Office of the Judge Advocate Gen 801. Definitions. (No Present Sections) eral; Office of Naval Research.

803. Department of the Air Force. 515. Commandant of the Marine Corps; Headquar 805. The Air Staff. ters, Marine Corps.

807. The Air Force. 517. Fleet Commands and Other High Positions. 519. Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve.

PART II.-PERSONNEL

831. Strength. PART 11.—PERSONNEL

833. Enlistments. 531. Strength.

835. Appointments in the Regular Air Force. 533. Distribution in Grade.

837. Appointments as Reserve Officers, 535. Grade and Rank of Officers.

839. Temporary Appointments. 537. Enlistments.

841. Active Duty.

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