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otra, common; fGallinula chloropus, do.; O. Javanica v. phaenicura, do.; Porphyria smaragnotus, do.; fPorzana maruetta {Gallimila porzana, Lin.), do.; fP. Baillomi, do.; P. rubiginosa, comparatively rare ; fliullus aguaticus, do.; R. Javanicus, do.: fine picked specimens of nearly all these birds have been procured, and series of some of them illustrating their various phases.

fPodiceps minor has been added to the collection, which previously contained only specimens of fP. cristatus; the former is very common in Bengal.

Lastly, several species of Anatidte have been procured, of which the following occur in the bazaars: fAnser cinereus (verus), not rare; A. Indicus, common; Dendrocygni major, Jerdon, somewhat rare; D. Awsuree (Mareca Awsuree, SykesJ, abundant; Microcygna Girra, do. ; f Casarca rutila, do.; t Tadorna BeUonii, rare; Plectropterus melanotos, not common; Anas pacilorhyncha, do.; A. caryophyUacea, do.; fA. querquerdula, extremely abundant; fA. crecca, hardly less so; fA. acuta, common; fA. Penelope, somewhat rare; fA. stepera, common; fA. cfypeata, do. *; fFuligula rufina, not rare; fF. ferina, do.; +F. nyroca, extremely common; fF. cristata, somewhat rare. I trust soon to have handsome and well mounted specimens of all these species in the Museum.

Altogether, 69 specimens of recently killed birds have been set up since the last meeting of the Society, in addition to some skins. Several skeletons of birds are also in process of preparation, a few being likewise included in Mr. Masters's donation. The same gentleman has also presented the Society with a few skins of birds from Tipura; consisting of common Bengalese species, with the exception of a beautiful Trogon, which I believe is the Tr. Hodgsonii of Mr. Gould, unfortunately, however, in very frail condition, as are also the others.

Reptilia, %c.

As so very many species have lately demanded my attention in the two warmblooded classes of vertebrated animals, it will rightly be surmised that comparatively small progress has been made in investigating any other department, howsoever desirous I might feel to neglect none whatever, but to bestow the same attention upon all. This will, of course, become more practicable in process of time, when I shall have successively paid that especial attention to each class in its turn, which hitherto I have found it impossible to do in more instances than those of the Mammalia and Birds. I defer, therefore, at least as a general rule, bringing forward what observations I may have to offer relative to objects appertaining to other departments of Zoology, until such time as I shall have brought my mind to bear, for a while, exclusively upon the particular group or groups, and thus have become more familiarised with the state of knowledge concerning such in this country. On the present occasion, I have only to mention that the skin of the Crocodile noticed in my last Report has been mounted, and its bones cleaned, the latter being intended to be kept separate, for purposes of reference and comparison; and that the donation received

* The A. Boschas I have never yet obtained, nor is it included in the catalogues of Messrs. Franklin, Sykes, and Jerdon; but it is found in the Himalaya, thoii[/h also unnoticed in Dr. Koyle's list.

InmUr. Hatters contains a stuffed skin of a small Python Tigris, and another of a lure specimen of Tropidonotus Dora, or Coluber Dora of Russell, vel 7V. quincunctabu, Schlegel, this latter being a very common species in the neighbourhood.

Is the same collection was likewise a species of Sponge : and a large Madrepore has teen presented to the Society by Mr. T. P. Harding. ,

I am, Sir,

Yours obediently,
Ed. Blytu,
Curator, Asiatic Society.

1 hints were voted for the various communications.

The following are the names of the Society's Officers elected at this Meeting, for
Ike vear 1842,

President.
The Honorable H. T. Primsep, Esq..

Vice Presidents.
The Honorable Sir J. P. Grant,

W. W. Bird, Esq.

Sir H. W. Srtoh,
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Calcutta.

Members.
Major W. N. Forbes, Rev. J. H. Pratt,

Dr. N. Wallk-h, Dr. J. T. Pearson,

Dr. J. H«BERLIN, Lieut. A. Broome,

Dr. H. H. Sprt, Baboo Prosonocoomar Tagore.

C. HuFFNAGLE, Esq.,

JOURNAL

OF THE

ASIATIC SOCIETY

.i Geographical Notice of the Valley of Jullalabad. By Lieut. Macgrkgoh,
Political Department.
The country which is subject to the controul of the governor of
Jullalabad is the valley of the Cabul river, but it is
Geographical Notice. g^^^y termed Ningrahar or Nungnihar, the former

a corruption of the latter word, which signifies in the AflFghan

language, nine rivers, or rivulets, and has reference to those by which

the valley is intersected.

The Kbybur mountains cross the valley at its eastern end; the

snowy ridge of Soofaid Koh forms its southern Boundaries. .

boundary; the hills of Kourkutcha, and Seah Koh,

ad the desert of Gumbeer trace its western limits; and on the north

it is bounded by the primary and inferior ranges of the Safee and

Momund hills, which are separated by the Koshkote river.

The Cabul river flows through the northern part of the valley, and its direction is east by south, and west by north On its left bank from Salpoorah to Kama, a distance of about thirty-five miles, lie the Momund (Be-doulut) hills. In some places they form ridges, which advance and overhang its banks, and then bend back, and form the plains of Goshta and Kama; at the confluence of the Koshkote and Cabul rivers the valley opens out to the north, and forms the fertile fetricts of Shiwah, Shegee and Beysoot; the two latter are divided by

No. 122 New Smikb, No. 38. R

a low ridge of barren hills, called Tungee Phagoo. The northern boundary of Shiwah, which skirts the Safee hills, may be estimated at fifteen miles from the left bank of the Cabul river, and the mean width of these districts, limited on the east by the Koshkote river, and on the west by the Gumbeer desert, at six miles. This part of the valley is not generally considered as belonging to Nungnihar, but as it bears on the Koshkote river, which is one of those that give origin to the term, it seems to me, to be very properly included under the denomination.

On the south side of the Cabul river are the plains of Jullalabad, Chardeh, Buttee Kote, Besh Boolay and Dukka. The first mentioned are divided by the Alee Boghan hills, termed by the natives Soork Dewar, these cross the valley and form a low connecting ridge between the Momund hills and the Soofaid Koh. The plain of Buttee Kote is joined on the north by that of Chardeh, and the country to the south of it, and of the plain of Jullalabad, slants up to the base of the Soofaid Koh. Besh Boolay is included in this highland, which Lieut. Wood, of the Indian Navy, describes as embracing all the rough and broken ground between the Khybur and Kurkutcha ranges, and estimates its length at fifty-nine miles, and its mean width at fifteen.

The small plain of Dukka lies on the western entrance of the

Khybur pass, the Cabul river marks its northern Dukka.

boundary; it is enclosed on all other sides by the

inferior ranges of the Khybur hills (Khoond Khybur): the high road

from Dukka to Jullalabad defiles westerly through the hills, and at the

narrow part of the pass, a thanah of Momunds is stationed for the

protection of travellers; on debouching from the defile, the road leads

out on the Geerdee country, passes on to Huzurnow and Bursawul,

and opens out on the valleys of Buttee Kote and Chardeh.

The plain of Buttee Kote is little else than a stony desert, that of

Chardeh is more fertile, on the north of which flows

the Cabul river; Markoh, or serpent hill, limits its

eastern boundary; on its west are the Ali Baghan hills, and south lies

the Buttee Kote desert; its length may be estimated at nine miles,

and mean width at three and a half.

To describe the plain of Jullalabad, I will quote from Lieutenant Wood's report on this part of the country, submitted to Government in 1833.

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