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other places, to make him offerings, which are said to amount to the large sum of 40,000 rupees annually.

In the neighbourhood of Jullalabad there is also Shah Murdan's ztarut, held sacred under the supposition that Alee, the son-in-law of Mahomed rested there; and in the temple is exhibited a large black stone, shewing an impression of the hand of Alee. A garden is attached to the xearut, where a fair is held every Thursday, to which crowds from the town and camp resort. Nazir Hussan, formerly in the service of Nuwab Zuman Khan, is now expending his money on the zearut, and garden. The zearut was originally raised by Abdoola Khan Khafir, in the reign of Timour Shah.

Of late years, the following persons filled the office of governor of

Jullalabad :—


In whose reign.
Timour Shah.

Adool Khan Khafir,

Meerdad Khan, Isakzye,

Ghunnee Khan,

Gool Mahomed Khan, Gurdeezye,..

Causim Khan, Moghul,

Baba Khan Afshar

Meer Alee Khan

Golam Alee,

Shurreef Khan,

Ibrahim Khan, Jumsheeree,

Shehur Dil Khan, Baurikzye, ....

Shukoor Khan, ditto

Moghul Khan

Nuwab Zuman Khan

Ameer Mahomed Khan

Mahomed Afgool,

Mahomed Akbar,

Meer Aga Jan,

[blocks in formation]

Weights, Measures, SfC.

The land revenue in kind is collected in Tabreez weight, and the money taxes in the nominal Tabreez (Khan) rupee.


Second Notice of some new Bactrian Coins. By Lieutenant A.

When I published my last paper on this subject, I was able to add but one new Prince to our already long list of Bactrian Sovereigns. Through the kindness of several gentlemen, I can now make known no less than eight new names, of which six are pure Greek, and the other two genuine Parthian. In addition to these, I am able to make public a second Copper Coin of Demetrius; and a new Drachma of Azas of a type already known on the drachmas of Vonones.

No. 1.—A round Copper Coin of middle size, weighing 106 grains. This specimen from my own cabinet, and a duplicate in the possession of Lieut. Combe, were originally procured by Capt. Hay; one at Bamian, and the other in the Punjab; but the latter was also said to have come from Bamian.

Obv.* Bearded head of Hercules to the right, with the club behind. The sketch was made from a sealing-wax impression, on which I did not observe the club: it is, however, quite distinct on the coin.

Rev. Hercules naked, standing fullf ace, holding his club, and lion's skin on his left hand, and crowning himself with his right hand. Greek legend in two perpendicular lines BA2IAEQ2 AHMHTPIOY "(Coin) of King Demetrius."

* " The sketch of No. 1 was made from a sealing wax impression which had become flattened on its way from Bamian. The coin itself is now in my own possession, and the beard is perfectly distinct upon it; as well as upon the more beautiful duplicate in Lieutenant Combe's Cabinet."

No. 2.—A round Copper Coin of large size, in the possession of Lieut. Combe, who obtained it from Capt. Hay. This piece has already been published, but as the sketch given in the Journal, No. 97 was very imperfect, I thought that the publication of a more distinct outline would be a service rendered to all lovers of numismatic science.

Obv. An Elephant's head to the right, with a bell suspended from its neck.

Rev. The Caduceus—Greek legend in two perpendicular lines as on No. 1.

On this highly interesting piece, we see the Elephant's head, which on the silver coins forms only the King's head dress, occupying the whole field of the coin. It is no doubt an emblem of the conquests of Demetrius in India.

No. 3.—A square Copper Coin of small size, in the possession of Lieut. Combe.

Obv. Apollo standing naked, holding in his left hand a bow which rests on the ground, and in his right hand an arrow with the point directed downwards. Greek legend on three sides BA2IAES22 MAYOY ■< (Coin) of King Mauas."

Rev. A tripod. Ariano-Pali legend on three sides Maharajasa Mo«*o, "Coin of the Great King Moas." This is the only coin of Moas which has Maharaja, his title always being rajadiraja.

The name of this King has hitherto been read as Mayes; which is in accordance with the Greek version: but the Pali gives Moasa unequivocally; and as the name is not a Greek one, we can have no hesitation in preferring the native reading. The Greek would more properly tave been rendered MQOY.

No. 4.—A square Copper Coin of large size, weighing 143 grains. Five other specimens of this coin are in existence in different cabinets. They are all found between Peshawur and the Jehlum.

Obv. Apollo standing naked, inclined to the left; holding in his left hand a bow which rests on the ground, and in his right hand an arrow pointed downwards. Greek legend on three sides BA2IAEQ2 Em<t>AN0Y2 2QTHP02 2TPATQN02 »(Coin) of the King, the illustrious Saviour Strato."

Rev. A tripod surrounded on three sides by dotted lines. Grecian monogram in the field to the left, forming AHMHT, probably for AHMHTptac, the place of mintage. Ariano-Pali legend on three sides Maharajasa ttfamasa tddatasa stdtasa. "(Coin) of the Great King, the illustrious Saviour Strato."

The title of Epiphanes, -which now appears for the first time on a Bactrian coin, is rendered in Pali by ttjamasa, which I believe to be the Pali form of the Sanskrit tejomayasya; ^"of|*l«l means made of splendor. Professor Lassen however thinks that the affix is the Sanskrit ^frj, abbreviated into JT .' tejama would in this way be the same as the Sanscrit rT«Tfa^ " possessing light."

No. 5.—A square Copper Coin of middle size in the possession of Lieut. Combe. A duplicate in my own cabinet weighs 122 grains.

Obv. Male head diademed (and perhaps bearded) to the right, with a club over the shoulder. This may be either the head of Hercules himself, or of the king as Hercules. Greek legend on three sides BA2IAEQ2 2QTHP02 2TPATQN02 - (Coin) of the Saviour King Strato."

Rev. Victory to the right holding out a chaplet in her right hand. Grecian monogram in the field as on the last. Ariano-Pali legend on three sides Maharajasa tddatasa stdtasa. "(Coin) of the great King, the Saviour Strato."

Dr. Chapman has a coin of similar type to the preceding, but with the addition of AIKAIOY in the Greek legend; and of dhamikasa in the Pali: and this is the identical legend which is found on the reverse of Dr. Swiney's coin of the "godlike-minded Queen Agathoclea." There can be no doubt therefore that she was the Queen of Strato, Dikaius, Epiphanes, Soter.

No 6.— A round Plated Coin of small size in my own possession.

Obv. Bare and beardless head of the King to the right, resting upon what would appear to be a crescent. Greek legend much obliterated (5api\t Q2 2QTHP02 ******** (Coin) of the Saviour King *****••

Rev. A rude figure of Minerva Promachus to the left. Ariano-Pali legend * * * * tddatasa strdtasa. "(Coin) of the * * * * the Saviour Strato."

I am uncertain whether this coin should be attributed to Strato or to Hippostratus. The type of Minerva Promachus, and the bust, which are found on a true drachma of Strato in the possession of Mr. E. Thomas, C. S. would seem to give it to the former prince; but the St. of the Pali is so immediately under the figure of Minerva, that it would appear not to be the commencement of the name.

No. 7.—A Seal in the possession of Mr. V. Tregear. I have introduced this seal here, because its subject is similar to the type on the obverse of the next coin.

No. 8.—A round Silver Drachma, weighing 37 grains, procured by Lieut. Combe at Peshawur.

The original owner must have kept impressions of the genuine coin; for since Lieut. Combe's acquisition of it, I have obtained a silver forgery of this coin from Peshawur, which has evidently been cast from an impression of the genuine coin. The foregoing weighs 49 grains, and is considerably larger than the original coin. This is even evident from an examination of the cast alone, on which a circular line is clearly distinct, running through the letters of the title in the Pali legend; which ire thus made only half letters, while there is more than sufficient room for them upon the forged piece.

Oh. An ancient giant full front, with snaky legs, which curl upwards on each side. Greek legend around the piece BA2IAEQ2 EYEPrETOY THAE<l>OY "(Cob) of the king, the beneficent Telephua."

Rev. A draped male figure standing to the left, his head crowned with rays, and holding in his right hand a spear: to the right a clothed female figure with a crescent on her head. These figures are no doubt the Sun and Moon. Greek monogram in the field to the right, forming AIK. Ariano-Pali legend around the piece, Maharojosa * * * hamasa TeUphasa. " (Coin) of the great king, the beneficent Telephus."

The Pali version of Euergetes is unfortunately too imperfect to be made out satisfactorily, it ends however with karmasa; and Su-karmasa would be "well-doer," a literal translation of the Greek-Euergetes : but there are three letters before Karmasa, of which the first looks like a p. Parankarmasa would be " iesf-doer," and might for an oriental exaggeration of Euergetes.

No. 9. A square Copper Coin of middle size, in two pieces, from the cabinet of Mr. W. J. Conolly, C. S.

Obv. The Olympian Jupiter seated in a high-backed chair, his right hand extended to the right. Greek legend on three sides BA2IAEQE


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