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2QTHP02 inn02TPAT0Y. "(Coin) of the King, the Saviour Hippos tratus."

Rev. A horse to the left. Grecian monogram in the field. ArianoPali legend on three sides, Maharajasa tddarasa jay a (dharasaj Hijpdstatasa. " (Coin) of the King, the Saviour, the victorious Hippostratus."

Dr. Chapman possesses a large square copper coin of this Prince, of a different type, having a giant with snaky legs as on the drachma of Telephus. Three specimens of a third type of Hippostratus are likewise known in Dr. Chapman's, Lieut. Combe's, and my own cabinets, having Apollo and the tripod, as on the coin of Strato No. 4. On all of these coins we find the title of Soter only; but on the coin sketched in the plate, the Ariano-Pali legend gives the commencement of the title of jayadharasa, which is used indifferently for the Greek Nicator, and Nicephorus.

No. 10. A round Drachma of Azas in my own possession. I have introduced this coin here, because the type of the reverse is different from any yet described on the coins of this Prince. Jupiter appears standing full front, grasping a thunderbolt in his right hand, and holding a long sceptre or a spear in his left hand. This type is the same as that of the drachmas of Vonones.

No. 11. A round Copper Coin of middle size, in the possession of Colonel Stacy. A sketch of this piece has already appeared in the Bengal Journal, vol. viii. for April.

Obv. King's head diademed and bearded to the left; the hair arranged in large massy curls; the neck and shoulders draped and ornamented with strings of jewels. Corrupted Greek legend, as read bv

Colonel Stacy, BACIA6YC BACI {Xtmv yut-y) AC riAKOPHC.

"The great king of kings, Pakores."

Rev. A winged Victory to the right, holding out a chaplet in her right hand. Ariano-Pali legend MafharajasaJ rajadhirajasa tnahatasa Pakorasa. "(Coin) of the great king, the king of kings, the mighty Pakores." The coins of Gondophares or Undapherras bear precisely the same type, a bust and Victory; but on the coins of Pakores, there is a remarkable change observable in the Pali characters, each letter having an angular foot-stroke added to the left. These ornamental additions to the Pali characters prove that the coins of Pakores are of a later date than those of Gondophares and of his nephew Abdgases, on which the Pali is of the simple form. The Greek legend too which is in the nominative case, betrays an era certainly later than the earlier coins of Undapherras, and about contemporary with the coins of the nameless Prince BACIASVC BACIASlDN ClDTHP McTAC.

If this coin is to be attributed to the Parthian Pakores, its date will lie between A. D. 90—107: but I incline to believe that our Pakores whose coins are found in Sistan, the, ancient Drangiana, was a different Prince. Persian tradition is uniform in its mention of two distinct Parthian dynasties, the Ashkanians, and the Ashganians, who were contemporary with each other. Ashg, the founder of the Ashganians, was a descendant of Kai Kaoos; and Khoosroo, the grandson of Ashg, was reigning when our Saviour was born. This will make the date of the rise of the Ashganians about 30 B. C. To the founder of the Ashganians I attribute the following coins of copper.

1st Oftt'. Ahorseman to the right. Greek legend BACIAGV0NT02

BACIAG UJN AIKAIOY APC AKOY. « Coin of the governing over kings, the just Arsaces."

Rev. Type obliterated. Ariano-Pali legend Maharajasa rajarajasa nakaiesa Ashshakasa tddalasa. "(Coin) of the great king, the king of kings, the mighty Ashshak, the Saviour."

2nd Obv. A horseman to the right. Greek legend imperfect BA2I

OY AP2AK0Y. » (Coin) of the king of kings, * * * *

Arsaces."

Rev. Male figure to the left, holding out a small figure (apparently Victory) in his right hand. Ariano-Pali legend imperfect. Maharajarajasa? * * * A (shshakaia.J "(Coin) of the great king of kings, ***** Arsaces."

I have in my possession the coins of two or three other Princes of this dynasty, but the names are unfortunately too much obliterated to be satisfactorily decyphered. One of them appears to be Orthamasdes.

I have now made known the names of three Greek Princes, Strato, Telephus, and Hippostratus ; and of two Parthians, Arsaces and Pakores. To these I will add two Grecian kings, Dionysius and Nicias; and one Grecian Queen, Calliope, to make up the eight new names which I mentioned in the beginning of this account.

Dionysius. A square Copper of middle size, formerly belonging to Captain Hay, but now in the possession of Lieut. Combe. There is also a duplicate in Dr. Chapman's cabinet, which I have not yet seen.

Obv. Apollo standing naked as on the round copper coins of Apollodotus. Greek legend on three sides, BA2IAEQ2 aQTHpoe SiONY2Iov; "(Coin) of the king, the Saviour Dionysius."

Rev. A tripod. Ariano-Pali legend imperfect, * * * * sa Dianisayasa. I am by no means confident of the correctness of the Pali version, for the coin was in a very imperfect state. Dr. Chapman's coin is, I believe, in much better preservation; and I hope hereafter to lay before the public a sketch and description of his duplicate.

Nicias. A square Copper Piece of middle size, in the possession of Lieut. Combe.

Obv. Bust of the king diademed and beardless to the . Grecian legend on three sides, BA2IAEQ2 2QTHP02 NIKIOu «(Coin) of the king, the Saviour Nicias."

Rev. A horseman to the right, as on the silver coins of Antimachus. Ariano-Pali legend on three sides, Maharajasa tddatasa (Ni) kiasa: "(Coin) of the great king, the Saviour, Nicias."

Calliope. A round silver Drachma. Two specimens, one in the possession of Lieut. Hasell; the other in my own cabinet.

Obv. Two heads of the King and Queen to the right. Grecian legend, BA2IAEQ2 2QTHP02 EPMAIOY KAI KAAAIOI1HZ "(Coin) of the King, the Saviour Hermseus, and of Calliope."

Rev. A horseman to the right as on the silver coins of Antimachus. In the field below a Grecian monogram forming NI^ANAA Niphanda, the town where the coin was minted. Ariano-Pali legend, Maharajasa tddatasa Hermayasa Kaliyapaya. "(Coin) of the great King, the Saviour Hermteus (and) of Kaliyapa."

This is the third Grseco-Bactrian Queen, with whom the coins have made us acquainted. The only point particularly deserving notice, is the feminine termination of the Pali Kaliyapaya; which proves that the Pali was subject to the same inflections as the Sanskrit.

I would have added descriptions of a Tetradrachm and of two Drachmas of Diodotus ; but a notice of a gold Didrachma of this Prince has already appeared in the Numismatic Journal of London I intended also to have mentioned the numerous new types of princes already known, which have been sent to me by several kind friends; but as I am engag

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