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rare. Referring to Mr. Yarrell's work on British birds, I perceive it remarked that a species of this genus has been received from the Himalaya, which is probably that here described.

36. Pitta nuchalis? Nobis, n. s.? Length 9j inches, of wing 4-| inches, tail 2J inches, bill to forehead 1J inch, and to gape If inch., its vertical depth at base above f inch, and tarse 2 inches. Above shining dingy green, passing into fulvescent-brown on the scapularies and wings; the back of the neck verditer-blue; and the occiput above it greenish : crown, sides of the head, and under-parts, dull rufous-brown, paler on the forehead and throat; bill robust, and cameous-tingcd with dusky; the legs apparently pale cameous. Specimen marked male.

37. Turdus (Oreocincla, Gould,) Whitei, Eyton.

38. T. mollissimus, Nobis. Equally allied to T. Whitei and the European T. musicus, this handsome species can hardly be placed in a subdivision typified by either of these apart from the other, though I think it approaches nearest to T. musicus. It is, however, considerably larger, a female measuring 9£ inches long, the wing from bend 5§- inches, and tail 4 inches. Bill shaped as in the Mavis Thrush (T. musicus), and ~ inch to forehead, to gape 1^ inch; tarse If inch: 3rd and 4th primaries equal and longest, the 5th a little shorter, the 2nd above f inch shorter than the 3rd, and the first diminutive. Plumage remarkably dense and soft in texture, having a smooth surface, and of a uniform rich brown colour above, with a slight cast of orange, being very nearly that of the back of an English Robin: wing-coverts and tertiaries slightly margined with paler, except the greater coverts of the primaries, which are tipped with blackish; the inner webs of the primaries are dusky, and their outer webs are emarginated as in T. musicus; the under-surface of the wing is marked with black and white, as in the Oreocincla: tail also displaying an affinity to the latter group, its four middle feathers being brown like the back, the outermost pair albescentbrown with a whitish tip, the two next having successively less -white at the tip, and the remainder of the tail being blackish: under-parts clear fulvous, deepest on the breast, and becoming whitish along the centre of the belly; very richly spotted with deep black, and much more densely than in T. Whitei, the spots forming broad transverse crescents below the breast, and being of a triangular form upon the latter, the throat, and front of the neck: orbits, and a streak from the

bill to the eye, pale fulvous; but none of this passing over or beyond the eye. Bill dusky-yellowish at the base of the lower mandible, and legs light-brown. So far as I can remember the African T. guttatus. Vigors, (P. Z. 6\ 1831, 92,) it seems nearly allied to that species.

39. T. Naumanni, Temminck j which the Asiatic Society has also received from Nepal.

40. T. (Merula) paciloptera. Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, 54, and figured in Gould's Century, PL xiv.

41. T. (Tetrocincla) erythrogaster. Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831,174, and figured in Gould's Century, PL xiii. The young has a large angular whitish spot upon each feather, which is further tipped with blackish; differing thus considerably from the adult female, as the latter does from the male.

42. Chcutaris (Hodgson, J. A. S. 1841, 29, olim Niltava, H., Ind. Rev., 1837, 651,) grandis, Nobis. Length 8} to 8^ inches, of the female 8 inches; of wing respectively 4J and 3| inches, and tail 3f and 3-f inches; bill to forehead £ inch, and to gape Ji inch; tarse £ inch. Colour of the upper parts precisely as in Ch. sundara, Hodgson, except that the purple hue of the back is considerably brighter; or, to particularize, the crown, a large spot on each side of the neck, the shoulders of the wing, and the rump, are brilliant lazuline, and the rest of the upper-parts glossy dark purple: forehead, lores, cheeks, earcoverts, throat and breast, deep black, without any purple gloss; the belly empurpled-black, (as much so as the back of Ch. sundara,) and passing into ashy on the vent and lower tail-coverts: under surface of the wings and tail black, as likewise the bill; and the legs duskyblack. The female entirely resembles that of Ch. sundara, except in its much larger size, and in having a rufous tinge on the under-parts generally, but especially on the throat, while the white gorget of Ch. sundara is totally absent. From Darjeeling, and I am informed that it also inhabits Tenasserim.

43. Ch. sundara, Hodgson. Two other species are described by that naturalist, viz. Ch. McGregorii {Phmnicura McGregorii, Burton, P. Z. S. 1835,152, Ch. fuligiventer, Hodgson), and Ch. rubeculoides (Phmnicura rubecvloides, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, 35, and figured in Gould's Century, PI. xxv. 1, seu Ch. brevipes, Hodgson).

LHmorpha, Hodgson, J. A. S., 1841, 29, olim Siphya, H.. Ind. Rev. 1839, 651. The following two species are evidently referrible to this division, which is allied to the preceding one, and borders closely upon Cryptolopha of Swainson.

44. D. super ciliaris, Nobis. Length 4 J inch, of wing from bend 2| inch, tail If inch ; bill to forehead I inch, and to gape ~ inch; tarse - inch. Colour of the upper-parts, chin, and sides of the neck, uniform duskycyaneous, the lateral feathers of the forehead white-tipped, passing as a streak over but not beyond the eye ; bases of the primaries and secondaries rufous-brown exteriorly, contrasting with the hue of their coverts; throat and breast light ferruginous, paling on the belly, and passing into white on the vent and lower tail-coverts. Bill black, and legs very slender and apparently dusky-plumbeous. Fifth primary rather the longest. Specimen marked male.


45 D. albogularis, Nobis. Length 4| inches; of wing 2,-j inches, and tail If inch; bill to forehead ~ inch, and to gape above ~ inch; tarse


,-j inch. Colour of the upper-parts, sides of head and neck, and across the breast, uniform dark cyaneous, much brighter than in the preceding species; the throat, fore-neck, and under-parts below the breast, pure white: bill black, and legs dusky black. Third and fourth primaries sub-equal and longest.*

46. Phomicvra frontalis, Vigors, P. Z. S., 1831, 172, and figured in Gould's Century, PI. xxvi. 1; differing, however, somewhat in colouring from that figure, inasmuch as the head and neck, back and wings, are not black, but dusky-cyaneous, having terminal brown winter edgings, the forehead and above the eye being much brighter. The specimens of Ph. atrata, Jardine and Selby fill. Orn. PI. lxxxri), also, which I have seen, differ from that figure in wanting the bright rufous margining of the wing-feathers, which are edged with greyish, having but a slight rufous tinge on the border of the tertiaries only. The Museum of the Asiatic Society contains also the Ph. fuliginosa, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, 31, being evidently the same as has been since described by Mr. Gould as Ph. plumbea, Ibid, 1835, 185; likewise Ph. leucocephala, Vigors and Gould; and another Indian (and presumed Chinese) species, which I do not know, is the

* The Asiatic Society has since received this species from Chyebassa, in Central India

Pk. Reevesii, Gray, Zool. Misc., which was procured by Dr. McClelland in Assam: the PA. caruleoccphala, Vigors and Gould, seems but doubtfully referable to this group. In Western India, the European Pk. albi/rons (or ruticilla) is met with, and very probably also, the Ph. titkgs, though I am not aware for certain of the latter having been observed further to the eastward than on the bare rocky hills about Smyrna, where it is common; the Ph. albi/rons is included by M. Temminck among the birds of Japan.*

47. PhUlopneuste reguloides, Nobis. This species approaches very closely to the Regulus modest us, Gould; but to judge from recollection of the original specimen of that rare bird, and also from the dimensions ascribed to the second specimen obtained (vide An. Nat. Hist., ii, 310), which was in England, the former having been killed in Dalmatia, I conclude it to be different, and to be further removed from the genus Regulus, an undescribed crestless species of which is also before me. Length 4 J inches, of wing 2£ inches, and tail 1J inch; bill to forehead nearly £ inah, and to gape j-g inch; tarse |g inch; 4th and 5th quills equal and longest, the 3d and 6th a trifle shorter, and also equal. General colour of the upper parts yellowish olive-green, brightest on the wings, which have the inferior margin pure yellow anteriorly, and the tips of their greater and lesser coverts pale yellowish, forming two cross-bands; under-parts albescent, streaked with yellow as in Ph. trockilus: sides of the crown ashy, mingled with olive-green, and passing into dusky on the sides of the occiput, being traversed by a conspicuous sulphur-yellow superciliary streak; along the centre of the head the ashy tint is wanting, leaving a narrow greenish-yellow mesial line, best seen when the bird is held at a little distance. Bill, which is strictly that of the present group, and not of Regulus, dusky-brown above, the lower mandible yellow: feet delicate, and apparently light-brown tinged with plumbeous. The Ph. ru/a, or British Chiffchaff, I may remark, is common in the neighbourhood of Calcutta during the cool season.

Regulus inornatus. Nobis. Length 3J inches, of wing 2\ inches, and tail 11 inch: bill to forehead $ inch, and to gape nearly \ inch; tarse

* Pk. atrata is common in the neighbourhood of Calcutta, and extends throughout the Indian peninsula, where two new species have lately been described by Mr. Jtrdon, in his supplement, as PA. Major and Ph. sujierciliaris.—K. B.

barely f inch. General colour and markings similar to those of R. auricapillus, excepting on the head, the black band at the base of the outer webs of the secondaries of that species also wanting, and the whitish tips of the tertiaries extending further up the outer margin of those feathers: crown wholly green like the back, with no trace of a mesial crest, nor even the lateral dusky lines seen in the nestling plumage of the crested species; but a pale superciliary streak, bordered underneath with dusky-greenish on the upper ear-coverts, the rest of these being pale yellowish. Bill typical in shape, but no single plume (as usual) impending the nostrils, any more than in R. modestus; its colour pale, especially at the base of the lower mandible, and legs apparently light brown. Locality of the specimen unknown, but I am told that this bird inhabits the vicinity of Darjeeling.

48. Budytes citreola, Auct.

49. Oriolus Traillii, Hodgson, J. A. S., vi, 110; Pastor Traillii, Vigors, Proc. Zool. Soc, 1831, 175; Psarophilus Traillii, Jardine and Selby. I entirely agree with Mr. Hodgson in considering this fine species to be a true Oriole.

50. Pericrocotus (Boie.Acis, Lesson, Pheenicornis, Swainson,) brevirostris, Vigors and Gould. Both sexes, the female differing from Gould's figure, (which is now referred to P. affinis, McClelland, P. Z. S. 1839, 157.) by having the throat much brighter yellow, and more of this colour on the forehead to above the eyes; they are clearly enough identical in species with the crimson-breasted males in the same collection.*

51. Cinnyris Nipalensis, Hodgson, Ind. Rev. 1837, 273.

52. C. Gouldii, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, 44, and correctly figured in Gould's Century, PI. lvi.

53. C. saturata, Hodgson, Ind. Rev. 1837, 273; C. Assamensis, McClelland and Horsfield, P. Z. S. 1839, 167.

54 C. rubricaudata, Nobis. A very magnificent new species, described in a Monograph of the Oriental Cinnyridx which 1 have lately drawn up.

55. Linota saturata, Nobis. A large species, belonging to the subdivision typified by L. minor. Length of a male 6 inches, of wing from bend

* I cannot help suggesting that Ph. affinis is no other than the immature male of brevirostris, which may require more than one season to attain its livery of maturm

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