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The present participle is formed by a, th
PARTICIPLES, perfect by ka or pa, and
the compound perfect by la, chur,jur or ne
In a negative sense the imperative is used at times for all the tenses.
JI do not,
11 have not done.
The imperative is frequently used with the following verbs, Tongzha, Zerja, Geoopcha, and Kozha.
Shok zerin, I will come.
Shok zersonge, You have come.
Shok ma ser, he did not come.
• to turn out,
I turn out,
I did not turn out.
The passive is formed by the perfect participle and the auxiliary verbs, yozha, to be ;and songzha, to go; I have only discovered two tenses.
Chorzha, to hear. Present.
Chorka yoon, I am heard.
Chorka, yoze, Chorka yot, thou heard.
Me satka song. } fae haf) been beat
Barzha, to burn.
Barga song, I have been burned. Barga songe, &c.
Shunge, shungke, of a horse. 3
Shung-o-do-to-goon, un.na to, for a horse.
Shung-to chopcho, a horse, upon a horse.
Tho plural is the same,
The adjective* have one degree of comparison, Bone, meaning more or most being prefixed. j|
Tho infinitives of verbs end in muni/, pung or bung; and tile imperative singular is formed a* in the other languages ci
by dropping these terminations, after a, ee is added, and a sometime* follows a consonant;the addition of o makes the plural, and n aftera vowel, or en after a consonant, and chee denote respect; the infinitive is also occasionally used for the imperative.
The present tense, which is also the future, is formed
1st person singular by adding nee, tee, dee, to the imperative.
nee, tee, dee, neela, teela, tala, deela, dala.
nee, tee, dee.
no, noo, nun, to, too, tan, do, doo, dan. nee, tee, dee. The infinitive is also used for the 1st, 2d and 3d persons singular, if the verb end in tpung, / and p are interchanged sometimes.
Debung, to go.
Gee denee, debung, I go,
Onan denoola, debung, Thou goest.
Sepung, to know.
Setee, sepung, I know, &c.
Uroo deneela, denee, debung,.. he goeyj,
Eneahe denee, we go,
Gnanee she deno, denoo, denan, you go,
Urteeshe denee, they go,
Ma denee, I will not go.
Lenmung, to do.
Gee lendee, lenmung,
Gnan lendoola, lendanla,
Uroo lendee, lendala, lendeela, ..
Gnaneeshe lendo, lendoo, lendun, Urteeshe lendee,
I do, thou, dec.
PERFECT OR IMPERFECT.
Enshe dacho, dazo, daee, Sacho.
With ma, the perfect is often used as the future and present, as Ma dagee, I am not giving, I have not given, I will
The imperative is also used in the same sense, and in asking a question, Ma daee, I will not give, dec., daee, did he give, or shall I give.
The present participle is the imperative alone, or with the addition of a;the perfect is formed by adding ka, and the compound perfect by adding ka or e.
De, going. Lena, doing.
Deke, gone, having gone. Lenga, done.
Lenga, lene, having done.
The imperative, present or perfect participles, are sometimes used with the verbs kherbung, tatpung, and geoon.
Floota kherbung, to let go.
The passive is formed by the imperative alone, or with the addition of ka or cha, and the verbs to be and go.
Gnan sacha nee, &c.
There is a dialect peculiar to the small district of Zhungram. I believe the words are the same as the Mikhail, but