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The Earl of Darnley complained of the necessity of the war on our part was uni. delay in producing the documents which versally felt, and a unanimity was mani. the House had ordered in compliance with fested on the subject which was very rarely his motion before the recess, with respect found on such occasions. It was not till to our naval administration in the course the 7th of August that the American comof the American war.
missioners received instructions not to inViscount Melville justified the delay, sist upon this point, and then the negociaby stating, that in order to comply with tion proceeded. As to the mediation of the noble earl's motion it became neces- the Emperor of Russia, there were certain sary to refer for information to our officers points on which one would not choose to on Lake Ontario, and also to read over accept even of mediation, because it often all the correspondence of the Admiralty happened that in mediations there was for two or three years.
something like arbitration. With respect
to our maritime rights, we never could ADDRESS ON THE Treaty of Peace accept of arbitration. He would not go WITH AMERICA.] The Earl of Liverpool the length of saying that we ought under rose to move an Address to the Prince no circumstances to accept of mediation Regent, approving of the Treaty of Peace with respect to our maritime rights; but concluded with the United States of Ame. this did not appear to be an instance in rica. As he did not anticipate any oppo- which it was desirable to accept of any sition, he did not think it at all necessary such mediation. It had been said, that or proper to detain their lordships for any while we rejected mediation on one point, . long time on this subject, or to enter upon we had agreed to arbitration on another. any discussion of topics with respect to But the points were totally different, and which he was aware that much difference the mode of arbitration appeared to be of opinion prevailed. Their Jordships the best way of settling the disputes were aware that the war arose from dis- about the boundariese America then putes originating in certain orders com- having given up the point for which she monly called the Orders in Council. Be had carried on the war, the negociation, fore the American declaration of war ar- as he had said, proceeded ; and he conrived in this country, those orders had | tended that there might be circumstances been repealed ; and as it was presumed, under which we might, in justice to our that, upon notice of this circumstance, the own subjects, insist upon terms for which Americans would be desirous of returning it would not be proper originally to go to a state of peace, such directions were
That, however, was à consi. given as might facilitate that object, and deration of expediency. But a principle render the evils necessarily connected of good faith required that the Indians with a state of warfare as light as possible, should be included in the Treaty, and they till an arrangement could be concluded. were included. As to the Slave Trade, The Americans, however, did not, it ap- the objects of the two governments were peared, wish to return to a state of peace; the same; as to commerce, it appeared and when ibe cause of complaint was re- most proper to leave these matters to submoved they changed their ground, and sequent arrangement, and that the most insisted that we should give up that right liberal principles of commercial interwhich, by the well-known and admitted course would be the most advantageous law of nations, we had to seize our own for both countries. As to territorial arsubjects, and claim their services in time rangements, the best mode of proceeding of war, wherever we found them. This had been adopted on ebat head' that could was a clear principle of the law of nations, be devised. It appeared more advan: which we only claimed in common with tageous to call in the arbitration of one every other nation. We claimed nothing who might be supposed to be impartial, from the Americans, we did not insist that than to leave the matter to the decision of they should acknowledge any new doc- the lot; and upon that, the arrangements trines and principles of the law of nations for setting the line had been adopted. On set up by us. But they, on the contrary, the whole, the noble earl considered the set up new doctrines and new principles Treaty as equally honourable and advanof their own, and iosisted that we should tageous to this country; and concluded adopt them, and sacrifice rights which we by moving an Address to the Prince Reconsidered as essential to our own secu- gent, assuring his Royal Highness of the rity. The consequence was, that the great satisfaction felt by the House at the terms and conditions of the Treaty of his concurrence with the terms of the Peace concluded between Great Britain Address, but strongly condemned the un. and the United States of America. necessary delay that had taken place in
Earl Stanhope said, that he could not the conclusion of the Treaty, which allow this opportunity to pass, without ad. Treaty, by-the-by, had left unsettled all verting shortly to the high and even in the points for which the war had been pudent language which he had so often commenced, as would appear upon refeheard upon what were called our mari- rence to the published Declaration of mitime rights. The noble secretary had, nisters at the outset. Yet while these however, stated, that we claimed no rights points were waved, new claims were which did not belong to all independent started at the commencement of the ne. nations. But the fact was obviously other gociation, which were abandoned also. wise, for this right of search, so much But still he rejoiced in the conclusion of contended for, belonged only to bellige. peace. The noble marquis concluded rent nations, and not to those at peace. with observing that he understood the Thus, if Denmark should unjustly declare American ministers at Ghent proposed against Sweden, she might, according to an article pledging both powers to treat this pretended right of search, claim to all vessels as pirates which should be search our ships and those of other nations found engaged in the Slave Trade, but for Danish subjects. Would this be en- that this article was resisted by our comdured? But the pretension was quite pre- missioners; and this resistance be conposterous. Yet America, when at peace ceived the more extraordinary from the with the world, was condemned to bave instructions to our minister at Vienna to her shipping subjected to the most vexa- promote the universal abolition of that tious search by British cruizers, because odious traffic. this country was at war with France. The Earl of Liverpool spoke in explaBut now that this country was at peace nation, and assured ihe noble marquis and (would to God he could hope that it would the House, that what had been stated of Jong so continue !) and America was at the proposition as made by the American war with Algiers, the tables being thus ministers respecting the Slave Trade, was turned, would British ships submit, ac- tolally unfounded. Until that moment, cording to the right alleged by the noble through any channel whatever, either secretary, to be searched by American public or private, he had never heard a cruizers? If commodore Rodgers, for in- word of such a proposition. The article, stance, were to meet one of our convoys as it stood, was originally proposed by at sea (Hear! hear, from lord Liverpool). the British commissioners, and to which Yes, he would ask, if commodore Rodgers the American ministers never proposed undertook to search for American seamen, any addition, and under the prevalent practice, accord. The Marquis of Lansdowne said, that ing to this alleged right, the commodore he had received the statement which he himself was to be the judge in the exer- had communicated to the House, from cise of authority, he might take out five what be conceived the very bigbest autboor six seamen, whom he supposed Amerity, which he had no objection 10 name. rican, from a merchant vessel.what then The motion for the Address was then was likely to be the consequence? Why, agreed to, nem. diss. the vessel might go to the bottom for want of being manned, and how would
HOUSE OF COMMONS. the merchants like that? and the mer. chants had been among the most clamo
Monday, April 17. TOUS upor
this point when the assertion PROPERTY Tax.] The Chuncellor of the of it operated against others; but the fact Exchequer rose to move the postponement was, that this right, if even well founded, of the second reading of the Assessed was liable to so much abuse in the appli. Taxes Bill, which stood for that evening. cation of it, that it was evidently neces. In doing so be said he would avail bimself sary to come to some explanation, and of the opportunity of stating that in the arrangement upon the subject, that by committee of ways and means, on Wedsome negociation it sbould be endeavoured nesday next, he meant to refer the acts to do away with the exercise of it alto relating to the property tax to the said gether.
committee, for the purpose of moving itu The Marquis of Lansdowne expressed continuance of the same.
Mr. Fremantle asked whether it was nished merely by twelve months impriproposed to submit any alteration either sonment. What was the peculiar nature in the principle of the measure, or the of the present case, that called for such mode of its application.
severity? or why was such a variety perThe Chancellor of the Exchequer replied, mitted in inflicting the punishment, that that he did not intend to propose any one man should be sentenced to seven alteration in the principle of the Bill. it years transportation, a second to impriwould be open to any gentleman to sug. sonment, and a third punished by the ingest such modifications in the committee fliction of a pecuniary fine? Since the as he might deem advisable.
Act had been passed which attached the Mr. Horner inquired, whether the right punishment of transportation to this of hon. gentleman meant to relinquish the fence (now. eight years), not one in four assessed taxes, as well as to renew the had suffered that sentence. Out of 104 property tax?
cases, only 23 persons had been transThe Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he ported for the offence; and in general the should put off the consideration of the punishment was only one year's imprisonassessed taxes from day to day, until he ment, or a small fine. The second wife learned whether the House would co. knew perfectly well of the first marriage incide in the propriety of a renewal of the before she married the prisoner, and, as property tax.
well as the prisoner, was convinced the Mr. Whitbread asked whether, under first marriage was illegal. It appeared to any circumstances of the country, the bim, therefore necessary that the Reright hon. gentleman meant to propose corder's report should be seen, that a fair the renewal of the property tax ? 'Did he judgment might be formed of the cause of mean to say that the revival of that mea- such an extraordinary distinction. sure would not depend upon any political The Attorney General deemed it his duty arrangements that might be effected? not to let the present motion pass without
The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, some observations. He adverted to the that in his view of the subject, whether opinion of the hon. and learned gentleman this country were in a state of war, or of opposite, when he made his first motion defensive and expensive pacification, the relative to Murray, namely, that the House renewal of the property tax would be ought not to interfere with the sentences equally necessary for the public service. of courts of justice without the most grave
and weighty reasons. In this opinion he MOTION RESPECTING MR. LATHROP perfectly agreed; but he assured him that MURRAY.] Sir Samuel Romilly rose, in he totally differed from him in the view pursuance of notice to move,
* That an
he had taken of the case in question, humble Address be presented to his royal which he considered to be one of the most highness the Prince Regent, that he will flagrant nature. If it had been deemed be graciously pleased to give directions necessary of late to make the punishment ihat there be laid before this House, a for the crime of bigamy more severe, it copy of the Report to his royal highness was because the law bad found that imthe Prince Regent, by the Recorder of prisonment was not sufficient to deter evilLondon, of the case of Robert Lathrop minded persons from committing it. He Murray, tried for bigamy at the old reprehended the conduct of the second Bailey in January last.' The case of wife of Murray, in consenting to marry this unfortunate gentleman had been al- him, without the knowledge of her friends, ready detailed, at various times, to the after he had told her of his former marHouse and the public, and no person had riage, and merely taking bis word that it ventured to contradict the statement. It was null and void. She had a fortune of was one by no means aggravated in its 10,000l, which was to be paid to her on circumstances, but which had been visited the day of her marriage, and she was by the severest punishment it was possible entitled to 70,0001. more at the death of to inflict. The prisoner had petitioned her mother. He would therefore ask, his Majesty's Government to permit him whether, if her guardians or parent had to transport bimself to any place out of known of this intended marriage, it could bis Majesty's dominions; but even this be supposed possible that they would not had been refused him-while many others, have interfered to prevent it? The circonvicted of the crime of bigamy, under cumstances alleged by the hon. and learncases much more aggravated, were pu ed gentleman in behalf of the culprit,
those of his having had a University edu- | to their punishment, without arming the cation, and being an officer and a gentle Government with extraordinary powers, man, only tended, in his opinion, to render, which might be exercised from the sughim still more criminal. But even the gestions of private malice, and were, from grounds on which he had petitioned for a their nature, open to abuse, in consequence reversal of the judgment were marked by of misrepresentations difficult to be exadepravity; for it would scarcely be mined into. The only ground urged by credited, that in the document now lying the right hon. mover was, that there were at the Secretary of State's office, he had at present a great number of Aliens in the dared to say, that having had a dispute kingdom; but could it be said that they with a jeweller who had used him ill, and were for the purpose of forming an army, . that jeweller being the brother-in-law to to carry on war within the kingdom? In the Recorder, who had tried him, it was the present crisis, it might be more natunot extraordinary that he should have rally expected that Aliens friendly to this been convicted. Such a libel upon so just country, and hostile to the present Ruler and honourable a man was not to be en. of France, would come to England. From dured; and he could only attribute the these no injurious movements could be interest which his hon. and learned friend apprehended. He was convinced that had taken in this culprit's case to his these measures had been greatly misapexcessive urbanity. Under all the cir- plied, and had been made the instruments cumstances, he appealed to the House if of private malice, while the Government this was a case in which the sentence pro. was imposed upon. He, therefore, felt nounced by the judges ought to be brought indisposed to permit the Bill to be brought to that House to be revised. He felt it to in, without taking the sense of the House. be his duty to offer the most decided re- Mr. Bathurst said, he had not entered sistance to the motion.
into details upon the subject, because he Mr. Addington thought that no case had did not think that the necessity of the Bill been made out to warrant the interference would be doubted at the present crisis. It of the House, with the exercise of the was not at all impossible that persons judicial authority.
might be sent from France to this country, Sir Samuel Romilly, in reply, contended, or to Ireland, to estrange the population that the case under consideration was one and weaken its allegiance. The principle of peculiar hardship, and therefore one in of the Bill had already been several times which the interference of the House was recognised by Parliament. loudly called for.
Mr. Whitbread said, that the right bon. The motion was negatived without a gentleman had talked of the measure division.
being necessary in the present situation of
the country; but neither he nor any of Alien Bill.) Mr. Bathurst, after a few his Majesty's ministers could inform the words upon the number of Aliens at pre- House what that situation was. He had sent in this country, and the necessity of uniformly opposed the Alien Acts, think. arming ministers with further powers, ing them the instruments of great abuse moved for leave to bring in a Bill to pro. and cruelty. He was sure that ministers vide further regulations respecting aliens. had been imposed upon frequently, and
Mr. Ponsonby acknowledged, that he en that they had paid money to emigrants tertained a great jealousy towards those who were holding correspondence with powers intrusted to the Government by the enemy, while they sent innocent the Alien Acts, and thought that no foreigners out of the country. ground existed at present for granting bably upon this Government in a great any of an extraordinary nature. The rea- degree depended the question of peace or son for which those Acts were originally war-the Continent would be guided by passed was, to obviate the injury that it; but before such a question was determight result from Aliens endeavouring to mined, it seemed to him a litte too early propagate in this country sentiments and to bring in a Bill for the regulation of principles subversive of good order, and aliens, that war only could justify. He hostile to the Government; but surely denied that there was any danger that the such apprehensions could not be seriously minds of the people of Ireland would be entertained at the present period. if corrupted by aliens, or that ministers had Aliens transgressed the ordinary criminal not adequate means of meeting such an Jaws of the realm, those laws were equal evil without this Bill.
Mr. Dennis Browne said, that while a enemies. It was a well known fact, that Jacobin government, assisted by an over- at the present moment a large British whelmning military power, existed in capital was employed in Briush ships in France, the ministers should be armed this trade, to which practire there was with extraordinary powers relative to now a much stronger temptation than at aliens. Such, he feared, would be parti. any former period, the price of slaves cularly necessary in Ireland, from the being from 250 to 4001. each. He wished, feelings too prevalent in that kingdom. by the Bill for which he was about to He thought that if the Alien Act did not move, to make the act of thus employing exist in Ireland, the bon. gentleman who capital as penal as any other relative to spoke last would have to ask other ques, the trade now prohibited by law, namely, tions relative to that country than he found to make it felony. Nor did be see any necessary at present.
reason why insuring ships engaged in a Mr. Bathurst said, that it was impossible slave-trade voyage, should not be deemed for ministers to state particular cases, equally criminal. Adverting to the diffiwhen they came to the House for a mea- culty which would exist in proving the sure like the present; such conduct would fact of capital being specifically, so emdefeat the very object in view.
ployed, he meant in the Bill to prevent Mr. Whilbread said, that in order to ihe subjects of this country from lending have the matter more fully explained upon money on the security of foreign property a future day, he should divide the House. belonging to countries in which the Slave
Mr. Bathurst remonstrated, observing trade had not been abolished. Finally, the that such a proceeding could only cause hon. gentleman moved, “That leave be useless delay. The measure could be given to bring in a Bill to prohibit British debated in its future stages.
subjects, or persons resident in the United Mr. Whitbread indicated his intention of Kingdom, from lending capital, or doing persevering. With regard to what the other acts, to assist the carrying on of the hon. gentleman opposite had said upon Slave-trade to colonies belonging to the Jacobin Government of France, all foreign states, or persons residing in this be (Mr. W.) could observe in reply was, country, from lending capital, or committhat the Congress of Vienna had been an ting other acts, the tendency of which arch-manufacturer of Jacobins.
was to assist in carrying on the SlaveMr. R. Ward said, that if the hon. gen. trade of foreign colonies." tleman took advantage of the then state of Mr. A. Browne mentioned a proof of the House merely for the sake of a delay disinterestedness given by the legislaof 24 or perhaps 48 hours, he would prove ture of Antigua. As soon as they found himself the greatest friend of ministers by that in consequence of the Treaty of Paris such a proceeding.
the Slave-trade would be revived in the Mr. Whitbread said, that if he should French islands, and that a facility would prove a friend to the present ministers, it thus be given to elude the laws in the was more than he intended to be.
British colonies, the two Houses of that The House then divided : Yeas, 24; island came 10 a Resolution, declaring Noes, 3. As there were not forty mem- their willingness to concur in any laws bers present, the House adjourned, and the which might be thought necessary to be motion was of course lost.
introduced there for the more effectual discovery and punishment of those who
violated the Abolition Act. HOUSE OF COMMONS.
After a few words from Mr. WilberTuesday, April 18.
force, leave was given to bring in the Biil. FOREIGN SLAVE TRADE BILL.] Mr. Barham prefaced his motion on this sub- ALIENS REGULATION Bill.] Mr. Ba. ject with a speech of some length. He con- thurst re-stated the arguments made use of gratulated the friends of humanity on the by him on the preceding evening, when death-blow which, in his opinion, this moving for leave to bring in a Bill to protraffic had received by the Declaration of vide further regulations respecting aliens, the Congress. In this situation, it became which motion was then lost from the thinour duty, he said, not to relax in our ness of the House. He now moved, efforts for its destruction, but to show “ That leave be given to bring in a Bill to that as we had been its most early, so repeal an Act passed in the last session of were we its most sincere and zealous Parliament, for establishing regulations (VOL. XXX. )