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measure which was decidedly unpopular. had been used was perfectly correct. He At the same time it appeared rather felt bimself justified in saying, that the awkward, that ministers would only agree question was pressed through the House to lay the necessary information on the in an indecent manner. It was, he might subject of the Property tax before the assert, hurried forward in defiance of the House, in the course of a few days, and sentiments of the people. Could the House yet they would not consent to delay the forget the number of petitions that were farther progress of the Bill at present presented against the renewal of the Propending. Now, he wished to remind perty-tax ? Could they avoid thinking of them, that many gentlemen were desirous ibe immense numbers that would have of a modification of the Tax, and he hoped been presented, if he had not abandoned that ministers would not pertinaciously the Tax? What was there, under these refuse to impart that information, which it circumstances, in the conduct or the lanwas necessary gentlemen should possess, guage of his right hon, friend who made before they could propose a proper modi. the motion, that deserved censore? His fication of the measure. He was astonish- right hon. friend said, “ You propose to ed how the Government, almost under renew this Property-tax-it will, in its any circumstances, could propose this present state, bear hard on particular Tax to the country.
classes of society-many members wish it The Chancellor of the Erchcquer observed, to be modified-therefore, that we may he had no objection to produce such docu- proceed fairly and truly in this system of ments, as, without greatly interfering with modification, give us an account of the the progress of the measure, would afford produce of the Property-tax, at different gentlemen a basis for modifying it. For periods, with reference to the various his own part, he wished they would point classes whom it affects.” Now, the right out a beneficial modification of the Tax. hon. gentleman was very liberal in his
Sir J. Newport said, if the right hon. concession. According to bim, this acgentleman really wished the Tax to be count would certainly be producedmodified, he ought himself to propose when it was too late! He would give it, some plan of modification, and not leave it when there was no opportunity of debatto others; he ought to point out specifi- ing on it when no resolution, for any cally what his wishes were. He (sir John) efficient purpose, could be founded on it. called for accounts, which he conceived Was it not reasonable, then, that the previtally necessary to a just consideration of cipitancy with which the measure was the question; and he hoped even those urged forward, should be reprehended ? gentlemen who differed from him in opi- Was it not just that some remonstrance nion, would see the impropriety of at- should be made on the part of those, who, tempting to bear down a member of that it appeared, were not to be heard until the House who called for what he considered Bill has passed into a law? This was the constitutional information.
true state of the case; and he denied that Mr. Huskisson objected to the language those who had placed it in its most strikwhich had been used in the course of the ing light, had made use of language discussion. He denied that Government they were not warranted to hold. bad any intention of pressing forward, un- Mr. Huskisson said, he did not complain necessarily, the measure which gave rise of the language which had been used; but to this debate : and he equally denied, he did complain of the insinuation, that that any intention existed of bearing down ministers, in proceeding as they had done, a member of that House, when he was dis- with the renewal of the Property tax, charging his duty. He could assure the acted from unworthy motives. It was gentlemen opposite, that the bringing for broadly insinuated, that the measure was ward this measure was as painful to his pressed forward, because ministers dreaded right hon. friend, as it would be to them the effects which might arise from the to give it their support-if, indeed, it were unpopularity of the Tix, if the considerapossible for them to support it. But he tion of it were protracted. He denied the would never be deterred from doing his truth of this insinuation. Ministers, in duty, with reference to this Tax, bearing doing what they had done, looked merely bard, as it certainly must, on his col- to the execution of their duty. leagues, because gentlemen were pleased Sir J. Newport utterly disclaimed having to assert, that it was unpopular.
ever impuled any improper motives to Mr. H. Martin said, the language which ministers.
• Mr. Vesey Fitzgerald said, 'that although pursuance of his notice, moved, that it
Mr. Gordon said, he certainly did con- TREATY BETWEEN TRE Allies SIGNED ceive, when information was refused wbich AT VIENNA.] Earl Stanhope wished to ask appeared necessary before members de- tbe noble lord opposite, two questions. cided on the vote they ought to give, and He had scarcely ever felt more conceru the measure connected with that informa- than since their lordships last meeting, tion was still pressed forward, that it having read in the public prints a paper looked like a determination to hurry the purporting to be a Treaty signed by the measure through the House, lest the four great Allied Powers at Vienna on popular voice might arrest it in its pro. the 25th of March. The first question he gress. With respect to the case alluded would ask the noble lord was, whether to by the right hon. gentleman, it should he would object to produce this Treaty? be observed, that every information had If so, he thought their lordships should been given on that subject; but here the insist on its production. There was a complaint was, that necessary information clause in the Treaty which he had heard was denied. This made the great differ- was not correctly published. He believed ence between the two cases.
it was not; for if such a clause was really The Chancellor of the Exchequer then in the Treaty, it was not a treaty for agreed to withdraw his amendment, pro- making war, but for introducing a system vided sir John Newport would allow a cer- of universal massacre. He meant the tain modification of his original motion. clause by which the Allied Powers bound The following motion was then put and car- themselves to bring to justice all those ried, " That there be laid before this House, individuals who took part with the person an account or estimate of the gross
and who was at present the ruler of France. assessment of the Properly-iax, for five He wished to ask the noble earl if there years, ending the 5th of April 1814, dis- really was any such clause in the treaty ? tinguishing the several classes."
If not, he considered it essential to the Sir John Newport said, that as he could honour of the country that the negative not allow a bill which imposed 14 millions should be known. The clause was exo of taxes on the country in a manner gene- ceptionable, not only in point of justice, rally odious, without a full attendance, at humanity, and expediency, but also in least in one stage, he should give notice point of law. He denied the right of that he would on Monday move the call kings, or the representauves of kings, lo of the House for Thursday next.
make such a treaty with such a clause in
it. It locally altered the situation of the HOUSE OF LORDS,
army and payy, and all officers employed Monday, April 24.
in both services. When they enrolled Appeal Causes.] Lord Redesdale, in themselves, it was to meet the enemy
fairly, and die in the field of honour, but hoped the noble earl would not be stiffer not to be exposed to the fate of being than his noble colleague. He would, murdered by being hanged in cold blood. therefore, move for a copy of the Treaty. He objected to the clause in point of law The Earl of Lider pool repeated, that a on another ground. One of the most wise copy of the Treaty could not be laid on and most humane of our statutes was that the table of the House until its ratification. of the 11th of Henry 7, by which it was He begged the noble lord would confine enacted, that it was not only not high himself to moving for the substance of it, treason, but not even criminal to adhere which for his purpose would be precisely to any king de facto, whether he was king the same thing. de jure or not. He, therefore, on this Earl Stanhope exclaimed, that he did ground, denied our right to agree to such not care whether it was copy or subà clause. His third objection to the stance, provided it was correct. clause on the ground of its being illegal An Address, therefore, to his royal was, that if any commander-in-chief, civil | highness the Prince Regent, praying for authority, king, or emperor, were to put the substance of the Treaty, was agreed to. to death a person for supporting the cause of an existing sovereign, such act would,
HOUSE OF COMMONS. by the law of England, be deemed murder; and he, therefore, denied the right of the
Monday, April 24. Executive Government to make a treaty Slave TRADE.] The House having recomprehending such a clause. Another solved itself into a Committee of the whole objection to it was, that it was contrary House lo consider of the several Acts reto the rules of war recognised among lating to the Abolition of the Slave Trade, civilized nations. And his fifth and last Mr. Robinson rose to move certain reason against the clause was, that it was clauses to provide for the care and mainillegal, because it was contrary to the law tenance of negroes captured in foreign of God. He hoped that the noble earl vessels, between the period of their being would consent to produce the Treaty, or carried into any port belonging to this at least that, for the honour of the country, country, and that of the final adjudication he would inform their lordships whether of the prizes. A considerable time had it did or did not contain such a clause as sometimes elapsed after they were carried he bad described.
into port, before the vessel was conThe Earl of Liverpool replied, that he demned; and the consequences of this had no difficulty in stating to the noble delay, and of there having been no re. earl, that a treary had been signed at gular provision made for the care and Vienna on the 25th of March, by the maintenance of the negroes, had, in one four great Allied Powers. Nor had he instance, pressed very severely on the unany difficulty in stating, that the copy fortunate victims who were taken in the which had been published in the news- prize. The governor of the colony where papers was not correct, and on that point the cause was to be tried, had, much to . particularly to which the noble earl had his credit, taken upon himself to cause adverled; there were no words in the certain issues to be made from the funds real Treaty, such as the noble earl had of the island, and thus saved the lives of described, or which would bear a similar some of the captives, but several of them interpretation. Their lordships were aware unfortunately died. He then moved two that it was not usual for the Executive Go- resolutions : viz. 1. " That it is expedient vernment to lay before Parliament any that provision should be made for the care treaty which had not been ratified. and maintenance of any Negroes conWhen this Treaty should be ratified, it demned in any court of Vice-Admiralty would be his duty, or that of some of his during the period of appeal from the denoble colleagues, to receive his royal cision of any such Court. 2. That it is highness the Prince Regent's commands expedient that provision should be made to lay it on the table of the House. If, for the care and maintenance of Negroes however, the noble earl chose to move brought in for adjudication to any of bis for the substance of the Treaty, he would Majesty's possessions between the period not object to its production.
of their being so brought in and any
adEarl Stanhope observed, that a motion judication of the Court." for a copy of the Treaty had been ac- The Resolutions were agreed to, and feded to in the other House, and he ordered to be reported to-morrow.
SUBSTANCE OF THE TREATY ENTERED | Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and INTO AT Vienna.) Mr. Whitbread, seeing his Majesty the
having the noble lord in his place, rose to read taken into consideration the consequences the motion which he proposed to submit which the invasion of France by Napoleon to the House. He then read his intended Buonaparıé, and the actual situation of motion, viz. “ That an humble Address that kingdom, may produce with respect be presented to his royal highness the to the safety of Europe, have resolved in Prince Regent, that he will be graciously conjunction with his Majesty the, &c. &c. pleased to give directions, that there be &c. to apply to țhat important circum. iaid before ihis House, the substance of stance, the principles of the Treaty of any treaty or engagement entered into at Chaumont. Vienna on or about the 25th day of March “ They have consequently resolved to last between the ambassadors of his Ma- renew, by a solemn Treaty, signed sepa. jesty and his Majesty's Allies, together rately by each of the four Powers with witń the substance of any note of expla- each of the three others, the engagement nation of any article or articles of the to preserve, against every attack, tbe said Treaty or engagement, or of any order of things so happily established in declaration transmitted by bis Majesty's Europe, and to determine upon the most Government to the Court of Vienna ex. effectual means of fulfilling that engageplanatory of the views of his Majesty's ment, as well as of giving it all the extenGovernment touching such Treaty or en- sion which the present circumstances so gagement, together with the date of the imperiously call for. receipt of the said Treaty, and the trans- « Art. 1. The High Contracting Parties mission of the answer thereto on the part above mentioned, solemnly engage to of bis Majesty's Government, and also of unite the resources of their respective any subsidiary arrangements connected States for the purpose of maintaining therewith.”
entire the conditions of the Treaty of Peace Lord Castlereagh said, he had no objec- concluded at Paris the 30th of May, 1814; tion to give the substance of the Treaty as also, the stipulations determined upon made at Vienna. He would only protest and signed at the Congress of Vienna, with for himself against the course pursued on the view to complete the disposition of this occasion being drawn into a prece- that Treaty, to preserve them against all dent. It was the prerogative of the Crown infringement, and particularly against the to withhold such information till it could designs of Napoleon Buonaparté. For this be communicated in a ratified form, and it purpose they engage, in the spirit of the was much for the public advantage that Declaration of the 13th March last, to generally till that time arrived the sub- direct in common, and with one accord, stance of the engagements entered into should the case require it, all their efforts should not be made known. At present, against him, and against all, those who however, as he was extremely anxious to should already have joined his faction, or guard against any misrepresentation on shall hereafter join it, in order to force this subject, he had no hesitation in agree him to desist from his projects, and to ing to give the information called for by render bim unable to disturb in future the the hon. gentleman.
tranquillity of Europe, and the general Mr. Whitbread, as he understood the peace under the protection of which the noble lord to consent to grant the papers rights, the liberty, and independence of he wished to be laid before the House, nations had been recently placed and supposed he would have no objection to secured. the Address,
“ Art. 2. Although the means destined The motion was then read and agreed to. for the attainment of so great and salutary The following is a copy of the Paper an object ought not to be subjected to laid before the House in consequence of limitation, and although the High ConMr. Whitbread's motion.
tracting Parties are resolved to devote Substance of Treaties between his Bri- thereto all those means which, in their re
tannic Majesty, and the Emperors of spective situations, they are enabled to Austria and Russia, and the King of dispose of, they have, nevertheless, agreed Prussia, respectively; signed at Vienna, I to keep constantly in the field, each, a on the 25th of March, 1815.
force of 150,000 men complete, including
cavalry, in the proportion of at least one“ His Majesty the King of the United | tenth, and a just proportion of artillery, not reckoning garrisons; and to employ | contingent in men, or of paying at the the same actively and conjointly against rate of 301. sterling per annum for each the common enemy.
cavalry soldier, and 20l. per annum for “ Art. 3. The High Contracting Parties each infantry soldier, that may be wanting reciprocally engage, not to lay down their to complete the number stipulated in the arms but by common consent, nor before second Article. the object of the war, designated in the
MEMORANDUM 1st Article of the present Treaty, shall hare been attained ; nor until Buonaparté “ Foreign Office, April 25th, 1815. shall have been rendered absolutely una- “ The Treaty of which the substance is ble to create disturbance, and to renew his above given, has been ordered to be ratio attempts for possessing himself of the fied, and it has been notified on the part supreme power in France.
of the Prince Regent to the High Con• Art. 4. The present Treaty being tracting Parties, that it is his Royal Highprincipally applicable to the present cir. ness's determination, acting in the name cumstances, the stipulations of the Treaty and on the behalf of his Majesty, lo direct of Chaumont, and particularly those con- the said ratifications to be exchanged in tained in the sixteenth Article of the same due course, against similar acts on the shall be again in force, as soon as the part of the respective Powers, under an object actually in view shall have been explanatory Declaration of the following attained.
tenor, as to Article eight of the said “ Art. 5. Whatever relates to the com. Treaty:mand of the Combined Armies, to supplies,
DeclaRATION. &c. shall be regulated by a particular Convention.
“ The undersigned, on the exchange of “ Art. 6. The High Contracting Parties the ratifications of the Treaty of the 25th shall be allowed respectively to accredit of March last, on the part of bis Court, is to the generals commanding their armies, hereby commanded to declare, that the officers, who shall have the liberty of cor eighth Article of the said Treaty, whereia responding with their Governments, for the his Most Christian Majesty is invited to purpose of giving information of military accede, under certain stipulations, is to be events, and of every thing relating to the understood as binding the Contracting operations of the armies.
Parties, upon principles of mutual secu“ Art. 7. The engagements entered into rity, to a common effort against the power by the present 'Treaty, having for their of Napoleon Buonaparté, in pursuance of object the maintenance of the general the third Article of the said Treaty ; but peace, the High Contracting Parties agree is not to be understood as binding his to invite all the Powers of Europe to Britannic Majesty lo prosecute the war accede to the same.
with a view of imposing upon France any “ Art. 8. The present Treaty having no particular government. other end in view but to support France, “ Hawever solicitous the Prince Regent or any other country which may be in- must be to see his Most Christian Ma. vaded, against the enterprizes of Buona- jesty restored to the throne, and howparié and bis adherents, his Most Chris- ever anxious he is to contribute, in con. tian Majesty shall be specially invited to junction with his Allies, to so auspicious accede hereunto; and in the event of his an event, he nevertheless deems himself Majesty's requiring the forces stipulated called upon to make this Declaration, on in the 2nd Article, to make known what the exchange of the ratifications, as well assistance circumstances will allow him to in consideration of what is due to his bring forward in furtherance of the object Most Christian Majesty's interests in of the present Treaty.
France, as in conformity to the principles
upon which the British Government has SEPARATE ARTICLE.
invariably regulated its conduct.” “ As circumstances might prevent his (The Treaty was received in London Majesty the King of the United Kingdom on the 5th instant ; the answer thereto of Great Britain and Ireland from keeping was dispatched to Vienna on the 8th. constantly in the field the number of Authority and instructions have also been troops specified in the second Article, it is given to the earl of Clancarty to sign a agreed, that his Britannic Majesty shall subsidiary engagement consequent upon have the option, either of furnishing his the said Treaty.]