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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

Hon. John SPARKMAN,
Chairman, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, U.S. Senate,

, Washington, D.C. Hon. THOMAS E. MORGAN, Chairman, House International Relations Committee, House of Representatives, Washington, D.O.

OCTOBER 28, 1975. DEAR SIRS: You will find enclosed a report on the fact-finding mission to Japan, and primarily, to the People's Republic of China by the Seventh Congressional Delegation to the People's Republic of China between August 1 and 16, 1975. Sincerely,

CHARLES H. PERCY,

U.S. Senate. (V)

THE UNITED STATES AND CHINA

I. INTRODUCTORY SUMMARY This is a joint report to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House International Relations Committee on a Congressional factfinding mission to Japan and, primarily, to the People's Republic of China (PRC) from August 1 to 16, 1975. The members of our delegation were Senators Charles Percy (Chairman), Jacob K. Javits (CoChairman), Claiborne Pell (Co-Chairman), and Adlai E. Stevenson, and Representatives Paul Findley, Margaret Heckler, and Paul N. McCloskey, Jr. Dr. John W. Lewis served as Administrator. Others with the delegation included Mrs. Loraine Percy, Mrs. Marion Javits, Mrs. Nuala Pell, Mrs. Nancy Stevenson, Mrs. Lucille Findley, Mr. John Heckler, Mr. Mark C. Percy, Miss Carla I. Javits, and Mr. John McCloskey.

Ours was the first Congressional delegation to visit the People's Republic of China since the National People's Congress in January 1975. A major purpose of our visit to the PRC was to better understand its governing system, to estimate its future directions, and to try to perceive its external purposes and motives. Only with a better understanding of the Chinese system and the Chinese Revolution can the United States hope to make wise policy decisions concerning the PRC.

Each member of the delegation, of course, reached separate conclusions on the visit and the major subjects covered; many of us will be making individual observations and recommendations where appropriate. China, a large and diverse country, inevitably strikes each visitor differently. Background, interests, and personal encounters significantly affect individual views formed over so short a time and without previous experience in China. Our hope is that this report will make the visits of future delegations to the PRC more meaningful, and that over time more definitive conclusions on the PRC and on U.S.-China relations by the Congress will be possible.

Our perspectives from this two-week visit came together on several major points.

We agree that China, already a major force in Asian politics, has the resources, the energy, the will, and the leadership to join eventually the world's great powers. And as it moves in that direction, relations between the PRC and the United States will have an increasing bearing on international peace. These ties must be developed through constant contact and consultation at all possible levels so that the hazards of misunderstanding or misperception can be minimized. With the consequences of U.S. PRC relations so vital to us all, we hope consulta

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