페이지 이미지

So full replete with choice of all delights,

My tender youth was never yet attaint But, with as humble lowliness of mind,

With any passion of inflaming love, She is content to be at your command;

I cannot teli; but this I am assur’d, Cominand, I mean, of virtuous chaste intents, I feel such sharp dissension in my breast, To love and honour Henry as her lord.

Such fierce alarums hoth of hope and fear, K. Hen. And otherwise will Henry ne'er pre- As I am sick with working of my thoughts. sume.

Take, therefore, shipping : post, my lord, to France; Ther-fore, my lord protector, give consent, Agree to any covenants: and procure Thai Margaret may be England's royal queen. That Lady Margaret do vouchsafe to come

Glo. So should I give consent to flatter sin. To cross the seas to England, and be crown'd You know, my lord, your highness is betroth'd King Henry's faithful and anointed queen: Unto another lady of esteem;

For your expenses and sufficient charge, How shall we then dispense with that contract, Among the people gather up a tenth. And not deface your honour with reproach? Be gone, I say; for, till you do return,

Suff. As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths ; I rest perplexed with a thousand cares.Or one, that, at a triumph' having vow'd

And you, good uncle, banish all offence : To try his strength, forsaketh yet the lists

If you do censure3 iné by what you were, By reason of his adversary's odds :

Not what you are, I know it will excuse A poor earl's daughter is unequal odds :

This sudden execution of my will. And therefore may be broke without offence. | And so conduct me, where from company, Glo. Why, what, I pray, is Margaret more than I may revolve and ruminate my grief.4 Exit. that?

Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last. Her father is no better than an earl,

[Exeunt GLOSTER and EXETER. Although in glorious titles he excel.

Suff. Thus Suffolk hath prevaild: and thus he Suff. Yes, my good lord, her father is a king,

goes, The king of Naples, and Jerusalem;

As did the youthful Paris once to Greece; And of such great authority in France,

With hope to find the like event in love, As his alliance will confirm our peace,

But prosper better than the Trojan did. And keep the Frenchmen in allegiance.

Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the king, Glo. And so the earl of Armagnac may do, But I will rule both her, the king, and realm. Because he is near kinsman unto Charles.

(Exit. Exe. Beside, his wealth doth warrant liberal

dower; While Reignier sooner will receive than give.

OF this play there is no copy earlier than that of the

folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts are ex NUD. A.dower, my lords: aisgrace nou so your tant in two editions in quarto. That the second and king,

third parts were published without the first, may be ad. That he should be so abject, base, and poor, mitted as no weak proof that the copies were surrep To choose for wealth, and not for perfect love. titiously obtained, and that the printers of that time gave Henry is able to enrich his queen,

the public those plays, not such as the author designed, And not to seek a queen to make him rich :

but such as they could get them. That this play was So worthless peasants bargain for their wives,

written before the two others is indubitably collected

from the series of events; that it was written and played As market.inen for oxen, sheep,or horse.

before Henry the Fifth is apparent, because in the epi Marriage is a matter of more worth,

logue there is mention made of this play, and not of the Than to be dealt in by attorneyship :?

other parts :Not whom we will, but whom his grare aifects,

Henry the Sixth in swaddling bands crown't king; Must be companion of his nuptial bed :

Whose state so many had the managing, And therefore, lords, since he affects her most, That they lost France, and made his England bleed. It most of all these reasons bindeth us,

Which oft our stage hath shown.' In our opinions she should be preferr'd.

France is lost in this play. The two foilowing contain, For what is wedlock forced, but a hell,

as the old title imports, the contention of the houses of

York and Lancaster. Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss,

The Second and Third Parts of Henry VI. were And is a pattern of celestial peace.

printed in 1600. When Henry V. was written, we know

not, but it was printed likewise in 1600, and therefore Whom should we match with Henry, being a king,

before the publication of the first and second parts. The But Margaret, that is daughter to a king ?

First Part of Henry VI. had been often shown on the Her peerless feature, joined with her birth,

stage, and would certainly have appeared in its place, Approves her fit for none, but for a king?.

had ihe anthor been the publisher. JOHNSON Her valiant courage, and undaunted spirit (More than in women commonly is seen,)

THAT the second and third parts, as they are now

called, were printed without the first, is a proof, in my Will answer our hope in issue of a king;

apprehension, that they were not written by the same For Henry, son unto a conqueror,

author: and the title of The Contention of the Houses Is likely to beget more conquerors,

of York and Lancaster, being affixed to the two pieces Tf with a lady of so high resolve,

which were printed in quarto, is a proof that they were As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love. Then yield, my lords; and here conclude with me, but not written at the same time; and that this play was That Mar saret shall be queen, and none but she never known by the title of The First Part of King K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your

Henry VI. till Heminge and Condell gave it that name

in their volume, to distinguish it from the two subse. report,

quent plays; which being altered by Shakspeare, as. My noble lord of Suffolk; or for that

sumed the new titles of the Second and Third Parts of

King Henry VI. that they might not be confounded with 1 A triumph then signified a public exhibition ; such the original pieces on which they were formed. The as a tournament, mask, or revel.

first part was originally called The Historical P'ay of 2 By the intervention of another man's choice; or the King Henry VI.

MALONĚ. discretional agency of another. The phrase occurs twice in King Richard III. :

3 To censure is here simply to judge. If in judging Be the attorney of my love to her.'

me you consider the past frailties of your own youth." Again :

Į 4 Grief, in the first line, stands for pain, unreasiness. "I, by attorney, bless thee from thy mother in the second, especially for sorrow

stands for pain



THI3 and the Third Part of King Henry VI. contain wrote new beginnings to the Acts ; ho new versified no

that troublesone period of this prince's reign, which new modelled, he transposed many of the parts; and took in the whole contention between the houses of York greatly amplified and improved the whole. Several and Lancaster : and under that title were these two lines, however, and whole speeches, which he thought plays first acted and published. The present play sufficiently polished, he accepted, and introduced, withopens with King Henry's marriage, which was in the out any, or very slight, alterations. twenty-third year of his reign [A. D. 1445], and closes Malone adopted the following expedient to mark these with the first battle fought at St. Albans, and won by the alterations and adoptions, which has been followed in York faction, in the thirty-third year of his reign A. D. the present edition :- All those lines which the poet 1455): so that it comprises the history and transactions adopted without any alteration, are printed in the usual of ten years.

manner; those speeches which he altered or expanded The Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York are distinguished by inverted commas; and to all lines and Lancaster was published in quarto; the first part in entirely composed by himself asterisks are prefixeu. 1594 ; the secorre, or True Tragedy of Richard Duke of The internal evidences upon which Malone relies to York, in 1595, and both were reprinted in 1600. In a establish his position are, 1. The variatio..s between the dissertation ardiexed to these plays, Mr. Malone has old plays in quarto, and the corresponding pieces in the endeavoured to establish the fact that these two dramas folio edition of Shakspeare's dramatic works, which were not originally written by Shakspeare, but by some are of so peculiar a nature as to mark two distinci preceding author or authors before the year 1590; and hands. Some circumstances are mentioned in the old that upon them Shakspeare formed this and the follow- quarto plays, of which there is not the least trace in the ing drama, altering, retrenching, or amplifying as he folio; and many minute variations occur that prove the thought proper. I will endeavour to give a brief ab. pieces in the quarto to have been original and distinct stract of the principal arguments. 1. The entry on the compositions. No copyist or shorthand writer would Stationers' books, in 1594, does not mention the name invent circumstances totally different from those which of Shakspeare; nor are the plays printed with his name appear in Shakspeare's new-modelled draughts, as ex. In the early editions ; but, after the poet's death, an edi-hibited in the first folio; or insert whole speeches, of tion was printed by one Pavier without date, but really, which scarcely a trace is found in that edition. In some in 1619, with the name of Shakspeare on the title-page, places a speech in one of these quartos consists of ten This he has shown to be a common fraudulent prac. or twelve lines : in Shakspeare's folio the same speech cice of the booksellers of that period. When Pavier re. | consists perhaps of only half the number. A copy ist by published The Contention of The Two Houses, &c. in the ear, or an unskilful shorthand writer. Inight mutilaje 1619, he omitted the words as it was acted by the earl and exhibit a poet's thoughts or expressions imperfectly: of Pembrooke his servantes,' which appeared on the but he would not dilate and amplify them, or introduce original title-page,---just as on the republication of the totally new matter. old play of King John, in two parts, in 1611, the words Malone then exhibits a sufficient number of instances bas.it was acted in the honourable city of London,' were to prove, beyond the possibility of doubt, his position : omitted, because the omitted words in both cases mark. so that (as he observes) we are compelled to admit, ed the respective pieces not to be the production of either that Shakspeare wrote tico sets of plays on the Shakspeare. And, as in King John, the letters W. Sh. story which forms his Second and Third Parts of King were added, ir 1611, to deceive the purchaser; so in Henry VI., hasty sketches, and entirely distinct and The republication of The whole Contention, &c. Pavier, more finished performances; or else we must acknowhaving dismissed the words above-mentioned, inserted ledge that he formed his pieces on a foundation laid by. these :- Newly corrected and enlarged by William another writer or writers; that is upon the two parts of Shakspere;' knowing that these pieces had been made The Contention of the Two Houses of York, &c. It is the groundwork of two other plays : that they had in a striking circumstance that almost all the passages in faci been corrected and enlarged; (though not in his co- the Second and Third Parts of King Henry VI, which ps, which was a mere reprint from the edition of 1600,) | resemble others in Shakspeare's undisputed plays, are and exhibited under the titles of the Second and Third not found in the original pieces in quarto, but in his ri. Parts of King Henry VI.; and hoping that this new edi. faccimento in folio. As these resemblances to his other tion of the original plays would pass for those altered plays, and a peculiar Shakspearian phraseology, ascerand augmented by Shakspeare, which were then un- tain a considerable portion of these disputed dramas to published.

be the production of that poet; so, on the other hand, A passage from Greene's Groatsworth of Wit, ad other passages, discordant, in matters of fact, from his duced by Mr. Tyrwhitt, first suggested and strongly other plays, are proved by this discordancy not to have supports Malone's hypothesis. The writer, Robert been composed by him; and these discordant passages, Greene, is supposed to address himself to his poetical being found in the original quarto plays, prove that, friend, George Peele, in these words :-"Yes, trust them those pieces were composed by another writer. not alluding to the players), for there is an upstart It is observable that several portions of English his crowe beautified with our feathers, that with his tory had been dramatised before the time of Shakspeare tygre's heart wrapped in a player's hide, supposes hee Thus we have King John, in two parts, by an anony is well able to bombaste out a blank verse as the best of mous writer; Edward I. by George Peele; Edward II you; and, being an absoli.te Joannes factotum, is, in by Christopher Marlowe; Edward III. anonymous ; his own conceit, the only Shakescene in a country. Henry IV. containing the deposition of Richard II. and

O tyger's heart wrapped in a woman's hide!' is a line the accession of Henry to the crown, anonymous ; Henin the old quarto play entitled The First Part of the ry V. and Richard III. both by anonymous authors. It Contention, &c. There seems to be no doubt that the is therefore highly probable that the whole of the story allusion is to Shakspeare, that the old plays may have of Henry VI. had been brought on the scene, and ihat been the production of Greene, Peele, and Marlowe, or the first of the plays here printed, formerly called some of them; and that Greene could not conceal his The Historical Play of King Henry VI. and now named mortification, at the fame of himself and his associates, The First Part of King Henry VI. as well as the Twc old and established playwrights, being eclipsed by a new Parts of the Contention of the Houses of York and Lan. upstart writer, (for so he calls the poet,) who had then caster, were the compositions of some of the authors perhaps first attracted the notice of the public by exhi- who had produced the historical dramas abovc enume biting two plays formed upon old dramas written by rated. them, considerably enlarged and improved. The very Mr. Boswell, speaking of the originals of the second term that Greene uses, to bombaste out a blank verse, and third of these plays, says, "That Marlowe may exactly corresponds with what has been now suggested. have had some share in these compositions, I am not This new p:iet, says he knows as well as any man disposed to deny; but I cannot persuade myself that how to amplity and swell out a blank verse.

they entirely proceeded from his pen. Some passages Shakspeare did for the old plays, what Berni had be. are possessed of so much merit, that they can scarcely ture done to :00 Orlando Innamorato of Bojardo. He be ascribed in any one except the most distinguished of


3hakspeare's predecessors; but the tameness of the ge-produced previous to 1592, but were no: printed until neral style is very different from the peculiar characte- they appeared in the folio of 1623. ristics of that poet's mighty line, which are great energy To Johnson's high panegyric of that impressive sceno both of thought and language, degenerating too fre. in this play, the death of Cardinal Beaufort, we may quently into tumour and extravagance. The versifica- add that Schlegel says, 'It is sublime beyond all praise. cion appears to me to be of a different colour. That Can any other poet be named who has drawn aside the Marlowe, Peele, and Greene, may all of them have had curtain of eternity at the close of this life in such an a share in these dramas, is consonant to the frequent overpowering and awful manner. And yet it is not practice of the age; of which ample proofs may be mere horror with which we are filled, but solemn emofound in the extracts from Henslowe's MS. printed by tion; we have an exemplification of a blessing and a Mr. Malone."

curse in close proximity; the pious king is an image of From the passage alluding to these plays, in Greene's the heavenly mercy, which, even in his last moinents, Groatsworth of Wit, it seems probable that they were labours to enter into the soul of the sinner.'



A Herald. Vaux. HUMPHREY, Duke of Gloster, his Uncle.

HUME and SouTHWELL, two Priests. CARDINAL BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, BOLINGBROKE, a Conjuror. A Spirit raised by him. great Unia to the King."

THOMAS HORNER, an Armourer. Peter, his Man. RICHARD PLANTAGENET, Duke of York: Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of St. Albans. EDWARD and RICHARD, his Sons.

SIMPcox, an Impostor. Two Murderers. Duke of SOMERSET,

Jack CADE, a Rebel : Duke of SUFFOLK,

GEORGE, John, Dick, SMITH the Weaver, MiDUKE of BUCKINGHAM, Ş of the King's L'arty.

CHAEL, &c. his Followers. LORD CLIFFORD,

ALEXANDER IDen, a Kentish Gentleman. Young CLIFFORD, his Son, )

MARGARET, Queen to King Henry. EARL of SALISBURY,

Sof the York Faction. | ELEANOR, Duchess of Gloster. EARL of WARWICK,

MARGERÝ JOURDAIN, a Witch. Wife to Simpcox. LORD SCALES, Governor of the Tower. LORD SAY.

Lords, Ladies, and Attendants; Petitioners, Al SIR HUMPHREY STAFFORD, and his Brother. SIR JOHN STANLEY.

dermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and Officers; CitiA Sea Captain, Master, and Master's Mate, and

zens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards, Soldiers. WALTER WHITMORE.

Messengers, &c. I'wo Gentlemen, Prisoners with Suffolk.

SCENE, dispersedly in various parts of England.



Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness ! .

For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, SCENE I. London. A Room of State in thc Pa-li A world of earthly blessings to my soul.

lace. Flourish of Trumpets; then Hautboys. * If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. Enter, on one side, KING HENRY, DUKE of 60. Mar. Great king of England, and my graGloster, SALISBURY, WARWICK, and CARDI-||

cious lord :
NAL BEAUFORT; on the other, QUEEN MARGA-6 The mutual conference that my mind hath hadi
RET, led in by SUFFOLK; YORK, SOMERSET, By day, by night; waking, and in my dreams;
BUCKINGHAM, and others, following.

In courtly company, or at my beads, –

With you mine alder-liefest* sovereign,

• Makes me the bolder to salute my king As by your high imperial majesty

With ruder terms; such as my wit affords, I had in charge at my depart for France,

And over-joy of heart doth minister. As procurator to your excellence,

K. Hen. Her sight did ravish: but her grace in To marry Princess Margaret for your grace;

speech, So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,

Her words y-clad with wisdom's majesty, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil,

ali Makes me, from wondering fall to weeping joys ;5 The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Bretaigne, and · Such is the fulness of my heart's content:Alençon,

Lords with one cheerful voice welcome my love. Seven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bi All. Long live Queen Margaret, England's hapshops,

piness! I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd;

Q. Mar. We thank you all.

[Flourish. And humbly now upon my bended knee,

Suff. My lord protector, so it please your grace, In sight of England and her lordly peers,

Here are the articles of contracted peace, Deliver up my title in the queen

Between our sovereign and the French king Charles, To your most gracious hands, that are the substance? For eighteen months concluded by consent. Of that great shadow I did represent;

Glo. [Reads.) Imprimis, It is agreed between the The happiest gift that ever marquess gave,

French king, Charles, and William de la Poole, marShe fairest queen that ever king receiv'd.

quess of Suffolk, ambassador for Henry king of EngK. Hen. Suffolk, arise.Welcome, Queen Mar- land, that the said Henry shall espouse the lady

Margaret, daughter unto Reignier king of Naples, I can express no kinder sign of love,

Sicilia, and Jerusalem ; and crown her queen of Than this kind kiss.--O Lord, that lends me life, England, ere the thirtieth of May next ensuing.

Item-That the duchy of Anjou and the county of 1 The marquesse of Suffolk, as procurator to King Maine, shall be released and delivered to the king her Henry, espoused the said ladie in the church of St. Mar- father sins. At the which marriage were present, the father and mother of the bride ; the French king himself, that 3 I am the bolder to address you, having already fa was uncle to the husband; and the French queen also, miliarized you to my imagination. :hat was aunt to the wife. There were also the Dukes 4 i. e. most beloved of all: from alder, of all; for of Orleance, of Calabre, of Alanson, and of Britaine;merly used in composition with adjectives of the super deven earles, twelve barons, twenty bishops.'-Hall lative degree : and liefest, dearest, or most loved. :ind Holinshed.

5 This weeping joy, of which there is no trace in th> 2 i. e. to the gracious hands of you, my sovereign, original play, Shakspeare frequently uses. It is intro who are, &c. In the old play the line stands :

duced in Much Ado about Nothing, King Richard ! Unto your gracious excellence, that are.' Macbeth, and King Lear.

· R. Hen. Uncle, how now? Glo.

Pardon me, gracious lord ; * That dims the honour of this warlike isle ! Some sudden qualm hath struck me at the heart, * France should have torn and rent my very heart, And dimm'd mine eyes, that I can read no further. * Before I would have yielded to this league.

K. Hen. Uncle of Winchester, I pray, read on. | I never read but England's kings have liad Win. Item,- It is further agreed between them, Large sums of gold, and dowries, with their wives : that the duchies of Anjou and Maine shall be releused. And our King Henry gives away his own, and delivered over to the king her father; and she sentTo match with her that brings no vantages. over of the king of England's own proper cost and * Glo. A proper jest, and never heard hefore charges, without having dowry.

* That Suffolk should demand a whole fifteenth, K, Hen. They please us well.--Lord marquess, \ * For costs and charges in transporting her ! kneel down;

* She should have staid in France, and stary'd in We here create thee the first duke of Suffolk,

France, And girt thee with the sword.—

* Before Cousin of York, we here discharge your grace

* Car. My lord of Gloster, now you grow too hot : From being regent in the parts of France,

* It was the pleasure of my lord the king. Till term of eighteen months be full expir'd. 1 * Glo. My lord of Winchester, I know your mind. Thanks, uncle Winchester, Gloster, York, and 'Tis not my speeches that you do mislike, . Buckingham,

But 'tis my presence that doth trouble you. Somerset, Salisbury, and Warwick;

1 Rancour will out: Proud prelate, in thy face We thank you all for this great favour done,

I see thy fury: if I longer stay, in entertainment to my princely queen.

1. We shall begin our ancient bickerings. Come, let us in; and with all speed provide Lordings, farewell; and say, when I am gono, To see her coronation be perform’d.

I prophesied-France will be lost ere long. [Exil (Exeunt King, Queen, and SUFFOLK. Car. So, there goes our protector in a rage. Glo. Brave peers of England, pillars of the state, 'Tis known to you he is mine enemy: ' To you Duke Humphrey must unload his grief, * Nay, more, an enemy unto you all; " Your grief, the common grief of all the land. * And no great friend, I fear me, to the king, • What! did my brother Henry spend his youth, * Consider, lords, he is the next of blood, • His valour, coin, and people, in the wars? * And heir apparent to the English crown; Did he so often lodge in open field,

* Had Henry got an empire by his marriage, " In winter's cold, and summer's parching heat, * And all the wealthy kingdoms of the west, • To conquer France, his true inheritance ? * There's reason he should be displeas'd at ii. And did my brother Bedford toil his wits, 1 * Look to it, lords; let not his smoothiny word To keep by policy what Henry got?

* Bewitch your hearts; be wise, and circumspect Have you yourselves, Somerset, Buckingham, 1. What though the conímon people favour him, • Brave York, Salisbury, and victorious Warwick, Calling him-Humphrey the good duke of Gloster • Receiv'd deep scars in France and Normandy ? Clapping their hands, and crying with loud voice • Or hath my uncle Beaufort, and myself,

Jesu maintain your royal excellence ! • With all the learned council of the realm,

With-God preserve the good duke Humphrey ! • Studied so long, sat in the council-house, " I fear me, lords, for all this flattering gloss, "Early and late, debating to and fro

• He will be found a dangerous protector. • How France and Frenchmen might be kept in awe?! * Buck. Why should he then protect our solve • And hath his highness in his infancy

reign, • Been crown'd in Paris, in despite of foes ? * He being of age to govern of himself, And shall these labours, and these honours, die? Cousin of Somerset, join you wih me, • Shall Henry's conquest, Bedford's vigilance, And all together--with the duke of Suffolk, • Your deeds of war, and all our counsel, die? We'll quickly hoise Duke Humphrey from his seal. • O peers of England, shameful is this league ! * Car. This weighty business will not brook delay: • Faial this marriage, cancelling your fame : * I'll to the duke of Suffolk presen:ly. (Exit. • Blotting your names from books of memory : I "Son. Cousin of Buckingham, though IlunRazing the characters of your renown:

phrey's pride, " Defacing monuments of conquer'd France; And greatness of ! is place be grief to us, Undoing all, as all had never been!

Yet let us watch the haughty cardinal; * Car. Nephew, what means this passionate dis- | His insolence is more intolerable course?

· Than all the princes in the land beside; * This peroration with such circumstance ? • If Gloster be displac'd, he'll be protector. * For France, 'tis ours; and we will keep it still. Buck. Or thou, or I, Somerset, will be protector,

* Glo. Ay, uncle, we will keep it, if we can; * Despight Duke Humphrey, or the cardinal. * But now it is impossible we should:

[Exeunt Buckingham and SOMERSES Suffolk, the new-made duke that rules the roast, Sal. Pride went before, ambition follows him. · Hath given the duchies of Anjou and Maine While these do labour for their own preferment. * Unto the poor king Reignier, whose large style 1' Behooves it us to labour for the realm. * Agrees not with the leangess of his purse. 2° ' I never saw but Humphrey dukė of Gloster

* Sal. Now, by the death of him that died for all, Did bear him like a noble gentleman. * These counties were the keys of Normandy : Oft have I seen the haughty cardinalBut wherefore weers Warwick, my valiant son ? More like a soldier, than a man of the church,

WVar. For grief, that they are past recovery: As stout, and proud, as he were lord of il'For, were there hope to conquer them again, Swear like a ruffian, and demean himself • My sword should shed hot blood, mine eyes no 1. Unlike the ruler of a common-weal.tears.

Warwick, my son, the confort of my agi ! Anjou and Maine! myself did win them both; " Thy deeds, thy plainness, and thy house-keepir: 2. "Those provinces these arms of mine did conquer: ' Hath won the greatest favour of the comiaons

And are the cities, that I got with wounds, • Excepting none but good duke Humphrey." Deliver'd up again with peaceful words ?3

And, brother York, thy acts in Ireland, Mort Dieu !

inceuded in Counds and words. In the old play 'he j: 12 I This specch crowded with so many circunstances gle is differeut. "And must that then which we wor leingravation,

with our sucords, be given away with words:2 King Reignier, her father, for al his long style, nad 4 Richaru Plantagenet, duke of York, marrieri Cacely. til s1011 a purse to send his daughter honourably to the

e to send his daughter honourably to the the laughter of Ralf Neville, earl of Westmoreland, by king her spouse.--Ilolinshed.

Joan, daughter lo John of Gaunt, duke of Lancavier, bis 3 The inlignation of Warwick is natural, hut might his third wife, dame Catharine Swinford. Richard No. rive been hetter expressed: there is a kind of jiri glas wille Migd op Salisbury, was son to the earl of Westmore. 5 IVhereas for where ; a common substitution in ald 1 This is an anachronism. The present scene is in language, as chere is often used for arhereas.

" lord,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

In bringing them to civil discipline;

| SCENE II. The same. A Room in the Duke of Thy late exploits, done in the heart of France, Gloster's House. Enter GLOSTER and the • When thou wert regent for our sovereign,

Duchess. • Have made thee feard, and honour'd, of the Duch. Why droops my lord, like over-ripen'd corn, people :

Hanging the head at Ceres' plenteous load ? • Join we together, for the public good;

* Why doth the great Duke Humphrey knit his ' In what we can to bridle and suppress

brows, The pride of Suffolk, and the cardinal, .

* As frowning at the favours of the world? With Somerset's and Buckingham's ambition;

* Why are thine eyes fix'd to the sullen earth, And, as we may, cherish Duke Humphrey's deeds,

| * Gazing on that which seems to dim thy sight! ( While they do tend the profit of the land.

"What seest thou there? King Henry's diadem, * War. Sú God help Warwick, as he loves the land, I | * Enchas'd with all the honours of the world ? * And common profit of fit of his country!

* If so, gaze on, and grovel on thy face, * York. And so says York, for he hath greatest | * Until thy head' be circled with the same. cause.

1. Put forth thy hand, reach at the glorious gold: Sal. Then let's make haste away, and look unto - What, is't too short? I'll lengthen it with mine : the main.

* And having both together heav'd it up, War. Unto the main! O father, Maine is lost;

* We'll both together lift our heads to heaven; That Maine, which by main force Warwick did win, | * And never more abase our sight so low, * And would have kept, so long as breath did last: * As to youchsafe one glance unto the ground. Main chance, father, you meant; but I meant Glo. O Nell, sweet Nell, if thou dost love tny

Maine ;
Which I will win from France, or else be slain. 16 Banish the canker of ambitious thoughts :

(Exeunt WARWICK and SALISBURY. * And may that thought, when I imagine ill York. Anjou and Maine are given to the French; | * Against my king and nephew, virtuous Henry * Paris is lost; the state of Normandy

* Be my last breathing in this mortal world! * Stands on a tickle2 point, now they are gone : 1. My troublous dream this night doth make me sad. * Suffolk concluded on the articles;

Duch. What dream'd my lord? tell me, and I'l * The peers agreed; and Henry was well pleas'd,

requite it * To change two dukedons for a duke's fair daughter. With sweet rehearsal of my morning's dream. * I cannot blame them all; What is't to them? i Glo Methought, this statt. mine office-badge in * "'Tis thine they give away, and not their own.

court, * Pirates may make cheap pennyworths of their " Was broke in twain, by whom, I have forgot, pillage,

But, as I think, it was by the cardinal; * And purchase friends, and give to courtesans, And on the pieces of the broken wand * Still revelling, like lords, till all be gone: 6 Were plac'd the heads of Edmond duke of Son. * While-as the silly owner of the goods

erset, * Weeps over them, and wrings his hapless hands, And William de la Poole, first duke of Suffolk. * And shakes his head, and trembling stands aloof, « This was my dream; what doth it bo.le, God * While all is shard, and all is borně away ;

knows. * Ready to starve, and dare not touch his own.

Duch. Tut, this was nothing but an argument, * So York must sit, and fret, and bite his tongue, That he that breaks a stick of Ĝloster's grove, * While his own lands are bargain'd for, and sold. 1 Shall lose his head for his presumption. * Methinks, the realms of England, France, and But list to me, my Humphrey, my sweet duke : Ireland,

- Methought I sat in seat of majesty, * Bear that proportion to my flesh and blood,

' In the cathedral church of Westminster, * As did the fatal brand Althea burn'd,

And in that chair where kings and queens are * Unto the prince's heart of Calydon.3

crown'd Anjou and Maine, both given unto the French!

Where Henry, and dame Margaret, kneeld to me, Cold news for me, for I had hope of France, And on my head did set the diadem. Even as I have of fertile England's soil.

Glo. Nay, Eleanor, then must I chide outright: A day will come, when York shall claim his own; /* Presumptuous dame,'ill nurtur'd4 Eleanor ! And therefore I will take the Nevils' parts,

Art thou not second woman in the realm; And make a show of love to proud Duke Humphrey, And the protector's wife, belov'd of him? And, when I spy advantage, claim the crown,

* Hast thou noc worldly pleasure at command, For that's the golden mark Í seek to hit:

* Above the reach or compass of thy thought? Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right,

And wilt thou still be hammering treachery, Nor hold his sceptre in his ohildish fist,

* To tumble down thy husband, and thyself, Nor wear the diadem upon his head,

1 * From top of honour to disgrace's feet? Whose church-like humours fit not for a crown.

| Away from me, and let me hear no more. Then, York, be still awhile, till time do serve : Watch thou, and wake, when others be asleep,

Duch. What, what, my lord ! are you so cho

leric To pry into the secrets of the state ;

IWith Eleanor, for telling but her dream? Till Henry, surfeiting in joys of love,

• Next time I'll keep my dreams unto myself, With his new bride, and England's dear-bought |

vous. | And not be check d. queen, And Humphrey with the peers be fall’n at jars ;

| Glo. Nay, be not angry, I am pleas'd again. Then will I raise aloft the milk-white rose,

Enter a Messenger. With whose sweet smell the air shall be perfum'd; Mess. My lord protector, 'tis his highness' And in my standard bear the arms of York,

pleasure. To grapple with the house of Lancaster;

• You do prepare to ride into Saint Albans, And, force perforce, I'll make him yield the crown, " Whereass the king and queen do mean to hawk. Whose bookish rule hath pull'd fair England down. Glo. I go.-Come, Nell, thou wilt ride with us?


1443; but Richard, Duke of York, was not viceroy of land by a second wife. He married Alice, only daugh- Ireland till 1449. ter of Thomas Montacute, earl of Salisbury, who was 2 Tickle is frequently used for ticklish by ancient killed at the siege of Orleans (see Part I. of this play, writers. Act. i. Sc. 3.), and in consequence of that alliance ob 3 Meleager ; whose life was to continue only so long tained the tile of Salisbury in 1429. His eldest son, as a certain firebrand should last. His mother Althea Richard, having married the sister and heir of Henry having thrown it into the fire, he expired in torment Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, was created earl of 4 Ill nurtur'd is ill educated. Warwick, 1719

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]



« 이전계속 »