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Glo. Ambitious churchman, leave to afflict my | Sent his poor queen to France, from whence slig heart!
came, * Sorrow and grief have vanquish'd all my powers: 1 • And him to Pomfret; where, as you all know, * And, vanquish'd as I am, I yield to thee,
Harmless Richard was murder'd traitorously. * Or to the meanest groom.
* War. Father, the duke hath told the truth, * K. Hen. O God, what mischiefs work the wicked | * Thus got the house of Lancaster the crown. . . oncs ;. .
* York. Which now they hold by force, and not * Heaping confusion on their own heads thereby!
by right; * Q. Mar. Gloster, see here the tainture of thy * For Richard, the first son's heir being dead, nest;
1 * The issue of the next son should have reign'd. * And, look thyself be faultless, thou wert best. * Sal. But William of Hatfield died without an . Glo. Madam, for myself, to heaven I do appeal,
heir. • How I have lov'd my king, and commonweal: * York. The third son, duke of Clarence (fron) . And, for mv wife, I know not how it stands;
whose line • Sorry I am to hear what I have heard :
* I claim the crown,) had issue-Philippe, a daugh• Noble she is; but if she have forgot
ter, • Honour, and virtue, and convers’d with such * Who married Edmund Mortimer, earl of March, • As, like to pitch, defile nobility,
* Edmund had issue-Roger, earl of March : • I banish her my bed, and company;
* Roger had issue-Edmund, Anne, and Eleanor. • And give her, as a prey, to law and shame, 1 Sal. This Edmund, 2 in the reign of Bolingbroke, That hath dishonour'd Gloster's honest name. | As I have read, laid claim unto the crown; K. Hen. Well, for this night, we will repose us And, but for Owen Glendower, had been king, here:
Who kept him in captivity, till he died. 3 • To-morrow, toward London, back again, * But, to the rest. * To look into this business thoroughly,
His eldest sister, Anne, . And call these foul offenders to their answers; My mother being heir unto the crown, • And poise the cause in justice equal scales, 1. Married Richard, earl of Cambridge ; who was son • Whose beam stands sure, whose rightful cause To Edmund Langley, Edward the Third's fifth prevails. [Flourish. Exeunt.
son. SCENE II. London. The Duke of York's Gar-||
1. By her I claim the kingdom: she was heir
1" To Roger, earl of March; who was the son den. Enter YORK, SALISBURY, and WARWICK. i o
“Of Edmund Mortimer; who married Philippo, “ York. Now, my good lords of Salisbury and Sole daughter unto Lionel, duke of Clarence. Warwick,
So, if the issue of the elder son • Our simple supper ended, give me leave
Succeed before the younger, I am king. In this close walk, to satisfy myself,
..War. What plain proceedings are more plain • In craving your opinion of my title,
than this? . Which is infallible to Englana's crown.
· Henry doth claim the crown from John of Gaunta * Sal. My lord, I long to hear it at full.
"The fourth son ; York claims it from the third War. Sweet York, begin; and if thy claim be. Till Lionel's issue fails, his should not reign:
It fails not yet; but flourishes in thee, The Nevils are thy subjects to command.
. And in thy sons, fair slips of such a stock.York. Then thus:
" Then, father Salisbury, kneel we both together; • Edward the Third, my lords, had seven sons: 1. And, in this private plot,4 be we the first, " The first, Edward the Black Prince, prince of That shall salute our rightful sovereign Wales;
" With honour of his birthright to the crown. • The second, William of Hatfield ; and the third,
Both. Long live our sovereign Richard, England's • Lionel, duke of Clarence; next to whom,
king! • Was John of Gaunt, the duke of Lancaster; York. We thank you, lords. But I am not your • The fifth, was Edmond Langley, duke of York; í
king The sixth, was Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Till I be crown'd; and that my sword be stain'd Gloster ;
With heart-blood of the house of Lancaster. • William of Windsor was the seventh, and last. 1 * And that's not suddenly to be perform'd; • Edward, the Black Prince, died before his father ;1 * But with advice and silent secrecy.
And left behind him Richard, his only son, 1 * Do you, as I do, in these dangerous days, " Who, after Edward the Third's death, reign'd as * Wink at the duke of Suffolk's insolence, king;
| * At Beaufort's pride, at Somerset's ambition. Till Henry Bolingbroke, duke of Lancaster, | * At Buckingham, and all the crew of them, • The eldest son and heir of John of Gaunt, * Till they have snar'd the shepherd of the flock, • Crown'd by the name of Henry the Fourth,
* That virtuous prince, the good Duke Humphrcy: Seiz'd on the realm ; depos'd the rightful king;
Wales, and during the whole of that reign, being a mi. 1 In the original play the words are, as you both | nor, and related in the family on the throne, he was know.' The phraseology of the text is peculiar to Shak. under the particular care of the king. At the age of ter. speare.
years, in 1402, he headed a body of Herefordshire meri 2 In Act ii. Sc. 5, of the last play, York, to whom this against Owen Glendower, and was taken prisoner by is spoken, is present at the death of Edmund Mortimer him. The Percies, in the manifesto they published bein prison; and the reader will recollect him to have been fore the battle of Shrewsbury, speak of him as right. married to Owen Glendower's daughter in the First Part ful heir to the crown, whom Owen had confined, and of King Henry IV.
whom, finding for political reasons that the king would 3 Some of the mistakes of the historians and the not ransom him, they at theirown charges had ransomed. drama concerning Edmund Mortimer, earl of March, If he was at the battle of Shrewsbury, he was probably are noticed in a note to the former play; where he is brought there against his will, to grace their cause. introduced an aged and gray-haired prisoner in the and was under the care of the king soon after. Great Tower, and represented as having been confined since trust was reposed in this earl of March during the whole Harry Monmouth first began to reign. Yet here we reign of King Henry V. In the sixth year of that king are told he was kept in captivity by Owen Glendower he was at the siege of Fresnes, with the earl of Salis. till he died. The fact is, that Hall having said Owen bury; and soon afterwards with the king himself at the Glendower kept his son-in-law, Lord Grey of Ruthvin, siege of Melun. In the same year he was made lieute in captivity till he died, and this Lord March having | nant of Normandy; was at Melun with Henry to treat been said by some historians to have married Owen's of his marriage with Catharine ; and accompanied that daughter, the author of this play has confounded them queen when she returned from France with the corpse of with each other. This Edmund being only six years of her husband, in 14:22, and died two years afterwards and age at the death of his father, in 1399, he was delivered his castle of Trim, in Ireland. by King Henry IV. in ward to liis son Henry prince of Sequestered spot
*'Tis that they seek : an they, in seeking that, 1* That bears so shrewd a maim ; two pulls a. once,-* Shall find their deaths, if York can prophesy. * His lady banish'd, and a limb lopp'd off. * Sal. My lord, break we off ; we know your * This staff of honour raught, there let it stand, mind at full.
| Where it best fits to be, in Henry's hand. · War. My heart assures me, that the earl of * Suff. Thus droops this lofty piñe, and hangs his Warwick
".... sprays; • Shall one day make the duke of York a king. * Thus Eleanor's pride dies in her youngest days." York. And, Nevil, this I do assure myself,
York. Lords, let him go.s-Please it your Richard shall live to make the earl of Warwick majesty, • The greatest man in England, but the king. This is the day appointed for the combat,
. .. [Exeunt.' And ready are the appellant and defendant, SCENE III. The same. A Hall
of Lesti The armourer and his man, to enter the lists, Trumpets sounded. Enter King HENRY, QUEEN |
' So please your highness to behold the fight. MARGARET, GLOSTER, YORK, SUFFOLK, and |
* Q. Mar. Ay, good my lord; for purposely
therefore SALISBURY; the Duchess of Gloster, MARGERY JOURDAIN, WOUTHWELL HUME, ana
1 * Left I the court, to see this quarrel tried.
k Hen O God's pane see the lists and all BOLINGBROKE, under guard.
things fit; K. Hen. Stand forth, dame Eleanor Cobham, Here let them end it, and God defend the right! Gloster's wife : :
1 * York. I never saw a fellow worse bested, • In sight of God, and us, your guilt is great;
1 * Or more afraid to fight, than is the appellant, • Receive the sentence of the law, for sins
1 * The servant of this armourer, my lords.. • Such as by God's book are adjudg'd to death. * You four, Tom hence to prison back again ;
Enter, on one side, HORNER, and his neighbours,
[TO JOURD. &c. drinking to him so much that he is drunk ; and he * From thence, unto the place of execution:
enters bearing his staff with a sand-bag fastened to * The witch in Smithfield shall be burn'd to ashes, it ;' a drum before him; at the other side, PETER, * And you three shall be strangled on the gallows.
with a drum and a similar staff ; accompanied by • You, madam, for you are more nobly born, Prentices drinking to him. « Despoiled of your honour in your life,
1 Neigh. Here, neighbour Horner, I drink to you • Shall after three days' open penance done, in a cup of sack; And fear not, neighbour, you shall • Live in your country here, in banishment, do well enough. • With Sir John Stanley, in the Isle of Man. 2 Neigh. Ănd here, neighbour, here's a cup of " Duch. Welcome is banishment, welcome were charneco.8 my death.
3 Neigh. And here's a pot of good double beer, * Glo. Eleanor, the law, thou seest, hath judged neighbour : drink, and fear not your man. thee;..
| Hor. Let it come, i'taith, and I'll pledge you all ; * I cannot justify whom the law condemns.
And a fig for Peter! [Exeunt the Duchess, and the other pri- | 1 Pren. Here, Peter, I drink to thee; and be not soners guarded."
afraid. Mine eyes are full of tears, my heart of grief. 2 Pren. Be merry, Peter, and fear not thy mas "Ah, Humphrey, this dishonour in thine age ter; fight for credit of the prentices.
Will bring thy head with sorrow to the ground ! ! Peter. I thank you all : * drink, and pray for me, " I beseech your majesty, give me leave to go; 1 * I pray you ; for, I think, I have taken my last • Sorrow would solace, and mine age would ease.' * draught in this world.9*_-Here, Robin, an if I die •K. Hen. Stay, Humphrey duke of Gloster : ere. I give thee my apron; and, Will, thou shalt have my thou go,
hammer:--and here, Tom, také all the money that . Give up thy staff; Henry will to himself
I have.-0 Lord, bless me, I pray God! for I am Protector be: and God shall be my hope, never able to deal with my master, he hath learnt "My stay, my guide, and lantern to my feet;2 so much fence already. . And go in peace, Humphrey; no less belov'd, Sal. Come, leave your drinking, and fall to blows. "Than when thou wert protector to thy king. -Sirrah, what's thy name?
* Q. Mar. I see no reason, why a king of years Peter. Peter, forsooth. * Should be to be protected like a child.
Sal. Peter!' what more? • God and Kiny Henry govern England's helm: Peter. Thump. • Give up your staff, sir, and the king his realm. Sal. Thump! then see thou thump thy master
Glo. My staff?-here, noble Henry, is my staff; | well. As willingly do I the same resign,
Hor. Masters, I am come hither, as it were, upon "As e'er thy father Henry made it mine;
my man's instigation, to prove him a knave, and And even as willingly at thy feet I leave it, myself an honest man: * touching the duke of As others would ambitiously receive it.
* York, -will take my death, I never meant him • Farewell, good king: When I am dead and gone, any ill, nor the king, nor the queen: * And, thereMay honourable peace attend thy throne! [Exit. ' * fore, Peter, have at thee with a downright blow, * Q. Mar. Why, now is Henry king, and Mar- ! as Bevis of Southampton fell upon Ascapart.10 garet queen;
* York. Despatch :--this krave's tongue begins * And Humphrey, duke of Gloster, scarce himself, . to double.11
1 i. e. sorrow requires solace, and age requires ease. wine. Warburton imagines that it may have had its * Sounil trumpets, alarum to the combatants. 1* To see my tears, and hear m., deep-fet? groans
2 The image is probably from our Liturgy :- Alan. name from charneca, the Spanish name for a species of tern to my feet, and a light to my paths. . .
turpentine tree; but Steevens says Charneco is the 3 Raught is the ancient preterite of the verb reach. name of a village in Portugal where this wine was Shakspeare uses it in Antony and Cleopatra, Act iv. Sc. made. It is frequently mentioned by old writers. 9:-"The hand of death has raught him.'
9 Gay has borrowed this idea in his What d'ye call 4 Her in this line relates to pride, and not to Eleanor.it, where Peascod says: «The pride of Eleanor dies before it has reached ma. Stay, let me pledge-o'tis my last earthly liquor.' turity.'
Peascod's subsequent bequest is likewise copied from 5 i. e, let him pass out of your thoughts. Duke Hum. Peter's division of his moveables. phrey had already left the stage.
10 Warburton added this allusion to Bevis and Asca. 6 In a worse plight.
part from the old quarto. The story of this knight and 7 As, according to the old law of duels, knights were giant were familiar to our ancestors; their effigies aro in Sight with the lance and the sword, so those of infe. still preserved on the gates of Southampton. rior rank fought with an ebon staff, or battoon, to the 11 This is from Holinshed, whose narrative Shak farther end of which was fixed a bag crammed hard speare has deserted in making the armourer confess with sand,
treason: His eighbours gave him wine and strong 8 Char veco appears to have been a kind of sweet I drinke in such exrassire sorr, that he was ther: with
Alarum. They fighi, and Peter strikes The ruthless fint doth cut my tender feet;
. | And, when I start, the envious people laugh,
Dies. Ah, Humphrey, can I bear this shameful yoke? * York. Take away his weapon ;-Fellow, * Trow'st thou, that e'er I'll look upon the world * Thank God, and the good wine in thy master's * Or count them happy, that enjoy the sun ? way. .
* No; dark shall be my light, and night my day; Peter.. O God! have I overcome mine enemies / * To think upon my pomp shall be my hell. "in this presence? O Peter, thou 'hast prevailed in Sometime I'll say, I am duke Humphrey's wife; "right? .
And he a prince, and ruler of the land : K. Hen. Go, take hence that traitor from our Yet so he rul’d, and such a prince he was, sight;
As he stood by, whilst I, his forlorn duchess, For, by his death, we do perceive his guilt :
Was made a wonder, and a pointing-stock, And God, in justice, hath reveald to us
To every idle rascal follower." Che truth and innocence of this poor fellow, But be thou mild, and blush not at my shame; Which he had thought to have murder'd wrong- Nor stir at nothing, till the axe of death fully.
Hang over thee, as, sure, it shortly will. Come, fellow, follow us for thy reward. (Exeunt. For Suffolk,--he that can do all in all SCENE IV. The same. A Street. Enter Glos
• With her, that hateth thee, and hates us all, TER and Servants, in mourning Cloaks.
| And York, and impious Beaufort, that false priest,
Have all lím'd bushes to betray thy wings, * Glo. Thus, sometimes hath the brightest day | And, Aly thou how thou canst, they'll tangle thee; a cloud;
* Bút fear not thou, until thy foot be snard, * And, after summer, evermore succeeds
* Nor never seek prevention of thy foes. * Barren winter, with his wrathful nipping cold: 1 * Glo. Ah, Nell, forbear : thou aimest all awry: * So cares and joys abound, as seasons fleet.?
* I must offend before I be attainted : Sirs, what's o'clock?
* And had I twenty times so many foes, Serv. Ten, my lord.
* And each of them had twenty times iheir power, • Glo. Ten is the hour that was appointed me,
* All these could not procure me any scathe, To watch the coming of my punish'd duchess :
* So long as I am loyal, true, and crimeless. Uneath» may she endure the flinty streets, Would'st have me rescue thee from this reproach $ To tread them with her tender-feeling feet.
Why, yet thy scandal were not wip'd away, Sweet Nell, ill can thy noble mind abrook
But I in danger for the breach of law. The abject people, gazing on thy face,
Thy greatest help is quiet, 1° gentle Nell: With envious4 looks, still laughing at thy shame; 1. I pray thee, sort thy heart to patience : That erst did follow, thy proud chariot wheels,
* These few days' wonder will be quickly worn When thou didst ride in triumph through the streets. * But, soft! I think, she comes; and I'll prepare
Enter a Herald. *My tear-stain'd eyes to see her miseries.
Her. I summon your grace to his majesty's pare Enter the Duchess of Gloster, in a white sheet, with liament, holden at Bury the first of this next month.
papers pinned upon her back, her feet bare, and al Glo. And my consent ne'er ask'd herein before. taper burning in her hand : Sir John STANLEY, This is close dealing.--Well, I will be there. a Sheriff, and Officers.
[Exit Herald. Serv. So please your grace, we'll take her from
My Nell, I take my leave :--and, master sheriff, the sheriff.
Let not her penance exceed the king's commission. • Glo. No, stir not, for your lives ; let her pass by.
Sher. An't please your grace, here my comDuch. Come you, my lord, to see my open shame?
mission stays : Now thou dost penance too. Look, how they gaze!1:.
weil And Sir John Stanley is appointed now. See, how the giddy multitude do point,
1. To take her with him to the Isle of Man. And nod their heads, and throw their eyes on thee!
ell Glo. Must you, Sir John, protect my lady here? " Ah, Gloster, hide thee from their hateful looks ;
Stan. So am I given in charge, may'i please And, in thy closet pent up, rue my shame, And ban thine enemies, both mine and thine.
Glo. Entreat her not the worse, in that I pray Glo. Be patient, gentle Nell; forget this grief.
You use her well : the world may laugh again ;11 Duch. Ah, Gloster, teach me to forget myself :
And I may live to do you kindness, if For, whilst I think I am thy married wife,
You do it her. And so, Sir John, farewell. And thou a prince, protector of this land,
Duch. What gone, my lord; and bid me not • Methinks, I should not thus be led along.
farewell, Mail'd up in shame.6 with papers on my back :
Glo. Witness my tears, I cannot stay to speaker * And follow'd with a rabble, that rejoice
[Exeunt GLOSTER and Servants.
contradiction to all the historians, who state that he was distempered, and reeled as he went, and so was slaine slain. Hall's words are, whose body was drawen to noithout guilt. As for the false servant, ho lived not Tyborn, and there hanged and beheaded.' The law long unpunished; for being convict of felonie in court made no distinction, the dead body of the vanquished of assise, he was judged to be hanged, and so was at was equally adjudged to the punishment of a convicted Tiburne. Fo. 626.
traitor, in order that his posterity might participate in 1 The real name of the combatants were John Da. his infamy. Indeed the record seems decisive; for it reys and William Catour. The names of the sheriffs states that the dead man was watched after the battle were Godfrey Bologne and Robert Horne, the latter, was done, and this most probably means before it was which occurs in the page of Fabian's Chronicle, may conveyed to Tyburn for execution and decapitation. have suggested the name of Horner. The precept to The death of the vanquished person was always re che sheriffs, commanding them to prepare the barriers garded as certain evidence of his guilt. in Smithfield, with the account of expenses incurred, is 2 i. e. pass or feet away.
3 Not easily. among the records of the exchequer, and has been 4 Malicious.
5 Curse. printed in Mr. Nichols's Illustrations of the Manners 6 Wrapped or bundled up in disgrace; alluding ko and Expenses of Antient Times in England, quarto, the sheet of penance. Mailed, from a mail or male, a 1797. It appears that the erection of the barriers, the little budget. combat itself, and the subsequent execution of the ar- y Deep-fetched.
Si. e. careful, circumspecs mourer, occupied the space of six or seven days; that a 9 Scathe is harm, mischief, used by all our ancies: large quantity of sand and gravel was consumed on the writers. The word is still in use in Scotland. occasion, and that the place of battle was strewed with 10 The poet has not endeavoured to raise much comrushes. Mr. Steevens inferred that the armourer was passion for the duchess, who indeed suffers but what noi lilled by his opponent, but worsted, and immedi- she had deserved.-Johnson. alely flerrourds hanged. This, however, is in direct 11 i. 8. the world may look again favourably on mo.
******ana inferred that the armourer was passion de served
Duch. Art thou gone too? * All comfort go i' 'Tis to be fear'd, they all will fellow him. with thee!
Now 'tis the spring, and weeds are shallow-rooted ; * For none avides with me: my joy is--death : • Suffer them now, and they'll o'ergrow the garden * Death, at whose name I oft have been afear'd, And choke the herbs for want of husbandry. * Because I wish'd this world's eternity.
“The reverent care, I bear into my lord, • Stanley, I pr’ythee, go, and take me hence ; · Made me collects these dangers in the duke. "I care not whither, for I beg no favour,
If it be fond, call it a woman's fear; • Only convey me where thou art commanded. Which fear if better reasons can supplant,
* Stan. Why, madam, that is to the Isle of Man; 1. I will subscribe and say I wrong'd the duke, * There to be used according to your state.
My lord of Suffolk,- Buckingham,--and York, * Duch. That's bad enough, for I am but reproach:1 Reprove my allegation, if you can; * And shall I then be us'd reproachfully?
• Or else conclude my words effectual. * Stan. Like to a duchess, and Duke Humphrey's
Suff. Well bath your highness seen into this lady, * According to that state you shall be used. . And, had I first been put to speak my mind,
Duch. Sheriff, farewell, and better than I fare ; l' I think I should have told your grace's' tale. " Although thou hast been conduct of my shame! * The duchess, by his subornation,
Sher. It is my office; and, madam, pardon me. * Upon my life, began her devilish practices :
Duch. Ay, ay, farewell; thy office is discharg'd. * Or if he were not privy to those faults, • Come, Stanley, shall we go?
* Yet, by reputing of his high descente • Stan. Madam, your penance donc, throw off| * (As next the king he was successive heir,) this sheet,
1 * Ànd such high vaunts of his nobility, • And go we to attire you for our journey.
* Did instigate the bedlam brain-sick duchess, Duch. My shame will not be shifted with my * By wicked means, to frame our sovereign's fall.
Smooth runs the water where the brook is deep; * No, it will hang upon my richest robes,
* And in his simple show he harbours treason. * And show itself, attire me how I can.
The fox barks not, when he would steal the lamb. * Go, lead the way; I long to see my prison.2 No, no, my sovereign ; Gloster is a man
[Exeunt Unsounded yet, and full of deep deceit.
* Car. Did he not, contrary to form of law, * Devise strange deaths for small offences done
York. And did he not, in his protectorship, ACT III.
* Levy great sums of money through the realm, SCENE I. The Abbey at Bury. Enter to the
* For soldiers' pay in France, and never sent it? Parliament, KING HENRY, QUEEN MARGARET,
* By means whereof, the towns each day revolted. CARDINAL BEAUFORT, SUFFOLK, YORK,
* Buck. Tut! these are petty faults to faults un
known, BUCKINGHAM, and others.
| * Which time will bring to light in smooth Duko • K. Hen. I muse, my lord of Gloster is not Humphrey.. come:
* K. Hen. My lords, at once: The care you have • 'Tis not his wont to be the hindmost man,
of us, Whate'er occasion keeps him from us now.
* To mow down thorns that would annoy our foot, • R. Mar. Can you not see? or will you not ob- * Is worthy praise: But shall I speak my conscience? serve
* Our kinsman Gloster is as innocent The strangeness of his alter'd countenance ? * From meaning treason to our royal person, : With what a majesty he bears himself?
1 * As is the sucking lamb, or harmless dove : • How insolent of late he is become,
* The duke is virtuous, mild ; and too weil given, "How proud, how peremptory, and unlike himself? * To dream on evil, or to work my downfall. "We know the time, since he was mild and affable ; * Q. Mar. Ah, what's more dangerous than this And, if we did but glance a far-off look,
fond affiance! • Immediately he was upon his knee,
* Seems he a dove? his feathers are but borrow'd, * That all the court admir'd him for submission : * For he's disposed as the hateful raven.
But meet him now, and, be it in the morn, * Is he a lamb? his skin is surely lent him, " When every one will give the time of day,
| * For he's inclin'd as are the ravenous wolves. · He knits his brow, and shows an angry eye,
* Who cannot steal a shape, that means deceit ? " And passeth by with stiff unbowed knee,
* Take heed, my lord; the welfare of us all Disdaining duty that to us belongs.
* Hangs on the cutting short that fraudful man. • Small curs are not regarded, when they grin: • But great men tremble, when the lion roars :
Enter SOMERSET. • And Humphrey is no little man in England. * Som. All health unto my gracious sovereign! . First, note, that he is near you in descent;
K. Hen. Welcome, Lord Somerset. What news . And should you fall, he is the next will mount.
from France ? • Me seemeth, 4 then, it is no policy,
Som. That all your interest in those territories • Respecting what a rancorous mind he bears, Is utterly bereft you; all is lost. - And his advantage following your decease, K. Hen. Cold news, Lord Somerset: But God's " That he should come about your royal person,
will be done • Or be admitted to your highness' council.
York. Cold news for me; for I had hope of France, . By flattery hath he won the commons' hearts; As firmly as I hope for fertile England. ' And, when he please to make commotion,
* Thus are my blossoms blasted in the bud, I For conductor.
lately, in our memory. Selden says that this must be 2 This impatience of a high spirit is very natural. understood so far as it relates to the title being .com It is not so dreadful to be imprisoned as it is desirable in monly in use, and properly to the king applied, because a state of disgrace to be sheltered from the scorn of he adduces an instance of the use of majesty, so early gazers. This is one of those touches which came from as the reign of Henry the Second. The reader will see the hand of Shakspeare; it is not in the old play. more on the subject in Mr. Douce's Illustrations of 3 Wonder.
| Shakspeare, vol. ii. p. 11. 4 i. e. it seemeth to me, a word more grammaticall 8 i. e. valuing himself on his high descent. The than methinks, which has intruded into its place.-John- word occurs again in Act v:son
And in my conscience do repute his grace,' &c. 5 y e. assemble by observation. 6 Foolish.
9 These two lines York had spoken teiore in the first 7 Suffolk uses highness and grace promiscuously to act of this play. He is now meditatiny on this disap the queen. Camden says that majesty came into use pointment, and comparig his former hopes with his in the reign of King Henry the Eighth, as sacred mujesty I present loss.
* And caterpillars cat iny leaves away :
And Suffolk's cloudy brow his luriny nato, * But I will remedy this gear? ere long,
• Sharp Buckingham unburdens with his tongue * Or sell my title for a glorious grave. [Aside. The envious load that lies upon his heart :
And dogsed York, that reaches at the moon, Enter GLOSTER.
" Whose overweening arm I have pluck'd back, * Glo. All happiness unto my lord the king ! By falsc accuse4 doth level at my life :Pardon, my liege, that I have staid so long. . And you, my sovereign lady, with the rest, Suff. Nay, Gloster, know, that thou art come too · Causeless have laid disgraces on my head; soon,
* And, with your best endeavour, have stirr'd uw • Unless thou wert more loyal than thou art: 1 * My liefest" liege to be mine enemy :I do arrest thee of high treason here.
* Ay, all of you have laid your heads together, Glo. Well, Suffolk, yet2 thou shalt not see me * Myself had notice of your conventicies, blush,
' I shall not want false witness to condemn me, Nor change my countenance for this arrest; 1' Nor store of treasons to augment my guilt ; * A heart unspotted is not easily daunted.
" The ancient proverb will be well affected, * The purest spring is not so free from mud, A staff is quickly found to beat a dog. * As I am clear from treason to my sovereign: 1 * Car. My liege, his railing is intolerable : Who can accuse me? wherein am I guilty ? 1 * If those that care to keep your royal person York. 'Tis thought, my lord, that you took bribes * From treason's secret knife, and traitors' rage, of France,
* Be thus upbraided, chid, and rated at, And, being protector, stayed the soldiers' pay; * And the offender granted scope of speech, By means whereof, his highness hath lost France. 1 * 'Twill make them cool in zeal unto your grace. Glo. Is it but thought so? What are they that! Suff. Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here, think it ?
( With ignominious words, though clerkly couch'd · I never robb'd the soldiers of their pay,
|' As if she had suborned some to swear « Nor ever had one penny bribe from France. |' False allegations to o’erthrow his state ?
So help me God, as I have watch'd the night, Q. Mar. But I can give the loser leave to chide
Ay, night by night,-in studying good for England! Glo. Far truer spoke than meant: I lose indeed ; "That doit that e'er I wrested from the king, • Beshrew the winners, for they played me false! • Or any groat I hoarded to my use,
* And well such losers may have leave to speak. Be brought against me at my trial day!
Buck. He'll wrest the sense, and hold us here al} • No! many a pound of mine own proper store,
day: Because I would not tax the needy commons, Lord cardinal, he is your prisoner. • Have I dispursed to the garrisons,
• Car. Sirs, take away the duke, and guard hini . And never ask'd for restitution.
sure. * Car. It serves you well, my lord, to say so much. Glo. Ah, thus king Henry throws away his crutch, * Glo. I say no more than truth, so help me God! | Before his legs be firm to bear his body:
York. In your protectorship, you did devise This is the shepherd beaten from thy side, Strange tortures for offenders, never heard of, 1. And wolves are gnarling who shall gnaw thee first That England was defam'd by tyranny.
• Ah, that my fear were false ! ah, that it were ! Glo. Why, 'tis well known, that whiles I was pro-|. For, good King Henry, thy decay I fear. tector,
(Exeunt Attendants, with GLOSTER Pity was all the fault that was in me;.
K. Hen. My lords, what to your wisdoms seemethi * For I should melt at an offender's tears,
best, * And lowly words were ransom for their fault. Do, or undo, as if ourself were here. • Unless it were a bloody murderer,
Q. Mar. What, will your highness leave the paie 6 Or foul felonious thief that fleec'd poor passengers, A liament? • I never gave them condign punishment :
K. Hen. Ay, Margaret; my heart is drown'd with • Murder, indeed, that bloody sin, I tortur'd . Above the felon, or what trespass else.
* Whose food begins to flow within mine eyes; Suff. My lord, these faults are easy,% quickly / * My body round engirt with misery; answer'd:
* For what's more miserable than discontent? . But mightier crimes are laid unto your charge, * Ah, uncle Humphrey ! in thy face I see • Whereof you cannot easily purge yourself. * The map of honour, truth, and loyalty! "I do arrest you in his highness' name;
* And yet, good Humphrey, is the hour to come, 6 And here commit you to my lord cardinal * That e'er I prov'd thee false, or fear'd thy faith. - To keep, until your further time of trial.
* What low'ring star now envies thy estate, . • K. Hen. My lord of Gloster, 'tis my special * That these great lords, and Margaret our queen, hope,
* Do seek subversion of thy harmless life? • That you will clear yourself from all suspects; * Thou never didst them wrong, nor no man wrong; My conscience tells me, you are innocent.
* And as the butcher takes away the calf, Glo. Ah, gracious lord, these days are dangerous ! * And binds the wretch, and beats it when it strays, * Virtue is chok'd with foul ambition,
* Bearing it to the bloody slaughter-house ; * And charity chas'd hence by rancour's hand; * Even so, remorseless, have they borne him hence, * Foul subornation is predominant,
* And as the dam runs lowing up and down, * And equity exild your highness land.
* Looking the way her harmless young one went, * I know, their complot is to have my life;
* And can do nought but wail he: darling's loss; . And, if my death might make this island happy, * Even so, myself bewails good Gloster's case, . And prove the period of their tyranny,
* With sad unhelpful tears, and with dimm'd eyes " I would expend it with all willingness :
* Look after him, and cannot do him good; • But mine is made the prologue to their play;.. * So mighty are his yowed enemies. . . For thousands more, that yet suspect no peril, “ His fortunes I will weep; and, 'twixt each groan, . Will not conclude their plotted tragedy.
6 Say Who's a traitor, Gloster he is none. Exit. • Beaufort's red sparkling eyes blab his heart's * Q. Mar. Free lords ; 6 cold snow melts with the malice,
sun's hot beams.
I Gear was a general word for matter, subject, or bu. means you who are not bound up to such precise re. siness in general.
gards of religion as is the king; but are men of the world 2 This is the reading of the second folio. The first and know how to live. I have shown in a note or. folio reads, Well, Suffolk, thou,' &c. Mr. Malone Twelfth Night, Actii. Sc. 4, that free meant pure, chaste, reads, “Well, Suffolk's duke,' &c. from the old play. and consequently virtuous. This may be the meaning 3 i. e. slight. 4 For accusation
here; unless the reader would rather believe that it 5 Liefest is dearest.
means free-born, noble, which wa; the sense of its Saxon 6 Warburton thinks that by 'free lords. Margaret original.