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* Henry iny lord is cold in great affairs,

* Car. A breach, that craves a quick expedient: * Too fail if foolish wity; and Gloster's show

stop! ^ Beguiles him, as the mournful crocodile

" What counsel give you in this weighty cause ? * With sorrow snares relenting passengers:

York. That Somerset be sent as regent thither * Or as the snake, roll'd in a flowering bank, fo 'Tis meet, that lucky ruler be employ'd; * With shining checker'd slough, doth sting a child, Witness the fortune he hath had in France. * That, for the beauty, thinks it'excellent.

Som. If York, with all his far-fet' policy, * Believe me, lords, were none more wise than I Had been the regent there instead of me, * (And yet, herein, I judge mine own wit good,) | He never would have staid in France so long. " This Gloster should be quickly rid the world, York. No, not to lose it all, as thou hast done. "To rid us from the fear we have of him.

| I rather would have lost my life betimes, * Car. That he should die, is worthy policy: * Than bring a burden of dishonour home, * But yet we want a colour for his death :

* By staying there so long, till all were lost. * 'Tis meet, he be condemn'd by course of law. . 1 * Show me one scar character'd on thy skin :

* Suff. But, in my mind, that were no policy; * Men's flesh preserv'd so whole, do seldom win * The king will labour still to save his life;

* Q. Mar. Nay then, this spark will prove a raging * The commons haply rise to save his life;

· fire, * And yet we have but trivial argument,

* If wind and fuel, be brought to feed it with :* More than mistrust, that shows him worthy death. * No more, good York:-sweet Somerset, be still :* York. So that, by this, you would not have him * Thy fortune, York, hadst thou been regent there,

1 * Might happily have prov'd far worse than his. * Suff. Ah, York, no man alive so fain as I. 1 York. What, worse than naught? nay, then a * York. 'Tis York that hath more reason for his

shame take all ! death.

Som. And in the number, thee, that wishest * But, my lord cardinal, and you, my lord of Suf- shame! . folk,

"Car. My lord of York, try what your fortune is. * Say as you think, and speak it from your souls, The uncivil Kernes of Ireland are in arms, * Wer't not all one, an empty eagle were set And temper clay with blood of Englishmen: * To guard the chicken from a hungry kite,

To Ireland will you lead a band of men, * As place Duke Humphrey for the king's protector? | Collected choicely, from each county some, Q. Mar. So the poor chicken should be sure of And try your hap against the Irishmen? death.

* York. I will, my lord, so please his majesty. Suff. Madam, 'tis true: And wer't not mad- * Suff. Why, our authority is his consent; ness, then,

* And, what we do establish, he confirms : To make the fox surveyor of the fold?

* Then, noble York, taķe thou this task in hand. • Who being accus'd a crafty murderer,

York. I am content: Provide me soldiers, lords, " His guilt should be but idly posted over,

| Whiles I take order for mine own affairs. Because his purpose is not executed.

Suff. A charge, Lord York, that I will see per "No; let him die, in that he is a fox,

form'd. By nature prov'd an enemy to the flock,

But now return we to the false Duke Humphrey. . Before his chaps be stain'd with crimson blood; Car. No more of him ; for I will deal with him, • As Humphrey, prov'd by reasons, to my liege.) That, henceforth, he shall trouble us no more • And do not stand on quillets, how to slay hiin : 1. And so break off: the day is almost spent : • Be it by gins, by snares, by subtilty,

| Lord Suffolk, you and I must talk of that event. • Sleeping or waking, 'tis no matter how,

York. My lord of Suffolk, within fourteen days, So he be dead; for that is good deceit"

At Bristol I expect my soldiers; " Which matest him first, that first intends deceit. For there I'll ship them all for Ireland. . *Q. Mar. Thrice-noble Suffolk, 'tis resolutely Suff. I'll see it truly done, my lord of York. spoke.

[Exeunt all but YORK. * Suff. Not resolute, except so much were done ; " York. Now, York, or never, steel thy fearful * For things are often spoke, and seldom meant:

thoughts, * But, that my heart accordeth with my tongue, And change misdoubt to resolution : : * Seeing the deed is meritorious,

* Be that thou hop'st to be; or what thou art * And to preserve my sovereign from his foe, * Resign to death, it is not worth the enjoying : * Say but the.word, and I will be his priest.5 * Let pale-fac'd féar keep with the mean-born man, * Car. But I would have him dead, my lord of * And find no harbour in a royal heart... Suffolk, ..

* Faster than spring-time showers, comes thought * Ere you can take due orders for a priest : : : : on thought; . .. * Say, you consent, and censures well the deed, * And not a thought, but thinks on dignity. * And I'll provide his executioner,

* My brain, more busy than the labouring spider, * I tender so the safety of my liege.

* Weaves tedious snares to trap mine enemies. * Suff. Here is my hand, the deed is worthy doing. 1 * Well, nobles, well, 'tis politicly done, .* Q. Mar. And so say I.

* To send me packing with an host of men: * York. And I: and now we three have spoke it, 1* I fear me, you but warm the starved snake, * It skills not greatly? who impugns our doom. * Who, cherish'd in your breasts, will sting your

hearts.. . Enter a Messenger. : .

'Twas men I lack'd, and you will give them me: Mess. Great lords, from Ireland am I come

' I take it kindly: yet, be well assur'd amain,

" You put sharp weapons in a madman's hands. "To signify—that rebels there are up,

• While I in Ireland nourish a mighty band, And put the Englishmen unto the sword;

* I will stir up in England some black storm, * Send succours, lords, and stop the rage betime,

* Shall blow ten thousand souls to heaven, or hell: * Before the wound do grow incurable;

* And this fell tempest shall not cease to rage * For, being green, there is great hope of help.

stroyed, as being proved by reasons or arguments to be

the king's enemy, before he has committed any actual i i. e. in the flowers growing on a bank,

crime.' York had more reason for desiring Humphrey's 4 i. e confounds, overcomes death, because he stood between him and the crown, 1 5 That is, 'I will be the attendant on his last scene; 1 which he had proposed to himself in his ambitious views, will be the last man whom he shall see.'

3 The meaning of this obscurely constructed passage 6 i, e. judge or think well of it. appears to be, 'The fox inay be lawfully killed, as being 7 'It matters not greaily.' Shakspeare has the Eliuwn to be an enemy in sheep, even before he has ac- phrase in Twelfth Night, Act v. Sc. 1. tualls killed them ; so funphrey may be properly de. "S Expeditious.

9 Far-fetched

* Until the golden circuit on my head,

| Proceed no straiter 'gainst our uncle Gloster, * Like to the glorious sun's transparent beams, • Than from true evidence, of good esteem, * Do calm the fury of this mad-bred Hlaw.2 . He be approved in practice culpable.. ' And, for a minister of my intent,

* Q. Mar. God forbid any malice should prevail, "I have seduc'd a head-strong Kentishman, | * That faultless may condemn a nobleman! John Cade of Ashford,

* Pray God, he may acquit him of suspicion ! "To make commotion, as full well he can,

* X. Hen. I thank thee, Margaret; these words Under the title of John Mortimer.

content me much. * In Ireland have I seen this stubborn Cade'

Re-enter SUFFOLK * Oppose himself against a troup of Kernes ;3 * And fought so long, till that his thighs with’darts How now? why look'st thou pale ? why trem * Were almost like a sharp-quiil'd porcupine:

blest thou ? * And, in the end being rescu'd, I have seen him

Where is our uncle ? what is the matter, Suffolk! * Caper upright like a wild Morisco, 4

Suff. Dead in his bed, my lord ; Gloster is dead. * Shaking the bloody darts, as he his bells.

* 2. Mar. Marry, Gód forefend! * Full often, like a shag-hair'd crafty Kerne,

* Car. God's secret judgment:-I did dream to* Hath he conversed with the enemy;

night, * And undiscover'd come to me again,

* The duke was dumb, and could not speak a word. * And given me notice of their villanies.

[The King swoons. * This devil here shall ke my substitute;

Q. Mar. How fares my lord ?--Help, lords ! * For that John Mortimer, which now is dead,

the king is dead. * In face, in gait, in speech, he doth resemble :

* Som. Rear up his body; wring him by the nose.“ "By this I shall perceive the commons' mind,

* Q. Mar. Run, go, help, help!-O Henry, opo " How they affect the house and claim of York.

thine eyes! 'Say, he be taken, rack'd, and tortured :

* Suff. He doth revive again ;-Madam, be pas I know, no pain, they can inflict upon him,

tient. " Will make him say I mov'd him to those arms.

* K. Hen. O heavenly God! Say, that he thrive (as 'tis great like he will,)

* Q. Mar. How fares my gracious lord ? • Why, then from Ireland come I with my strength,

Suff. Comfort, my sovereign! gracious Henry, • And reap the harvest which that rascal sow'd : T.

comfort! . For, Humphrey being dead, as he shall be,

| 'K. Hen. What, doth my lord of Suffolk com. • And Henry pui apart, the next for me. [Exit.

fort me? SCENE 11.5

| Came he right now? to sing a raven's note, Bury. A Room in the Palace. * Whose dismal tunie bereft my vital powers : . Enter certain Murderers, hastily. And thinks he, that the chirping of a wren, I Mur. Run to my lord of Suffolk; let him know, By crying comfort from a hollow breast, * We have despatch'd the duke, as he commanded. Can chase away the first-conceived sound? * 2 Mur. O, that it were to do!--What have we * Hide not thy poison with such sugar'd words, done?

* Lay not thy hands on me; forbear, I say; * Didst ever hear a man so penitent?

* Their touch affrights me, as a serpent's sting Enter SUFFOLK.

Thou baleful messenger, out of my sight! "] Mur. Here comes my lord.

• Upon thy eyeballs murderous tyranny • Suff.

Now, sirs, have you

Sits in grim majesty, to fright the world. • Despatch'd this thing ?

'Look not upon me, for thine eyes are wounding : 1 Mur. . Ay, my good lord, he's dead.l.

ad. Yet do not go away ;-Come, basilisk, • Suff. Why, that's well said. G., get you to l * For in the shade of death I shall find joy:

And kill the innocent gazer with thy sight :8 . my house; I will reward you for this venturous deed.

* In life, but double death, now Gloster's dead! · The king and all the peers are here at hand:

1 Q. Mar. Why do you rate my lord of Suffolyes Have you laid fair the bed ? are all things well,

thus?" · According as I gave directions ?

1 * Although the duke was enemy to him, "1 Mur. "Tis, my good lord. :

* Yet he most christianlike, laments his death • Suff. Away, be gone! (Exeunt Murderers.

* And for myself, -foe as he was to me,

1 * Might liquid tears, or heart-offending groans, Enter King HENRY, QUEEN MARGARET, CAR-| * Or blood-consuming sighs recall his life, JINAL BEAUFORT, SOMERSET, Lords, and others. * I would be blind with weeping, sick with groans, K. Hen. Go, call our uncle to our presence * Look pale as primrose, with blood-drinking sighs, straight :

* And all to have the noble duke alive. Say, we intend to try his grace to-day,

• What know I how the world may deem of me? If he be guilty, as 'tis published.

For it is known we were but hollow friends ; Suff. I'll call him presently, my noble lord.. It may be judg'd, I made the duke away:

. [Exit. * So shall my name with slander's tongue be * K. Hen. Lords, take your places ;--And, I pray . wounded, you all,

* And princes' courts be fill'd with my reproach. 1 Thus in Macbeth:

interesting dissertation, printed in the second volume of "All that impedes thee from the golden round, his Illustrations of Shakspeare. Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem

5 The directions concerning this scene stand thus in To have thee crown'ù withal.'

the quarto copy :- Then the curtains being drawne, In King Henry IV. Part II. the crown is called this. Duke Humphrey is discovered in his bed, and two men golden rigol.' :

lying on his breast, and smothering him in his bod. 2 A flaw is a violent gust of wind.

And then enter the Duke of Suffolk to them." 3 Kernes were Irish neasantry, who served as light- 6 As nothing further is spoken either by Somerset or armed foot soldiers. In King Richard II. they are called the cardinal, or by any one else, to show that they con. rough rug-headed Kcrnes.'

tinue in the presence, it is to be presumed that they take 4 A dancer in a morris-dance; originally, perhaps, advantage of the confusion cccasioned by the king's meant to imitate a Moorish dance, and thence named. swooning, and slip out unobserved. The next news wo The bells suffic'ently indicate that the English morris. hear of the cardinal, he is at the point of death dancer is intended. It appears from Blount's Glosso. 7 Just now. graphy, and some of our old writers, that the dance 3 - As Æsculap an herdsman did espie, itself was called a morisco. Florio, in the first edition That did with easy sight enforce a basilisk to flie, of his Italian Dictionary, defines Moresca, a kind of Albeit naturally that beast doth murther with the eye.' morice or antique dance, after the Moorish or Ethiopian

Albion's England, b. i. c. lii. fashion. The reader who would know more on this 9 And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs. curious subject will do weil to consult Mr. Douce's very

King Henry VI. Part III. Activ Sc 4

* This get I by his death : Ah me, unhappy! 1* Ah me, I can no more! Die, Margaret!
* To be a queen, and crown'd with infamy! | * For Henry weeps, that thou dost live so long.
'K. Hen. Ah, woe is me for Gloster, wretched | Noise within. Enter WARWICK and SALISBURY,

The Commons press to the door.
Q. Mar. Be woe for me,' more wretched than War. It is reported, mighty sovereign.

he is.
What, dost thou turn away, and hide thy face?

1. That good Duke Humphrey traitorously is mur

der'd I am no loathsome leper, look on me.

• By Suffolk and the Cardinal Beaufort's means. * What, art thou, like the adder, waxen deaf?2

• The commons, like an angry hive of bees, * Be poisonous too, and kill thy forlorn queen.

That want their leader, scaiter up and down, * Is all thy comfort shut in Gloster's tomb?

And care not who they sting in his revenge. * Why, then dame Margaret was ne'er thy joy:

"Myself have calm'd their spleenful mutiny, * Erect his statue then, and worship it,

. Until they hear the order of his death, * And make my image but an alehouse sign.

K. Hen. That he is dead, good Warwick, 'tis ton Was I, for this, nigh" wreck'd upon the sea;

true; " And twice by awkward3 wind from England's | Dat he

But how he died, God knows, not Henry : bank

Enter his chamber, view his breathless corpse, • Drove back again unto my native clime?

And comment then upon his sudden death. What boded this, but well forewarning wind

War. That I shall do, my liege:-Stay, SaDid seem to say, --Seek not a scorpion's nest,

lisbury, * Nor set no footing on this unkind shore ?

With the rude multitude, till I return. * What did I then, but curs'd the gentle gusts,

[WARWICK goes into an inner Room, and * And he that loos’d them from their brazen caves;

SALISBURY retires. * And bid them blow towards England's blessed

* K. Hen. () thou that judgest all things, stay my shore,

thoughts : * Or turn our stern upon a dreadful rock?

* My thoughts, that labour to persuade my soul, * Yet Æolus would not be a murderer,

* Some violent hands were laid on Humphrey's life * But left that hateful office unto thee:

1 * If my suspect be false, foryive me, God; * The pretty vaulting sea refus'd to drown me; * Knowing, that thou would'st have me drown'd on * Fain would I go to chafe his paly lips

1 * For judgment only doth belong to thee! shore,

* With twenty thousand kisses, and to drain? * With tears as salt as sea, through thy unkindness:

* Upon his face an ocean of salt tears ; * The splitting rocks cower'd in the sinking sands,

| * To tell my love unto his dumb deaf írunk, * And would not dash me with their ragged sides; * in

* And with my fingers feel his hand unfeeliny • * Because thy flinty heart, more hard than they,

* But all in vain are these mean obsequies; * Might in thy palace perish4 Margaret.

* And, to survey his dead and earthly image, * As far as I could ken thy chalky cliffs, * When from the shore the tempest beat us back,

* What were it but io make my sorrow greater? * I stood upon the hatches in the storm:

The folding Doors of an inner Chamber are thrown * And when the dusky sky began to rob

open, and GLOSTER is discovered dead in his Ber.. *My earnest-gaping sight of thy land's view, WARWICK and others standing by it. *I took a costly jewel from my neck,

* War. Come hither, gracious sovereign, view * A heart it was, bound in with diamonds,

this body * And threw it towards thy land ;---the sea re- * K. Hen. That is to see how deep my grave is ceiv'd it;

made: * And so, I wish'd, thy body might my heart: | * For, with his soul, fled all my worldly solace ; * And even with this, I lost fair England's view, 1 * For seeing him, I see my life in death." * And bid mine eyes be packing with my heart; | War. As surely as my soul intends to live * And call'd them blind and dusky spectacles, With that dread King that took our state upon him * For losing ken of Albion's wished coast.

To free us from his Father's wrathful curse, * How often have I tempted Suffolk's tongue 1. I do believe that violent hands were laid * (The agent of thy foul inconstancy)

Upon the life of this thricc-famed duke. * To sit and witchs me, as Ascanius did,

| Suff. A dreadful oath, sworn with a solemn * When he to madding Dido would unfold

tongue! . * His father's acts, commenc'd in burning Troy? | What instance gives Lord Warwick for his vow ? * Am I not witch'd like her ? or thou not false like "War. See, how the blood is settled in his face! him ?6

Oft have I seen a timely parted ghost,"

• Of ashy semblance, meagre, pale, and bloodless, I i. e. let not woe be to thee for Gloster, but for me.

2 This allusion, which has been borrowed from the 8 This stage direction was inserted by Malone as besi Proverbs of Solomon, and Psalm ļviii. by many writers, suited to the exhibition. The stage direction in the Is oddly illustrated in a passage of Gower's Confessio quarto is, 'Warwick draws the curtaines, and shorts Amantis, b. i. fo. x. ed. 1532.

Duke Humphrey in his bed. In the foljo, ' A bed with 3 The same uncommon epithet is applied to the wind Gloster's body put forth.' By these and other circum. by Marlowe in his Edward II.:

stances it seems that the theatres were then unfurnished With awkward winds, and with sorė tempest driven with scenes. In those days, it appears that curtains To fall on shore.

were occasionally hung across the middle of the stage And by Drayton, Epistle from Richard II. to Queen on an iron rod, which being drawn open formed a se. Isabell :

cond apartment, when a change of scene was required. 6 And undertook to travaile dangerous waies,

See Malone's Account of the ancient Theatres, prefixed Driven by awkward winds and boisterous seas. to the variorum editions of Shakspeare.

4 The verb perish is here used actively. Thus in 9 How much discussion there has been about this Beaumont and Fletcher's Maid's Tragedy :

simple passage, which evidently means :- I see my let not my sins

| own life threatened with extermination, or surrounded Perish your noble youth.'

by death. Thus in a passage of the Burial Service, to 5 The old copy reads watch me :' the emendation is) which I am surprised none of the commentators have Theobald's, who observes that it was Cupid in the adverted, 'In the midst of life we are in death.' semblance of Ascanius who bewitched Dido.' She, 10 Shakspeare has confounded the terms which sig. taking him for Ascanius, would naturally speak to him nify body and soul together. So in A Midsummer about his father, and would be witched by what she Night's Dream :.. learned from him, as well as by the more regular nar.

damned spirits all, rative she had heard from Æneas himself.

That in cross-ways and floods have burial.' 6 Steevens thinks the word or should be omitted in this The word is frequently thus licentiously used by ancient line, which would improve both the sense and metre. | writers ; instances are to be found in Spencer and Mason proposes to read art instead of or.

others. - A timely parted ghost,' says Malone, means .7 Steevens proposed to read rain insiead of drain. a body that has become inanimate in the common coursa

·body punor the theatre appears of the sto

Being all descended to the labouring heart; 1 Suff. Thou shan be waking, while I shed thy Who, in the conflict that it holds with death,

blood, • Attracts the same for aidance 'gainst the enemy: If from this presence thou dar'st go with me. • Which with the heart there cools and ne'er re- War. Away even now, or I will drag thee hence; turneth

* Unworthy though thou art, I'll cope with thee, - To blush and beautify the cheek again.

* And do some service to Duke Humphrey's ghost, . But, see, his face is black, and full of blood;

[Exeunt Suffolk and WARWICK. ( His eyeballs further out than when he liv’d, * K. Hen. What stronger breastplate than a heart Staring full ghastly like a strangled man:

untainted ? • His hair upreard, his nostrils stretched with * Thrice is he armed, that hath his quarrel just; struggling;

| * And he but naked, though lock'd up in steel, • His hands abroad display'd,' as one that grasp'd * Whose conscience with injustice is corrupted.” " And tugg'd for life, and was by strength subdu'd.

(A Noise within. Look on the sheets, his hair, you see, is sticking; Q. Mar. What noise is this ? • His well proportion'd beard made ruff and

Re-enter SUFFOLK and WARWICK, with their rugged, Like to the summer's corn by tempest lodg'd.

Weapons drawn. • It cannot be, but he was murder'd here;

· K. Hen. Why, how now, lords? your wrathful The least of all these signs were probable.

weapons drawn Suff. Why, Warwick, who should do the duke' Here in our presence ? dare you be so bold ?to death?

1 Why, what tumultuous clamour have we here? • Myself, and Beaufort, had him in protection; Suff. The traitorous Warwick, with the men of " And we, I hope, sir, are no murderers.

Bury, War. But both of you were vow'd Duke Hum- Set all upon me, mighty sovereign.

phrey's foes; • And you, forsooth, had the good duke to keep:

Noise of a Crowd within. Re-enter SALISBURY. Tis like, you would not feast him like a friend ; * Sal. Sirs, stand apart; the king shall know your « And 'tis well seen he found an enemy.


[Speaking to those within. "Q. Mar. Then you, belike, suspect these noble- Dread lord, the commons send you word by me, men

Unless false Suffolk straight be done to death, • As guilty of Duke Humphrey's timeless death. Or banished fair England's territories, War. Who finds the heifer dead, and bleeding • They will by violence tear him from your palace, fresh,

* And torture him with grievous lingʻring death. And sees fast by a butcher with an axe,

They say, by him the good Duke Humphrey died; But will suspect, 'twas he that made the slaughter? Tney say, in him they fear your highness' death; Who finds the partridge in the puttock's nest, • And mere instinct of love and loyalty, But may imagine how the bird was dead,

• Free from a stubborn opposite intent, Although the kite soar with unbloodied beak ? · As being thought to contradict your liking, Even so suspicious is this tragedy.

• Makes them thus forward in his banishment. Q. Mar. Are you the butcher, Suffolk; where's * They say, in care of your most royal person, your knife ?

* That, if your highness should intend to sleep, Is Beaufort term'd a kite? where are his talons ? * And charge--that no man should disturb your rest,

Suff. I wear no knife, to slaughter sleeping men ;/ * In pain of your dislike, or pain of death; But here's a vengeful sword, rusted with ease, * Yet notwithstanding such a strait edict, That shall be scoured in his rancorous heart, * Were there a serpent seen, with forked tongue, That slanders me with murder's crimson badge :- * That slily glided towards your majesty, Say, if thou dar'st, proud lord of Warwickshire, * It were but necessary you were wak’d; That I am faulty in Duke Humphrey's death. * Lest, being suffer'd in that harmful slumber,

Exeunt Cardinal, Som. and others. * The mortal worms might make the sleep eternal, War. What dares not Warwick, if false Suffolk * And therefore do they cry, though you forbid, dare him?

* That they will guard you, whe'r you will, or no, Q. Mar. He dares not calm his contumelious * From such fell serpents as false Suffolk is; spirit,

* With whose envenomed and fatal sting Nor cease to be an arrogant controller,

* Your loving uncle, twenty times his worth. Though Suffolk dare him twenty thousand times. * They say, is shamefully bereft of life. War. Madam, be still; with reverence may I Commons. [Within.] An answer from the king, say ;.

my lord of Salisbury. For every word, you speak in his behalf,

Suff. 'Tis like the commons, rude unpolish'd Is slander to your royal dignity.

hinds, Suff. Blunt-witted lord, ignoble in demeanour! Could send such message to their sovereign: If ever lady wrong'd her lord so much,

But you, my lord, were glad to be employd, Thy mother took into her blameful bed

To show how quaint4 an orator you are :
Some stern untutor'd churl, and noble stock But all the horiour Salisbury hath won,
Was graft with crab-tree slip; whose fruit thou art, Is that he was the lord ambassador,
And never of the Nevils' noble race.

Sent from a sorts of tinkers to the king.
War. But that the guilt of murder bucklers thee, Commons. [Within.s An answer from the king,
And I should rob the deathsman of his fee,

or wo'll all break in. Quitting thee thereby of ten thousand shames, "K. Hen. Go, Salisbury, and tell them all from me, And that my sovereign's presence makes me mild, ' I thank them for their tender loving care ; I would, false murderous coward, on thy knee 1. And had I not been 'cited so by them, Make thee beg pardon for thy passed speech, " Yet do I purpose as they do entreat ; And say it was thy mother that thou meant'st, ' For sure, my thoughts do hourly prophesy That thou thyself wast born in bastardy:

Mischance unto my state by Suffolk's means. And after all this fearful homage done,

. And therefore by His majesty I swear, Give thee thy hire, and send thy soul to hell, " Whose far unworthy deputy I am,Pernicious bloodsucker of sleeping men !

fingers abroad, he would shoote through the spaces of nature; to which violence has not brought a timeless without touching the boy's hand, or any finger. end. But Mr. Douce has justly observed, that timely Peacham's Complete Gentleman, 1622, p. 181. may mean early, recently, newly.

2 Thus in Marlowe's Lust's Dominion :1 i. e. the fingers being widely distended. Herein 'Come, Moor; I'm arm'd with more than complete steel was the Emperor Domitian so cunning, that let a boy a The justice of my quarrel.' good distance off hold up his hand, and stretch his 3 Deadly serpent. Ai e dexicrous. 5 A company while I see you, . 3 Cypress was employed in the funeral rites of the

• He shall not breathe infe tion in this air. 1* That I may dew it with iny mournful tears ; . Put three days longer, on the pain of death. * Nor let the rain of heaven wet this place,

Exit SALISBURY. * To wash away my woeful monuments. "Q. Mar. O Henry, let me plead for gentle Suf- 0, could this kiss be printed in thy hand; folk!

Kisses his han. K. Hen. Ungentle queen, to call him gentle * That thou might'st think upon these by the serl, Suffolk,

Through whom a thousand sighs are breath'd fór • No more, I say; if thou dost plead for him,

thee !6 "Thou wilt but add increase unto my wrath.

So, get thee gone, that I may know my griei; “ Had I but said, I would have kept my word : 1 'Tis but surmis'd whilst thou art standing bay, • But, when I swear, it is irrevocable:

* As one that surfeits thinking on a want. * If, after threc days' space, thou here be'st found, I will repeal thee, or, be well assurd, * On any ground that I am ruler of,

1. Adventure to be banished myself: . * The world shall not be ransom for thy life.

* And banished I ani, if but from t • Come, Warwick, come, good Warwick, go with * Go, speak not to me; even now be gone. me; ..

1 * 0, go not yet: -Even thus two friends sonene oci • I have great matters to impart to thee.

* Embrace, and kiss, and take teu idiouand leares, [Exeunt K. HENRY, WARWICK, Lords, &c. * Loather a hundred times to part chau die. 'Q. Mar. Mischance, and sorrow, go along with * Yet now farewell; and farewell life with those! you !

Suff. Thus is poor Suito iz len times lanishoid, Heart's discontent, and sour affliction,

Once by the king, and three times thrice lng theo. • Be playfellows to keep you company!

* 'Tis not the land I care for, wert thou hence; • There's two of you, the devil make a third! * A wilderness is populouis enough, .

And threefold vengeance tend upon your steps! * So Suffolk had thy heavenly company:

* Suff. Cease, gentle queen, these execrations, * For where thou art, there is the world is self, * And let thy Suffolk take his heavy leave.

* With every several pleasure in the worki!; Q. Mar. Fye, coward woman, and soft-hearted * And where thou art not, desolation." wretch!'

* I can no more :-Live this to proy the life; • Hast thou not spirit to curse thine enemies? * Myself no joy in nought, but that th i s! Suff. A plague upon them! wherefore should I curse them?

Enter VAUX. Would curses kill, as doth the mandrake's groan,? | 60. Mar. Whither goes Y&rix sro asi? what I would invent as bitter-searching terms,

news, I pr’ythee ? * As curst, as harsh, and horrible to hear,

" Vaux. To signify unto his majesty, Deliver'd strongly through my fixed

That cardinal Beaufort is al point olisi • With full as many signs of deadly hate,

• For suddenly a grievous sickness tienniin, As lean-fac'd Envy in her loathsome cave:

That makes him gasp, and stare, anu caitzin air My tongue should stumble in mine earnest words: Blaspheming God, and cursing men on earth. Mine eyes should sparkle like the beaten flint ;

Sometime, he talks as if Duke Stumphreysis My hair be fix'd on end, as one distract;

6 Were by his side ; sometime, he calls the king. Ay, every joint should seem to curse and ban:

And whispers to his pillow, as to him,
And even now my burder'd heart would break,

* The secrets of his overcharged soul : 8
Should I not curse them. Poison be their drink! And I am sent to tell his majesty,
Gall, worse than gall, the daintiest that they taste! That even now he cries aloud for him.
Their sweetest shade, a grove of cypress trees !3

Q. Mar. Go, tell thus heavy message to the king. Their chiefest prospect, murdering basilisks!

[Exit Vaux. Their softest touch, as smart as lizards' stings !4 Ah me! what is this world? what news are these? Their music, frightful as the serpent's hiss :

But wherefore grieve I at an hour's poor loss, And boding screechowls make the concert full! 1. Omitting Suffolk's exile, my soul's treasure ? All the foul terrors in dark-seated hell

• Why only, Suffolk, mourn I not for thee, Q. Mar. Enough, sweet Suffolk; thou torment'st And with the southern clouds, contend in tears ; : thyself;?

Theirs for the earth's increase, mine for my sor. * And these dread curses-like the sun'gainst glass,

row's ? * Or like an overcharged gun-recoil, :

| Now, get thee hence: The king, thou know'st, is * And turn the force of them upon thyself.

coming :: Suff. You bade me ban,and will you bid me If thou be found by me, thou art but dead. leave?

Suff. If. I depart from thee, I cannot live: Now, by the ground that I am banish'd from, 1 And in thy sight to die, what were it else, Well could I curse away a winter's night,

But like a pleasant slumber in thy lap? Though standing naked on a mountain top, Here could'I breathe my soul into the air, Where biting cold would never let grass grow, • As mild and gentle as the cradle-babe, And think it but a minute spent in sport.

Dying with mother's dug between its lips . * Q. Mur. O, let me entreat thee, cease! Give me thy hand,. . . .'

begin to rave, they immediately see in them what they

could not find in themselves, the deformity and folly a Ti. e. he shall not contaminate this air with his in- | useless rage... fected breath.

| 6 That by the impression of my kiss for ever remain. 3 The fabulous counts of the plant called a man. ling on thy hand, thou mightest think on those lips drake give it an inferior degree of animal life, and re. through which a thousand sighs will be breathed for late, that when it is torn from the ground it groans, and thee.. that this groan being certainly fatal to him that is offering 7 Nec sine te pulchrum dias in luminis auras such unwelcome violence, the practice of those who Exoritur, neque sit lætum nec amabile quicquam.' gathered mandrakes was to tie one end of a string to the

.. Lucretius. plant, and the other to a dog, upon whom the fatal And, still more elegantly, Milton, in a passage of his groan discharged its malignity. See Bulleine's Bul. Conius (afterwards omitted,) ver. 214, &c. :warke of Defence against Sicknesse, &c. fol. 1579, p. 41.

This dusky hollow is a paradise, Romans, and hence is always mentioned as an ill-boding |

And heaven gates o'er my head' piant. :

8m Infected minds 4 This is one of the vulgar errors in the natural his. To their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets cory of Gür ancestors. The lizard has no sting, and is

Macbeth. quite harmless.

9. Why do I lamenta circumstance of which the im j This inconsistency is very common in real life. I pression will pass away in an hour; while I neglect to Those who are vexed to impatience, are angry to see ihink on the loss of Suffolk, my affection for whom nir others less disturbed than themselves ; but when others l time will efface?"

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