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Where,' froin thy sight, I shou.d be raging mad, 0, beat
away the busy meddling fiend, And cry out for thec to close
eyes, * That lays strong siege unto this wretch's soul, " To have thee with thy lips to stop my mouth ;
* And from his bosom purge this black despair ! So should'st thou either turn my flying soul,? ' War. See, how the pangs of death do mali
Or I should breathe it so into thy body, And then it liv'd in sweet Elysium.
* Sal. Disturb him not, let him pass peaceably. To die by thee, were but to die in jest;
* K. Hen. Peace to his soul, if God's good pleaFrom thee to die, were torture more than death;
sure be! (), let me stay, befall what may befall.
Lord cardinal, if thou think'st on heaven's bliss, Q. Mar. Away! though parting be a fretful Hold up thy hand, make signal of thy hopecor’sive,
' He dies, and makes no sign; O God, forgive him! • It is applied to a deathful wound.
" War. So bad a death argues a monstrous life. * To France, sweet Suffolk: Let me hear from thee; "K, Hen. Forbear to judge, 1° for we are sinners • For wheresoe'er thou art in this world's globe,
all.I'll have an Irist that shall find thee out.
and draw the curtain close Suf. I go.
And let us all to meditation.
[Exeunt R. Mar. And take my heart with thee. Suff. A jewel, lock'd into the woeful'st cask That ever did contain a thing of worth. Even as a splitted bark, so sunder we;
ACT IV. This way fall I to death.
SCENE I. Kent. . The Seashore near Dover.' Q. Mar.
This way for me.
Firing heard at Sea. Then enter, from a Boat, u
Captain, a Master, a Master's Mate, WALTER SCENE III. London. Cardinal Beaufort's Bed- WHITMORE, and others; with them SUFFOLK chamber. Enter King HENRY," SALISBURY,
and other Gentlemen, prisoners. WARWICK, and others. The Cardinal in Bed; Attendants with him.
* Cap. The gaudy, blabbing, and remorseful?2 day
* Is crept into the bosom of the sea; * K. Hen. How fares my lord ? speak, Beaufort, * And now loud howling wolves arouse the jades to thy sovereign.
* That drag the tragic melancholy night; Car. If thou be'st death, I'll give thee England's *Who with their drowsy, slow, and flagging wings13 treasure,
* Clip dead men's graves, and from their misty jaws Enough to purchase such another island, * Breathe foul contagious darkness in the air. So thou wilt let me live, and feel no pain. * Therefore, bring forth the soldiers of our prize';
* K. Hen. Ah, what a sign it is of evil life, * For, whilst our pinnace anchors in the Downs, * When death's approach is seen so terrible ! * Here shall they make their ransom on the sand, * War. Beaufort, it is thy sovereign speaks to * Or with their blood stain this discolour'd shore. thee.
• Master, this prisoner freely give I thee :* Car. Bring me unto my trial when you will. . And thou that art his mate, make boot of this ; Died he not in his bed? where should he die?
· The other, (pointing to SUFFOLK,] Walter WhitCan I make men live whe'r they will or no?'
more, is thy share. *0! torture me no more, I will confess.
"1 Gent. What is my ransom, master ? let me ' Alive again? then show me where he is ;
know. I'll give a thousand pounds to look upon him.- • Mast. A thousand crowns, or else lay down He hath no eyes, the dust hath blinded them.Comb down his hair; look! look! it stands
up- ( Mate. And so much shall you give, or off goer right,
yours. · Like lime-twigs set to catch my winged soul!
* Cap. What, think you much to pay two thoui• Give me some drink; and bid the apothecary
sand crowns, • Bring the strong poison that I bought of him. * And bear the name and port of gentlemen ?* K. Hen. O thou eternal Mover of the heavens, 1 * Cut both the villains' throats ;
you * Look with a gentle eye upon this wretch"!
* The lives of those which we have lost in fight
* Cannot4 be counterpois d with such a petty sum. 1 Where for whereas; as in other places.
2 Pope was indebted to this passage in his Eloisa to Abelard, where he makes that votarist of exquisite This is one of the scenes which have been applauded sensibility say:
by the critics, and which will continue to be admired · See my lips tremble, and my eyeballs roll, when prejudices shall cease, and bigotry give way to
Suck my last breath, and catch my flying soul.' impartial examination. These are beauties that rise 3 Corrosive was generally pronounced and most fre out of nature and of truth; the superficial reader can. quently written corsive in Shakspeare's time.' See Mr. not miss them, the profound can image nothing beyond Nares's Glossary in voce. The accent, as Mr. Todd them.'—Johnson. observes, being then on the first syllable, the word was 11 There is a curious circumstantial account of the easily thus abbreviated.
event on which this scene is founded in the Paston Let4 Iris was the messenger of Juno.
ters, published by Sir John Fenn, vol. i. p. 33, Letter x 5 The quarto offers this stage-direction :- Enter the The scene is founded on the narration of Hall, which is King and Salisbury, and then the curtaines be drawne, copied by Holinshed aud the Cardinal is discovered in his bed, raving and 12 The epithet blabbing, applied to the day by a man staring as if he were mad.' This description did not about to commit murder, is exquisitely beautiful. Guilt; escape Shakspeare, for he has availed himself of it in if afraid of light, considers darkness as a natural she a preceding speech by Vaux.
ter, and makes night the confidant of those actions 6 A passage in Hall's Chronicle, Henry VI. fol. 70, b. which cannot be trusted to the tell-tale day.-Johnson suggested the corresponding lines in the old play.
Spenser and Milton make use of the epithet :✓ We cannot hold mortality's strong hand :
(For Venus hated his all-blabbing light.' Why do you bend such solemn brows on me?
Britain's Ida, c. il Think you, I bear the shears of destiny ?
"Ere the blabbing eastern scout.'— Comus, v. 139 Have I commandment on the pulse of life? Remorseful is pitiful.
13 The chariot of the night is supposed by Shakspeare Thou hast no speculation in those eyes
to be drawn by dragons. Vide Cymbeline, Act ii. Sc. 2. Which thou dost glare with.'
Macbeth. 14 The word cannot, which is necessary to complete 9 Thus in the old play of King John, 1591, Pandulph the sense of the passage, is not in the old copy : it was sees the king dying, and says:
supplied by Malone. The difference between the cap"Then, good my lord, if you forgive them all, tain's present and succeeding sentiments may be thus Lift up your hand, in token you forgive.'
aecounted for. Here he is only striving to irtirnidate 10. Peccantes culpare cave, nam labimur omnes his prisoners into a ready payment of their ransom Aut sumus, aut fuimus, vel possumus esse, quod ic Afterwards his natural disposition inclines him to mer
cy, till he is provoked by the upbraidings of Suffolk
*1 Gent. I'll give it, sir; and therefore spare my * Suff. Base siave! thy words are blunt, and so life.
art thou. * 2 Gent. And so will I, and write home for it Cap. Çonvey him hence, and on our longboat's straight.
side • Whit
. I lost mine eye in laying the prize aboard, Strike off his head. . And therefore, to revenge it, shalt thou die; Suff.
Thou dar'st not for thy own
[TO SUFF. Cap. Yes, Poole. And so should these, if I might have my
Poole? * Cap. Be not so rash; take ransom, let him live. Cap.
Poole? Sir Poole? lord ! Suff. Look on my George, I am a gentleman; Ay, kennel, puddle, sink; whose filth and dirt Rate me at what thou wilt, thou shall be paid. " Troubles the silver spring where England drinks. • Whit. And so am I, my name is Walter Whit-|' Now will I dam up this thy yawning mouth,
For swallowing the treasure of the realm: How now? why start'st thou ? what, doth death Thy lips, that kiss'd the queen, shall sweep the affright?
ground; 'Suff. Thy name affrights me,' in whose sound' And thou, that smil'dst at good Duke Humphrey's is death.
death, A cunning man did calculate my birth,
Against the senseless winds shalt grin in vain, . And told me that by Water I should die :2 * Who, in contempt, shall hiss at thee again:
Yet let not this make thee be bloody-minded : * And wedded be thou to the hags of hell, • Thy name is-Gaultier, being rightly sounded. * For daring to affy? a mighty lord
"Whit. Gaultier, or IVálter, which it is, I care not; * Unto the daughter of a worthless king, Ne'er yet did base dishonour blur our name, * Having neither subject, wealth, nor diadem But with our sword we wip'd away the blot; * By devilish policy art thou grown great, Therefore, when merchant-like I sell revenge,
* And, like ambitious Sylla, overgorgd Broke be my sword, my arms torn and defac'd,3 * With goblets of thy mother's bleeding heart. . And I proclaim'd a coward through the world! * By thee, Anjou and Maine were sold to France.
(Lays hold on SUFFOLK. * The false revolting Normans, thorough thee, • Suff. Stay, Whitmore; for thy prisoner is a Disdain to call us lord; and Picardy prince,
* Hath slain their governors, surpris'd our forts, The duke of Suffolk, William de la Poole.
* And sent the ragged soldiers wounded home. .Whit. The duke of Suffolk, muffled up in rags ! * The princely Warwick, and the Nevils all,
Suff. Ay, but these rags are no part of the duke ; * Whose dreadful swords were never drawn in vain, , Jove sometime went disguis'd, and why not I ? * As hating thee, are rising up in arms :
Cap. But Jove was never slain, as thou shalt be. * And now the house of York-thrust from the • Suff. Obscure and lowly swain, King Henry's
* By shameful murder of a guiltless king, T'he honourable blood of Lancaster,
* And lofty proud encroaching tyranny, • Must not be shed by such a jaded groom.4 * Burns with revenging fire: whose hopeful colours Hast thou not kiss'd ihy hand, and held my stirrup? * Advance our half-fac'd sun, striving to shine, :. Bare-headed plodded by my footcloth mule,
* Under the which is writ-Invitis nubibus. . And thought thee happy when I shook my head? * The commons here in Kent are up in arms: • How often hast thou waited at my cup,
* And, to conclude, reproach, and beggary, Fed from my trencher, kneel'd down at the board, * Is crept into the palace of our king, • When I have feasted with Queen Margaret ? * And all by thee :
-Away! convey him hence. * Remember it, and let it make thee crest-fallin; * Suff. O that I were a god, to shoot forth thunder Ay, and allay this thy abortive pride : 5
* Upon these paltry, servile, abject drudges ! * How in our voiding lobby hast thou stood, * Small things make base men proud : this villain * And duly waited for my coming forth?
here, - This hand of mine hath writ in thy behalf, · Being captain of a pinnace, threatens more . And therefore shall it charm thy riotous tongue. Than Bargulus the strong Illyrian pirate.10 * Whit. Speak, captain, shall I stab the forlorn Drones' suck not eagles' blood, but rob bee-hives. swain ?
. It is impossible, that I should die * Cap. First let my words stab him, as he hath me. . By such a lowly vassal as thyself.
( Thy words move rage, and not remorse, in me:'. | Surfolk had heard his name before without being startled by it. In the old play, as soon as ever the cap. 6 By this expression, 'charm thy riotous tongue,' the tain has consigned him to 'Walter Whickmore,' he im- poet meanı Suffolk to say that it should be as potent as mediately exclaims, 'Wulter !! Whickmore asks him a charm in stopping his licentious talk. The same ex. why he fears him ; and Suffolk replies, 'It is thy name pression occurs in Othello, Act iv. Sc. 1. affrights me. The poet here, as in other instances, has 7 To betroth in marriage. This enumeration of Suf. fallen into an impropriety by sometimes following and folk's crimes seems to have been suggested by the Mir. sometimes deserting his original.
ror for Magistrates. See the Legend of William de la 2 Thus Drayton, in Queen Margaret's Epistle to this Poole. The rest of this speech is entirely Shakspeare's; Juke of Suffolk :
there is no trace of it in the original play. "I pray thee, Poole, have care how thou dost pass;
8 Edward III. bore for his device the rays of the sun Never the sea yet half so dangerous was;
dispersing themselves out of a cloud.-Camden's RE: And one foretold by water thou should'st die.. maines, A note on these lines says, “The witch of Eye received 9 A pinnace then signified a ship of small burthen, answer from the spirit, that the duke of Suffolk should built for speed. Vide note on The Merry Wives o. take heed of water.? See the fourth Scene of the first Windsor, Act i. Sc. 3. Act of this play. The prophecy is differently stated by 10 Bargulus, Illyrius Latro, de quo est apud Theo a contemporary in the Paston Letters, vol. i. p. 40:- pompum, magnas opes habuit. '-Cicero de Officiis, lib. ‘Also he asked the name of the ship; and when he ii. c. 11. Shakspeare, as Dr. Farmer has shown, might knew it, he remembered Stacy that said, if he might es. have met with this pirate in some of the translations of cape the dangers of the Tower he should be safe, and his time: he points out two in which he is mentioned. then his heart failed him.'
In the old play it is, 'Abradas the great Macedonian 3 The new image which Shakspeare has introduced pirate.' into this speech-my arms torn and defaced-is also 11 This line in ihe original play is properly given to found in King Richard III. Act iii. Sc. 2. See note on the captain. Whit remorse (i. e, pity) could Suffolk that passage.
be called upon to show to his assailant? Whereas the 4 A jaded groom is a low fellow. Suffolk's boast of captain might with propriety say to his captive, Thy his own blood was hardly warranted by his origin. His haughty language exasperates me, instead of exciting great grandfather had been a merchant at Hull. If Shak. my compassion. Mr. Boswell is, I believe, mistaken in speare had known his pedigree he would not have failed asserting that remorse was used in the modern sense. to make some of his adversaries reproach him with it. At least I find no instance where it is so used by Shak. ö Prirle that has had birth too soor.
• I go of message from the queen to France; * Geu. O miserable age! Virtue is not regarded • I charge thee, waft me safely cross the channel. * in handycrafts-men. • Cap. Walter,
• John. The nobility think scorn to go in leather • Whit. Come, Suffolk, I must waft thee to thy
* Geo. Nay more, the king's council are no good * Suff. Gelidus timor occupat artus ;'-'tis thee I * workmen. fear.
* John. True; And yet it is said,-Labour in thy W nt. Thou shalt have cause to fear, before I * vocation; which is as much to say, as,-let the leave thee.
* magistrates be labouring men; and therefore What, are ye daunted now? now will ye stoop ? * should we be magistrates. ó i Gent. My gracious lord, entreat him, speak * Geo. Thou hast hit it: for there's no better him fair.
sign of a brave mind, than a hard hand. Suff. Suffolk's imperial tongue is stern and rough, * John. I see them! I see them! There's Best's Us'd to command, untaught to plead for favour. son, the tanner of Wingham; Far be it, we should honour such as these
* Geo. He shall have the skins of our enemies, . With humble suit; no, rather let my head * to make dog's leather of. • Stoop to the block, than these knees bow to any, John. And Dick the butcher, • Save to the God of heaven, and to my king; * Geo. Then is sin siruck down like an ox, and . And sooner dance upon a bloody pole,
* iniquity's throat cut like a calf. "Than stand uncover'd to the vulgar groom.
* John. And Smith the weaver : * True nobility is exempt from fear :
* Geo. Argo, their thread of life is spun. • More can I bear, than you dare execute.2
* John. Come, come, let's fall in with them. • Cap. Hale him away, and let him talk no more,
Suf. Come, soldiers, show what cruelty ye can, Drum, Enter CADE, DICK the Butcher, SMITH . That this my death may never be forgot!-
the Weaver, and others in great number. . Great men oft die by vile bezonians:
• Cade. We John Cade, so termed of our sup• A Roman sworder and banditto slave,
posed father, Murder'd sweet Tully; Brutus' bastard hand Dick. Or rather, of stealing a cade of herrings, · Stabb’d Julius Cæsar, savage islanders,
[ Aside • Pompey the Great :: and Suffolk dies by pirates.
for our enemies shall fall before us, [Exit SUFF. with Whit, and others. ' inspired with the spirit of putting down kings and Cap. And as for these whose ransom we have set, princes.—Command silence. It is our pleasure, one of them depart:
Dick. Silence ! Therefore come you with us, and let him go.
Cade. My father was a Mortimer. Exeunt all but the first Gentleman. Dick. He was an honest man, and a good bricklayer.
[Aside. Re-enter WHITMORE, with SUFFOLK's Body.
• Cade. My mother a Plantagenet, .Whit. There let his head and lifeless body lie, • Dick. I knew her well, she was a midwife. • Until the queen his mistress bury it. fExit
[Aside. "1 Gent. O barbarous and bloody spectacle! • Cade. My wife descended of the Lacies, · His body will I bear unto the king :
Dick. She was, indeed, a pedler's daughter, and * If he revenge it not, yet will his friends :
sold many laces.
[Aside. . So will the queen, that living held him dear.
Smith. But, now of late, not able to travel with (Exit, with the Body. 'her furred pack, she washes bucks here at home.
Aside. SCENE II. Blackheath. Enter GEORGE BEVIS • Cade. Therefore am I of an honourable house. and JOHN HOLLAND.
Dick. Ay, by my faith, the field is honourable; • Geo. Come, and get thee a sword, though made and there was he born, indcr a bedge; for his father I of a lath; they have been up these two days. had never a house, but the cage.
[ Aside • John. They have the more need to sleep now
* Cade. Valiant I am. then
* Smith. 'A must needs; for beggary is vanant • Geo. I tell thee, Jack Cade the clothier means
[ Aside to dress the commonwealth, and turn it, and set
Cade. I am able to endure much. (a new nap upon it.
Dick. No question of that; for I have seen him John. So he had need, for 'tis threadbare. Well, whipped three market days together. [Aside. I say, it was never merry world in England, since gentlemen came up."
were, reached the coast, his head being thrown into the sea, a circumstance sufficiently resembling Suffolk's
death to bring it to the poet's memory; though his men. 1 The source from whence this line has been ex- tion of it is not quite accurate. In the old play Pompey tracted has not yet been discovered. The following lines is not named. are the nearest which have been found in the Classic 6 They laid his body on the sands of Dover, and Pocts
some say that his head was set on a pole by it.-Pas. • Subitus tremor occupat artus.'
ton's Letters, vol. i. p. 41.
Virg. Æn. v. 446. 7 The same phrase was used by the duke of Suffolk llle quidem gelidos radiorum viribus artus.' to Wolsey and Campeggio in the reign of Henry VIII.
Ovid. Metam. iv. 247. With that stepped forth the duke of Suffolk from the ‘Navitæ, confessu gelido pallore timorem.' king, and by his commandment spake these words, with
De Tristib. El. iii. 113. a stout and hault countenance. It was never merry 2'- I am able now, methinks
England (quoth he) whilst we had cardinals among (Out of a fortitude of soul I feel,)
us. 9—Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, p. 167, ed. 1925. To endure more miseries, and greater far,
8 Tom Nashe speaks of having weighed one of Ga. Than my weak-hearted enemies dare offer.' briel Harvey's books against a cade of herrings, and
King Henry VIII. ludicrously says, "That the rebel Jack Cade was the Again in Othello :
first that devised to put red herrings in cades, and from “Thou.hast not half the power to do me harm, him they have their name.'-Lenten Stuffe, 1599.As I have to be hurt.'
Cade, however, is derived from cadus, Lat. a cask. 3 According to the Letter in the Paston Collection, al. We may add, from the accounts of the Celeress of the ready cited, the cutting off of Suffolk's head was very Abbey of Barking in the Monasticon Anglicanum, a barbarously performed. One of the lewdest of the ship barrel of herryng shold contain a thousand herryngs, bade him lay down his head, and he should be fairly and a cade of härryng six hundred, six score to the ferd [dea] with, and wye on a sword; and took a rusty hundred.. Cace, with more learning than should na. sword and smote off his head within half a dozen turally fall to his character, alludes to his name from strokes.'
cado, to fall. 4 A bezonian is a mean low person.
9 Little places of prison, set commonly in the mar 5 Pompey was killed by Achillas and Septimius at ket place for harlots and vagabonds, we call cages' the moment that the Egyptian fishing boat in which they Baret.
Cade. I fear neicher sword nor fire.
Mich. Fly, fly, fly! Sir Humphrey Stafford and Smith. He need not fear the sword, for his coat his brother are hard by, with the king's foi.es. is of proof."
[Aside. • Cade. Stand, villain, stand, or I'll fell thec Dick. But, methinks, he should stand in fear of down: He shall be encountered with a man as Sre, being burnt i' the hand for stealing of sheep. good as himself: He is but a knight, is 'a ?
[Aside. Mich. No. Cade. Be brave then ; for your captain is brave, Cade. To equal him, I will make myself and vows reformation. There shall be, in England, knight presently: Rise up Sir John Mortimcı seven half-penny loaves sold for a penny; the three
the three Now have at him." hooped pot shall have ten hoops ;2 and I will make it feiony, to drink small beer: all the realm sha!l Enter SiR HUMPHREY STAFFORD, and WILLIAJ
his Brother, with Drum and Forces. be in common, and in Cheapside shall my palfry go
And, when I am king (as king I will * Staf. Rebellious hinds, and filth and scum of be)
Kent, Aul. God save your majesty!
* Mark'd for the gallows,-lay your weapons down, • Cade. I thank you, good people :--there shall * Ilome to your cottages, forsake this groom ;• be no money ;: all shall eat and drink on my * The king is merciful, if you revolt.
score; and I will apparel them all in one livery, *W. Staf. But angry, wrathful, and inclin'd to • that they may agree like brothers, and worship me
blood, o their lord.
* If you go forward : therefore yield, or die. Dick. The first thing we do, let's kill all the Cade. As for these silken-coated' slaves, I pass • lawyers.
not;8 Cade. Nay, that I mean to do. Is not this a It is to you, good people, that I speak, lamentable thing, that of the skin of an innocent * O'er whom, in time to come, I hope to reign; lamb should be made parchment? that parchment, * For I am rightful heir unto the crown. being scribbled o'er, should undo a man? Some Staf. Villain, thy father was a plasterer; say, the bee stings: but I say, 'tis the bee's wax; . And thou thyself, a shearman, Art thou not? for I did but seal once to a thing, and I was never Cade. And Adam was a gardener. mine own man since. How now; who's there? 'W. Staf. And what of that?
Cade. Marry, this:--Edmund Mortimer, earl of Enter some, bringing in the Clerk of Chatham.
March, Smith. The clerk of Chatham : he can write and Married the duke of Clarence' daughter; Did he read, and cast accompt.
not? Cade. O monstrous !
• Staf. Ay, sir. Smith. We took him setting of boys' copies. Cade. By her, he had two children at one birth Cade. Here's a villain!
W. Staf. That's false. Smith. H'as a book in his pocket, with red let- · Cade. Ay, there's the question ; but, I say, ters in't. Cade. Nay, then he is a conjurer.
• The elder of them, being put to nurse, Dick. Nay, he can make obligations, and write · Was by a beggar-woman stol'n away ; court-hand.
And, ignorant of his birth and parentage, • Cade. I am sorry for’t: the man is a proper . 'Became a bricklayer, when he came to age: man, on mine honour; unless I find him guilty, 'His son am I; deny it, if you can.
he shall not die,--Come hither, sirrah, I must Dick. Nay, 'tis too true; therefore he shal de • examine thee: What is thy name?
king. : Clerk. Emmanuel.
Smith. Sir, he made a chimney in my fatner's Dick. They use to write it on the top of letters ; house, and the bricks are alive at this day to testify --Twill go hard with you.
it; therefore, deny it not. Cade. Let me alone :-Dost thou use to write * Staf. And will you credit this base drudge's • thy name? or hast thou a mark to thyself, like an
words, · honest plain-dealing man?
* That speaks he knows not what? Clerk. Sir, I thank God, I have been so well * All. Ay, marry, will we; therefore get ye gone brought up, that I can write my name.
W. Staf. Jack Cade, the duke of York hath • All. He hath confessed: away with him ; he's
taught you this. a villain, and a traitor.
* Cade. He lies, for I invented it myself. [Aside.] • Cade. Away with him, I say: hang him with -Go to, sirrah. Tell the king from me, that--for ' his pen and inkhorn about his neck.
his father's sake, Henry the Fifth, in whose time [Exeunt some with the Clerk. boys went to span counter for French crownsI
am content he shall reign; but I'll be protector Enter MICHAEL.
over him. • Mich. Where's our general ?
'Dick. And, furthermore, we'll have the Lord • Cade. Here I am, thou particular fellow. Say's head, for selling the dukedom of Maine.
• Čade. And good reason; for thereby is England 1 A quibble is most probably intended between two . maimed, and fain to go with a staff, but that my senses of the word; one as being able to resist, the puissance holds it up. Fellow kings, I tell you, other as being well tried, that is, long worn.
• that that Lord Say hath gelded10 the common2 These drinking vessels of our ancestors were of wood. Nash, in his Pierce Pennilesse, 1595, says, 'I believe hoopes in quart pots were invented to that end, Tom. Yea, his brother. that every man should take his hoope, and no more.' Cade. Then kneel down, Dick Butcher;
3 To mend the world by banishing money is an old Dick Butcher. Sound up the drum.' contrivance of those who did not consider that the
8 I care not, I pay them no regard. rels and mischiefs which arise from money, as the signs
Transform me to what shape you can, or tickets of riches, must, if riches were to cease, arise I pass not what it be.” Drayton's Quest of Cynthia. from riches themselves, and could never be at an end 9 The same play upon words is in Daniel's Civil till every man was contented with his own share of the Wars, 1595 :goods of life.'-Johnson.
Anjou and Maine, the main that foul appears. 4 This speech was transposed by Shakspeare from 10 Steevens observes that 'Shakspeare has here a subsequent scene in the old play.
transgressed a rule laid down by Tully, De Oratore : 5 i. e. bonds.
• Nolo morte dici Africani castratam esse rempublicam.' 6 That is on the top of Letters Missive and such like The character of the speaker may countenance such public acts. See Mabillon's Diplomata.
indelicacy here, but in other places our author talks of 7 After this speech, in the old play, are the following 'gelding purses, patrimonies, and continents. I must words:
again remark that in the former instances the phrase Is there any more of them that be knights ? was only metaphorically used fo: diminishing or con
• wealth, and made it an eunuch: and more than | * Here may his head lie on my throbbing breast : • that, he can speak French, and therefore he is a * But where's the body that I should embrace? I traitor.
* Buck. What answer makes your grace to the • Staf. O gross and miserable ignorance !
rebels' supplication ? • Cade. Nay, answer, if you can: The French- *K. Hen. I'll send some holy bishop4 to entreat: men are our enemies : go to, then, I ask but this ; ' For God forbid, so many simple souls . Can hc, that speaks with the tongue of an enemy, • Should perish by the sword! And I myself, • buz a good counsellor, or no?
• Rather than bloody war shall cut them short, * All. No, no; and therefore we'll have his head. Will parley with Jack Cade their general. *W. Stuf. Wel, seeing gentle words will not\' But stay, I'll read it over once again. prevail,
*Q. Mar. Ah, barbarous villains ! hath this lovely Assail them with the army of the king.
face Staf. Herald, away: and, throughout every town, * Rul'd, like a wandering planets over me; • Prociaim them traitors that are up with Cade; * And could it not enforce them to relent,
That those, which fly before the battle ends, * That were unworthy to behold the same?
May, even in their wives' and children's sight, “K. Hen. Lord Say, Jack Cade hath sworn tu ! Be hang'd up for example at their doors :
have thy head. . And you, that be the king's friends, follow me. Say. Ay, but I hope, your highness shall have [Éxeunt the Two ŠTAFFords, and Forces.
his. * Cade. And you, that love the commons, follow K. Hen. How now, madam? Still
Lamenting, and mourning for Suffolk's death? * Now show yourselves men, 'tis for liberty. I fear, my love, if that I had been dead, * We will not leave one lord, one gentleman: Thou wouldest not have mourn'd so much for me. * Spare none, but such as go in clouted shoon; Q. Mar. No, my love, I should not mourn, but * For they are thrifty honest men, and such
die for thee. * As would (but that they dare not) take our parts. * Dick. They are all in order, and march toward us.
Enter a Messenger. * Cade. But then are we in order, when we are * K. Hen. How now! what news ? why com'st most out of order. Come, march forward.
thou in such haste? [Exeunt. · Mes. The rebels are in Southwark; Fly, my
lord! SCENE III. Another part of Blackheath. Ala- Jack Cade proclaims himself Lord Mortimer,
The two Parties enter and fight, and both | Descended from the duke of Clarence' house: the STAFFORDS are slain.
• And calls your grace usurper, openly, • Cade. Where's Dick, the butcher of Ashford ? And vows to crown himself in Westminster. • Dick. Here, sir.
• His army is a ragged multitude • Cade. They fell before thee like sheep and oxen, • Of hinds and peasants, rude and merciless i ' and thou behavedst thyself as if thou hadst been Sir Humphrey Stafford and his brother's death • in thine own slaughter-house: therefore thus will Hath given the heart and courage to proceed : • I reward thee,- The Lent shall be as long again' All scholars, lawyers, courtiers, gentlemen,
as it is; and thou shalt have a licence to kill for a They call-false caterpillars, and intend their • hundred lacking one, a week.
death. 6 Dick. I desire no more.
* K. Hen. O graceless men! they know not what *Cade. And, to speak truth, thou deservest no
they do. * less. This monument of the victory will I bear ;3 • Buck. My gracious lord, retire to Kenelworth, * and the bodies shall be dragged at my horse's. Until a power be rais'd to put them down. * heels, till I do come to London, where we will *Q. Mar. Ah! were the duke of Suffolk now alive, * have the mayor's sword borne before us.
* These Kentish rebels would be soon appeas'd!: * Dick. If we mean to thrive and do good, break • K. Hen. Lord Say, the traitors hate thee, open the gaols, and let out the prisoners. • Therefore away with us to Kenelworth.
* Cade. Fear not that, I warrant thee. Come, Say. So might your grace's person be in dan*let's march towards London.
· The sight of me is odious in their eyes: SCENE IV. London. A Room in the Palace. And therefore in this city will I stay,
Enter King HENRY, reading a Supplication; the · And live alone as secret as I may.
Enter another Messenger. ing over SUFFOLK's Head.
* 2 Mess. Jack Cade hath gotten London Bridge ; * Q. Mar. Oft have I heard—that grief softens
the citizens the mind,
* Fly and forsake their houses: * And makes it fearful and degenerate;
* The rascal people, thirsting after prey, * Think therefore on revenge, and cease. to weep.
* Join with the traitor ; and ihey jointly swear, * But who can cease to weep, and look on this? * To spoil the city, and your royal court.
* Buck. Then linger not, my lord; away, take tailing, and is not peculiar to Shakspeare, but a com
horse. mon form of expression in his time. i Shoes.
phrey's brigandine, set full of gilt najls, and so in glory 2 The last two words, a week, were added by Malone returned again toward London. Sir Humphrey Starfrom the old play. It is necessary to render the passage ford was, in fact, killed at Sevenoaks, and is buried at intelligible. In the reign of Elizabeth, butchers were Bromsgrove, in Staffordshire. strictly enjoined not to sell flesh meat in Lent, not with 4 Shakspeare has here fallen into another inconsista religious view, but for the double purpose of dimin. ency, by sometimes following Holinshed instead of the ishing the consumption of flesh meat during that period, old play. He afterwards forgets this holy bishop: and and so making it more plentiful during the rest of thé in scene the eighth we find only Buckingham and Clifyear, and of encouraging the fisheries and augmenting ford were sent, conformably to the old play. Holinshed the number of seamen. Butchers, who had interest at mentions that the archbishop of Canterbury and the duke court, frequently obtained a dispensation to kill a certain of Buckingham were sent. number of beasts a week during Lent; of which indul. 5 Predominated irresistibly over my passions, as thie gence, the wants of invalids who could not subsist with planets over those born under their influence. The old out animal food, was made the pretence. There are play led Shakspeare into this strange exhibition; a goveral proclamations on the subject in the library of queen with the head of her murdered paramo'ır on her the Society of Antiquaries.
bosom, in presence of her husbani! 3 Here Cade must be supposed to take off Stafford's 6 Instead of this line the old copy has :armour. So Holinshed :-Jack Cade, upon his victo- Go bid Buckingham and Clifford gather ry against the Staffords, apparelled himself in Sir Hum. An army up, and meet with the rebels