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Ham. Thou dost lie in't, to be in't, and say it is Ham. This ? ..!! [Takes the Scul Chine : 'tis for the dead, not for the quick; there- 1 Clo. E'en that. fore thou liest.
Ham. Alas, poor Yorick !--I knew him, Horatio ; I Clo. "Tis a quick lie, sir; 'twill away again, a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy: from me to you.
he hath borne me on his back a thousand times; Ham. What man dost thou dig it for ?
and now, how abhorred in my imagination it is! I Clo. For no man, sir.
my gorge rises at it. Here hung those lips, that I Ham. What woman, then ?
have kissed I know not how oft. Where be your 1. Clo. For none neither.
gibes now? your gambols ? your songs? your Ham. Who is to be buried in't?
Hashes of merriment, that were wont to set the I Clo. One that was a woman, sir; but rest her table on a roar? Not one now, to mock your own wul, she's dead.
grinning ?? quite chap-fallen? Now get you to my Ham. How absolute the knave is! we must speak Tady's chamber, and tell her, let her paint an inch by the card,' or equivocation will undo us. By the thick, to this favour she must come; make her lord, Horatio, these three years I have taken note langh at that.—'Prythee, Horatio, tell me one thing. of it; the age is grown so picked, that the toe of Hor. What's that, my lord ? the peasant comes so near the heel of the courtier, Ham. Dost thou think, Alexander look'd oʻthis he galls his kibe.How long hast thou been a grave fashion i' the earth? maker ?
Hor. E'en so. I Clo. Of all the days i' the year, I came to 't Ham. And smelt so? pah! that day that our last king Hamlet overcame For
i [Throws down the Scull. tinbras.4
Hor. E'en so, my lord. Ham. How long's that since ?
Ham. To what base uses we may return, Horatiu! I Clo. Cannot you tell that? every fool can tell Why may not imagination trace the noble dust of that: It was that very day that young Hamlet was Alexander, till he find it stopping a bunghole? born :5. he that is mad, and sent into England. | Hor. 'Twere to consider too curiously, to con.
Ham. Ay, marry, why was he sent into England ? sider so.
1 Clo. Why, because he was mad: he shall re-l Ham. No, 'faith, not a jot; but to follow him cover his wits there; or, if he do not, 'tis no great thither with modesty enough, and likelihood to lead matter there.
.. it: As thus; Alexander died, Alexander was Ham. Why?
buried, Alexander returneth to dust; the dust is 1 Clo. 'Twill not be seen in him there ; there the earth; of earth we make loam: And why of that men are as mad as he.
loam, whersto he was converted, might they not Ham. How came he mad? ..
stop a beer barrel ? 1 Clo. Very strangely, they say.
Imperious?° Cæsar, dead, and turn'd to clay, Ham. How strangely?
Might stop a hole to keep the wind away :: i Clo. 'Faith, e'en with Insing his wits.
O, that the earth, which kept the world in awe, Ham. Upon what ground ?
Should patch a wall to expel the winter's flaw!1? : 1 Clo. Why, here in Denmark; I have been But soft! but soft! aside :-Here comes the king, voxton here, man and boy, thirty years, Ham. How long will a mian lie i'the earth ere he rot? |
Enter Priests, fc. in Procession ; the Corpse of I Clo. 'Faith, if he be not rotten before he die,
| OPHELIA, LAERTES, and Mourners, following ; (as we have many pocky corses now-a-days, that
hai King, Queen, their Trains, &-c. scarce will hold the laving in,) he will last you The queen, the courtiers : Who is this they follow? some eight year, or nine year: a tanner will last And with such maimed rites! This doth betoken, you nine year,
The corse, they follow, did with desperate hand Hani. Why he more than another ? . Fordo12 its own life. 'Twas of some estate 13
I Clo. Why, sir, his hide is so tanned with his Couch we awhile, and mark. trade, that he will keep out water a great while;
..[Retiring with Horatio. and your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson Laer. What ceremony else ? dead body. Here's a scull now hath lain you i' the Ham.
. That is Laertes, earth three-and-twenty years.
A very noble youth: Mark. Ham. Whose was it?
Laer. What ceremony else? 1 Clo. A whoreson mad fellow's it was ; Whose 1 Priest.14. Her obsequies have been as far endo you think it was?
larg'd Ham. Nay, I know not.
As we have warranty: Her death was doubtful; 1 Clo. A pestilence on him for a mad rogue, he And, but that great command o'ersways the order, poured a flagon of Rhenish on my head once, She should in ground unsanctified have lodg'd This same scull, sir, was Yorick's scull, the king's Till the last trumpet ; for charitable prayers, jester.
Shards, 's flints, and pebbles should be thrown on her,
Yet here she is allowed her virgin crants, 16 1 "To speak by the card,” is to speak precisely, byl 7 Folio-jeering.
3 Quarto--table. rule, or according to a prescribed course. It is a meta-19 Favour is countenance, complexion. phor from the seaman's card or chart by which he 10 Imperial is substituted in the folio. Vide Troilur guides his course.
and Cressida, Act iv. Sc. 5. 2 Seven, quarto, 1603.
| 11 A fiaw is a violent gust of wind. See Coriolanus 3 Picked is curious, over nice. Thus in the Cam. Act v. Sc. 3. pridge Dict. 1594:- Conquisitus, exquisite, and picked, l. 12 To fordo is to undo, to destroy. Thus in Othello : perfite, fine, dainty, curious.' See King John, Act i. Sc. 1.
. This is the night 4 Look you, here's a scull hath been here this dozen . That, either makes me or fordoes me quite.' vear, let me see, ay, ever since our last King Hamlet (Would to God it might be leful for me to fordoo my Blew Fortenbrasse in combat: young Hamlet's father, self, or to make an end of me. Acolastus, 1529. he that's mad.' Quarto of 1603. It will be seen that 13 Estate for rank. Estates was a common term for the poet places this event thirty years ago in the present persons of rank. copy. See the next note by Sir William Blackstone. 114 QuartoDoctor.
5. By this scène, it appears that Hamlet was then lö Shards, does not only mean fragments of pots and thirty years old, and knew Yorick well, who had been tiles, but rubbish of any kind. Barel has shardes of dead twenty-three years. And yet in the beginning of stones, fragmentum lapidis ;' and shardes, or pieces he play he is spoken of as a very young man, one that of stones broken and shattred, rubbel or rubbish of old designed io go back to school, i. e. to the university of houses.' Our version of the Bible has preserved to us Wittenburgh. The poet in the fifth act had forgot what potsherds ; and I have heard bricklayers, in Surrey ne wrote in the first... Blackstone.
and Sussex, use the compounds tile-sherds, slate. 6 Nimirum insanus paucis videatur; eo quod : sherds, &c. Maxima pars hominum morbo jactatur eodem.'. | 16 i. e. garlands. Stil, useu in most szerthern lan.
Horat. Sat. 3, Lib. ij., Iguages, but no other example of its use; ung us has To mine own room again : making so bold, yet offered itself. It is thought that Shakspeare may have met with the word in some old history of Hamlet, which
Strengthen your patience in our last mink
Her maiden strewments, and the bringing homoi Queen. For love of God, forbear him.
Ham. Zounds, show me what thei'lt do:
Woo't weep? woo't fight? woo't fast? woo't team 1 Priest No more be done!
thyself, We should profane the service of the dead, Woo't drink up esile, eat a crocodile ? To sing a requiem,' and such rest to her
I'll do't.-Dost thou come here to whine? As to peace-parted souls.
To outface me with leaping in her grave ? Laer.
Lay her i’ the earth ;- Be buried quick with her, and so will I: And from her fair and unpolluted flesh,
And, if thou prate of mountains, let them throw May violets spring !2--I tell thee, churlish priest, Millions of acres on us ; till our ground, A ministring angel shall my sister be,
Singing his pate against the burning zone, When thou liest howling.
Make Ossa like a wart! Nay, an thou’lt mouth, Ham.
What, the fair Ophelia I'll rant as well as thou. Queen. Sweets to the sweet : Farewell !
This is mere madness : [Scattering Flowers And thus awhile the fit will work on him ; I hop'd thou shouldst have been my Hamlet's wife ;| Anon, as patient as the female dove, I thought, thy bride-bed to have deck'd, sweet maid, When that her golden couplets are disclos'd, 4 And not have strew'd thy grave,
His silence will sit drooping.
*0, treble wo
Hear you, sir; Fall ten times treble on that cursed head,
What is the reason that you use me thus? Whose wicked deed thy most ingenious sense I lov'd you ever : But it is no matter; Depriv'd thee of!-Hold off the earth a while, Let Hercules himself do what he may, Till I have caught her once more in mine arms: The cat will mew, the dog will have his day. (Exu
[Leups into the Grave. King. I pray thee, good Horatio, wait upor Now pile your dust upon the quick and dead;
him. Till of this flat a mountain you have made To o'ertop old Pelion, or the skyish head
en your patience in our last night's speech;
ITO LAERTES. Of blue Olympus.
We'll put the matter to the present push. Ham. [Advancing.] What is he, whose grief Good Gertrude, set some watch over your socia: Bears such an emphasis? whose phrase of sorrow This grave shall have a living monument : Conjures the wandering stars, and makes them stand An hour of quiet shortly shall we see ; Like wonder-wounded hearers ? this is I,
| Till then, in patience our proceeding be. [Exeunt. Hamlet the Dane.
(Leaps into the Grace. Laer. The devil take thy soul!
SCENE II. A Hall in the Castle. Enter HAM [Grappling with him.
LET and HORATIO. Ham. Thou pray'st not well."
Ham. So much for this, sir: now shall you see I pry'thee, take thy fingers from thy throat;
the other ;For, though I am not splenetive and rash,
You do remember all the circumstance? Yet have I in me something dangerous,
Hor. Remember it, my lori! Which let thy wisdom fear: Hold off thy hand. Ham. Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting King. Pluck them asunder.
That would not let me sleep: methought, I lay Queen.
Hamlet, Hamlet! Worse than the mutiness in the bilboes.6 Rashly, All. Gentlemen,
And prais'd be rashness for it. Let us know, Hor.
Good my lord, be quiet. Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well, [The Attendants part them, and they come When our deep plots do pall:' and that should out of the Grave.
teach us, Ham. Why, I will fight with him upon this theme, There's a divinity that shapes our ends, Until my eyelids will no longer wág.
Rough-hew them how we will. Queen. O, my son! what theme?
That is most certain. Ham. I lov'd Ophelia ; forty thousand brothers Ham. Up from my cabin, Could not, with all their quantity of love
My sea-gown scarf'd about me, in the dark Make up my sum..What wilt thou do for her? Grop'd I to find out them: had my desire; King. O, he is mad, Laertes.
Finger'd their packet: and, in fine, withdrew
h My fears forgetting manners, to unseal furnished him with his fable. The editor of the first folio
1; where I found changed this unusual word for rites, a less appropriate A royal knavery; an exact command, word. Warburton boldly substituted chunts, and Mr. Alexander Chalmers affirms that this is the true word. 4 See note on Act iii. Sc. 1. The golden couplets al
1 A requiem is a mass sing for the rest of the soul of ludes to the dove only laying two eggs. The young the dead." So called from the words
nestlings when first disclosed are only covered with a : "Requiem æternam dona eis, Domine,' &c. yellow down, and the mother rarely leaves the nest, in part of the service.
consequence of the tenderness of her young. 2 e tumulo fortunataque favilla
5 i. e. mutineers. See King John, Act ij. Sc. 2. Nascentur violæ ?
Persius, Sat. i. 6 The bilboes were bars of iron with fetters annexed 3 The quarto of 1603 reads :-Wilt drink up vessels to them, by which mutinous or disorderly sailors were and instead of Ossa, Oosell. Some of the commentators anciently linked together. The word is derived from. have supposed that by esill Hamlet means vinegar. Bilboa, in Spain, where implements of iron and steel But surely the strain of exaggeration and rant of the rest were fabricated. To understand Shakspeare's allusion, of the speech requires some more impossible feat than it should be known that as these fetters connected the that of drinking up vinegar. What river, lake, or firth legs of the offenders very closely together. their attempts Shakspeare meant to designate is uncertain, perhaps to rest must be as fruitless as those of Hamlet, in whosa the Issel, but the firth of Iyse is nearest to his scene of mind there was a kind of fighting that would not let action, and near enough in name. What the late editors him sleep. Every motion of one must disturb his part meant by their strange contraction of woul't I know not. ner in confinement. The bilboes are still shown in the Mr. Gifford observes that they appear none of theni to Tower, among the other spoils of the Spanish Armada. have understood the grammatical construction of the 7 To pall was to fade or fall away; to become, as it passage. Woo't or woot'o, in the northern counties, is were, dead, or without spirit: from the old French the common contraction of wouldst thou, and this is the pasler. Thus in Antony and Cleopatra : reading of the old copies. This sort of hyperbole Ma.
I'll never follow thy pallid fortunes more.' lore has shown was common with our ancient poets :- 18 Malone has told us that the sea-gown appears 10 • Come, drink up Rhine, Thames, and Meander dry.' have been the usual dress of seamen in Shakspeare's
Eastward Hoe, 1609. time; but not a word of what it was like. Esclavine, Else would I set my mouth to Tygris streams,
(says Cotgrave,) a sea-gowne, a coarse high-collar'd And drink up overflowing Euphrates.'
and short-sleeved gowne, reaching to the mid-leg, and Greene's Orlando Furioso 1599 Lused mostly by seameri and sailors.
ratio, to' I'll court his favour, but there is no necessity for 4 Statists are statesmen. Blackstone says, that most change. Hamlet means, I'll make account of his of our great men of Shakspeare's time wrote very bad favours,' i. e. of his good will ; for this was the general hands; their secretaries very neat ones.' This must be meaning of favours in the poet's time. taken with some qualification; for Elizabeth's two most | 10 The quarto of 1603—Enter a braggart Gentle powerful ministers, Leicester and Burleigh, both wrote man.' good hands. It is certain that there were some who did | 11 In Troilus and Cressida, Thersites says, "How the write most wretched scrawls, but probably not from poor world is restered with such water-flies ; dimi. affectation; though it was accounted a mechanical and nutives of nature. The gnats and such like ephemera Fulgar accomplishment to write a fair hand. The worst insects are not inapt emblems of such busy triflers as and most unintelligible scrawls I have met with, are Osric. Sir Richard Sackvillela in Elizabeth's time and the 12 Exceedingly, my lord ; 'tis very sultry.' miserable scribbling of Secretary Conway, of whom b igniculum brumæ si tempore poscas James said they had given him a secretary that could Accipit endromidem; si dexeris æstuo, sudat.' neither write nor read.
Larded with many several sorts of reasons, | Thrown out his angle for my proper life,
To let this canker of our nature come
In further evil? My head should be struck off.
Hor. It must be shortly known to hin from Eng. Hor. Is't possible ?
land, Ham. Here's the commission; read it at inore | What is the issue of the business there. leisure.
Ham. It will be short: the interim is mine; But wilt thou hear now how I did proceed? And a man's life no more than to say, one. Hor. Ay, 'beseech you.
But I am very sorry, good Horatio, Ham. Being thus benetted round with villaries, That to Laertes I forgot myself; Or3 I could make a prologue to my brains,
For by the image of my cause, I see They had begun the play ;-I sat me down; The portraiture of his : I'll count' his favours : Devis'd a new commission; wrote it fair :
But, sure, the bravery of his grief did put me I once did hold it, as our statists4 do,
Intu a towering passion. A baseness to write fair, and labour'd much
Peace: who comes here! How to forget that learning ; but, sir, now
Enter Osric.10 It did me yeoman's service:5 Wilt thou know Osr. Your lordship is right welcome back to The effect of what I wrote ?
Ay, good my lord. Ham. I humbly thank you, sir.-Dost know this Ham. An earnest conjuration from the king, water-fiy ?11 As England was his faithful tributary;
Hor. No, my good lord. As love between them like the palm might flourish; Ham. Thy state is the more gracious; for 'tis a As peace should still her wheaten garland wear,
ear. vice to know him: He hath much land and fertile : And stand a comma 'tween their anities;
let a beast be lord of beasts, and his crib shall And many such like ases of great charge,
stand at the king's mess : "Tis a chough ; but, as ] That, on ihe view and knowing of these contents, say, spacious in the possession of dirt. Without debatement further, more, or less,
Osr. Sweet lord, if your lordship were at leisure, He should the bearers put to sudden death, I should impart a thing to you from his majesty. Not shriving time allow'd."
Ham. I will receive it, sir, with all diligence of Hor.
How was this seald ? spirit: Your bonnet to his right use; 'tis for the Ham. Why, even in that was heaven ordinant ;
head. I had my father's signet in my purse,
Osr. I thank your lordship, 'tis very hot. Which was the model of that Danish seal :
Ham. No, believe me, sir,'iis very cold : the wind Folded the writ up in form of the other;
is northerly. Subscrib'd it; gave't the impression; plac'd it safely, Osr. It is indifferent cold, my lord, indeed. The changeling never known: Now, the next day Ham. But yet, methinks, it is very sultry and Was our seafight; and what to this was sequent hot; or my complexion Thou know'st already.
Osr. Exceedingly, my lord; it is very sultry, 12 Hor. So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to't. as 'twere.--I cannot tell how-My lord, his maHam. Why, man, they did make love to this jesty bade me signify to you, that he has laid a great employment;
wager on your head: Sir, this is the matter, They are not near my conscience; their defeat Ham. I beseech you, remember Does by their own insinuation grow:
HAMLET moves him to put on his Hal. 'Tis dangerous, when the baser nature comes
Ost Nay, good my lord; for my ease in good Between the pass and fell incensed points
faith.13 Sir, here is newly come to court, Laertes: Of mighty opposites.
believe me, an absolute gentleman, full of most exHor.
Why, what a king is this? cellent differences, 14 of very soft society, and great Ham. Does it not, think thee, stand me now showing: Indeed, to speak feelingly of him, he is upon ?8
the cardis or, calendar of gentry, for you shall find He that hath kill'd my king, and whor'd my mother; in him the continent16 of what part a gentleman Popp'd in between the election and my hopes; would see,
1.With. ho! such bugs and goblins in my life.
7 Not shriving-time allow'd. That is, without With such causes of terror arising from my character allowing time for the confession of their sins. and designs.' Bugs were no less terrific than goblins. S'Bethink thee, does it not become incumbent upon We now call then bugbears.
me to requite him, &c. Vide note upon King Richard 25 on the supervise, no leisure bated. The | II. Act ii. Sc. 3. This passage and the three following supervise is the looking over; no leisure bated means speeches are not in the quartos. without any abatement or intermission of time.
'll count his favours.' Rowe changed this 3 Or,' for ere, before. See Tempest, Act i. Sc. 2.
Juvenal 5 Yeoman's service I take to be good substantial 13 The folio omits this and the following fourteen service. The 21i9nt yeomen were famous for their speeches; and in their place substitutes, 'Sir, you are staunch valoui o ihe field; and Sir Thomas Smyth not ignorant of what excellence Laertes is at his says, they were the stable troop of footmen that affraide | weapon.' all France.'
14 i. e, distinguishing excellencies. 6 stand a comma 'tween their amities.' This is 15 "The card or calendar of gentry. The generas Guiy expressed, as Johnson observes : but the meaning preceptor of elegance; the card (chart) by which a appears to be, Stand as a comma, i.e. as a note of con. gentleman is to direct his course ; the calendur by which nexion between heir amities, to prevent them from he is to order his time. being brought to y period.'
| 16 You shall find in him the continent of what part a
Ham. Sir, his definement suffers no perdition in Ham. What call you the carriages.? .. you ;—though, I know, to divide him inventorially, Hor. I knew, you must be edified by the man, would dizzy the arithmetic of memory; and yet gent ere you had done. :. but raw neither, in respect of his quick sail. But Osr. The carriages, sir, are the hangers. in the verity of extolment, I take him to be a soul Ham. The phrase would be more germanio to the of great article; and his infusion of such dearth matter, if we could carry a cannon by our sides; I and rareness, as, to make true diction of him, his would, it might be hangers till then. But, on: Six semblable is his mirror; and, who else would trace Barbary horses against six French swords, their him, his umbrage, nothing more.
assigns, and three liberal conceited carriages ; that's Ost. Your lordship speaks most infallibly of him. the French bet against the Danish : Why is this
Ham. The concernancy, sir? why do we wrap impawned, as you call it? the gentleman in our more rawer breath?
Osr. The king, sir, hath laid, that in a dozen Osr. Sir ?
passes between yourself and him, he shall not exHor. Is't not possible to understand in another ceed you three hits ;11 he hath laid on twelve for tongue! You will do't, sir, really.3
nine; and it would come to immediate trial, if your Ham. What imports the nomination of this gen- lordship would vouchsafe the answer. sleman ?
| Ham. How, if I answer no ? Osr. Of Laertes ?
Osr. I mean, my lord, the opposition of your per Hor. His purse is empty already; all his golden son in trial. svords are spent.
Ham. Sir, I will walk here in the hall : if it Ham. Of him, sir.
please his majesty, it is the breathing time of day Osr. I know, you are not ignorant
with me: let the foils be brought, the gentleman Ham. I would, you did, sir; yet, in faith, if you willing, and the king hold his purpose, I will win did, it would not much approve me.4-Well, sir. for him, if I can; if not, I will gain nothing but my
Osr. You are not ignorant of what excellence shame, and the odd hits. Laertes is
Osr. Shall I deliver you so? Ham. I dare not confess that, lest I should com- Ham. To this effect, sir; after what flourish your pare with him in excellence; but, to know a man nature will. well, were to know himself.5"
Osr. I commend my duty to your lordship. Osr. I mean, sir, for his weapon; but in the
[Ext. imputation laid on him by them, in his' meede he's Ham. Yours, yours.--He does well to commend unfellowed.
it himself; there are no tongues else for's turn. Ham. What's his weapon?
Hor. This lapwing!2 runs away with the shell on Osr. Rapier and dagger..
his head. Ham. That's two of his weapons : but, well. Ham. He did complyl3 with his dug, before he
Osr. The king, sir, hath wagered with him six sucked it. Thus has he, (and many more of the Barbary horses : against the which he has impawn- same bevy, 14 that, I know, the drossy age dotes ed,' as I take it, six French rapiers and puniards, on,) only got the tune of the time, and outward with their assigns, as girdle, hangers, and so: habit of encounter ;15 a kind of yesty collection, Three of the carriages, in faith, are very dear to which carries them through and through the most fancy, very responsive to the hilts, most delicate fanned and winnowed opinions ;16 and do but blow carriages, and oi ysry liberal conceit.. . them lo their trial, the bubbles are out.
See Act ii. Sccomply with his di Vittoria de
gentleman wouii see.' You shall find him containing 9 « The margent.' The gloss or commentary in old and comprising every Quality which a gentleman would books was usually on the margin of the leaf. desire to contemplate for imitation. Perhaps we should 10 i. e. more a kin. "'Those that are german to him, read, "You shall find him the continent.
though fifty times removed, shall come under the hang I Dearth, according to Tooke, is the third person man. - Vinter's Tale. singular of the verb to dere ; it means some cause which 11 The conditions of the wager are thus given in the dereth, i.e. maketh dear; or hurteth, or doth mischief.' quarto of 1603 :That dearth was, therefore, used for scarcity, as well "Marry, sir, that young Laertes in twelve venies as dearness, appears from the following passage in a At rapier and dagger, do not get three odds of you.' MS. petition to the council, by the merchants of London, 12 "This lapwing runs away with the shell on his 6 Edw. VI.: speaking of the causes of the decrness of head.' Horatio means la call Osric a raw, unfledged, cloth, they say, "This detriment cometh through the foolish fellow. It was a common comparison for a dearth of wool, the procurers whereof being a few in forward fool. Thus in Meres's IVits Treasury, 1599:number for sha augmentation of the same. Conway' As the lapwing runneth away with the shell on her Papers.
head, as soon as she is hatched,' &c. This speech is a ridicule of the Euphuism, or court
Forward lapwing, jargon of that time.
He flies with the shell on his head." 3 Is it not possible to understand in another tongue?
Vittoria Corombona. You will do't, sir, really.' This interrogatory remark 1.13 He did comply h his dug, before he sucked it." is very obscure. The sense may be, Is it not possible for See Act ii. Sc. 2. this fantastic fellow to understand in plainer language? 14 The folio reads, mine more of the same bevy. You will, however, imitate his jargon admirably, really, Mine is evidently a misprint, and more likely for manie sir.' It seems very probable that .another tongue, is (i. e. mang than mine. The quarto of 1604 reads, an error of the press for mother tongue.'
many more of the same breed.' 4. If you did, it would not tend much toward proving 15 Outward habit of encounter is exterior politeness me or confirming me.'-What Hamlet would have of address. added we know not; but surely Shakspeare's use of 16 A kind of yesty collection, which carries them the word approve, upon all occasions, is against John- through and through the most fanned and winnowed son's explanation of it to recommend to approbation.' opinions,' &c. The folio reads, fond and winnowed. There is no consistency in the commentators ; they The corruption of the quarto, prophaned and tren. rarely look at the prevalent sense of a word in the poet, nowed,' is not worth attention; and I have no doubt that but explain it many ways, to suit their own views of the fond in the folio should be funned, formerly spelt fan'd, meaning of a passage.
and sometimes even without the apostrophe. Fanned Š I dare not confess that, lest I should compare with and winnowed are almost always coupled by old writers, him, &c.' I dare not pretend to know him, lest I should for reasons that may be seen under those words in pretend to an equality: no man can completely know Baret's Alvearie. So Shakspeare himself, in Troilus another, but hy knowing himself, which is the utmost and Cressida : . extent of human wisdom.
Distinction with a broad and powerful fan, 6 Meed x merit. Vide King Henry VI. Part III. Puffing at all, winnows the light away." Actii. Sc. l.
The meaning is, 'These men have got the cant of the 7 "Impawned. The folioreads imponed. Pignare, day, a superficial readiness of slight and cursory con. in Italian, signifies both to impawn and to lay a wager. versation, a kind of frothy collection of fashionable pral. The stakes are, indeed, a gage or pledge. .
tle, which yet carries them through with the most light 8 Hangers, that part of the helt by which the sword and inconsequential judgments ; but if brotaght to the was suspended.
trial by the slightest breath of rational conversation, thu pearl into the cup, the King may, be sunnosed to drop 6 i, e, unwounded. This is a piece of satire on fan- some poisonous drug into the wine. Hamlet sub. batical honour. Though nature is satisfied, yet he will sequeridly asks him taintingly, Is the union here -:
Enter a Lorde
: Sir, in his audience, Lord. My lord, his majesty commended him to Let my disclaiming from a purpos'd evil you by young Osric, who brings back to him, that Free me so far in your mosi generous thoughts, you attend him in the hall: He sends to know, if That I have shot my arrow o'er the house, vour pleasure hold to play with Laertes, or that ycu And hurt my brother..: will take longer time.'
I am satisfied in naturo, Ham. I am constant to my purposes, they follow Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most the king's pleasure: if his fitness speaks, mine is To my revenge : but in my terms of honour, ready; now, or whensoever, provided I he so able I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, as now.
Till by some elder masters, of known honoui, Lord. The king, and queen, and all are coming I have a voice and precedent of peace, down.
To keep my name ingorg'd:6 But till that tince, Ham. In happy time.
I do receive your offer'd love like love,
I embrace it freely,
Come, one for me. France, I have been in continual practice ; I shall Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes; in mine ignorano win at the odds. But thou would'st not think, how | Your skill shali, like a star i' the darkest night ill all's here about my heart: but it is no matter. Stick fiery off indeed. Hor. Nay, good my lord,
You mock me, sir. Ham. It is but foolery ; but it is such a kind of Ham. No, by this hand. gain-giving, as would, perhaps, trouble a woman. King. Give them the foils, young Osric.-Cousia
Hor. If your mind dislike any thing, obey it: Il Hamlet, will forestal their repair hither, and say, you are You know the wager? not fit.
Very well, my lord; Ham. Not a whit, we defy augury; there is a Your grace hath laid the odds? o'the weaker side. special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be King. I do not fear it: I have seen you both :now, 'tis not to come ; if it be not to come, it will be But since he's better'd, we have therefore odds. now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the readi- Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. ness is all: Since no inan, of aught he leaves, Ham. This likes me well: These foils have all a knows;--what is’t to leave betimes. Let be.
[They prepare to play. Enter King, Queen, LAERTES, Lords, Osric, and! Osr. Ay, my good lord. Attendants, with Foils, &c..
TKing: Set me the stoups of wine upon that
table :King. Cóme, Hamlet, come, and take this handic
hand If Hamlet give the first or second hit, from me.
ol Or quit in answer of the third exchange, [The King puts the hand of LAERTEs into that
Let all the battlements their ordnance fire: of HAMLET. Ham. Give me your pardon, sir: I have done
The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath;
*** | And in the cup an union shall he throw, you wrong;
Richer than that which four success've kings Stspardon it, as you are a gentleman.
In Denmark's crown have worn; Gore me the cups ; This presence knows, and you must needs have heard,
And let the kettle to the trumpet speaky
| The trumpet to the cannoneer without How I am punish'd with a sore distraction. . What I have done,
The cannons to the heavens, the heaven to earth,
Now the king drinks to Hamlet.-Come, begin ; That might your nature, honour, and exception, Roughly awake, I here proclaim was madness.
And you, the judges, bear a wary eye. Was't Hamlet wrong's Laertes? Never, Hamlet:
Ham. Come on, sir.. If Hamlet from himself be ta'en away,
Come, my lord. [They play.
Osr. A hit, a very palpable hit.
Well,--again. His madness is poor Hamlet's enemy. bubbles burst; or, in other words, display their emp, ask advice of older men of the sword, whether artificial tiness."
honour ought to be contented with Hamlet's apology. 1 All that passes between Hamlet and this Lord is 7 The king had wagered six Burbury horses to a few omitted in the folio.
rapiers, poniards, &c.; that is, about twenty to one.2 i. e. misgiving, a giving against, or an internal These are the odds here meant. The odds the King feeling and prognostic of evil. ..
means in the next speech were twelve to nine in favour 3. Since no man, of aught he leaves, knows of Hamlet, by Laertes giving him three. . What is it to leave betimes ! This is the reading of 8 Stoup is a common word in Scotland at this day, the folio; the quarto reads, Since no man has aug tand denotes a pewter vessel resembling our wine mea. of what he leaves. What is't to leave betimes.' Has sures; but of no determinate quantity; for there are is evidenily here a blunder for knows. Johnson thus gallon-stoups, pint-stoups, muichkin-stoups, &c. The interprets the passage :- Since no man knows aught vessel in which water is fetched or kept is also called a of the state which he leaves, since he cannot judge what waier-stoup. A stoup of wine is therefore equivalent to other years may produce, why should we be afraid of a pitcher of wine. leaving life betimes?: Warburton's explanation is g An union is a precious pearl, remarkable for its very ingenious, but perhaps strains the poet's meaning size. 'And hereupon it is that our dainties and delicates farther than he intended. It is true that by death we here at Rome, &c. call them unions, as a man would lose all the goods of life ; yet seeing this loss is no say singular, and by themselves alone.' To swallow a otherwise an evil than as we are sensible of it.; and pearl in a draught seems to have been common to royal since death removes all sense of it, what matters it how and mercantile prodigality. Thus in the second part of soon we lose them. This argument against the fear of! If You Know Not Me You Know Nobody :death has been dilated and placed in a very striking Here sixteen thousand pound at one clap goes, light by the late Mr. Green-See Diary of a Lover of Instead of sugar. Gresham drinks this pearl Literature, Ipswich, 1810, 410. p. 230.- Shakspeare . Unto the queen his mistress.' himself has elsewhere said, the sense of death is most According to Rondeletus, pearls were supposed to have in apprehension.'
an exhilarating quality. Uniones quæ a conchis, &c. 4 1. e. the king and queen. "
valde cordiale sunt.' Under pretence of throwing a
con is a precious meatus Jo.
This line is not in this is a piece of saliteet he will sequen!