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ner, do; I will gyve' thee in thine own courtship. guard:8_First, I must tell thee thisDesdemona You say rue ; 'tis so indeed : if such tricks as these is directly ir. love with him. strip you out of your lieutenantry, it had been better Rod. With him! why, 'tis not possible. you had not kissed your three fingers so oft, which Iago. Lay thy fingerthus,' and let thy soul be now again you are most apt to play the sir in. | instructed. Märk me with what violence she first Very good; well kissed! an excellent courtesy ! | loved the Moor, but for bragging, and telling her 'ris so, indeed. Yet again your fingers to your fantastical lies : And will she love him still for lips ? 'would, they were clyster-pipes for your sake! prating ? let not thy discreet heart think it. Her --- Trumpet.] The Moor, I know his trumpet. eye must be fed ; and what delight shall she have Cas. ''Tis truly so.

to look on the devil ? When the blood is made dı:31 Des. Let's meet him, and receive him.

with the act of sport, there should be again to Cas. Lo, where he comes!

inflame it, and to give satiety a fresh appetite,

| loveliness in favour; sympathy in years, manners, Enter OTHELLO, and Attendants...

and beauties; all which the Moor is defective in: Oth. O, my fair warrior.2 :

Now, for want of these required conveniences, her Des.

My dear Othello! delicate tenderness will find itself abused, begin 10 Oth. It gives me wonder great as my content, heave the gorge, disrelish and abhor the Moor , To see you here before me. o, my soul's joy! very nature will instruct her in it, and compel her If after every tempest come such calms,

to some second choice. Now, sir, this granted, (as May the winds blow till they have waken'd death! | it is a most pregnant and unforced position,) who And let the labouring bark climb hills of seas, stands so eminently in the degree of ihis fortune, as Olympus-high; and duck again as low

Cassio does ? a knave very voluble, no further conAs hell's from heaven! If it were now to die, scionable, than in putting on the mere form of civil 'Twere now to be most happy ;3 for, I fear, and humane seeming, for the better compassing oi My soul hath her content so absolute,

his salt and most hidden loose affection ? why, That not another comfort like to this

none; why, none: A slippery and subtle knave; a Succeeds in unknown fate.

finder out of occasions; that has an eye can stamp Des.

The heavens forbid, and counterfeit advantages, though true advantage But that our loves and comforts should increase, never present itself: A devilish knave! besides, Even as our days do grow !

the knave is handsome, young; and hath all those Oth.

Amen to that, sweet powers ! requisites in him, that folly and green mindsio look I cannot speak enough of this content,

after: A pestilent complete knave; and the woman It stops me here; it is too much of joy:

hath found him already. And this, and this, the greatest discords be, 4

Rod. I cannot believe that in her ; she is full of

[Kissing her. most blessed condition.!! That e'er our hearts shall make!

| lago. Blessed fig's end ! the wine she drinks is Jago.

0, you are well tun'd now ! made of grapes: if she had been blessed, she would But I'll set down the pegs that make this music, never have loved the Moor; Blessed pudding! Didst As honest as I am.

(Aside. thou not see her paddle with the palm of his hand ? Oth.

Come, let's to the castle.- didst not mark that? News, friends; our wars are done, the Turks are Rod. Yes, that I did; but that was but courtesy. drown'd.

lago. Lechery, by his hand ; an index, 12 and obHow do our old acquaintance of this isle ?-- scure prologue to the history of lust and soul thoughts. Honey, you shall be well desir'ds in Cyprus, They met so near with their lips, that their breaths I have found great love amongst them. O, my sweet, embraced together. Villanous thoughts, Roderi. I prattle out of fashion and I dote

go! when these mutualities so marshal the way, In mine own comforts. I pr’ythee, good Iago, hard at hand comes the master and main exercise, Go to the bay, and disembark my coffers :

the incorporate conclusion : Pish!--But, sir, be Bring thou the master? to the citadel;

you ruled by me: I have brought you from Venice. He is a good one, and his worthiness

Watch you to-night; for the command, I'll lay't Does challenge much respect. --Come, Desdemona, upon you: Cassio knows you not ;--I'll not be far Once more, well met at Cyprus.

from you: Do you find some occasion to anger [Exeunt OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, and Cassio, either by speaking too loud, or tainting!3 his Attendants.

discipline; or from what other course you please, lago. Do thou ineet me presently at the harbour. which the time shall more favourably minister. Come hither. If thou be'st valiant as they say) Rod. Well. base men, being in love, have then a nobility in Jago. Sir, he is rash, and very sudden'4 in choler; their natures more than is native to them,--list me. and, haply, with his truncheon may strike at you: The lieutenant to-night watches on the court of Provoke him, that he

even out of that,

will I cause these of Cyprus to mutiny; whose I To gyre is to r, in shackle. The first quarto reads- I will catch you in your own courtsies.' It may wedding I was with myn hostes, and also desyryd by be as well to observe that courtship is the same as ye jentylman himselfe.' courtesy, i. e. complimentary or courtly behaviour. Toő Out of method, without any settled order of dis. play the sir, is to show good breeding and gallantry. course.

2 This phrase was introduced by our copiers of the 7 The master is a distinct person from the pilot of a French sonnetteers. Ronsard frequently calls his mis.vessel, and has the principal care and command of the cresses guerrieres ; and Southern, his imitator, is not vessel under the captain, where there is a captain ; and less prodigal of the same appellation. Thus in his fifth l in chief where there is none. Dr. Johnson confounded sonnet :

the master with the pilot, and the poet himself seems to "And my fair u arrior, my light shines in thy fair eyes.' have done so. See the first line of Scene 2, Act iji.

3 So Cherea in The Eunuch of Terence, Aci iii. 9 That is, the place where the guard musters. Sc. 5:

9 On thy mouth to stop it, while thou art listening to - Proh Jupiter!

a wiser man. Nunc tempus profecto est, cum perpeti me possum in. | 10 Minds unripe, minds not yet fully formed. terfici,

11 Qualities, disposition of mind. Ne vita aliqua hoc gaudium contaminet ægritudine.' 12 It has already been observed that indercs were for 4 Thus in Marlowe's Lust's Dominion :

merly prefixed to books. I pri’thee chide, if I have done amiss,

13 Throwing a slur upon his discipline. So in Troj. But let my punishment be this and this.

lus and Cressida, Act i. Sc. ?:[Kissing the Moor.'

In taint of our best man.' Marlowe's play was written before that of Shak. 14 Sudden is precipitately violent. So Malcolm de speare, who might possibly have acted in it.

i scribing Macbeth:-5 i. e, much solicited by invitation. So in The Letters

I grant him bloodyof the Paston Family, vol. i. p. 299:-. Ar the which

Sudden, malicious':


LO Tete

qualification shall come into no true taste again, I SCENE III. A Hall in the Castle. Enter Sut by the displanting of Cassio. So shall you have OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, Cassio, and Atterr a shorter journey to your desires, by the means I dants. shall then have to prefer them; and the impedi- Oth. Good Michael, look you to the guard to ment most profitably removed, without the which

night: there were no expectation of our prosperity... Let's teach ourselves that honourable stop,

Rod. I will do this, if I can bring it to any oppor Not to outsport discretion. tunity.

Cas. Iago hath direction what to do ;
Iago. I warrant thee. Meet me by and by at But, notwithstanding, with my personal eyo
the citadel: I must fetch his necessáries ashore. Will I look to't.


Iago is inost honest. Rod. Adieu.

[Exit. Michael, good night: To-morrow with our earliest, lago. That Cassio loves her, I do well believe it ; Let me have speech with you.---Come, my dear Thai she loves him, 'tis apt, and of great credit:

love, The Moor--howbeit that I endure him not, The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue ; Is of a constant, loving, noble nature ;

And, I dare think, he'll prove to Desdemona That profit's yet to come 'twixt me and you.--
A most dear husband. Now I do love her too ; Good night. [Exeunt Orh. Des. and Attend.
Not out of absolute lust, (though, peradventure,

Enter Iago.
I stand accountant for as great a sin,)
But partly led to diet my revenge,

Cas. Welcome, lago: We must to the watch. For ihat I do suspect the lusty Moor

Iago. Not this hour, lieutenant; 'tis not yet ten Hath leap'd into my seat: the thought whereof o'clock: Our general cast' us thus early, for the Doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards; I love of his Desdemona; whom let us not therefore And nothing can or shall content my soul,

blame; he hath not yet made wanton the night with Till I am even3 with him, wife for wife;

her: and she is sport for Jove. Or, failing so, yet that I put the Moor'

Cas. She's a most exquisite lady. At least into a jealousy so strong

lago. And, I'll warrant her, full of game. That judgment cannot cure. Which thing to do,-- Cas. Indeed, she is a most fresh and delicate If this poor trash of Venice, whom I trace4

creature. For his quick hunting, stand the putting on,

lago. What an eye she has! methinks it sounds I'll have our Michael Cassio on the hip;

a parley of provocation. Abuse him to the Moor in the rank garb,5

Cas. An inviting eye; and yet methinks right For I fear Cassio with my nightcap too;

modest. Make the Moor thank me, love me, and reward me, Iago. And, when she speaks, is it not an alarm For making him egregiously an ass,

to love? And practising upon his peace and quiet,

Cas. She is, indeed, perfection. 10 Even Iness. 'Tis he

yet confus'd | Tago. Well, happiness to their sheets! Come, Knavery's plain face is never seen, till us'd.6 lieutenant, I have a stoup of wine: and here withou:

Exit. are a brace of Cyprus galla:+s, that would fain have SCENE U. A Street. Enter a Herald, with a a measure to the health of black Othello. Proclamation ; People following.

Cas. Not to-night, good lago; I have very poor

and unhappy brains for drinking ; I.could well wish Her. It is Othello's pleasure, our noble and valiant Cou

want | courtesy would invent some other custom of entergeneral, that, upor. certain tidings now arrived, im- tainment porting tho mere perdition of the Turkish fleet, Iago. O, they are our friends : but one cup: I'U every man put himself into triumph; some to dance, I drink for you." some to make bonfires, each man to what sport Cas. I have drunk but one cup tó-night, and and revels his addiction lear's him; for, besides that was craftily qualified ul too, and, behöld, what these beneficial news, it is the celebration of his innovation it makes here : I am wortunate in the nuptials : So much was his pleasure should be infirmity, and dare not task my weakness with an proclaimed. All offices are open; and there is nore. full liberty of feasting, from this present hour of five,

Iago. What, man! 'tis a night of revels; th till the bell hath told eleven. 'Heaven bless the

gallants desire it. Isle of Cyprus, and our noble general Othello!

Cas. Where are they? [Exeunt.

Iago. Here at the door; I pray you, call them i I Johnson has erroneously explained this. Qualifi.

Cas. I'll do't; but it dislikes me. [Exit Cassi cation, in our old writers, signifies appeasement, paci. fication, assuagement of anger. To appease and 5 In the rank garb,' which has puzzled Steevei a qualifie one that is angry; tranquillum facere ex irato.' and Malone, is merely in the right doron, or straight Baret.

forioard fashion.' In As You Like It, we have the 2 To advance them.

right butterwoman's rank to market.' And in King 3 Thus the quarto 1622. The folio-till I am even'd Lear, Cornwall says of Kent in disguise, that he doth with him : i. e. till I am on a level with him by re. affect a saucy roughness, and constrains the garb (i. e. taliation.

assumes the fashion) quite from his nature.' Gower 4. If this poor trash of Venice, whom I trace says of Fluellen, in King Henry V.:— You thought,

For his quick hunting, bear the putting on.' &c. because he could not speak English in the native gari, This is the reading of the folio, which, though it has a he could noi therefore handle an English cudgel.' The plain and easy sense, would not do for the commen. folio reads in the right garb.' tators, and the quarto of 1622 reading crush, they altered 6 "An honest man acts upon a plan, and forecasts his it to trash, signifying to impede, to keep back, a meall designs ; but a knave depends upon temporary and local ing the very converse of that required by the context; to opportunities, and never knows his own purpose, but say nothing of the wretched jingle of trush and trash; at the time of execution.'-Johnson. which Steevens is pleased to considero much in Shak. Mere is entire. Eneare's manner !The fact is, to trace means neither 8 All rooms, or places in the castle, at which refresh. more nor less than to follow, the appropriate hunting ments are prepared or served out. tcrm; the old French tracer, tracher, trasser, and the 9 i. e. dismissed us, threw us off, or rid himself of our Italian tracciare having the same meaning. Steevens company. The herald has just informed us that there is sadly put to it to explain how keeping Roderigo back was full liberty of feasting, &c. till eleven. So in The and putting him on can quadrate, and all is doubt and Witch, by Middleton: perplexity. Bishop Hall, in the third satire of his fifth • Śhe cast off book, uses trace for to follow :

My company betimes to-night, by tricks,' &c. Go on and thrive, my petty tyrant's pride,

10 In this and the seven short speeches precerling, the Scorn thou to live, if others live beside ;

decent character of Cassio is most powerfully contrasted And trace proud Castile, that aspires to be

with that of the licentious lago. In his old age a young fifth monarchy.'

11 Suly mixed with water.

that is, threw us off, or rid himself of ow

is sadly put to it to explain house meaning. Steevens company

Out toe har; trac


were put in mind ond nature

lago. If I can fasten but one cup upon him, | above all; and there be souls that hiust be saved With that which he hath drunk to-night already, and there be souls must not be saved. He'll be as full of quarrel and offence

Iago. It's true, good lieutenani. As my young mistress' dog. Now, my sick fool, Cas. For mine own part, no offence to the geneRoderigo,

ral, or any man of quality, -I hope to be saved. Whom love has turn'd almost the wrong side out- Iago. And so do I too, lieutenant. ward,

Cas. Ay, but, by your leave, not before nie; llor? To Desdemona hath to-night carous'd

lieutenant is to be saved before the ancient. Let's Potations pottle deep; and he's to watch:

have no more of this ; let's to our affairs.--Forgivo Three lads of Cyprus,-noble swelling spirits, us our sins !-Gentlemen, let's look to our business. That hold their honours in a wary distance, Do not think, gentlemen, I am drunk; this is my The very elements of this warlike isle,

ancient ;--this is my right hand, and this is my left Have I io-night Auster'd with flowing cups, hand : -I am not drunk now; I can stand well and they watch too. Now, 'mongst this flock of enough, and speak well enough. drunkards,

All. 'Excellent well. Am I to put our Cassio in some action

Cas. Why, very well, then ; you must not thinki, That may offend the isle :-But here they come: then, that I am drunk.

[Exit. It consequence do but approve my dream,2

Mon. To the platform, masters : come, let's set My buat sails freely, both with wind and stream. the watch. Re-enter Cassio, with him MONTANO, and

Iago. You see this fellow, that is gone before ;Gentlemen.

He is a soldier, fit to stand by Cæsar Cas. 'Fore heaven, they have given me a rouse3

And give direction; and do but see his vice; already.

'Tis to his virtue a just equinox, Mon. Good faith, a little one : not past a pint, as The one as long as the other : 'tis pity of him. I am a soldier. 4

I fear, the trust Othello puts him in, lago. Some wine, ho!

On some odd time of his infirmity

Will shake this island.
And let me the canakin clink, clink; (Sings.
And let me the canakin clink :


But is he often thus ? A soldier's a man;

Iago. 'Tis evermore the prologue to nis sleep. A life's but a span;

He'll watch the horologe a double set," Why, then, let a soldier drink.

If drink rock not his cradle. Sune wine, boys! [Wine brought in.

It were well, Cas. Fore heaven, an excellent song.

The general were put in mind of it. Iago. I learned it in England, where (inaeed)

| Perhaps, he sees it not; or his good nature they are most potent in potting: your Dane, your

Prizes the virtue that appears in Cassio, German, and your swag-bellied Hollander -Drink,

And looks not on his evils; Is not this true ? ho!-are nothing to your English.

Enter RODERIGO. Cas. Is your Englishman so expert in his drink- Iago. How now, Roderigo ? . Az»d«, ing ?

I pray you, after the lieutenant; go. Iago. Why, he drinks you with facility, your

[Exit Rover! (il", Dane dead drunk; he sweats not to overthrow your Mon. And 'tis great pity, that the noble Mou? Almain; he gives your Hollander a vomit, ere the should hazard such a place, as his own second. next pottle can be filled.

With one of an ingrafis infirinity; Cris. To the health of our general.

It were an honest action, to say Mon. I am for it, lieutenant; and I'll do you So to the Moor. justice.


Not I, for this fair island:
Tago. O, sweet England !

I do love Cassio well ; and would do much
King Stephen was a worthy peer,

To cure him of this evil. But hark! whal nisse?
His breeches cost him but a crown,

[Cry within

tse'; ! He held them sixpence all too dear, With that he call'd the tailor--lown.

Re-enter Cassio, driving in RODERICO.
He was a wight of high renown,

Cas. You rogue! you rascal!
And thou art but of low degree:


What's the natter, lieutenan? 'Tis pride that pulls the country down :

Cas. A knave !-teach me my duty!
Then take thine auld cloak about thee.

I'll beat the knave into a twiggen' boitle.
Some wine, ho!

Rod. Beat me! Cas. Why, this is a more exquisite song than the

Dost thou prate, rogue? other.

[Striking RODERIGO Iago. Will you hear it again?

Nay, good lieutenant, Cas. No; für I hold him to be unworthy of his

Staying him. place, that does those things.Well, -Heaven's I pray you, sir, hold your hand.


Let me go, sir, 1 As quarrelsome as the discordia semina rerum ; as Or I'll knock you o'er the mazzard. quick in opposition as fire and water.'-Johnson.

2 Every scheme subsisting only in the imaginatio English gentry,' in which he says:-- Within these firmie may be termed a dream.

or threescore yeares it was a rare thing with us to 240 3 See Hamlet, Act i. Sc.2, note 8, p 472.

a drunken man, our nation carrying the naine of ine # If Montano was Othello's predecessor in the most sober and temperate of any other in the worid, government of Cyprus (as we are told in the Personæ But since we had to doe in the quarrell of the Nether Dramatis) he is not very characteristically employed in lands, about the time of Sir John Norris his first being the present scene, where he is tippling with people there, the custom of drinking and pledging healthes already flustered, and encouraging a subaltern officer, was brought over into England; wherein let the Dutch who commands a midnight guard, to drink to excess. !--be their owno julges, if we equall them not; yea, I Sieerens.

I think, rather excell thera.' 5 Thus the quarto 1622. The folio hase. wquisite. 01.e. drink as much as you do. See King Henry This recomplishment is likewise gentioned by Bcall. IV. Part II. Act. v. Sc. 2. moal an 'ietcher in The Captain :

7 If he have no drink, he'll keep awake while the Love are the Englishineni

clock strikes two rounds, or four and twenty hours. Such subbora drinkers?

The word horologe je familiar to most of our ancient Piso. -- Moc a leak at sea

writere : Chaucer often uses it. So in the Devil's Can sick more liquor; you shall have their.children Charter, 1607 :Christent in mulld sack, and at five years old

My gracious lord, Abice Śck a Dane down.'

By Seslo's horologe 'lis struck eleven.' Henry I'mucha al, in his Compleat Gentleman, 1622, P. S Kocied, scitlert. 193. haa il section entitled 'Drinking the Plague of our) 9 i e. a voickoned botile, and so the quarto reads.



Mon Come, come, you're drunk.

| Oth. Now, by heaven, Cas. Drunk!

[They fight. My blood begins my safer guides to rule; Iago. Away, I say! go out, and cry-a mutiny. And passion, having my best judgment collier',

[Aside to Rod. who goes out. Assays to lead the way: If I once stir, Nay, good lieutenant,-alas, gentlemen,

Or do but lift this arm, the best of you
Help, ho!-Lieutenant,--sir, -Montano,-sir; Shall sink in my rebuke. Give me to know
Help, masters !_Here's a goodly watch, indeed! How this foul rout began, who set it on;

(Bell rings. And he that is approvid? in this offence,
Who's that that rings the bell ?-Diablo, ho! Though he had iwinn'd with me, both at a birthi,
The town will rise; God's will, lieutenant! hold ; Shall lose me.-What! in a town of war,
You will be sham'd for ever.

Yet wild, the people's hearts brimful of fear, : Enter OTHELLO, and Attendants.

To manage private and domestic quarrel,

In night, and on the court of guard and safety!" Oth.

What is the matter here ? | 'Tis monstrous. Iago, who began it? : Mon. I bleed still, I am hurt to the death--he Mon. If partially affin'd,'" or leagu'd in office dies.

Thou dost deliver more or less than truth, Oth. Hold, for your lives.

Thou art no soldier. lago. Hold, hõld, lieutenant, sir, Montano,– Iago.

Touch me not so near : gentlemen,

I had rather have this tongue cut from my mouth Have you forgot all sense of place and duty ? Than it should do offence to Michael Cassio ; Kold, hold! the general speaks to you; hold, for Yet, I persuade myself, to speak the truth shame!

Shall nothing wrong him.--Thus it is, general. Oth. Why, how now, ho! from whence ariseth Montano and myself being in speech, this?

There comes a fellow, crying out for help; Are we turn'd Turks; and to ourselves do that, And Cassio following with determin'd sword," Which heaven hath forbid the Ottomites?

To execute upon him: Sir, this gentlenian For christian shame, put by this barbarous brawl: Steps in to Cassio, and entreats his pause : He that stirs next to carve for his own rage, Myself the crying fellow did pursue, Holds his soul light; he dies upon his motion. Lest, by his clamour, (as it so fell out,) Silence that dreadful bell, it frights the isle The town might fall in fright: he, swift of fool From her propriety - What is the matter, masters ? | Outran my purpoşe ; and I return'd the rather Honest lago, that look'st dead with grieving, For that I heard the clink and fall of swords, Speak, who began this ? on thy love, I charge thee. And Cassio high in oath ; which, till to-night, lago. I do not know ;-friends all but now, even I ne'er might say before : when I came back, now,

(For this was brief,) I found them close togethel, la quarter, and in terms like bride and groom At blow, and thrust; even as again they were, Devesting them for bed : and then, but now, When you yourself did part them. (As if some planet had unwitted men,)

More of this matter can I not report:Swords'out, and tilting one at other's breast, But men are men; the best sometimes for get: In opposition bloody. I cannot speak

Though Cassio did some little wrong to him,-Any beginning to this peevish odds;

As men in rage strike those that wish then best, And 'would, in action glorious I had lost

Yet, surely, Cassio, I believe, receiv'd,
These legs, that brought me to a part of it! From him that filed, some strange indignity,
Oth. How comes it, Michael, you are thus for- Vhich patience could not pass.
got ?3


I know, lage Cas. I pray you, pardon me, I cannot speak. Thy honesty and love doth mince this matter

Oth. Worthy Montano, you were wont be civil ; Making it light to Cassio :--Cassio, I love thee;
The gravity and stillness of your youth

But never more be officer of mine.---
The world hath noted, and your name is great
In mouths of wisest censure; What's the matter,

Enter DESDEMONA, attended..
That you unlace your reputation thus,

Luok, if my gentle love be not rais'd up ;-
And spend your rich opinion, for the name I'll make thee an example.
Of a night brawler? give me answer to it.


What's the matler, dear? · Mon. Worthy Othello, I am hurt to danger; Oth. All's well now, sweeting; Come away to Your officer, lago, can inform you,

bed. While I spare speech, which something now offends Sir, for your hurts, me:

Myself will be your surgeon ;-Lead nim off.!? Of all that I do know: nor know I aught

[T. MONTANO, who is led ot. By me that's said or done amiss this night; Iago, look with care about the town; Unless self-charity: be sometime a vice;

And silence those whom this vile brawl distracted.And to defend ourselves it be a sin, When violence assails us.

6 Collied is blackened, as with smut or coal, and

i figuratively means here obscured, darkened. I The first quarto omits the words-he dies, and 7 Convicted by proof. has zounds! at the commencement of the line. Mon- 8 The old copies read :tano may be supposed to say he dies, i. e. he shall In night, and on the court and guard of safety.' die, offering to renew the fight upon finding himself se. Malone made the necessary transposition, which he verely hurt. Othello, in the very next speech, says: justifies by irrefragable prool; but Steevens obstinately He dies upon his motion.'

opposed the emendation, and retained the old mumpsi. 2 i. e. on our station. This short note might have mus jil the text out of a spirit of contradiction! saved the long disquisitions of Ritson, Henley, and 9 Monstrous is here used as a trisyllable, as it is Malone, about the precise meaning of a word which, again in Macbeth, Act iii. Sc. 6. in the military language of the present day at least, 10 wtffined is bound by proximity of relationship,' seems to have no very precise meaning. The meaning but here it means related by nearliess of office.' In given above seems the leading signification, for the the first scene it is used in the first of these senses • principal camp guard of a regiment is called the quar. • If I, in any just term, am affin'd ter guard; but a regiment in quarters has no such

To love the Moor.' guard. I wonder that Mr. Stee,ens, who had been in 11 The old copy reads :the militia, did not exercise his judgment on this pas. | And Cassio following him with determin'ů sworil.' sage.'--Pye.. .

The word him seems to have crept in from the conino. 3 i. e. you have thus forgot yourself.

sitor's eye glancing on the word in the next line. 4 Throw away and squander your valuable charac 12 Malone thinks that the words Lead him off ter. Opinion for reputation or character occurs in were originally a marginal stage direction, as it was other places.

common to express them in imperative terma-Play 5 Care of one's self

(music Ring the bell.- Lead him off,' &r

Come, Desdemona, 'tis the soldiers' life, 1 yourself freely to her; importune her; she'. ucip To have their balmy slumbers wak'd with strife. to put you in your place again; she is of so free,

[Exeunt all but lago and Cassio. so kind, so apt, so blessed a disposition, that she lago. What are you hurt, lieutenant ?

holds it a vice in her goodness, not to do more than Cas. Ay, past all surgery.

she is requested: This broken joint4 between you lago. Marry, heaven forbid!

and her husband, entreat her to splinter; and, my Cas. Reputation, reputation, reputation ! O, I fortunes against any lays worth naming, this crack have lost my reputation! I have ost the immortal of your love shall grow stronger than it was before part, sir, of myself, and what remains is bestial.-- Cas. You advise me well. My reputation, lago, my reputation.

Iago. I protest, in the sincerity of love, and Iago. As I am an honest man, I thought you honest kindness. had received some bodily wound, there is more Cas. I think it freely; and betimes in the mornoffence in that, than in reputation. Reputation is ing, I will beseech the virtuous Desdemona to unan idle and most false imposition ; oft got without dertake for me : I am desperate of my fortunes, it

id lost without deserving: You have lost they check me here, no reputation at all, unless you repute yourself such lago. You are in the right. Good night, lieute a loser. What, man! there are ways to recover | nant; I must to the watch. the general again: You are but now cast in his cas. Good night, honest lago. (Exit Case:0. mood,' a punishment more in policy tham in malice; Iago. And what's he, then, that says,--I play the even so as one would beat his offenceless dog, to

villain? affright an imperious lion: sue to him again, and when this advice is free, I give, and honest, he's yours.

Probal to thinking, and indeed) ihe course Cas. I will rather sue to be despised, than to To win the Moor again ? For, 'tis most easy deceive so good a commander, with so slight, so The inclining? Desdemona to subdue drunken, and so indiscreet an officer. Drunk ? and in any honest suit : she's fram'd as fruitful speak parrot ?2 and squabble ? swagger? swear ? | As the free elements. And then for her and discourse fustian with one's own shadow ?-0, To win the Moor -were't to renounce his baptista. thou invisible spirit of wine, if thou hast no name to All seals and symbols of redeemed sin, be known by, let us call theedevil!

His soul is so enfetter'd to her love, Iago. What was he that you followed with your | That she may make, unmake, do what she list, sword ? What had he done to you?

Even as her appetite shall play the god Cas. I know not.

With his weak function. How am I then a villain Tago. Is it possible ?

To counsel Cassio to this parallel course, 9 Cas. I remember a mass of things, but nothing Directly to his good ? Divinity of hell! distinctly; a quarrel, but nothing wherefore.--0, When devils will their blackest sins put on, that men should put an enemy in their mouths, to They do suggest at first with heavenly shows '* steal a way their brains! that we should, with joy, I As I do now: For while this honest fool revel, pleasure, and applause, transform ourselves Plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes, into beasts!

And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor, lago. Why, but you are now well enough: How I'll pour this pestilencell into his ear, came you thus recovered?

That she repealsı2 him for her bolly's lust; Cas. It hath pleased the devil drunkenness, tol And, by tow much she strives to do him good give place to the devil, wrath : one unperfectness She shall undo her credit with the Moor. shows me another, to make me frankly despise my- So will I turn her virtue into pitch;

And out of her own goodness make the net, lago. Come, you are too severe a moraler: As That shall enmesh them all.--How now, Roderigo ? the time, the place, and the condition of this coun

Enter RODERIGO. try stands, I could heartily wish this had not befallen; but, since it is as it is, mend it for your own

Rod. I do follow here in the chase, not like a

hound that hunts, but one that fills up the cry. Cas. I will ask him for my place again ; he shall

My money is almost spent; I have been to-night tell me I am a drunkard! Had I as many mouths

exceedingly well cudgelled ; and, I think, the issue as Hyılra, such an answer would stop them all. To

will be--I shall have so much experience for my be now a sensible man, by and by a' fool, and pre- pains : and so, with no money at all, and a little sently a beast! 0, strange !-Evory inordinate cup

more wit, return to Venice. is unblessed, and the ingredient is a devil.

Iago. How poor are they, that have not patience! Iugo. Come, come, good wine is a good familiar

What wound did ever heal but by degrees ? creature, if it be well used; exclaim no more against

Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by witchit. And, good lieutenant, I think, you think I love


And wit depends on dilatory time. you. Cas. I have well approved it sir,–I drunk!

Does't not go well ? Cassio hath beaten thee, Iago. You, or any man living, may be drunk at

And thou, hy that small hurt, hath cashier'd Cassio ; some time, man. I'll tell you what you shall do.

Though other things grow fair against the sun, Our general's wife is now the general ;-I may say

Yet fruits, that blossom first, will first be ripe : 13 so in this respect, for that he hath devoted and

Content thyself awhile.--By the mass, 14 'tis morn. given up himself to the contemplation, mark, and

ing; denotement3 of her parts and graces:-confess

Pleasure, and action, make the hours seem short.

Retire thee; go where thou art billeted : 1 Thrown off, dismissed in his anger.

8 Corresponding to benigna. Liberal, bountiful as i, e. talk idly, utter all you know. From Drunk, the elements, out of which all things were produced. &c. to shadow, inclusively, is wanting in the quarto 19 Parallel course for course level or even with his 1622.

design. 3 The old copies read-devotement, an error arising | 10 When devils mean to instigale men to commit the from a single letter being turned upside down. Theo. most atrocious crimes, they prompt or tempt at first with bald made the correction.

heavenly shows, &c. 4 Thus the folio. The quarto 1622 reads—this 111 Pestilence for poison. brawl.

| 12 j. e. reculls him, from the Fr. rappeler. ä Bet or wager.

13 The blossoming or fair appearance of things, to 6 i. e. liberal. Such as honest openness or frank which lago alludes, is the removal of Cassio. As their good will would give. There may be such a contraction plan had already blossomed, so there was good ground of the word probable as that in the next line, but it has for expecting that the fruits of it would soon be ripe. Lot yet been met with elsewhere. Churchvard has 14 The folio reads-In troth, an alteration made in the many abbreviations equally violent.

I play-house copy by the interference of the master of the Inclining here signifies compliant.



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