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* K. Hen. Come, Margaret ; God, our hope, will! Cade. Be it a lordship thou shalt have it for that succour us.

word. Q. Mar. My hope is gone, now Suffolk is deceas’d. Dick. Only, that the laws of England may come * K. Hen. Farewell, my lord ; [TO LORD Sav.]' out of your mouth.. trust not the Kentish rebels.

| John. Mass, 'twill be sore law then; for he was * Buck. Trust nobody, for fear you be betray'd. " thrust in the mouth with a spear, and 'tis not Say. The trust I have is in mine innocence, whole yet.

Aside. And therefore am I bold and resolute. [Exeunt. Smith. Nay, John, it will be stinking law; for

his breath stinks with eating toasted cheese. SCENE V. The same. The Tower. Enter Lord

[Aside. SCALES, and others on the Walls. Then enter cer Cade. I have thought upon it, it shall be so. tain Citizens, below.

| Away, burn all the records of the realm; my Scales. How now? is Jack Cade slain? | mouth shall be the parliament of England."

1 Cit. No, my lord, nor likely to be slain; for * John. Then we are like to have biting statutes, they have won the bridge, killing all those that * unless his teeth be pulled out.

[Aside. withstand them: The lord mayor craves aid of your * Cade. And henceforward all things shall be ir honour from the Tower, to defend the city from the * common. rebels.

Enter a Messenger. Scales. Such aid as I can spare, you shall com

Mess. My lord, a prize, a prize! here's the mand ;

Lord Say, which sold the towns in France ; * he But I am troubled here with them myself,

* that made us pay one and twenty fifteens,' and The rebels have assay'd to win the Tower. But get you to Smithfield, and gather head,

*one shilling to the pound, the last subsidy. And thither will I send you Matthew Gough:

Enter GEORGE BEvis, with the LORD SAY. Fight for your king, your country, and your lives ; | And so farewell, for I must hence again. [Exeunt. Ia

Cade. Well, he shall be beheaded for it ten

times.--Ay, thou say, 8 thou serge, nay, thou SCENE VI. The same. Cannon Street Enter buckram lord! now art thou within point-blank

JACK CADE, and his Followers. He strikes his of our jurisdiction regal. What canst thou answer Staff on London-stone.

Cade. Now is Mortimer lord of this city. And Monsieur Basimecu, the dauphin of France ? Be here London-stone, I and com

om. Is it known unto thee, by these presence, even the mand, that, of the city's cost, the pissing-conduit?' presence of Lord Mortimer, that I am the besom run nothing but claret wine this first year of our' that must sweep the court clean of such filth as reign. And now, henceforward, it shall be treason thou art. Thou hast most traitorously corrupted for any that calls me other than-Lord Mortimer. !' the youth of the realm, in erecting a grammarEnter a Soldier running.

school: and whereas, before, our forefathers had

no other books but the score and the tally, thou Solà Jack Cade! Jack Cade!

• hast caused printing to be used ;9 and, contrary Cade. Knock him down there. [They kill him.? to the king, his crown, and dignity, thou hast built

* Smith. If this fellow be wise, he'll never call a paper-mill. It will be proved to thy face, that + you Jack Cade more; I think he hath a very fair ( thou hast men about thee, that usually talk of a * warning..

noun, and a verb; and such abominable words, Dick. My lord, there's an army gathered toge- as nó Christian ear can endure to hear. Thou ther in Smithfield.

hast appointed justices of peace, to call poor men Cade. Come then, let's go fight with them: But, before theni about matters they were not able to hrst, go and set London Bridge on fire ;3 and, if' answer. Moreover, thou hast put them in prison; you can, burn down the Tower too. Come, let's and because they could not read, thou hast hanged away.

[Exeunt. them ;10 when, indeed, only for that cause, they SCENE VII. The same. Smithfield. Alarum. ' have been most worthy to live. Thou dost ride

Enter on one side, Cade and his Company ; onl' on a fout-cloth," dost thou noi ? the other, Citizens, and the King's Forces, healed! Say. What of that? by MATTHEW Gough. They fight ; the Citi-) Cade. Marry, thou oughtest not to let thy horse zens are routed, and MATTHEW Gough is slain. wear a cloak, when honester men than thou go in

their hose and doublets. Carle. So, sirs :-Now go some and pull down the Saroy;s others to the inns of court; down king his father.' See also W. of Wyrcestre, p. 357; with them all.

and the Paston Letters, vol. i. p. 42. Dick. I have a suit unto your lordship.

5 This trouble had been saved Cade's reformers by

his predecessor Wat Tyler. It was never re-edified till 1 Whatever offence to modern delicacy may be given Henry VI. founded the hospital.' hy this imagery, such ornaments to fountains appear to 16 It was reported, indeed, that he should saie with have been no uncommon device in ancient times. The great pride that within four daies all the laws of Eng. curious reader may see a design, probably from the pen-land should come foorth of his mouth.'-Holinshed, cil of Benedetto di Montagna, for a very singular foun. p. 432. tain of this kind, in that elegant book the Hyperoto. 7 A fifteen was the fifteenth part of allthe moveables, machia, printed by Aldus in 1499. Le Grand, in his or personal property of each subject. Vie Privee des François, mentions that at a feast made S Suy is a kind of thin woollen stuff or serge. by Phillippe-le-Bon, there was une statue d'enfant nu, 9 Shakspeare is a little too early with this accusation pose sur une roche, et qui de sa broquette pissait eau Yet Meerman, in his Origines Typographicæ, has de rose.' L'his conduit may, however, have been one availed himself of this passage to support his hypotheset up at the standarde in Cheape, according to Stowe, sis that printing was introduced into England by Fre. by John Wels, grocer, mayor, in 1430, with a small cis- deric Corsellis, one of Coster's workmen, from Haerterne for fresh water, having one cock continually run. lem in the time of Henry VI. Shakspeare's anachro. ing.

nisms are not more extraordinary than those of his con2 He also put to execution in Southwarke diverse temporaries. · Spenser mentions cloth made at Lincoln persons, some for breaking this ordinance, and other in the ideal reign of King Arthur, and has adorned a being his old acquaintance, lest they should bewray his castle at the same period with cloth of Arras and of base lineage, disparaging him for his usurped name of Tours. Mortimer. Holinshed, p. 634.

10 i.e. they were hanged because they could not claim 3 At that time London Bridge was of wood : the the benefit of clergy. houses upon it were actually burnt in this rebellion. 11 A foot-cloth was a kind of housing which covered Hall says he entered London, and cut the ropes of the the body of the horse : it was sometime! made of velvet drawbridge.'

and bordered with gold lace. This is a reproach truly 4 Holinshed calls Mathew Gough a man of great wit characteristical: nothing gives so much offence to the and much experience in feats of chivalrie, the which in lower orders as the sight of superfluities merely osten antinuall warres had spent his time in serving of the / tatious.

* Dick. And work in their shirt too; as myself, 1 * Is my apparel sumptuous to behold ? * for example, that am a butcher.

* Whom have I injur'd, that ye seek my death? Say. You men of Kent,

* These hands are free from guiltless blood-shedDick. What say you of Kent ?

ding, 6 "Say. Nothing but this: 'Tis bona terra, mala *This breast from harbouring fouldeceitful thoughts. gens.

*0, let me live! Cade. Away with hirn, away with him! he. * Cade. I feel remorse in myself with his words : speaks Latin.

* but I'll bridle it; he shall die, an it be but for * Say. Hear me but speak, and bear me where * pleading so well for his life. Away with him! you will

* he has a familiar? under his tongue; he speaks • Kent, in the commentaries Cæsar writ,

* not o' God's name. Go, take him away, I say, • Is term'd the civil'st place of all this isle:2

and strike off his head presently ; and then break Sweet is the country, because full of riches; into his son-in-law's house, Sir James Cromer, & - The people liberal, valiant, active, wealthy; 6 and strike off his head, and bring them both upor 6 Which makes me hope you are not void of pity. 5 two

hope you are not void of pity. |' two poles hither. "I sold not Maine, I lost not Normandy:

All. It shall be done. * Yet, to recover them, would lose my life.

* Say. Ah, countrymen! if when you make your * Justice with favour have I always done;

prayers, .. * Prayers and tears have mov'd me, gifts could * God should be so obdurate as yourselves, never.

* How would it fare with your departed souls ? * When have I aught exacted at your hands, * And therefore yet relent, and save my life. * Kent, to maintain the king, the realm, and you?3 * Cade. Away with him, and do as I command ye * Large gifts have I bestow'd on learned clerks,

[Exeunt some, with LORD SAY * Because my book preferr'd me to the king : The proudest peer in the realm shall not wear & * And-seeing ignorance is the curse of God, head on his shoulders, unless he pay me tribute * Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven, there shall not a maid be married, but she shal. * Unless you be possess'd with devilish spirits, I pay to me her maidenhead ere they have it;: * You cannot but forbear to murder me.

I Men shall hold of me in capite ; and we charge * This tongue hath parley'd unto foreign kings and command, that their wives be as free as heart * For your behoof,

l' can wish, or tongue can tell. * Cade. Tut! when struck'st thou one blow in Dick. My lord, when shall we go to Cheap. * the field?

| side, and take up commodities upon our bills 210 * Say. Great men have reaching hands ; oft have Cade. Marry, presently. I struck

All. O brave! * Those that I never saw, and struck them dead. * Geo. O monstrous coward! what, to come be- Re-enter Rebels, with the Heads of Lord Say, and hind folks ?.

his Son-in-law. * Say. These cheeks are pale fort watching for your good.

Cade. But is not this braver?—Let them kiss * Cade. Give him a box o' the ear, and that will one another," for they loved well, when they were * make 'em red again.

alive. Now part them again, lest they consult * Say. Long sitting to determine poor men's about the giving up of some more towns in France. causes

Soldiers, defer the spoil of the city until night ; Hath made me full of sickness and diseases. for with these borne before us, instead of maces,

* Cade. Ye shall have a hempen caudle then, will we ride through the streets; and, at every * and the pap of a hatchet.

corner, have them kiss.-Away! ¡Exeuni. · Dick. Why dost thou quiver, man ? "Say. The palsy, and not fear, provoketh me. SCENE VIII. Southwark. Alarum. Enter. Cade. Nay, he nods at us; as who should say,

CADE, and all his Rabblementi " I'll be even with you. I'll see if his head will • stand steadier on a pole, or no: Take him away, * Cade. Up Fish Street ! down Saint Magnus' and behead him.

* Corner! kill and knock down' throw them into * Say. Tell me, wherein I have offended most? / * Thames !-- A Parley sounded, then a Retreat.} * Have I affected wealth, or honour; speak? * What noise is this I hear? Dare any be so bold * Are my chests fill'd up with extorted gold ? * to sound retreat or parley, when I command them

* kill ? 1 After this line the old play proceeds thus:

Cade. Bonun terrum, What's that?
Dick. He speaks French.

7 A demon who was supposed to attend at call. Will. No, 'tis Dutch.

8 It was William Crowmer, sheriff of Kent, whoni Nick. No, 'tis Outalian: I know it well enough. Cade put to death. Lord Say and he had been prevj. 2. Ex his omnibus sunt humanissimi, qui Cantiumously sent to the Tower, and both, or at least the former, incolunt. Cæsar. Thus translated by Ar. Golding, I convicted of treason at Cade's mock commission of 1590:- Of all the inhabitants of the isle, the civilest Oyer and Terminer at Guildhall. See W. of Wyrces are the Kentish-folke. It is said also in the same words ter, p. 470. in Lyly's Euphues and his England, 1580.

9 Alluding to an ancient usage, on which Beaumont 3 This passage has been supposed corrupt merely and Fletcher have founded their play called the Custoni because it was erroneously pointed. I have now placed of the Country. See Cowel's Law Dictionary, or a comma at Kent, to show that it is parenthetically Blount's Glossographia, 1651, in voce Marcheta. Black. spoken; and then I see not the slightest difficulty in the stone is of opinion that it never prevailed in England, meaning of the passage. It was thus absurdly pointed though he supposes it certainly did in Scotland. Boetius in the folio :

and Skene both mention this custom as existing in the "When have I aught exacted at your hands?

time of Malcolm III. A. D. 1057. Sir D. Dalrymple Kent to maintain, the king, the realm, and you ? controverts the fact, and denies the actual existence o Large gifts, have I bestow'd on learned clerks,' &c. the custom ; as does Whitaker in his History of Man. 4 i. e. in consequence of.

chester. There are several ancient grants from our 5 The old copy reads the help of a hatchet.' There early kings to their subjects, written in rude verse, and can be little doubt but that Dr. Farmer's emendation, empowering them to enjoy their lands as free as heart

pap of a hatchet,' is the true reading : it is a proper car wish or tongue can tell. The authenticity of them, accompaniment to the 'hempen caudle.' Lyly wrote a however, is doubtful. See Blount's Jocular Tenures. pamphlet with the title of 'Pap with a Hatchet;' and 10 An équivoque alluding to the halberts or bills borne The phrase occurs in his play of Mother Bornbie: 'They by the rabble. "Shakspeare has the same quibble in give us pan with a spoone, and when we speake for Much Ado about Nothing, Act iji. Sc. 3. what we lovc, pap with a hatchet.'

11 This may be taken from the Legend of Jack Cado 6 i. e. these hands are free froin shedding guiltless or in the Mirror for Magistrates, as Dr. Farr er observes inncent blood.

but both Hall and Hoiina hec mention the circumstanca

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: 2 Nick. No, mis Dutchench."

Enter BUCKINGHAM, and Old CLIFFORD, with. Follow me, soldiers ; we'!! devise a mean
Furces.

"To reconcile you all unto the king (Exeunt. Buck. Ay, here they be that dare and will dis-, SC

SCENE IX. Kenelworth Castle. Enter King turb thee:

HENRY, QUEEN MARGARET, and SOMERSET, • Know, Cade, we come ambassadors from the king

on the Terrace of the Castle. Unto the commons whom thou hast misled; * K. Hen. Was ever king that joy'd an earthly ' And here pronounce free pardon to them all,

inrone, • That will forsake thce, and go home in peace.

peace. * And could command no more content than 1? Cliff. What say ye, countrymen? will ye relent, * No sooner was I crept out of my cradle, ' And yield to mercy, whilst 'tis offer'd you; '* But I was made a king, at nine months old. • Or let a rabble lead you to your deaths ?

* Was never subject long'd to be a king, " Who loves the king, and will embrace his pardon, 1 * As I do long and wish to be a subject. • Fling up his cap, and say-God save his majesty! Enter Buckingham and Clift'or1. " Who hateth him, and honours not his father,

1 * Buck. Health, and glad tidings, tu jour majesty! · Henry the Fifth, that made all France to quake, * K Hon Why Buckingham. in care • Shake he his weapon at us, and pass by. ' All. God save the king! God save the king!

surpris'd ?

* Or is he but retir'd to make him strony? Cade. What, Buckingham, and Clifford, are yel so brave?-And you, base peasants, do ye be

| Enter, below, a great number of I, 1DE's Followers, lieve him ? will you needs be hanged with your

with Halters about thi Necks. 6 pardons about your necks? Hath my sword there! Clif. He's fled, my lord, an d all his povers do • fore broke through London Gatos, that you should

yield; " leave me at the White Hart in Southwark? I' And humbly thus, with halters on their necks,

thought, ye would never have given out these' Expect your highness' doom, of life, oz dech. ' arms, till you had recovered your ancient free "K. Hen. Then, heren, sat ope thy everlasting • dom : but you are all recreants, and dastards;

gates, I and delight to live in slavery to the nobility. Let' To entertain my yw of tha:aks and prais'.! (them break your backs with burdens, take your Soldiers, this day hare you redeem'd your lives, • houses over your heads, ravish your wives and ' And show'd ho , vel yo'i love your prince ale • daughters before your faces; For me, I will

country: make shift for one; and so--God's curse 'light' Continue sii' in tus so good a mind, upon vou all!

And Henry, though he be infortunate, "All. We'll follow Cade, we'll follow Cade. • Assure you selv.s, wil never be unkind : Clif. Is Cade the son of Henry the Fifth, 1. And so wick thanks, and pardon to you all,

That thus you do exclaim you'll go with him? 'I do dismiss you to your Leveral countries, " Will he conduct you through the heart of France, All. God save the king! God save the kir! And make the meanest of you earls and dukes?

Enter a Messenger. .. • Alas, he hath no home, no place to fly to;

* Wess. Please it your graca to be advertigt, Nor knows he how to live, but by the spoil,

* The duke of York is newly com) from Irelavd; Unless by robbing of your friends, and us.

* And with a puissant and a mighty power, Wer't not a shame, that whilst you live at jar, 1* Of Gallowylasses, and stout Kernes, 2 ' The fearful French, whom you láte vanquished, , Is marching hitherward in proud array; 6 Should make a start o'er seas, and vanquish you? + And still proclaimeth, as he comes along, • Methinks, already, in this civil broil,

* His arms are only to remove from thee ' I see them lording it in London streets,

• The duke of Somerset, whom he terms a traito, Cryinge-Villageois ! unto all they meet.

* K. Hen. Thus stands my state, 'twixt C# Better, ten thousand base-born Čades miscarry /

and York distress'd; Than you should stoop unto a Frenchman's mercy

Y * Like to a ship, that, havir

p'd a te

la tempest, ' To France, to France, and get what you have lost ; * ss straightway caimid3 and boarded with a piratu; 'Spare England, for it is your native coast :. * But now is Cade driven back, his men dispers'd: 'Henry hath money, you are strong and manly ; * And now is York in arms to second him. God on our side, doubt not of victory.

*I pray thee, Buckingham, go forth and meet him ; All. A Clifford! a Clifford! we'll follow the

* And ask him, what's the reason of these arms,

*A! king, and Clifford.

| * Tell him, I'll send Duke Edmund to the Tower;'Cade. Was ever feather so lightly blown to and| * And. Somerset, we will commit thee thither. ' fro, as this multitude ? the name of Henry th. * Until his army be dismiss'd from him. "Fifth hales them to a hundred mischiefs, and makes * Som My Lord 'them leave me desolate. I see them lay their * I'll vield myself to prison willingly,

heads together, to surprise me: my sword make* Оr unto death, to do my country good. way for me, for here is no staying.--In despight

n despight *K. Hen. In any case, be not too rough in terms; of the devils and hell, have through the very midst * For he is fierce, and cannot brook hard language.

* ' of you! and heavens and honour be witness, that * Buck. I will, my lord : and doubt not so to deal. * no want of resolution in me, but only my follow-* As all things shall redound un

*** As all things shall redound unto your good. ( ers' base and ignomnious treasons, makes me be-,

* K. Hen. Come, wife, let's in, and learn to gotake me to my secls.

[Exit.

vern better : * Buck. What, is he fled? go some, and follow | * For vet may England curse my wretched reign. him;

[Exeunt. And he, that brings his head unto the king, ( Shall hi ve a thousand crowns for his reward.com SCENE X. Kent. Iden's Garden. Enter CADE.

(Exeunt some of them.] * Cade. Fye on ambition! fye on myself; that

3 The first folio reads calme ; which may be right. 1 Su All the historians agree; and yet in Part I. Act The second folio printed by mistake claimed ; and the iii. S: King Henry is made to say :

third folio calmd. This reading has been adopted as : I do remember how my father said

most perspicuous, and because in Othello we have :a plain pioof that the whole of that play was not written

- must be be-lee'd and calm'a. by the same hand as this.

4 But is here not adversative. It was oniy just now 2 The Galloglasse useth a kind of pollax for his (says Henry,) that Cade and his followers were routed: Weapon. These men are grim of countenance, tall of | 5 (A gentleman of Kent, narned Alexander Ederi, stature, big of limme, lusty of body, wel and strongly awaited so his time, that he took the said Çade in a gar timbered. The kerne is an ordinary foot-soldier, using den in Sussex, so that there he was slaine at Hoth. for weapon his sword and target, and sometimes his field,' &C.--Holinshed, p. 635. "This Iden was, in fact, piece, being commonly good markmen.'Stanihurst's the new sheriff of Kent, who had followea Cade frore Descrip!, of Ireland, c viii f. 21.

\Rochester,'--Willium of Wyropowth, p. 472.

[graphic]

* have a sword, and yet am ready to famish! These l'ing-place to all that do dwell in this nsuse, vocause * five days have I hid me in these woods; and the unconquered soul of Cade is filed. * durst not peep out, for all the country is lay'd for Iden. Is'i Cade that I have slain, that monstrous * ine : but now am I so hungry, that if I might have

traitor ? * a lease of my life for a thousand years, I could Sword, I will hallow thee for this thy deed, * stay no longer. Wherefore, on a brick-wall have And hang thee o'er my tomb, when I am dead :: * I climbed into this garden; to see if I can eat * Ne'er shall this blood be wiped from thy point; * grass, or pick a sallet another while, which is not * But ihou shalt wear it as a herald's coat, "amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather. * To emblaze the honour that thy master got. * And, I think, this word sallet was born to do me "Cade. Iden, farewell; and be proud of thy vic* good : for, many a time, but for a sallet,' mytory: Tell Kent from me, she hath lost her best * brain-pan had been cleft with a brown bill; and, man, and exhort all the world to be cowards ; for * many a time when I have been dry, and bravely l ' I, that never feared any, am vanquished by famine, * marching, it hath served me instead of a quart- not by valour.

Dies. * pot to drink in; and now the word sallet must * Iden. How much thou wrong'st me, heaver * serve me to feed on.

be my judge. Enter IDEN, with Servants.

* Die, damned wretch, the curse of her that bare

thee! Iden. Lord, who would live turmoiled in the court, / * And as I thrust thy body in with my sword, • And may enjoy such quiet walks as these? | * So wish I, I might thrust thy soul to hell." This small inheritance, my father left me,

Hence will I drag thee headlong by the heels • Contenteth me, and is worth a monarchy. l'Unto a dunghill, which shall be thy grave, • I seek not to wax great by others' waning; . And there cut off thy most ungracious head; • Or gather wealth, I care not with what envy; " Which I will bear in triumph to the king, • Sufficeth, that I have maintains my state, . Leaving thy trunk for crows to feed upon. And sends the poor well pleased from my gate.

[Exit, dragging out the Body, o Cade. Here's the lord of the soil come to seize ' me for a stray, for entering his fee-simple without " leave. Ah, villain, thou wilt betray me, and get

ACT V. ( a thousand crowns of the king for carrying my "head to him ; but I'll make thee eat iron like an SCENE I. The same. Fields between Dartford o ostrich, and 'swallow my sword like a great pin, and Blackheath. The King's Camp on one side. ere thou and I part.

On the other, enter York attended with Drum ani Iden. Why, rude companion, whatsoe'er thou be, Colours : his Forces at some distance. 'I know thee not; Why then should I betray thee? |

York. From Ireland thus comes York, to clairc. Is't not enough, to break into my garden,

his right, • And, like a thief, to come and rob my grounds,

And pluck the crown from feeble Henry's head : • Climbing my walls in spite of me the owner,

Ring, bells, aloud; burn, bonfires,, lear and brigh, • But thou wilt brave me with these saucy terms? 1

To entertain great England's lawful king. Cade. Brave thee? ay, by the best blood that

Ah, sancta majestas ! who would not buy thee dear? ever was broached, and beard thee too. Look onom me well: I have eat no meat these five days; yet,. This hand was made to handle nought but gold:

" Let them obey that know not how to rule ; come thou and thy five men, and if I do not leaves

I cannot give due action to my words, you all as dead as a door nail, I pray God, I may | Except a sword, or sceptre, balance it.8 never eat grass more.

• A sceptre shall it have, have I a soul;9 Iden. Nay, it shall ne'er be said, while England. On which I'U toss the flower-de-luce of France.

stands, That Alexander Iden, an esquire of Kent,

Enter BUCKINGHAM. Took odds to combat a poor famish'd man.

• Whom have we here? Buckingham, to disturb Oppose thy steadfast-gazing eyes to mine,

me ? See if thou canst outfáce me with thy looks.

The king hath sent him, sure: I must disser.ble. • Set limb to limb, and thou art far the lesser;

" Buck. York, if thou meanest well, I greet thee Thy hand is but a finger to my fist;

well. ' Thy leg a stick, compared with this truncheon; 1 York. Humphrey of Buckingham, I accept thy "My foot shall fight with all the strength thou hast ; |

greeting. . And if mine arm be heaved in the air,

Art thou a messenger, or come of pleasure ? Thy grave is digg'd already in the earth.

Buck. A messenger from Henry, our dread liege, * As for words, whose greatness answers words, 1. To know the reason of these arms in peace :

Let this my sword report what speech forbears. Or why, thou-being a subject as I am,

* Cade. By my valour, the most complete cham- . Against thy oath and true allegiance sworn. * pion that ever I heard..." Steel, if thou turn the should'st raise so great a power without his leave

edge, or cut not out the burly-boned clown in. Or dare to bring thy force so near the court. 'chines of beef ere thou sleep in thy sheath, I bel York. Scarce can I speak, my choler is seech God4 on my knees, thou mayest be turned

so great. I to hobnails. [They fight ; CADE falls.] 0,1 am . 0. I could hew up rocks, and fight with slain! famine, and no other, hath slain me: let ? flint.

Aside, ' ten thousand devils come against me, and give me 1. I am so angry at these abiect terms;

but the ten mcals I have lost, and I'd defy them . And now, like Aiax Telamonius.
'all. Wither, garden; and be henceforth a bury1On sheep or oxen could I spend my fury! I
1 A sallet is a helmet.

6 Johnson erroneously ir.terprets this, 'In supposing 2 See note on the Second Part of King Henry IV. Act that I am proud of my victory i iden evidently means ✓ Sc. 3.

that Cade wrongs him by undervaluing his prowess. 3 Johnson explains this, 'As for words, whose pomp

7 Not to dwell upon the wickedness of this horrid and rumour may answer words, and only words, I shall

wish, with which Iden debases his character, the whole forbear them, and refer the rest to my sword.'

of this speech is wild and confused. The quarto is more 4 In the folio 'I beseech Jove' was substituted to avoid

favourable both to Iden's morality and language. This the penalty of the statute, 3 Jac. I. c. 2, against profane fou

faulty amplification was owing to the desire of expand. swearing. Cade was very unlikely to swear by Jove

ing a scanty thought in the old play. It can hardly be

treated as an interpolation, however we may desire to in the quarto :

O sword, I'll honour thee for this, and in my chamber 9 i. e. balance my hand.
Shalt thou hang, as a monument to after age,

9 York means to say, If i have a soul, my tand For this great service thou hast donc to me.'

shall not be without a sceptre

confused and lance of exly be

ervice thon mentio after'n my chamber think it sucian interpolacio

melanc

"I am far better born than is : he king : )

Enter QUEEN MARGARET and SOMERSET. More like a king, more Lingly in' my

Q. Mar. For thousand Yorks he shall not hide thoughts:

> Aside.

his head, . But I must make fair weather yet awhile,

But boldly stand, and front him to his face. « Till Henry be more weak, and I more

York. How now! Is Somerset at liberty ? strong.

" Then, York, unloose thy long-imprison'd thoughts, • O Buckingham, I pr’ythee, pardon me,

And let thy tonguc be equal with thy heart. " That I have given no answer all this whilo; Shall I endure the sight of Somerset ? . My mind wa troubled with deep

. | False king! why hast thou broken faith with me, • The cause why I have brought this army hither, 1. Knowing how hardly I can brook abuse? 'Is to remove proud Somerset from the king, King did I call thee? no, thou art not king; . Seditious to his grace and to the state.

• Not fit to govern and rule multitudes, 'Buck. That is too much presumption on thy part: 1. Which dar'st not, no, nor canst not rule a traitor. 5 But if thy arms be to no other end,

"That head of thine doth not become a croivn; • The king hath yielded unto thy demand;

" Thy hand is made to grasp a palmer's staff, • The duke of Somerset is in the Tower.

And not to grace an awful princely sceptre. York. Upon thine honour, is he prisoner?

That gold must round engiri these brows of mine, Buck. Upon mine honour, he is prisoner. | Whose smile and frown, like to Achilles' spear, • York. Then, Buckingham, I do dismiss my Is able with the change to kill and cure.2 powers.

. Here is a hand to hold a sceptre un • Soldiers, I thank you all : disperse yourselves;

. And with the same to act controlling laws. " Meet me to-morrow in Saint George's field,

• Give place; by heaven, thou shalt rule no more You shall have pay, and every thing you wish. • O'er him, whom heaven created for thy ruler. * And let my sovereign, virtuous Henry,

Som. O monstrous traitor ! -I arrest ihee, York * Command my eldest son,--nay, all my sons, "Of capital treason 'gainst the king and crown: * As pledges of my fealty and love,

* Obey, audacious traitor ; kneel for grace. * I'll send them all as willing as I live;

* York. Would'st have me kneel?' first let me * Lands, goods, horse, armour, any thing I have

ask of these, * Is his to use, so Somerset may die.

* If they can brook I bow a knee to man.Buck. York, I commend this kind submission : * Sirrah, call in my sons to be my bail : . We twain will go into his highness' tent.

[Éxit an Attendant Enter King HENRY, attended.

| * I know, ere they will have me go to ward, 3

1 * They'll pawn their swords for my enfranchisement. • K. Hen. Buckingham, doth York intend noi 8. Mar. Call hither Clifford ; bid him conie harm to us,

amain, "That thus he marcheth with thee arm in arm?

* To say, if that the bastard boys of York * York. In all submission and humility, * Shall be the surety for their traitor father. * York doth present himself unto your highness. * York. O blood-bespotted Neapolitan, * K. Hen. Then what intend these forces thou * Outcast of Naples, England's bloody scourge dost bring ?

• The sons of York, thy betters in their birth, * York. To heave the traitor Somerset from hence; | Shall be their father's bail : and bane to those And fight against that monstrous rebel, Cade,

" That for my surety will refuse the boys. " Who since I heard to be discomfited.

Enter EDWARD and RICHARD PLANTAGENET Enter IDEN, with CADE's Head.

with Forces, ut one side; at the other, with Forces Iden. If one so rude, and of so mean condition, also, Old CLIFFORD and his Son. • May pass into the presence of a king,

* See, where they come ; I'll warrant they'll make Lo, I present your grace a traitor's head,

it good. The head of Čade, whom I in combat slew.

* Q. Mar. And here comes Clifford, to deny K. Hen. The head of Cade?--Great God, how

their bail. just art thou !

*Clif. Health and all happiness to my lord the • 0, let me view his visage being dead,

king!

[Kneels. " That living wrought me such exceeding trouble. "York. I thank thee. Clifford : Say, what news • Tell me, my friend, art thou the man that slew

with thee? him?

| Nay, do not fright us with an angry look : Iden. I was, an't like your majesty. K. Hen. Hów art thou call'd ? and what is thy (For thy mistaking so, we pardon thee.

We are thy sovereign, Clifford, kneel again; degree?

Clif. This is my king, York, I do not mistake; Iden. Alexander Iden, that's my name;

. But thou mistak'st me much, to think I do: " A poor esquire of Kent, that loves his king.

" To Będlam4 with him ? is the man grown mad? * Buck. So please it you, my lord, 'twere not amiss

K. Hen. Ay, Clifford ; a bedlam and ambitious * He were created knight for his good service. 'K. Hen. Iden, kneel down; [He kneels.] Rise. Makes him oppose himself against his king. up a knight.

Clif. He is a traitor; let him to the Tower, ! We give thee for reward a thousand marks ;

l' And chop away that factious pate of his. And will, that thou henceforth attend on us. 'Iden. May Iden live to merit such a bounty,' 1. His sons, he says, shall give their words for him.

I Q. Mar. He is arrested, but will not obey; "And never live but true unto his liege!

" York. Will you not, sons ? .K. Hen. See, Buckingham! Somerset comes

Edw. Ay, noble father, if our words will serve. with the queen :

Rich, And if words will not, then our wcapons • Go, bid her hide him quickly from the duke.

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1 Iden has before said :

4 This has been thought an anachronism ; but Stowo 6 Lord, who would live turmoiled in a court shows that it is not : Next unto the parish of St. But.

And may enjoy such quiet walks as these, &c. tolph is a fayre inne for receipt of travellers; then an This is strictly a picture of poor human nature. He rails hospitall of S. Mary of Bethlehern, founded by Simco at enjoyments which he supposes out of his reach; but Fitz-Mary, one of the Sheriffes of London, in the yeare no sooner are they offered to him, but he embraces them 1245. He founded it to have beene a priorie of cannons dagerly. Shakspeare has in this instance followed the with brethren and sisters, and King Edward the Thirde old play.

granted a protection, which I have seene, for the breth. 2 Mysus et Æmonia juvenis.qua cuspide vulnus ren Miliciæ beatæ Mariæ de Beihdem, within the citie Senserat, hac ipsa cuspide sensit opem.!

of London, the 14th yeare of his raigne. It was an hos

Propert lib ii. El. 1. I pitall for distracted people.'--Survey of London r. 3 Custody, confinement.

! 127, 1593.

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