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War. This shall assure my constant loyalty :- ' Whom God hath join'd together : ay, and 'twero That if our queen and this young prince agree,
pity, I'll join mine eldest daughter, and my joy, To sunder them that yoke so well together. To him forthwith in holy wedlock bands.
•K. Edw. Setting your scorns, and your mislike, "Q. Mar. Yes, I agree, and thank you for your
aside, motion :
1. Tell me some reason, why the Lady Grey • Son Edward, she is fair and virtuous,
• Should not become my wife, and England's Therefore delay not, give thy hand to Warwick ;
queen :And, with thy hand, thy faiủh irrevocable, ' And you, too, Somerset, and Montague, • That only Warwick's daughter shall be thine. Speak freely what you think. * Prince. Yes, I accept her, for she well de- Clar. Then this is my opinion,--that king Lewis serves it;
· Becomes your enemy, for mocking him * And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand. About the marriage of the Lady Bona.
He gives his hand to WARWICK. Glo. And Warwick, doing what you gave in K. Lew. Why stay we now? These soldiers
charge, shall be levied,
Is now dishonoured by this new marriage. ' And thou, Lord Bourbon, our high admiral, IK. Edw. What, if both Lewis and Warwick be • Shall waft them over with our royal fleet.
I long, till Edward fall by war's mischance, By such invention as I can devise? For mocking marriage with a dame of France. Mont. Yet to have join'd with France in such [Exeunt all but WARWICK.
alliance, War. I came from Edward as embassador, Would more have strengthen'd this our commonBut I return his sworn and mortal foe:
wealth Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me, 'Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred marBut dreadful war shall answer his demand.
riage. Had he none else to make a stale,? but me?
'Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of itself Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow. England is safe, if true within itself?3 I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown,
* Mont. Yes, but the safer, when 'tis back'd And I'll be chief to bring him down again :
with France, Not that I pity Henry's misery,
* Hast. 'Tis better using France, than trusting But seek revenge on Edward's mockery. [Exit.
* Let us be back'd with God, and with the seas, 4 ACT IV.
* Which he hath given for fence impregnable,
* And with their helps only defend ourselves; SCENE I. London. A Room in the Prlace. * In them,
in the Palace * In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies. Enter GLOSTER, CLARENCE, SOMERSET, Mon- Clar. For this one speech, Lord Hastings well TAGUE, and others.
To have the heir of the Lord Hungerford. Glo. Now tell me, brother Clarence, what think “K. Edw. Ay, what of that? it was my will, and you
grant; • Of this new marriage with the Lady Grey?
1 * And, for this once, my will shall stand for law. * Hath not our brother made a worthy choice? Ti Gio. And vet. methinks
• Glo. And yet, methinks your grace hath not * Clar. Alas, you know, 'tis far from hence to
done well. France ;
" To give the heir and daughter of Lord Scales * How could he stay till Warwick made return?
Unto the brother of your loving bride; * Som. My lords, forbear this talk; here comes She better would have fitted me, or Clarence: the king.
. But in your bride you bưry brotherhood. Flourish. Enter King EDWARD, attended ; LADY • Clar. Or else you would not have bestow'd the GREY, as Queen; PEMBROKE, STAFFORD,
heir HASTINGS, and others...
1. Of the Lord Bonville on your new wife's son, * Glo. And his well chosen bride.
And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere. * Clar. I mind to tell him plainly what I think. | K. Edw. Alas, poor Clarence! is it for a wife, “K. Edw. Now, brother of Clarence, how like' That thou art malcontent? I will provide thee. you our choice,
Clar. In choosing for yourself, you show'd your "That you stand pensive, as half malcontent?
judgment; . Clar. As well as Lewis of France, or the earll. Which being shallow, you shall give me leave of Warwick;
To play the broker in mine own behalf; Which are so weak of courage, and in judgment. And to that end, I shortly mind to leave you. That they'll take no offence at our abuse.
K. Edw. Leave me, or tarry, Edward will be king, “K. Edw. Suppose, they take offence without a l' And not be tied unto his brother's will.
I 'Q. Eliz. My lords, before it pleased his majesty cause, They are but' Lewis and Warwick : I am Edward. To raise my state. to title of a queen, · Your king and Warwick's, and must have my will. I' Dome but right, and you must all confess . Glo. And you shall have your will, because our
" That I was not ignoble of descent, king:
* And meaner than myself have had like fortune. Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well. * But as this title honours me and mine, K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offended
* So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing,
* Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow 6 Glo. Nöt I: No; God forbid, that I should wish them sever'd 4 This has been the advice of every man who in any
age understood and favoured the interest of England. : 1 This is a departure from the truth of history, for Johnson. Edward prince of Wales was married to Anne, second 5 Until the Restoration minors coming into possession daughter of the earl of Warwick. In fact Isabella, his of great estates were in the wardship of the king, who eldest daughter, was married to Clarence in 1469. bestowed them on his favourites, or in other words gave There is, however, no inconsistence in the present pro.them up to plunder, and afterwards disposed of them in posal; for at the time represented, when Warwick was marriage as he pleased. I know not (says Johnson) in France, neither of his daughters were married. I when liberty gained more than by the abolition of the Shakspeare has here again followed the old play. In court of wards... King Richard III. he has properly represented Lady 6 Her father was Sir Richard Widvil.e, Knight, after Anne, the widow of Edward prince of Wales, as the wards earl of Rivers ; her mother Jacueline, duchess youngest daughter of Warwick.
dowager of Bedford, who was daughter of Peter of Lux. 2 A stale here means a stalking horse, a pretence. emburg, earl of St. Paul, and widow of John dike of 3 See King John, note on the final speech.
Bedford, brother to King Henry V.
• K. Edw. My love, forbear o fawn upon their | * And haste is needful in this desperate case. frowns :
Pembroke, and Stafford, you in our behalf What danger, or what sorrow can befall thee, Go levy men, and make prepare for war;
So long as Edward is thy constant friend,.. They are already, or quickly will be landed: • And their true sovereign, whom they must obey?" Myself in person will straight follow you. · Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,
[Exeunt PEMBROKE and STAFFORD, - Unless they seek for hatred at my hands: 1. But, ere I go, Hastings, and Montague, Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe, • Resolve my doubt. You twain, of all the rest, And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath. Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by alliance. * Glo. I hear, yet say not much, but think the Tell me, if you love Warwick more than me ? more.
(Aside. ' If it be so, then both depart to him; Enter a Messenger.
I rather wish you foes, than hollow friends, *K. Edw. Now, messenger, what letters, or what
• But if you mind to hold your true obedience,
I Give me assurance with some friendly vow, news, From France?
That I may never have you in suspect. * Mess. My sovereign liege, no letters; and few
Mont. So God help Montague, as he proves true. words,
Hast. And Hastings, as he favours Edward's • But such as I, without your special pardon,
cause! Dare not relate.
K. Edre. Now, brother Richard, will you stand * K. Edw. Go to, we pardon thee: therefore, in by us? brie
Glo. Ay, in despite of all that shall withstand you. « Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess
i 'K. Edw. Why so; then am I sure of victory. them.
Now therefore let us hence; and lose no hour, • What answer makes King Lewis unto our letters?
• Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power. Mess. At my depart, these were his very words;
(Exeunt. Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king,
SCENE II. A Plain in Warwickshire. Enter That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, WARWICK and OXFORD, with French and other To revel it with him and his new bride.
Forces. K. Edw, Is Lewis so brave? belike he thinks me War. Trust me, my lord, all hitherto goes well; Henry.
The common people by numbers swarm to us. . But what said Lady Bona to my marriage ?
Enter CLARENCE and SOMERSET. Mess. These were her words, utter'd with mild disdain;
But, see, where Somerset and Clarence come:sell him, in hope he'll prove a widower shortly,
Speak suddenly, my lords, are we all friends? I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.
*Clar. Fear not that, my lord. K. Edw. I blame not her, she could say little
Gold sav litikal War. Then, gentle Clarence, welcome unto War
wic less ; • She had the wrong. But what said Henry's queen?
And welcome, Somerset :--I hold it cowardice, *For I have heard, that she was there in place.
To rest mistrustful where a noble heart Mess. Tell him, quoth she, my mourning weeds
Hath pawn'd an open hand in sign of love; are done,
Else might I think, that Clarence, Edward's brother, And I am ready to put armour on.
Were but a feigned friend to our proceedings: "K. Edu. Belike, she minds to play the Amazon.
But welcome, sweet Clarence; my daughter shall
be thine. But what said Warwick to these injuries? Mess, He, more incens'd against your majesty
And now what rests, but, in night's coverturn " Than all the rest, discharg'd me with these words;
Thy brother being carelessly encamp'd, Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong,
His soldiers lurking in the towns about, And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long.
And but attended by a simple guard, K. Edw. Ha! durst the traitor breathe out so
We may surprise and take him at our pleasure ?
Our scouts have found the adventure very easy: proud words? "Well, I will arm me, being thus forewarn'd:
* That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede, • They shall have wars, and pay for their presump
* With sleight and manhood stole to Rhesus' tents,
* And brought f. um ihence the Thracian fatal tion. "But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret ?
i steeds ;6 Mess. Ay, gracious sovereign; they are so link'd
21* So we, well cover'd with the night's black mantle, : in friendship,
* At unawares may beat down Edward's guard, · That young Prince Edward marries Warwick's
durand mornino Wiinbla* And seize hinself; I say not-slaughter him, daughter.
* For I intend but only to surprise him.· Clar. Belike, the elder; Clarence will have the
• You, that will follow me to this attempt, younger.3
" Applaud the name of Ilenry, with your leader. * Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast,
[They all cry Henry! * For I will hence to Warwick's other daughter;
Why, then, let's on our way in silent sort : * That though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage
For Warwick and his friends, God and Saint George * I may not prove inferior to yourself._
[Exeunt. You, that love me and Warwick, follow me.4 SCENE III. Edward's Camp, near Warwick.
[Exit CLARENCE, and SOMERSET follows. Enter certain Watchmen, to guard the King's * Glo. Not I:
Tent. * My thoughts aim at a further matter; I
*1 Watch. Come on my masters, each man take * Stay not for love of Elward, but the crown.
[Aside. | * The king, by this, is set him down to sleep. K. Edv. Clarence and Somerset both gone to *2 Watch. What, will he not to bed ? Warwick!
*1 Watch. Why, no: for he hath made a solemo * Yet am I arm'd against the worst can happen;
I In place signifies there present. The expression is raise a rebellion in the city, with a design, as was sun. of frequent occurrence in old English writers. It is from posed, to storm the queen's palace, he ran about the the French en place.
streets with his sword drawn, crying out, 'They thai · 2 i. e. my mourning is ended.
love me, follow me.' 3 This is consonant with the former passage of this 5 See the tenth book of the Iliad. These circuņi. play, though at variance with what really happened. stances were accessible, however, without reference to i 4 Johnson has remarked upon the actual improbabi. Homer in the original. lity of Clarence making this speech in the king's hear. 6 We are told by some of the writers of the Troin, ing. Shakspeare followed the old play, where this line story, that the capture of these horses was one of the
also found. When the earl of Essex attemnted to 'necessary preliminaries of the fate of Troy.
* Never to lie and take his natural rest,
* K. Edw. What fates impose, that men musi * Till Warwick, or himself, be quite suppress'd.
needs abide ; * 2 Watch. To-morrow then, belike, shall be the * It boots not to resist both wind and tide. day,
[Exit King EDWARD, led out; SOMERSET * If Warwick be so near as men report. * 3 I'nich. But say, I pray, what nobleman is ' * Oxf. What now remains, my lords, for us to do, that
* But march to London with our soldiers ? * That with the king here resteth in his tent? War. Ay, that's the first thing that we have to do; * 1 LV atch. 'Tis the Lord Hastings, the king's" To free King Henry from imprisonment, chiefest friend.
And see him seated in the regal throne. (Exeunt * 3 Watch. O, is it so ? But why commands the SCENE IV. London. A Room in the Palace * That his chief followers lodge in towns about him,
Enter QUEEN ELIZABETH and RiveRS. * While he himself keepeth in the cold field ? · Riv. Madam, what makes you in this sudden *2 IVatch. 'Tis the more honour, because more
"Q. Eliz. Why, brother Rivers, are you yei u *3 Watch. Ay; but give me worship and quiet
What late misfortune is befall’n King Edward ? * I like it better than a dangerous honour.!
Riv. What, loss of some pitch'd battle against * If Warwick knew in what estate he stands,
Warwick ? to "Tis to be doubted, he would waken him.
• Q. Eliz. No, but the loss of his own roral *1 IVatch. Unless our halberts did shut up his
• Riv. Then is my sovereign slain ? * 2 Watch. Ay; wherefore else guard we his Q. Eliz. Ay, almost slain, for he is take:. .. royal tent,
soner; * But to defend his person from night foes ? • Either betray'd by falsehood of his guard, Enter WARWICK, CLARENCE, OXFORD, SOMER
Or by his foe surpris'd at unawares :
And, as I further have to understand,
Is new committed to the bishop of York, War. This is his tent; and see, where stand | Fell Warwick's brother, and bý that our foe. his guard.
• Riv. These news, I must confess, are full of Courage, my masters: honour now, or never !
grief: But follow me, and Edward shall be ours.
' Yet, gracious madam, bear it as you may: I IVatch. Who goes there?
• Warwick may lose, that now hath won the day.. * 2 Watch. Stay, or thou diest.
Q. Eliz. Till then, fair hope must hinder life's (WARWICK, and the rest, cry all-Warwick! |
decay. Warwick! and set upon the Guard ; who * And I the rather wean me from despair, fly, crying, Arm! Arm! WARWICK, * For love of Edward's offspring in my womb. and the rest, following them.
| * This is it that makes me bridle passion, The Drum beating, and Trumpets sounding. Re- * And bear with mildness my misfortune's gross, enter WARWICK, and the rest, bringing the King * Ay, ay, for this I draw in many a tear, out in a Gown, sitting in a Chair ; GLOSTER and * And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs, HASTINGS Ay.
| * Lest with my sighs or tears I blast or drown Som. What are they that fly there?
'King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English "War. Richard, and Hastings : let them go,
crown. here's the duke.
* Riv. But, madam, where is Warwick then be
come? K. Edw. The duke! why, Warwick, when we parted last,
"Q. Eliz. I am informed, that he comes towards Thou call'dst me king?
* To set the crown once more on Henry's head : . When you disgrac'd me in my embassade,
* Guess thou the rest; King Edward's friends must 6. Then I degraded you from being king,
down. And come now to create you duke of York.
But to prevent the tyrant's violence Alas! how should you govern any kingdom,
. (For trust not him that hath once broken faith,
6 I'll hence forthwith unto the sanctuary, That know not how to use ambassadors ; Nor how to be contented with one wife;
To save at least the heir of Edward's right; Vor how to use your brothers brotherly;
There shall I rest secure from force, and fraud. * Nor how to study for the people's welfare ;
• Come, therefore, let us fly, while we may fly; Nor how to shrowd yourself from enemies?
• If Warwick take us, we are sure to die. Exeunt. * K. Edw. Yea, brother of Clarence, art thou SCENE V. A Park near Middleham Castle in here too ?
Yorkshire.3 Enter GLOSTER, HASTINGS, SIR * Nay, then I see, that Edward needs must down. WILLIAM STANLEY, and others. • Yei, Warwick, in despite of all mischance, Glo. Now, my Lord Hastings, and Sir William . Of thee thyself, and all thy complices,
Stanley, • Edward will always bear himself as king : * Leave off to wonder why I drew you hither, * Though fortune's malice overthrow my state, • Into this chiefest thicket of the park. * My mind exceeds the compass of her wheel. Thus stands the case : You know, our king, my War. Then, for his mind, be Edward England's brother, king:
[Takes off his Crown. Is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands But Henry now shall wear the English crown, "He hath good usage and great liberty : * And be true king indeed; thou but the shadow.- . And often, but attended with weak guard, My lord of Somerset, at my request,
| Comes hunting this way to disport himself. • See that forthwith Duke Edward be convey'd I have advertis'd him by secret means, « Unto my brother, archbishop of York.
· That if, about this hour, he make his way, 6. When I have fought with Pembroke and his Under the colour of his usual game, fellows,
He shall here find his friends, with horse and men, I'll follow you, and tell what answer
"To set him free from his captivity. . • Lewis, and the Lady Bona, send to him : Now, for a while, farewell, good duke of York. 2 i. e. in his mind; as far as his own mind goes.
3 Shakspeare follows Holinshed in the representation 1 This honest watchman's opinion coincides with that here given of King Edward's capture and imprison: of Falstaff. See the First Part of King Henry IV Act ment. The whole, however, is untrue. Edward was - V Sc. 3.
never in the hands of Warwick.
Enter King EDWARD and a Huntsman. I * K. Hen. Warwick, and Clarence, give me both Hunt. This way, my lord; for this way lies then
your hands ;,
* Now join your hands, and, with your hands, your game. • K. Edw. Nay, this way, man; see, where the
hearts, huntsmen stand.
1 * That no dissension hinder government: • Now, brother of Gloster, Lord Hastings, and the li
"I make you both protectors of this land; rest,
" While I myself will lead a private life, Stand you thus close, to steal the bishop's deer?
the hishon's deer?' And in devotion spend my latter days, • Glo. Brother, the time and case requireth haste;
To sin's rebuke, and my Creator's praise. Your horse stands ready at the park corner.
War. What answers Clarence to his sovereign's “K. Edw. But whither shall we then ? Hast. To Lynn, my lord: and ship from thence
om thence! * Clar. That he consents, if Warwick yield con
" to Flanders.
sent: " Glo. Well guess'd, believe me: for that was. * For on thy fortune I repose myself.
* War. Why then, though loath, yet must I be my meaning. “K. Edw. Stanley, I will requite thy forwardness.
content: * Glo. But wherefore stay we? 'tis no time to
* We'll yoke together, like a double shadow talk.
* To Henry's body, and supply his place : ‘K. Edw. Huntsman, what say'st thou ? wilt thou
* I mean, in bearing weight of government, go along?
* While he enjoys the honour, and his ease. Hunt. Better do so, than tarry and be hang'd.
* And, Clarence, now then it is more than needful, * Glo. Come then, away ; let's have no more ado.
* Forthwith that Edward be pronounced a traitor, • K. Edw. Bishop, farewell: shield thee from
* And all his lands and goods be confiscate. Warwick's frown;
Clar. What else ? and that succession be deter
min'd. And pray that I may repossess the crown. (Exeunt.
*War. Ay, therein Clarence shall not want his SCENE VI. A Room in the Tower. Enter King
HENRY, CLARENCE, WARWICK, SOMERSET, * K. Hen. But, with the first of all your chief Young RICHMOND, OXFORD, MONTAGUE, Lieu
affairs, tenant of the Tower, and Attendants.
* Let me entreat (for I command no more). * K. Hen. Master lieutenant, now that God and
* That Margaret your queen, and my son Edward, friends
* Be sent for, to return from France with speed. * Have shaken Edward from the regal seat;
| * For, till I see them here, by doubtful fear * And turn'd my captive state to liberty,
* My joy of liberty is half eclips'd. * My fear to hope, my sorrows unto joys;
Clar. It shall be done, my sovereign, with ai: * At our enlargement what are thy duc fees?
speed, .. * Lieu. Subjects may challenge nothing of theirlo?
their “K. Hen. My lord of Somerset, what youth is that, sovereigns;
"T? Of whom you seem to have so tender care? * But, if an humble prayer may prevail,
Som. My liege, it is young Henry, earl of Rich* I then crave pardon of your majesty.
mond. * K. Hen. For what, lieutenant? for well using 'K. Hen. Come hither, England's hope : If seme?
cret powers [Lays his Hand on his Head. * Nay, be thou sure, I'll well requite thy kindness, · Suggest but truth to my divining thoughts, * For that it made my imprisonment a pleasure:
. This pretty lad3 will prove our country's bliss. * Ay, such a pleasure as incaged birds
His looks are full of peaceful majesty; * Conceive, when, after many moody thoughts,
• His head by nature fram'd to wear a crown, * At last, by notes of household harmony,
• His hand to wield a sceptre; and himself * They quite forget their loss of liberty.
1 Likely, in time, to bless a regal throne. * But, Warwick, after God, thou set'st me free,
| Make much of him, my lords ; for this is he, * And chiefly therefore I thank God, and thee;
|| Must help you more than you are hurt by me. * He was the author, thou the instrument.
Enter a Messenger. * Therefore, that I may conquer fortune's spite, * War. What news, my friend? * by living low, where fortune cannot hurt me; * Mess. That Edward is escaped from your bro * And that the people of this blessed land
ther, * May not be punish'd with my thwarting stars; * And fled, as he hears since, to Burgundy. " Warwick, although my head still wear the crown, *War. Unsavoury news: But how made hi " I here resign my government to thee,
esca For thou art fortunate in all thy deeds.
* Mess. He was convey'd by Richard duke of * War. Your grace hath still been fam'd for vir
Gloster, tuous ;
* And the Lord Hastings, who attended4 him * And now may seem as wise as virtuous,
* In secret ambush on the forest side, * By spying, and avoiding, fortune's malice,
1 * And from the bishop's huntsmen rescued him . * For few men rightly temper with the stars:
* For hunting was his daily exercise. * Yet in this one thing let me blame your grace, 1 *War. My brother was too careless of his charge * For choosing me, when Clarence is in place.
*But let us hence, my sovereign, to provide * Clar. No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the * A salve for any sore that may betide. sway,
(Exeunt King HENRY, WAR. Clar. Lieut. * To whom the heavens, in thy nativity,
and Attendants. * Adjudg’d an olive branch, and laurel crown, * Som. My lord, I like not of this flight of Ed* As likely to be blest in peace, and war ;
ward's : * And therefore I yield thee my free consent. * War. And I choose Clarence only for protector.
* For, doubtless, Burgundy will yield him help;
first duke of Somerset. Edmond was half brother to King I Few men accommodate themselves to their destiny, Henry V1. being the son of that king's mother, Queeri er adapt themselves to circumstance.
Catharine, by her second husband, Owen Tudor. Henry 2 See note 1, p. 78.
the Seventh, to show his gratitude to Henry VI. for this 3 This was adopted from Hall by the author of the old early presage in his favour, solicited Pope Julius to ca. play; Holinshed also copies Hall almost verbatim :- nonize him a saint ; but either would not pay the price Whorn when the king had a good while beheld, he said or, as Bacon supposes, the pope refused lest 'as Henry o such princes as were with him, Lo, surelie this is he, to was reputed in the world ahroad but for a simple man whom both we and our adversaries, leaving the posses. the estimation of that kind of honour might be dimin sion of all things, shail hereafter give roome and place.' ished if there were not a distance kept between inno 2.678. Henry earl of Richmond, was the son of Edmond cents and saints.' earl of Richmond, and Margaret, daughter to John the 4 i. e. waited for him
Vou in or
* And we shall have more wars, before't be long. (Drum. Enter MontGOMERY, and Forces, marchung * As Henry's late presaging prophecy
Glo. Brother, this is Sir John Montgomery, * Did glad my heart, with hope of this young Rich-lour trusty friend, unless I be deceiv'd.
mond; * So doth my heart misgive me, in these conflicts
| “K. Edw. Welcome, Sir John! But why come
you in arms ? * What may befall him, to his harm, and ours :
1. Mont. To help King Edward in his time of storm, * Therefore, Lord Oxford, to prevent the worst,
As every loyal subject ought to do.
“K. Edw. Thanks, good Montgomery: But we * Till storms be past of civil enmity.
now forget * Oxf. Ay; for if Edward repossess the crown, 1. Our title to the crown! and only claim *'Tis like, that Richmond with the rest shall down. Our dukedom, till God please to send the rest.
* Som. It shall be so ; he shall to Britany. 1 Mont. Then fare you well, for I will hence again : * Come, therefore, let's about it speedily. (Exeunt. I came to serve a king, and not a duke,
• Drummer, strike up, and let us march away. SCENE VII. Before York. Enter King Ed
[A March begun WARD, GLOSTER, Hastings, and Forces. · K. Edw. Nay, stay, Sir John, a while; ang K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, Lord Hastings,
we'll debate, and the rest;
30? "By what safe means the crown may be recover'd, • Yet thus far fortune maketh us amends,
Mont. What talk you of debating? in few words And says--that once more I shall interchange
1. If you'll not here proclaim yourself our king, My waned state for Henry's regal crown.
" I'll leave you to your fortune; and be gone, "Well have we pass'd, and now repass the seas,
To keep them back that come to succour you: . And brought desired help from Burgundy:
Why should we fight, if you pretend no title? "What then remains, we being thus arriv'd
Glo. Why, brother, wherefore stand you on nice From Ravenspurg havenbefore the gates of York, . But that we enter, as into our dukedom?
' *K. Edw. When we grow stronger, then we'. . Glo. The gates made fast!--Brother, I like not
make our claim; this;
* Till then, 'tis wisdom to conceal our meaning. * For many men, that stumble at the threshold, * Hast. Away with scrupulous wit! now arms * Are well foretold that danger lurks within. * K. Edw. Tush, man! abodements must not
* Glo. And fearless minds climb soonest unto now affright us:
crowns. By fair or foul means we must enter in.
* Brother, we will proclaim you out of hand; * For hither will our friends repair to us.
* The bruitthereof will bring you many friends. * Hast. My liege, I'll knock once more, to sum-.
* K. Edw. Then he it as you will; for 'tis my right, mon them.
* And Henry but usurps the diadem.
Mont. Ay, now my sovereign speaketh like himEnter, on the Walls, the Mayor of York, and his Brethren.
And now will I be Edward's champion.
Hast. Sound, trumpet; Edward shall be here · May. My lords, we were forewarned of your
* Come, fellow-soldier, make thou proclamation. · And shut the gates for safety of ourselves;
[Gives him a Paper. Flourish. For now we owe allegiance unto Henry.
Sold. [Reads.] Edward the Fourth, by the grace 'K. Edw. But, master mayor, if Henry be your of God, king of England and France, and lord of king,
Ireland, foc. · Yet Edward, at the least, is duke of York.
Mont. And whosoe'er gainsays King Edward's "May. True, my good lord; I know you for no
By this I challenge him to single fight. *K. Edw. Why, and I challenge nothing but my |
[Throus down his Gauntlet. dukedom;
All. Long live Edward the Fourth! * As being well content with that alone.
Thanks, brave Montgomery; – and Glo. But, when the fox hath once got in his nose,
thanks unto you all. • He'll soon find means to make the body follow. If fortune serve me, I'll requite this kindness.
Aside. " Now, for this night, let's harbour here in York: 'Hast. Why, master mayor, why stand you in a And.' when the morning sun shall raise his car doubt ?
Above the border of this horizon, Open the gates, we are King Henry's friends. 1. We'll forward towards Warwick, and his mates ; • May. Ay, say you so ? the gates shall then be For, well I wot, 4 that Henry is no soldier.open'd.
Exeunt from above. 1 * Ah, froward Clarence !-how evil it beseems thee. • Glo. A wise stout captain, and persuaded soon! | * To'fatter Henry, and forsake thy brother! * Hast. The good old man would fain that all | * Yet, as we may, we'li meet both thee and War were well,
wick. * So'twere not 'long of him:? but, being enter'd,
* Come on, brave soldiers; doubt not of the day; * I doubt not, I, but we shall soon persuade
* And, that once gotten, doubt not of large pay. * Both him, and all his brothers, unto reason.
[Exeunt. Re-enter the Mayor, and Two Aldermen, below. SCENE VII1.5 London. A Room in the Palace. "K. Edw. So, master mayor: these gates must not be shut,
MONTAGUE, EXETER, and OXFORD. • But in the night, or in the time of war.
War. What counsel, lords ? Edward from Belgia, • What! fear not, man, but yield me up the keys ; With hast, Germans, and blunt Hollanders,
[Takes his Keys. Hath pass' l in safety through the narrow seas, " For Edward will defend the town, and thee, Ana with :us troops doth march amain to London ;
And all those friends that deign to follow me. • And many giddy people flock to him.
1 In the old play this is written Raunspurhaven, we these plays Warwick has but just gone off the stage, may therefore infer that such was the pronunciation. when Edward says:
2 The mayor is willing we shouldenter, so he may And, lurds, towards Coventry beng we our course. not be blamed.
Where peremptory Warwick now remains.' 3 Report. Vide Macbeth, Act v. Sc. 7.
In the original play this scene follows immediately after 4. Know.
| King Henry's observations on young Richmond, he 5 This scer e is perhaps the worst contrived of any in / sixth scene of the present plav.