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50TH CONGRESS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Ex. Doc. 1,

1st Session.

(,

ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

CHIEF OF ENGINEERS,

UNITED STATES ARMY,

TO THE

SECRETARY OF WAR,

FOR

THE YEAR 1887.

IN FOUR PARTS.

PART IV.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1887.

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Officers constituting Board, Fortifications, 5; Subjects considered and reported upon,
5; Sea-coast fortifications, Torpedo defense, 8.
POST OF WILLETS POINT, ENGINEER SCHOOL OF APPLICATION, BATTAL-

ION OF ENGINEERS, AND ENGINEER DEPOT AT WILLETS POINT, NEW
YORK HARBOR...

12

RIVER AND HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS.

IN CHARGE OF MAJ. JARED A. SMITH, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Lubec Channel, Me., 14 ; Moose-a-bec Bar, Me., Narraguagus River, Me., 15; Bangor

Harbor and Penobscot River, Me., Belfast Harbor, Me., 16; Rockland Harbor, Mo.,
Portland Harbor, Me., 17; channel in Back Cove, Portland, Me., breakwater at
mouth of Saco River, Me., 18; Saco River, Me., Kennebunk River, Me., York Har-
bor, Me., 19; Portsmouth Harbor, N. H., Cocheco River, N. H., 20; harbor of

refuge at Little Harbor, N. H., examinations and surveys, 21.

IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. COL. GEORGE L. GILLESPIE, CORPS or ENGINEERS-

Newburyport Harbor, Mass., 22; Merrimac River, Mass., 23 ; Ipswich River, Mass.,

barbor of refuge, Sandy Bay, Cape Ann, Mass., 21; Gloucester Harbor, Mass.,

Lynn Harbor, Mass., 25; Boston Harbor, Mass., 26; Malden River, Mass., Hingham

Harbor, Mass., 28; Scituate Harbor, Mass., 29; Plymouth Harbor, Mass., Province-

town Harbor, Mass., 30.

IN CHARGE OF MAJ. WILLIAM R. LIVERMORE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-

Harbor of refuge at Hyannis, Mass., 31; harbor of refuge at Nantucket, Mass., 32;

Wood's Holl Harbor, Mass., 33; Wareham Harbor, Mass., 34;, Westport Harbor,

Mass., Taunton River, Mass., 35; Warren River, R. I., Pawtucket River, R. I., 36;

Providence River and Narragansett Bay, R. I., 37; removal of Green Jacket Shoal,

Providence River, R. 1., Newport Harbor, R. 1., 38 ; harbor of refuge at Block

Island, R. I., 40; Little Narragansett Bay, R. I. 'and' Conn., harbor of refuge at

Stonington, Conn., 41 ; Pawcatuck River, R. I. and Conn., 42; examinations and

surveys, 43.

8872 ENG 87_I

134770

IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. COL. D. C. HOUSTON, CORPS OF ENGINEERS--
Thames River, Conn., 43; New London Harbor, Conn., Connecticut River, Mass. and

Conn , 44; Clinton Harbor, Conn., New Haven Harbor, Conn., 46; breakwater at
New Haven, Conn., 47; Milford Harbor, Conn., Housatonic River, Conn., 46;
Bridgeport Harbor, Conn., Black Rock Harbor, Conn., 49; Southport Harbor,
Conn., Norwalk Harbor, Conn., 50; Stamford Harbor, Conn., Port Ohester Harbor,
N. Y.,51; Mamaroneck Harbor, N. Y., Echo Harbor, New Rochelle, N. Y., 52; New
Rochelle Harbor, N. Y., East Chester Creek, N. Y., 53; Greenport Harbor, N. Y.,
Port Jefferson Harbor, N. Y., 54; Flushing Bay, N. Y., removing sunken vessels or

craft obstructing or endangering navigation, examiuations, 55.
IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. COL. W. MCFARLAND, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Hudson River, N. Y., 56 ; harbor of Saugerties, N. Y., harbor at Rondout, N. Y., 57;

Harlem River, N. Y., 58; removing obstructions in the East River and at Hell
Gate, N. Y., 59; Newtown Creek, N. Y., Buttermilk Channel, N. Y., 60; Gowanus
Bay, N. Y., 61; New York Harbor, 62; Sheepshead Bay, N. Y., Canarsie Bay, N.
Y., 64; Sumpawanus Inlet, N. Y., Channel between Staten Island and N. J., 65;

Raritan Bay, N. J., 66 ; examinations, 67.
IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. GEORGE McC. DERBY, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Passaic River, N. J., 68; Elizabeth River, N. J., 69; Rahway River, N. J., 70; Wood-

bridge Creek, N. J., Raritan River, N. J., 71; South River, N. J., 72; Cheesequakes
Creek, N. J., Keyport Harbor, N. J., 73; Mattawan Creek, N. J., Shrewsbury

River, N. J., 74; Manasquan River, N. J., 75.
IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. COL. HENRY M. ROBERT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Delaware River, Pa. and N. J., 76; Frankford Creek, Pa., Schuylkill River, Pa., 78;

ico-harbor at Marcus Hook, Pa., 79; ice-harbor at the head of Delaware Bay, Del., .
construction of iron pier in Delaware Bay, near Lewes, Del., 80; harbor at Delaware
Breakwater, Del., 81; Rancocas River, N. J., Woodbury Creek, N. J., 82; Mantua
Creok, N. J., Raccoon River, N. J., 83 ; Salem River, N. J., Cohansey Creek, N. J.,
84; romoval of wrecks from Delaware Bay and River, renioving sunken vessels or
craft obstructing or endangering navigation, survey for harbor at Atlantic City, N.
J., United States commission advisory to the board of harbor commissioners of

Philadelphia, Pa., 85; examinations, 86.
IN CHARGE OF MR. WILLIAM F. SMITH, U. S. AGENT-
Maurice River, N. J., 86 ; Wilmington Harbor, Del., 87; ice-harbor at New Castle,

Del., 88; Duck Creek, Del., St. Jones River, Del., 89; Mispillion Creek, Del., Broad-
klin River, Del., 90; Indian River, Del., inland water-way from Chincoteague Bay,
Va., to Delaware Bay, at or near Lewes, Del.,91 ; Susquehanna River above and be-
low Havro de Grace, Md., 92; Chester River at Kent Island Narrows, Md., Corsica
Creek, Md.,93; Choptank River, Md., Nanticoke River, Del., 94 ; Broad Creek, Del.,
from its mouth to Laurel, Wicomico River, Md.,95; Upper Thoroughfare between
Deil's Island and the mainland, Pocomoke River, Md., removing sunken vessels or

craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 96 ; examination and surveys, 97.
IN CHARGE OF COL. William P. CRAIGHILL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Patapsco River and channel to Baltimore, Md., 97; Annapolis Harbor, Md., 98; re-

building piers at Battery Island, head of the Chesapeake Bay, 99; James River,
Va., 100; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering naviga-

tion, 101 ; examination, 101.
IN CHARGE OF LIEUT. COL PETER C. HAINS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Harborg at Washington and Georgetown, D. C., 101; Potomac River at Washington,
D. C., 102; reconstruction of Aqueduct Bridge, D. C.,

104; bridge across the East-
ern Branch of the Potomac River, D. C., Shenandoah River, West Va., 105.
IN CHARGE OF Mr. S. T. ABERT, U. S. AGENT-
Channel at Mount Vernon, Va., Neabsco Creek, Va., 106; Breton Bay, Leonardtown,
Md., Nomini Creek, Va., 107; harbor at entrance of St. Jerome's Creek, Md., Rap-
pahannock River, Va., 108; Totusky River, Va., Urbana Creek, Va., Mattaponi River,
Va., 109; Pamunkey River, Va., York River,'Va., 110; Chickahominy River, Va.,
Staunton River, Va., 111; Dan River, between Madison, N. C., and Danville, Va.,
Roanoke River, N. C., 112; French Broad River, N. C., 113; examinations and
surveys, 114.

IN CHARGE OF CAPT. F. A. HINMAN, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Harbor at Norfolk, Va., 114; approach to Norfolk Harbor and the United States

(Norfolk) navy-yard, between Lambert's Point and Fort Norfolk, Va., 115; Archer's
Hope River, Va., Appomattox River, Va., 117; North Landing River, Va. and N. C.,
Corrituck Sound, Coanjok Bay, and North "River Bar, N. C., 119; Blackwater
River, Va., 120; Nottoway River, Va., Meherrin River, N. C., 121; Edenton Bay,
N. C., 122 ; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering naviga-
tion, 123; examinations and survey, 123.

IN CHARGE OF CAPT. W. H. Bixby, CORPS OF ENGINEERS—
Pamlico and Tar Rivers, N. C., 123; Contentnia Creek, N. C., 124 ; Trent River, N. C.,

125; Neuse River, N. C., 126; inland water-way between New Berne and Beaufort,
N. 1., 127; harbor at Beaufort, N. C., 128; inland water-way between Beaufort
Harbor and New River, N. C., through Bogue Sound, New River, N. C., 129 ;
Black River, N. C., 130, Cape Fear River, N. C., 131 ; Yadkin River, N, C., 133;
Waccemaw River, s. C., 134; Great Pee Dee River, S. Č., harbor at Georgetown, s.
C., 135; Winyaw Bay, S. C., Santee River, S. C., 136; Wateree River, š. C., 137 ;
Congaree River, S. C., 138; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or en-

ingering navigation, 139 ; examinations and surveys, 139.

IN CHARGE OF COL. Q. A. GILLMORE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Charleston Harbor, S. C., 140; Wapoo Cut, S. C., 141 ; Ashley River, S. C., 142; Edisto

River, S. C., 143; Salkahatchie River, S. C., 144; Savannah Harbor and River, Ga.,
145; Savannah River, Ga., 146; Savannah River, above Augusta, Ga., St. Au-
gustine Creek (Thunderbolt River), Ga., Romerly Marsh, Ga., 148; Altamaha River,
Ga., 149; Doboy Bar, Ga., 150; Brunswick Harbor, Ga., 151; entrance to Cumber-
land Sound, Ga. and Fla., 152; inside passage between Fernandina and St. John's
River, Fla., 153; examination, '154.

IN CHARGE OF CAPT. WILLIAM M. BLACK, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Saint John's River, Fla., 154; Volusia Bar, Fla., 155; Upper Saint Jobn's River, Fla.,

survey of entrance to harbor of Key West, Fla., 156; Caloosahatchio River, Fla.,
157; Pease River, Fla., Mauatee River, Fla., 158; Tampa Bay, Fla., 159; Witb-
lacoochee River, Fla., 160; harbor at Cedar Keys, Fla., Suwanee River, Fla., 161 ;
removing sunken vessels or craft obstructivg or endangering navigation, 162; ex-
aminations, 162.

IN CHARGE OF CAPT. R. L. HOXIE, CORPS or ENGINEERS —
Apalachicola River, Fla., 162; Apalachicola Bay, Fla., 163; La Grange Bayou, Fla.,
Pensacola Harbor, Fla., 164; Choctawhatchee River, Fla. and Ala., Escambia
and Conecuh rivers, Fla. and Ala., 165 ; Oconee River, Ga., 166; Ocmulgee River,
Ga., Oostenanla and Coosawattee rivers, Ga., Flint River, Ga., 167; Coosa River,
Ga. and Ala., 168; Chattahoochee River, Ga. and Ala., Tallapoosa River, Ala., 169;

Cahawba River, Ála., Alabama River, Ala., 170; examination, 171.
IN CHARGE OF MAJ. A. N. DAMRELL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS—
Mobile Harbor, Ala., 171; Black Warrior River, from Tuscaloosa to Daniel's Creek, Ala.,

Warrior River, Ala., 172; Tombigbee River, from Fulton to Vienna, 173; Tombig-
bee River, below Vienna, Old Town Creek, Miss., 174; Noxubeo River, Miss., Pas-
cagoula River, Miss., 175; barbor at Biloxi Bay, Miss., Pearl River, Miss., between
Edinburgh and Carthage, 176; Pearl River, Miss., from Jackson to Carthage, Pearl
River, Miss., below Jackson, 177; examination, 178.

IN CHARGE OF MAJ. W. H. HEUER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS-
Inspection of the improvement at the South Pass of the Mississippi River, 178; Tehe-

functe River and Bogue Falia, La., 179; Tangipaboa River, La., 180; Tickfaw
River, La., Amite River, La., 181; Bayou La Fourche, La., Bayou Terrebonne, La.,
182; Bayou Black, La., Bayou Techo, La., 183; connecting Bayou Techo with Grand
Lake at Charenton, La., Bayon Courtableau, La., 184 ; Calcasieu River and Pass,
La., Bayou Pierre, Miss., 185; Sabine River, La and Tex., Neches River, Tex., 186;
Sabine Pass, Tex., 187 ; removal of sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endanger-
ing navigation, 188; examinations and survey, 188.

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