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the errors already discovered, be deluded into so stupid, so unnecessary, and so irremediable a measure as this, which exposed the Government to the utmost contempt, by having its praises indignantly rejected, as insulting and injurious to the feelings of a great body of those who were subject to the authority of the Government. This occurrence may be considered to have completely dissolved the relation which should subsist between the rulers and the ruled, and it had its origin, as all the other unfortunate events have had, in the imprudent and injudicious councils which Sir G. H. Barlow unhappily followed. Among those about him, there was not one who possessed the confidence of any part of the officers of the army, or one, who, if acquainted with the actual state of the public mind, would run the risk of displeasing the Governor, and thereby perhaps losing his own situation by telling him the truth, when truth might be unpleasant to him. This, unfortunately, would have been too often the case, during the period that he has been at the head of the government of Madras. The officers at Hydrabad, as it appears, acted without delay; but they did not act without reflection; and their reflections informed them, that no situation or circumstances whatsoever, could give to Sir G. H. Barlow, or to any man, a right to proclaim to the world, in a public newspaper, that they had viewed recent public measures in a light different from that in which they had been viewed by their brother officers, particularly as the assertion was totally unfounded. This general order will, through the Madras newspapers, probably find quick circulation among the friends, the connections, and the enemies of the officers of the Madras army, in the various quarters of the world; and as it is calculated not only to represent the Hydrabad officers as differing from the rest of the army, but also implies the possibility, that the measures adopted by Sir G. Barlow, could be contemplated by any part of the officers, without exciting the greatest degree of indignation and resentment, it must be considered as a defamation of the body of the Madras officers, and as a misrepresentation of the circumstances then existing. - The general circulation of the famous order of the 1st of May, gave rise to an incident, which had considerable influence on the subsequent events, and therefore deserves to be noticed. The Bombay troops had, during the last ten years, been much employed with those of the coast army; and the officers, consequently, had many opportunities of becoming acquainted with the characters of several of the officers of the latter, more especially of those distinguished by command, by staff situations, or other circumstances, which give celebrity to individuals. They could not, therefore, be altogether insensible to the details that are set forth in the order of the 1st. Accordingly, when this order was exhibited to the view of the public, at their presidency, they deputed certain individuals from their body to address the officers of the Coast army, and a letter was sent to the principal stations, the substance of which was, “ that the publications in the Bombay newspapers, of a general order, issued at Madras on the 1st of May, had excited, in the minds of the Bombay officers, the greatest surprise and disgust, as it mentioned the suspension of some of the best and most respectable officers of the Coast army.” “That, participating in the feelings of the Madras officers on this occasion, all were unanimous, and there was not a dissenting

voice in announcing the wish of the Bombay officers to afford every facility which might lay in their power, towards procuring redress against the tyrannical and oppressive conduct of the Governor of Madras and his advisers.” To those who may be disposed to form an impartial judgment on the subject, the conduct of the Bombay Officers is worthy of consideration: they were sufficiently near the scene of action to acquire a competent knowledge of the leading circumstances, and they were so totally distinct, as well in distance of situation, as in routine of duty, that they scarcely could be influenced by personal or local prejudices. The opinion which they formed may, therefore, be considered to be as free from partiality, or party feeling, as that which any community could form on a subject of this nature. If this conclusion be just, the unequivocal terms, in which the opinion of the Bombay officers is expressed, must have afforded to the officers at Hydrabad a considerable degree of satisfaction; inasmuch as it appeared fully to justify the decisive conduct which they had adopted, in repelling, with disgust, the praise which was offered to them, under the presumption, that they had tacitly approved (because they had not publicly resented) the measures of Sir G. Barlow;measures which have already produced very disagreeable consequences, and which, if pursued, may lead to disasters of the most serious nature to the officers of the Company's service, to the Company themselves, and to the vital interests of the mother State. - It is truly painful to contemplate the crisis to which the affairs of the Madras Government have been brought by this man. The officers of the most efficient part of the military establishment have been compelled to vindicate their feelings, by informing the Governor of Madras, that his praise of them was considered an insult, and could not be accepted. The officers, with the troops that compose the principal garrison in the Northern division, have suspended the functions of their commandant, who had been sent as a sort of avowed spy over their conduct; and the officers of a separate establishment have publicly expressed their surprize and disgust at the oppressive conduct which has produced this phenomenon. Yet, with these

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