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awful warnings, the same system of terror is pursued, and measures seem to be adopted to prevent any communication to the Governor General, which might inform him of the actual state of affairs, and might enable him, by the seasonable interposition of his authority, to prevent the calamities which seem to impend over this presidency. In vain have various occurrences happened, during the present enlightened period of history, which might have instructed the persons in power here, of the wisdom of that maxim obtaining in the politics of free states, that when those vested with authority are conscious of having adopted a bad cause, and when they perceive that the great body of those, whom they rule, will not be reconciled to a system that is founded on injustice, and unsupported by reason; in such a case, it is the practice of those rulers, according to every principle of patriotism and policy, to prevent the horrors of civil discord, to shew a seasonable condescension to the prevailing opinions of the great majority of those who are subject to their controul; but who, if they saw a palpable neglect of their interests, and a relentless perseverance in the system, which at once insults and injures them, might abandon themselves to the sway of their personal feelings, and become totally indifferent to sentiments of public duty, and to consequences of the greatest general import. That Sir G. Barlow, and his minions, were fully conscious of the impropriety of their conduct, with respect to Major Boles, is evident from various expedients to which they resorted from time to time, but chiefly from the overtures that were made to Major Boles through the channels of a member of council, and General Gowdie; the expedients which those characters adopted of declaring, that they were not instructed to make the proposal, is too shallow to deceive the most ignorant or inexperienced; it, in effect, produced a consequence, quite different from that which was intended ; it was one of those awkward frauds which carry their own antidote along with them; and may very aptly be compared to the finesse adopted by a certain great character, now high in office, who, having occasion to discuss the subject of an interference on his part, which was highly improper, and highly criminal, commenced his explanation with, “ By the sacred God, Sir, I never got a rupee by it.” He had not been accused of any sinister motive, neither would the idea of the possibility of his receiving a bribe have occurred, but for his unsolicited defence, which excited suspicion, and led to the positive discovery, that he had actually received a douceur of 5000 rupees. The declaration of the last-mentioned gentlemen, that they were not employed by Sir G. Barlow, appears. to have been as unnecessary as the disavowal of the bribe was in the instance mentioned ; and, like it, creates suspicion, and renders it, in fact, probable that Sir G. Barlow felt an emotion of compunction at the retrospect of the acts he had counselled. In short, the blind perseverance in acts of error, and an unqualified support of the doctrines of a set of men, who have wormed themselves into confidence, by the basest. means, have brought the affairs of this Government to the verge of ruin; for, although no open act of violence has yet taken place, there can be no doubt that matters may soon proceed to that extremity. Unhappily, their proceedings are so well calculated to produce that end, that it is no longer reasonable to entertain a hope of their failure, unless the private communications which may reach Lord Minto, may induce him to interpose his personal authority, and, by his presence at Madras, to restore some degree of confidence to the sincere friends of established Government, administered with justice and equity.

The transactions at Masulipatam succeeded next in order to those which have been detailed; they shall accordingly be noticed in the next communication.

ADIEU 1

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Madras, 10th September, 1809. DEAR SIR,

My letters by the last dispatch will have prepared your mind for the reception of the accounts that I am about to give you. The discontents of the army are no longer expressed in angry declarations and memorials, but have shewn themselves

* The preceding letters are written, as the Reader must have observed, by the same correspondent. It is to be wished that the series had been complete, but they were originally written, it is necessary to remark, for the information of a gentleman at Calcutta, and have

in deeds, not to be doubted, or denied. As the discontents were general, as has been described to you in my previous correspondence, so the effects of them do not appear to have been confined to one station of the army. At Masulipatam, Hydrabad, and Seringapatam, many direct acts of insubordination have occurred. The Government have, in consequence, had recourse to summary means, to suppress the prevailing spirit, and to reduce it within its proper boundary. Large forces of his Majesty's troops, joined by a part of the Native army, commanded by King's officers, have been sent to the Southward and Northward; and a detachment, consisting of troops of a like description, with the addition of the Mysore cavalry, have been ordered to march to Seringapatam. It will be necessary to observe, that before these extreme measures were pursued, the Government had the most un

been since forwarded by him to this country. This will account for the series being interrupted at the interesting period, at which it closes. The remaining letter [No. 5.] is written by another hand, and must serve to fill up the chasm in the correspondence, which otherwise it would have been difficult to supply.

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