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of grievances by the force, or influence, of their appearance before its walls. A battalion was actually sent in advance, and the whole were to be joined in the march, as it is said, by the discontented part of the army at Masulipatam. But this scheme was abandoned, on a representation from the Resident at the court of the Nizam, that a large body of Mahratta horse was stationed on the frontier, and ready to rush into the Company's territories, and those of their allies, if the country should be deserted by the British force. This information, even at this juncture, and in the height of the irritation of the army, had more weight than the orders of Government, and determined them instantly to give up their own supposed interests in deference to the more important, and more valuable, interests of their country. But the most violent, and the last measure has been resorted to and accomplished, in the vicinity of Seringapatam, where the troops, adhering to the Government, and the disaffected corps, have unhappily come in hostile contact with each other. The 8th and 15th regiment of Native Infantry, stationed at Chittledroog, had seized at the end of the month of July, under the orders

of the committee at Seringapatam, the Company's treasure at the former station; and, notwithstanding the remonstrances of the resident, and the officer commanding in Mysore, marched with these pecuniary resources towards the latter garrison, and had nearly terminated their march, without opposition. But, on the 6th of August, when they were at a small distance from Seringapatam, they were encountered by a detachment, under the command of Plieutenant Colonel Gibbs, consisting of European and Native infantry and cavalry, and a party of the Mysore horse; and, after a trifling

shew of resistance, the battalions from Chit

tledroog were routed. The Government order on the occasion, states these battalions to have been “entirely defeated and dispersed, and that nearly the whole of the rebel force was destroyed.” But in a subsequent accountif it is mentioned, that a considerable number escaped into the garrison of Seringapatam. It is said, and generally believed, that these regiments would not have made any resistance, if they had been aware that the force which suddenly opposed their march, belonged to the British army. The attack commenced on the part of the Mysore horse, and was resisted by the 8th and 15th battalions, until the European troops came up ; when all resistance ceased, and the whole column endeavoured to gain the garrison; suffering themselves to be cut down by the cavalry, without any opposition. It is described, in the Government order, lately published, as an act of cowardice, arising out of a consciousness of the badness of the cause, whilst it is painted in other accounts as an act of devotion in the officers and men of the battalion of their persons and their lives, to a necessity which they could not resist, without wounding the bosoms of their countrymen, and their brethren in arms. On which side the truth exists, I cannot presume to decide. A sally, it appears, was made from the Fort, at the time that the general affair happened between the detachment under Lieutenant Colonel Gibbs and the battalions from Chittledroog; but which did not succeed; the assailants were driven back by the Picquet, and a detachment from the 5th

* Appendix R. + Do. Order of Aug. 20th.

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regiment of Native cavalry, under the command of Captain Beane, of the 25th dragoons. This circumstance diverted the attention of Lieutenant Colonel Gibbs, and probably saved the Chittledroog detachment from annihilation. Some officers of the latter are wounded and taken prisoners, but I cannot procure any accurate statement of the casualties. Since these unhappy occurrences, it is believed, that no other hostile acts have taken place; and, on the 31st ultimo, we are told by a general order of Government, that the officers of Seringapatam have surrendered at discretion, and have been marched into the interior of Mysore. Some circumstances are said to have attended this last measure, marked by a severity, which it could scarcely be necessary to use, but which, at present, I do not feel myself sufficiently informed to relate. Of the Hydrabad, or Masulipatam proceedings, no further accounts have been received, than a general rumour of their having submitted. But on the 7th instant, an order was issued by Government, directing that all corps moving without orders should be considered as in a state of rebellion; which would seem to infer, that at that date,

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all was not considered by the Government, to be in a state of tranquillity. I have given you a general statement of things as they have occured; and must refer you for more particular accounts of some of the events described to the official papers of government, which I have enclosed in a separate packet. You will have letters written by other hands, more full and circumstantial than mine, but probably not more

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PS. I just open my letter to add, that Lord Minto has arrived, and, in his courteous reception of certain inviduals here, who were somewhat under a cloud, opinions are entertained that his Lordship does not approve so wholly as was imagined of the strong acts of our local Government.

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