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regiment of Native cavalry, under the command of Captain Beane, of the 25th dragoons. This circumstance diverted the attention of Lieutenant Colonel Gibbs, and probably saved the Chittledroog detachment from annihilation. Some officers of the latter are wounded and taken prisoners, but I cannot procure any accurate statement of the casualties. Since these unhappy occurrences, it is believed, that no other hostile acts have taken place; and, on the 31st ultimo, we are told by a general order of Government, that the officers of Seringapatam have surrendered at discretion, and have been marched into the interior of Mysore. Some circumstances are said to have attended this last measure, marked by a severity, which it could scarcely be necessary to use, but which, at present, I do not feel myself sufficiently informed to relate.

Of the Hydrabad, or Masulipatam proceedings, no further accounts have been received, than a general rumour of their having submitted. But on the 7th instant, #n order was issued by Government, directing that all corps moving without orders should be considered as in a state of rebellion; which would seem to infer, that at that date, all was not considered by the Government, to be in a state of tranquillity.

I have given you a general statement of things as they have occured; and must refer you for more particular accounts of some of the events described to the official papers of government, which I have enclosed in a separate packet. You will have letters written by other hands, more full and circumstantial than mine, but probably not more

authentic.

• * * *

P S. I just open my letter to add, that Lord Minto has arrived, and, in his courteous reception of certain inviduals here, who were somewhat under a cloud, opinions are entertained that his Lordship does not approve so wholly as was imagined of the strong acts of our local Government.

LETTER VI.

Extract of a Letter from Pondicherry, received by the Margaret.

September 23c/, 1809.

You must have heard, by more direct communications, that more than fourfifths of the Company's officers, have been removed from their respective battalions, on their refusal to subscribe to a test submitted to them by Government. Their places have been supplied by King's officers. The test merely inferred, "that the officers (required to sign it) should obey the orders and sup," port the authority of the Governor in "Council of Fort St. George," no more than is expressed or implied in the commission of every officer. But the letter inclosing the test, and which was ordered to be read to the individual officers, who were required to receive it, contained insinuations, so pointed against the whole body of the army, that a general repugnance to subscribe it was felt and expressed, not only by those who were desired to subscribe the test, but by those appointed to administer it. The consequences you already know. The recusant officers have been allowed to proceed to different parts of the coast. Many are at this place, and others at Sadras, and other places on the same line. The Sepoys have expressed, universally, a dislike to their new officers, and-some even have refused to act until their former officers be restored.

An order of Government has been published, signifying to the Native troops, that their former- commandants and subaltern officers, had been removed for disobedience or disaffection to the Government, but this did not seem to lessen the dislike of the troops to the measure. It was, however, persisted in, and carried into effect at Trichinopoly, Bangalore, Nundydroog, Travancore, and the whole centre division of the army. An attempt was also made to carry it into effect at Seringapatam, but it wholly failed, and terminated in the possession of the fortress by the officers, who were hostile to that measure. The King's troops were dismissed from the garrison; and the place was promptly occupied, and held by the insurgents. It was shortly afterwards invested by the troops of Mysore, and a detachment of Ring's troops, and communication of course impeded with the surrounding country* Two battalions from Chittledroog endeavored to relieve it in the middle of August; but were in part Cut off with the loss of nearly 200 men, and two officers killed and wounded: the rear guard particularly suffered from the attack of the European and Mysore cavalry; they are reported to have made but a slight resistance.

Early in the last month, Colonel Close was sent to Hydrabad by the orders of Government, to take the command, and introduce the test at that station; but, after ineffectual attempts to take the charge, and administer the test, was obliged to withdraw. He addressed both officers and the Native troops in their turn, but was equally unsuccessful in both addresses; he was armed with full powers to negociate with the Native officers and men, to withdraw them> if practicable, from the influence of their officers, by all the temptations in the hands of authority to offer. But all apparently was vain, though it is said that the acts of subordinate agents were afterwards mortf successful, both here, and in other places. So much alarm, of late, has been excited by. these practices, that a renewal of the fatal

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