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that the chief of the army staff are deprived of their offices, and suspended from their station in the army, on the sole and avowed ground of their having paid an unqualified obedience to the orders of their Commander in Chief ? Is it a matter foreign to the feelings of an officer, to perceive his brethren arbitrarily put beyond the pale of the army without enquiry, and without a hearing Is it of no annoyance to them, in holding a commission, rendered insecure, not only by its being subject to be seized on some military impeachment or insinuation, but that it shall be exposed to suspension, at the whim or caprice of power, for alleged reasons, unconnected with military measures? Is it of no importance, that officers, having leave to quit the company's possessions, from infirmity or the urgency of their private affairs, should be detained in India against their will, from vain and capricious motives of men in power; and be dismissed at length, without explanation, to pursue their original destination ; whilst others of high rank and character, should be hurried with ignominy, and almost under the degrading circumstances of felons, though without a verdict or judgment, beyond the company's confines, and finally to England, contrary to their declared wishes, and in direct and express violation of their interests? If these things have happened, and none can seriously dispute the facts, have we occasion to look around us for reasons for the irritated feelings of the coast army Some of the circumstances, embraced by these questions, may be partially controverted or qualified, but the greater part of them are admitted by the official documents of the local Government, though an endeavour is made to disguise them by a false glare of colouring, or to contravene them by sophisticated argument. A sufficient answer has been given, we apprehend, to these ingenious artifices, in the correspondence that has foregone. The inflamed sensations of parties were further aggravated by matters, which, under other circumstances, would have passed unheeded. We shall not here pause to add any new article to the long catalogue of offence, which we have hastily ran over. It hardly will be denied that there was not much irritable matter, lurking under the obnoxious acts enumerated, which, if it should at any time find vent, would produce the most mischievous consequences. It was the duty, however, of individuals, it will be said, to smother their inward feelings, in dutiful respect to the constituted authorities above them. But there would appear a sort of correspondent duty on the side of those authorities, not to harass individual feelings unnecessarily, or to put them to trials, which they might not, from human infirmity, be able or sufficient to sustain. Though a soldier has to exercise and practice himself to submission and obedience, in controul of temper and passion, it is not to be assumed, because he has put on the uniform and the devotedness of his order, that he has therefore cast off the ordinary feelings of his nature. These may be outraged by uncommon incidents or aggravations, so as to overcome habits that long patience and professional principles have united to confirm. When the condition of the soldier is beheld in a liberal point of view, and in which it ought ever to be beheld, it would infer a species of cowardice in him, who should wantonly assail it. What a soul must that man have, who would irritate him to resentment, when the consequence of resentment, which in an indifferent person would be innocent, in him would be a crime *

But it is doubtless the business of a wise Government, to compass its strong measures, by means as mild and moderate, as the accomplishment of the ends will admit. The wisdom of such a rule of action has all the authority of a political maxim, established on the practice of legislators of all ages and of all countries. On the other hand, it is a sign of mental weakness, and depravity of a meaner sort, to enforce a violent act, by violent and offenesive means. Such a conduct, while it overlooks the nature of man, treats his best sensibilities with contempt, and displays, in the act of authority, all the littleness, and the groveling and the debasing qualities of private and humorous spleen. If there be anything more likely than another to stir men's passions, and to betray them out of their course, it is the wild and unrestrained exercise of power. For, when the humiliating weaknesses of individuals are discovered in the sacred organ of Government, which should be supposed frce and untouched by such infirmity, it loses the best homage of respect: it approximates to the condition of ordinary beings, and it is not to be wondered, if men, having lost all respect for it, should forget what is still duc, from the essence of which it partakes. But it is no justification, we are aware, of the officers of the coast army, to shew, that the head of the local Government had also his demerits or defects. Their offence is not to be done away by any supposed failing of another. It will be sufficient to assert once more, that no defence is attempted. But we may have the benefit of this observation, at least, from the circumstance, that if at this interval, the highest authority of the state could not keep itself aloof from the dominion of passion, that they who had less dignity and place to guard them from yielding to such an influence, may not be too harshly censured from falling into the Sa II) C CXCeSS. It would be useless, and it certainly would be painful to us, to recapitulate all the acts, succeeding one another in a train of necessary consequence, as described in the narratives, already in the possession and recollection of the reader, and which served to feed and keep alive the embers of discontent. It must, however, be noticed, that at the moment when the agitation of the army was most general, from the con

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