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ampled proceedings, and considers it a solemn duty imposed upon him to reprimand Lieut.-Col. Munro in general orders, and he is hereby reprimanded accordingly.

F. CAPPER.

“Adjutant-General of the Army.” -ms

[ C. GENERAL ORDERS–BY THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF.

“ The moment is now arrived, when Lieut.-General Macdowall is to take leave of the Company’s army, whose ardent courage, consummate discipline, and persevering firmness, have been displayed in the achievements of those brilliant exploits which have secured its own glory, and added to the British empire extensive fertile regions of incalculable value and importance. May your patriotism, valour, and worth, be acknowledged and rewarded by your King and the East India Company, in proportion as they are known and appreciated by your Commander in Chief.

“Had Lieut.-General Macdowall succeeded to the high and enviable office with all the advantages enjoyed by his predecessors, he would, upon first assuming the command, have promulgated his sentiments on so flattering an event; but the circumstances of his appointment were so humiliating and unpropitious, that he declined addressing the army, in the anxious hope that the Court of Directors might, on further deliberation, be induced to restore him to his right, by altering the new and extraordinary forms of Government, and have enabled him to exercise the functions of his station, as the representative of the army, with honour to the service, and credit to himself; no prospect of such an occurrence being at all probable, in justice to the army, and to his own character, he has determined to retire.

“On quitting a country where he has passed the greatest part of his life, and where he possesses many dear and respectable friends, Lieut.-Gen. Macdowall cannot view his separation from a body of men he is sincerely attached to, without suffering the most painful sensations; from the nature of the service he can have little chance of ever meeting with them again, but he is bound to declare, that the whole of their conduct meets with his entire approbation, and he will boldly affirm, without danger of contradiction, that His Majesty has not, in any part of his dominions, a more loyal, patriotic, and valiant class of soldiers and subjects, than the officers composing the army of Fort St. George. That success may continue to attend their steps; that their dearly-bought laurels may never decay; and that their bravery and discipline may gather additional wreaths in the field of honour, is the sincere prayer of a man who will

ever forget them. 6 & (Signed) F. CAPPER, ** Jan. 28. “Adj.-Gen. of the Army.”

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[ D. J
GENERAL ORDERS–BY GOVERNMENT.

“Fort St. George, Jan. 31, 1809,

“ It has recently come to the knowledge of the Governor in Council, that Lieut.-General Macdowall did, previously to his embarkation from the Presidency, leave to be published to the army, a General Order, dated 28th instant, in the highest degree disrespectful to the authority of the Government, in which that officer has presumed to found a public censure on an act adopted under the immediate authority of the Governor in Council, and to convey insinuations grossly derogatory to the character of the Government, and subversive of military discipline, and of the foundation of public authority. The resignation of Lieut.-Gen. Macdowall of the command of the army of Fort St. George, not having been yet received it becomes the duty of the Governor in Council, in consideration of the violent and inflammatory proceeding of that officer, in the present and on other recent occasions, and for the purpose of preventing the repetition of further acts of outrage, to anticipate the period of his expected resignation, and to annul the appointment of Lieutenant-General Macdowall to the command of the army of this Presidency; Lieutenant-General Macdowall is accordingly hereby removed from the station of Commander in Chief of the Forces at Fort St. George.

“ The governor in Council must lament, with the deepest regret, the necessity of resorting to an extreme measure of this nature; but when a manifest endeavour has been used to bring into degradation the supreme public authority, it is essential that the vindication should not be less signal than the offence; and that a memorable example should be given, that proceedings subsversive of established order can find no security under the sanction of rank, however high, or of station, however exalted.

“ The General Order in question having been circulated under the signature of the Deputy Adjutant General of the Army, it must have been known to that officer, that in giving currency to a paper of this offensive description, he was acting in direct violation of his duty to the Government, as no authority can justify the execution of an illegal act, connected as that act obviously in the present case has been, with views of the most reprehensible nature, the Governor in Council thinks proper to mark his highest displeasure of the conduct of Major Boles, by directing “ that he shall be suspended from the Company's service.” - The General Order left by the Commander in Chief for publication, under date 28th inst. is directed to be expunged from every public record, and the Adjutant-General of the Army will immediately circulate the necessary orders for that purpose. By order of the Honourable Governor in Council,

“ GEORGE BUCHAN,

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Secretary to Government.

- [ E.
G. O. BY GOVERNMENT. .

“ Fort St. George, 1st Feb. 1809.

“It having been made known to the honourable the gover

nor in council that the adjutant-general of the army was materially implicated in the measure of giving currency to the offensive general order of the commander in chief, dated the 28th ultimo, it becomes the duty of the honourable the governor in council to direct that Lieutenant-colonel Capper be suspended from the service of the honourable company, and that officer is hereby suspended accordingly. “The governor in council directs that major Robert Barclay will take charge of the duties of the office of adjutant-general, until further orders. “By order of the Honourable the governor in council. (Signed) “ G. BUCHAN,

“ Chief Secretary to Government.” y

[ F. J . THE HONOURABLE SIR. G. BARLOW, BART. K. B.

PRESIDENT IN COUNCIL.
- “Fort St. George, January, 1809.

“ Sir, Impelled by a laudable ambition which had long led

me to aspire to the chief command of the respectable army

under this establishment, I viewed my appointment to that high office as the happiest event of my life, concluding, that I should succeed to all the rights and privileges enjoyed by my predecessors. The decision, however, of the court of directors, confirmed by the board of controul, has placed me in so extraordinary,and unexampled, and so humiliating a predicament, that the most painful emotions are excited, and I, at one glance, perceive that it is impossible to remain with any prospect of performing my duty with credit to the East India company, of acquiring for myself any reputation, or of doing justice to

those over whom I am called to preside. Divested of the power

of selecting for command, or of requiting the meritorious officer, by the restriction of military patronage; deprived of the respectability which in this country attaches to a seat in council, and abridged in the usual emoluments of office ; it is inconsistent with the character I have ever endeavoured to maintain to hold an appointment of such magnitude and responsibility thus degraded ! I have therefore the honour, honourable sir, to request that I may be permitted to resign my commission of commander in chief, and to proceed to Europe by the present opportunity. Inferring that the plan, for the exclusion of the commander in chief from council, must have been formed with sufficient deliberation, to preclude the possibility of any arguments of mine producing an alteration of sentiment on the projectors of it, I decline touching on the subject; nor will I condescend to make any reference to those, who have premeditately injured me, and who without a conciliating expression or any explanation whatever, have severely wounded the feelings of an officer who has served them with zeal and fidelity (with a short intermission) for seven and twenty years. In adverting once more to patronage, it is not possible to view without the deepest regret, a scheme for disconnecting the authority to command service, from the power of animating it by reward; and for allotting to the commander in chief all the invidious duties of his station without the means of softening them to the army, by acts of favour and kindness, derived immediately from the fountain head; and I may be allowed to observe that the plea of public utility ought to be clear and urgent, which calls for the extinction or abridgement of any of these rights which the army, through its natural representative, possess, or which can justify me in admitting, that an

experiment is necessary to ascertain with how small a portion of

power and influence, the military duties under this government may be carried on.

“ Notwithstanding these observations, (which have nothing

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of novelty to recommend them) and my determined resolution to quit India with the spring fleet, should you, honourable sir, be of opinion that the public service will, in any shape, suffer detriment by my departure at the present moment, I shall consider it an imperious duty to abandon every personal feeling, and to submit to your judgment, should my exertions be deemed of importance ; at the same time implicitly relying that your honourable board will sanction my embarkation, when the cause of my detention may be removed. “I beg, however, that it may be distinctly understood, that this is not meant as courting an invitation to stay. I have been offered an indignity, and my pride and sensibility would compel me to retire, even were the sacrifice greater; for I cannot tamely submit to see the exalted station disgraced in my person, nor can I be answerable to the army if I do not resist so uncommon a deviation, which deprives it of a representative. “ The accompanying copy of a letter from his excellency the commander in chief in India will inform you, honourable sir, of his acquiescence to my application for one year's leave of absence. “I have the honour to be, &c.

“ HAY MACDOWALL.”

[G. J
GENERAL ORDER BY GOVERNMENT.
“Fort St. George, 6th Feb. 1809.

“The honourable the governor in council having lately adopted the measure of ordering the release of the quarter-mastergeneral of the army from arrest, and it being desirable that the circumstances connected with that measure should be distinctly and publicly understood, there being reason to believe, that a great degree of misapprehension has hitherto existed, the governor in council thinks it proper to state, that the quarter-mastergeneral was placed under arrest by the late commander in chief, on charges founded on a report which was submitted by the quarter-master-general, in conformity to express orders; which report having been approved and adopted by the commander in chief, lieutenant-general Sir John Cradock, was by him communicated to the late right honourable the governor in council of Fort St. George, and finally laid before the supreme government, under whose approbation and orders, it became the foundation of measures already known to the army.

“In these circumstances the quarter-master-general could

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