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pleased to proclaim a full pardon to the European non-commissioned officers and privates, and to the Native commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of the garrison of Masulipatam, who were concerned in these improper proceedings. The governor in council entertains a confident persuasion, that this act of lenity will produce a proper effect in the minds of these men, and induce them to manifest in future that fidelity to the government, which constitutes the first duty and highest praise of every soldier.

“The governor in council prohibits the march of any body of troops from the garrison of Masulipatam, without the orders of Major General Pater, commanding the northern division; and directs, that any troops who may have marched from Masulipatam without due authority, shall return forthwith to that station, on pain of being considered to be in a state of rebellion

to the government.
“ A. FALCONAR,
“ Chief Secretary.”

“ GENERAL ORDERS BY THE HONOURABLE THE

GOVERNOR IN COUNCIL.
- “Fort St. George, Aug. 12, 1809.

“The course of proceeding followed for some time past by the officers of the honourable company's army at this presidency, has obliged the government to adopt the most decided measures for the preservation of the important interests committed to its charge. These proceedings may be stated to have commenced with the transmission to the government by the late commander in chief of a memorial addressed to the honourable the court of directors, dated January, 1809, and signed by a large proportion of the company's officers. Although that paper exhibits claims of an ungrounded nature, and contains observations equally improper and unjust on the orders of the honourable the court of directors and the government, the governor in council was induced to permit it to pass without the serious notice which it appeared to demand, by a confidence in the discipline of the army, and a persuasion that the objectionable passages in the memorial were inadvertently and unintentionally introduced.

“The subsequent conduct of the commander in chief forced the government to vindicate its authority, by a signal example of punishment. It was well known to the company's officers, that the whole of this proceeding was referred to the supreme government, and the authorities in Europe ; that it would receive

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from their wisdom a decision conformable to the soundest principles of reason and justice; and that its discussion could

not belong to the cognizance of the army, who are precluded

from becoming a deliberative body. Notwithstanding these

considerations, the governor in council, anxious to remove every cause of misunderstanding relative to a measure of so important a nature, published an order, dated the 31st January, explaining to the army the grounds on which it was adopted. The governor in council had a right to expect, on the most obvious grounds of discipline and respect for the laws, that the question would have been permitted to rest here, and receive its final reward from the only powers competent to decide on it; and it was with feelings of equal surprize and concern he learned, that a memorial to the supreme government, of the most intemperate description, was circulated in the company's army. “ The governor in council, desirous to avoid a recurrence to measures of severity, and persuaded that it was 'sufficient to apprize the company's officers of the improper nature of the proceedings, to induce them to desist from their prosecution, authorized the commander in chief to issue a circular letter, dated the 5th March, 1809, explaining to those officers the impropriety of their conduct, and calling upon them, by the most powerful motives of duty, allegiance, and honour, to abstain from such unjustifiable measures. A letter from the right honourable the governor in council, dated the 20th Feb. 1809, approving of the steps adopted by the governor of Fort

St. George, with respect to the late commander in chief, was

also circulated to the army, in the expectation that the sentiments of the supreme government would have suppressed the spirit of faction and insubordination which prevailed. These letters appear to have produced no effect; the memorial to the supreme government made further progress; and an address to

Major Boles, an officer under sentence of suspension, written in language of determined sedition, was circulated in the army, and forced upon the notice of the governor in council, by a com

pany's officer, holding a confidential situation on his staff—the governor in council was still induced to pursue a system of forbearance, by the sentiments of affection and respect which he

was disposed to entertain towards the company's officers; and

by a conviction that the principles of zeal, discipline, and national attachment, by which he supposed they were actuated, would lead them to relinquish the reprehensible measures in which they were engaged, on being made fully acquainted with

their impropriety and danger. The commander in chief, accordingly, under the sanction of the government, issued a second circular letter, dated 10th April, 1809, again calling upon the officers of the company’s army to adhere to their duty, correcting the erroneous opinions which they had received, regarding the powers of government, and describing the unjustifiable nature and dangerous consequences of their proceedings. The governor in council learned, with deep regret, that these measures of moderation, these repeated and urgent appeals to the discipline, duty, national attachment, and professional honour of the company's officers were entirely nugatory; that the memorials continued to be circulated, and that sentiments of sedition were openly declared in many parts of the army; the further forbearance of the government would have encouraged the progress of those evils; a course of explanation and exhortation. had been pursued in vain, and it became imperiously necessary to check, by a salutary example of punishment, a spirit of insubordination that threatened the most dangerous consequences to the prosperity of the empire, JThe general orders of the 1st of May last were accordingly passed. The governor in council is concerned to state, that this example, which was confined to the persons who were principally instrumental in promoting sedition, and of whose delinquency the most ample proofs existed, and which was intended to obviate the necessity of more extensive punishments, failed to produce the beneficial effects anticipated from its adoption, and that principles of insubordination and , sedition continued to prevail among the company's officers, if possible with aggravated violence ; the company's officers of . the Hydrabad subsidiary force, whose good conduct in refusing to affix their signatures to the seditious addresses, had received the approbation of the government, intimated to the rest of the army, in an address dated in May last, scarcely less reprehensible than the papers that had incurred the animadversion of the government, their participation in the disaffection which prevailed so extensively in the company's army. “The officers at Hydrabad followed up this act, by threatening, in an address, dated 15th June, transmitted direct to the governor in council, to separate themselves from the authority of the government, established over them by their country, unless a submission should be yielded to their menaces, by abrogating the general orders of the 1st of May, and the company's officers at Masulipatam imprisoned their commanding officer, and made preparations to desert the post entrusted to their charge, and to join the Hydrabad subsidiary force, thereby involving, on account of views personal to themselves, the men under their command in the guilt of rebellion, and furnishing. to the Native troops a dangerous example of resistance to authority. The governor in council, still anxious to impress on the

for the welfare and comforts of the native troops that has invariably been manifested by the British government. 4. He has no intention whatever of making any changes in their situation ; and he expects that the native troops will display on every emergency the unshaken fidelity to government which constitutes the first duty of a soldier; that they will obey with zeal the orders of the officers whom the government shall place in authority over them ; that they will refuse a belief to all reports calculated to agitate their minds and diminish their confidence in the government; and that they will not allow themselves to be involved in measures in any respect adverse to their duty and allegiance. * 5. The governor in council is pleased to express his approbation of the good conduct which has been recently manifested by the native troops at the presidency in the camp at the Mount, at Trichinopoly, and at Vellore, and he is confident that their behaviour will be equally correct and loyal at all other stations of the army. “By order of the honourable the governor in council.

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“ The hon, the governor in council has been pleased to resolve, that all the European officers of the company’s service, who may be removed from the exercise of their military functions, in consequence of their refusing or omitting to sign the declaration, required in the orders of the 26th of July last, shall be permitted to choose a place for their residence until further orders, between Sadras and Negapatam, both places included, from which they are not afterwards to proceed beyond the distance of five miles, without the permission of the governor in council.

“The governor in council is further pleased to direct, that the commanding officers of divisions, stations, or corps, shall take the most effectual measures for obliging the officers who may be suspended from the exercise of their military functions, for the reasons above stated, to quit the stations of their corps without any delay whatever, and to proceed, with all practicable dispatch, to the places which they may choose for their residence.

“Commanding officers of divisions, &c. are directed to report to the office of the adjutant-general of the army, the names of

the places which may be selected by the officers for their residence under this order. “By order of the honourable the governor in council. (Signed) “ A. FALCONAR, “ Chief Sec. to Gov.”

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“ SIR,--I have this morning received your official letter, giving cover to a copy of a letter from government, under date 26th ult. and have, in reply, to state, that I tendered the paper, in due form, to all the officers present here, who (unaminously) refused to sign it. I have delivered over the command to Subidar Bohoodling, a most respectable and good soldier, whom I had some trouble to persuade to supersede his European officers in the command of the corps and stations. The enelosures will fully explain every thing further.

“I have the honour to be, Sir,
“Your most obedient servant,

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SIR,--I have the honour to forward a paper, which I have to request you will forward to Madras, without delay; I beg leave, at the same time, to offer apologies for making you the channel of such communication, which proceeds from the absence of colonel Davis, and an anxiety to anticipate the orders of government, that we may share, in common with our brother officers at Bangalore, that temporary disgrace which Sir George Barlow has determined to inflict on them. & 6 - I have the honour to be, Sir, “Your most obedient servant,

“ JAMES WELSH.”

“We, the undersigned officers of the garrison of Nundydroog, understanding that our brother officers at Bangalore have been called upon to sign a paper, promising implicit obedience to the orders of the honourable Sir George Barlow,

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