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from their wisdom a decision conformable to the soundest principles of reason and justice ; and that its discussion could

not belong to the cognizance of the army, who are precluded

from becoming a deliberative body. Notwithstanding these

considerations, the governor in council, anxious to remove every cause of misunderstanding relative to a measure of so important a nature, published an order, dated the 31st January, explaining to the army the grounds on which it was adopted. The governor in council had a right to expect, on the most obvious grounds of discipline and respect for the laws, that the question would have been permitted to rest here, and receive its final reward from the only powers competent to decide on it; and it was with

feelings of equal surprize and concern he learned, that a memo

rial to the supreme government, of the most intemperate de

scription, was circulated in the company's army. “ The governor in council, desirous to avoid a recurrence to measures of severity, and persuaded that it was 'sufficient to apprize the company's officers of the improper nature of the proceedings, to induce them to desist from their prosecution, authorized the commander in chief to issue a circular letter, dated the 5th March, 1809, explaining to those officers the impropriety of their conduct, and calling upon them, by the most powerful motives of duty, allegiance, and honour, to abstain from such unjustifiable measures. A letter from the right honourable the governor in council, dated the 20th Feb.

1809, approving of the steps adopted by the governor of Fort St. George, with respect to the late commander in chief, was

also circulated to the army, in the expectation that the sentiments of the supreme government would have suppressed the spirit of faction and insubordination which prevailed. These letters appear to have produced no effect; the memorial to the supreme government made further progress; and an address to

Major Boles, an officer under sentence of suspension, written in

language of determined sedition, was circulated in the army,

and forced upon the notice of the governor in council, by a company's officer, holding a confidential situation on his staff—the governor in council was still induced to pursue a system of forbearance, by the sentiments of affection and respect which he was disposed to entertain towards the company's officers; and by a conviction that the principles of zeal, discipline, and national attachment, by which he supposed they were actuated, would lead them to relinquish the reprehensible measures in

which they were engaged, on being made fully acquainted with

their impropriety and danger. The commander in chief, accordingly, under the sanction of the government, issued a second circular letter, dated 10th April, 1809, again calling upon the officers of the company’s army to adhere to their duty, correcting the erroneous opinions which they had received, regarding the powers of government, and describing the unjustifiable nature and dangerous consequences of their proceedings. The governor in council learned, with deep regret, that these measures of moderation, these repeated and urgent appeals to the discipline, duty, national attachment, and professional honour of the company's officers were entirely nugatory; that the memorials continued to be circulated, and that sentiments of sedition were openly declared in many parts of the army; the further forbearance of the government would have encouraged the progress of those evils; a course of explanation and exhortation had been pursued in vain, and it became imperiously necessary to check, by a salutary example of punishment, a spirit of insubordination that threatened the most dangerous consequences to the prosperity of the empire, sthe general orders of the 1st of May last were accordingly passed. The governor in council is concerned to state, that this example, which was confined to the persons who were principally instrumental in promoting sedition, and of whose delinquency the most ample proofs existed, and which was intended to obviate the necessity of more extensive punishments, failed to produce the beneficial effects anticipated from its adoption, and that principles of insubordination and , sedition continued to prevail among the company’s officers, if: possible with aggravated violence ; the company's officers of the Hydrabad subsidiary force, whose good conduct in refusing, to affix their signatures to the seditious addresses, had received the approbation of the government, intimated to the rest of the army, in an address dated in May last, scarcely less reprehensible than the papers that had incurred the animadversion of the government, their participation in the disaffection which prevailed so extensively in the company's army. “The officers at Hydrabad followed up this act, by threatening, in an address, dated 15th June, transmitted direct to the governor in council, to separate themselves from the authority of the government, established over them by their country, unless a submission should be yielded to their menaces, by abrogating the general orders of the 1st of May, and the company's officers at Masulipatam imprisoned their commanding officer, and made preparations to desert the post entrusted to their charge, and to join the Hydrabad subsidiary force, thereby involving, on account of views personal to themselves, the men under their command in the guilt of rebellion, and furnishing. to the Native troops a dangerous example of resistance to authority. The governor in council, still anxious to impress on the

minds of the company's officers a sense of the impropriety of their conduct, published to the army the dispatch from the supreme government, dated the 21st of May last, which contained an entire approval of the measures of the government of Fort St. George, and stated the most forcible and conclusive arguments against the system of faction and illegal combination which had been introduced into the coast army. This solemn decision of the supreme authority in India, has also proved to be ineffectual ; the officers at Hydrabad, although they knew the sentiments of the supreme government, refused, in a body, in a letter to their commanding officer, dated the 8th of July, obedience to the orders of government, for the march of a battalion from Hydrabad, adding, as a threat, that its services might soon be useful to their cause ; and have since forwarded to the government, in a paper, dated the 21st of July, the conditions on which they are willing to return to their duty, and which they require the government to accept, in order to avert the impending awful evils; evils that can result only from their own criminal determination to place themselves in the situation of enemies to their country. The conditions on which those officers presume to state that they will yield obedience to the national authorities, afford further proofs of the nature of their designs, for they demand the public revocation of the general orders of the 1st May ; the restoration to their rank and appointments of all officers removed by this government, however obnoxious and criminal the conduct of those offices mā) have been ; the dismission from office of the officers of the general staff, who may be supposed to have advised the government to the trial by a general court martial of the officer commanding Masulipatam, who was arrested by his own disobedient officers; and, finally, an amnesty for the conduct of the company's army. The garrison of Masulipatam have placed themselves in a state of rebellion, the troops of Seringapatam and Hydrabad, have followed their example, and it has been ascertained that the military authority entrusted to commanding officers has been usurped by self-constituted committees; and that an organized system of combination, for the purpose of subverting the authority of the government, has been established throughout the greatest part of the army of this establishment. “The governor in council perceives, in the foregoing course of proceedings on the part of European officers of the company's army, which has equally resisted measures of forbearance and punishment, a determined spirit of revolt that must, unless speedily repressed, produce the most fatal consequences to the constitution and authority of the government and the interests of the nation. No means compatible with the honour and

authority of the government have been omitted to recal the company's officers to a sense of their duty as soldiers, and of

their allegiance as British subjects. The forbearance displayed

by the government, under circumstances of aggravated indignity, demonstrate the satisfaction with which it would have regarded any disposition on the part of the company's officers to manifest the usual obedience required from all soldiers. No disposition, however, of that nature has appeared ; on the contrary, those officers, by a systematic course of aggression and insubordination, have forced the government to adopt measures of the most decided nature for the support of its authority. “The governor in council would be guilty of a most criminal desertion of his duty and the cause of his country, if he were capable of compromising the evils of sedition and mutiny by a submission to the menaces of a body of men, placed by the law under his government. Such a course of proceeding would prostrate the authority of the state before a disaffected and seditious faction; it would effectually incapacitate this and every succeeding government from executing the functions of administration, and would be fatal to the prosperity of the empire in India, by affording an example of successful opposition to authority, and by weakening the power and dignity of the government, which, in this country, are peculiarly essential to its existence. Influenced by these considerations, the governor in council has considered it to be his sacred duty to resist every appearance of concession to the threats of insubordination and faction, and to employ the power and means at the disposal of the government for the restoration of its discipline and the maintenance of its honour and authority. “In this state of affairs, it is a source of the most gratifying reflection, that zeal, loyalty, and discipline of his Majesty's troops, and of many of the most respectable officers of the company's army, combined with the fidelity generally manifested by the native troops, will enable the government to accomplish the important object of re-establishing public order. The good conduct of his Majesty's troops during the dissensions that have occurred, their zealous adherence to duty, the preference which they have manifested to the principles of honour, virtue, and patriotism, over the personal views and disorderly passions which prevailed around them, reflect the greatest credit on their character, and demonstrate that they are animated by the same ardent love of their country, which has distinguished their brother soldiers in Europe. His Majesty's troops under this government will possess the gratifying reflection of having deserved the approbation and gratitude of their country, and of having eminently contributed to the preservation of an important branch of the empire.

“The governor in council entertains a hope that the company's officers, who have threatened the government of their country with the most serious evils, who have demanded, as the condition of being faithful to their duty, the execution of measures degrading to the character, and fatal to the interests of the State, will pause before they attempt to proceed further in the course of sedition and guilt which they have pursued. It has been the earnest wish and anxious desire of the governor in council to avoid measures of extremity, to re-establish order b the course of the law, and to give up to military trial the authors of the present seditious proceedings. In prosecution of measures so consonant to justice, so necessary for restoration of discipline, and so conformable to the ordinary course of military government, the governor in council is persuaded that he shall have the concurrence of all persons in the civil and military services, who have not banished from their minds every sentiment of national feeling; and he exhorts the officers of the company's service, by submitting to that course of measures, to avert the evils which they are precipitating upon themselves. Such a result, gratifying at any period, would, at the present moment of national difficulty, be peculiarly acceptable to the view and feelings of the governor in council; and, adverting to the zeal and patriotism by which the officers of the company's army have been distinguished, he still encourages a hope, that by manifesting obedience to the government, they will obviate the adoption of measures of extremity, arrest the certain consequences of their past conduct, and promote the restoration of general confidence, order, and discipline. -

“By order of the honorable the governor in council, - (Signed) “ A. FALCONAR.”

-

“ BY GOVERNMENT.-GENERAL ORDERS. “Fort St. George, August 18.

“The governor in council has received intelligence that the troops at Chittledroog, consisting of the first battalion of the 6th and 5th regiments of Native infantry, seized, in the latter end of July, the public treasure at that station, deserted the post entrusted to their care, and, in obedience to orders which they received from a committee who have usurped the public authority at Seringapatam, marched on the 6th instant to join the disaffected troops in that garrison, plundering the villages on their route.

“The British resident, and the officer commanding in Mysore, prohibited, in the most positive terms, the advance of

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