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tenant Colonel Munro, on the 21st of January.

The removal of several officers from their situations at Madras, for which removal no other reason can be assigned, than their objection to hold any unofficial intercourse with Lieutenant Colonel Munro —the removal of battalions from Madras for reasons of the same description—the means by which Sir John Sinclair procured the situation of Commissary at the Arsenal —and various other occurrences which have marked the unhappy interval between the beginning of February and the present eventful period—will form subjects for future communications. This one shall be concluded with an earnest prayer, that a consciousness of their own right, and a firm reliance on the justice and equity of their superiors in England, may enable the officers of the Coast army to bear with fortitude the trial, to which they are exposed, only for a time. Let them reflect, that they have a character already high, and worth preserving by any temporary sacrifice of their personal feelings; and that whatever may be the extent of their just indignation against the individuals, who are the immediate instruments of their oppression, duty to their country requires that it should, for the time, be restrained within those limits, beyond which is nothing but crime, anarchy, and confusion.

Adieu I

LETTER II.

Madras, 20th June, 1809.

Dear Sir,

As the narrative addressed to you is intended to convey a simple and correct view of the whole of the circumstances which have conduced to bring the public affairs of this Government to the critical predicament that they are now in, it will be proper, not only that the various events should be detailed in the order in which they occurred, but that the connection between them should be distinctly shewn, as well as the effect which they produced on the public mind.

The transactions of any given period, during this unhappy dissension, cannot, with propriety, be considered, of themselves, to possess any particular character or feature. No correct judgment can be formed respecting them, unless they be combined with the circumstances in which the parties concerned were placed; because from those circumstances alone were they produced, and to them alone were they applicable.

From what has been detailed, in the preceding letter, it will be perceived, that a considerable degree of animosity subsisted in the beginning of February. Lieutenant Colonel Munro either had (or was supposed to have) falsely traduced the characters of the officers commanding Native corps in the honourable Company's service; and, although his insinuations did not immediately affect the other officers, it was well known that an acute sense of injury was felt by almost every officer of every rank. Even supposing the relative situation of the army in the State to be very low, still the profession is deemed honourable, and officers are usually treated as gentlemen. It might, therefore, be reasonably supposed, that some consideration would be shewn towards the feelings of those who supposed themselves to be falsely calumniated; and, as Lieutenant Colonel Munro had not, during six months, disavowed the calumny, that Government would not have interrupted a public inves. tigation of the subject, without, at the same time, giving some kind of explanation to satisfy the officers of the army, that the insinuation, conveyed in Lieutenant Colonel Munro's paper, was not considered to be applicable to them. No such explanation, however, was given; and the officers of the army naturally drew the conclusion, that no consideration of the claim on the justice of Government, which they considered themselves to possess equally with Colonel Munro, would be allowed to interfere with the full execution of the threat, "That "Government would, in the most decided "manner, evince their marked displeasure "against all, who had adopted the unfavour"able impressions respecting Lieutenant "Colonel Munro." They saw this disposition manifest itself in the extraordinary, and unprecedented, order, which directed the Hon. Lieutenant Colonel Sentleger to remain at Trichinopoly, while his regiment was sent on service,-^in the detention of Lieutenant Colonel Martin, only a few hours before the sailing of his ship,—and in the suspension of Major Boles and Colonel Capper,—they saw the complete removal of the only barrier which could protect them against the vengeance of lieutenant Colonel Munro. The possession of a commission became altogether nugatory, if it were liable to be annulled without enquiry, or investigation of any sort; and if the acts annulling it, could be justified by laws framed, {ex-postfactd) and by subtle arguments, or metaphysical disquisitions, which, however well they may be calculated for the display of the professional talents of a lawyer, cannot be considered as applicable to practical military law; which most of all requires to be simple and unembarrassed by obscure or ambiguous phraseology.

No man, educated in the military profession, and looking to its laws alone, as the standard by which his conduct and principles were to be regulated, could be capable of defending his honor, his life, or his commission, against^the sophistry which has proved, to the satisfaction of the superior authorities in India, that Lieutenant Colonel Munro, as principal in his office, was not responsible for the matter contained in a paper, drawn up by himself; and which sophistry has, at the same time, proved, that Major Boles, a deputy in office, was responsible for the matter contained in a

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