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PARTIAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS, VOL. XIII.

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Legacies,

HOWARD WURTS PAGE, of the Philadel

phia Bar. Letter of Credit,

WILLIAM M. ROCKEL, of the Springfield

(Ohio) Bar. Letters,

D. M. MICKEY, of the Editorial Staff Am.

& Eng. Encyc. of Law. Libel and Slander,

D. M. MICKEY, of the Editorial Staff Am.

& Eng. Encyc. of Law. License,

ALBERT B. WEIMER, of the Philadel

phia Bar. License (Patent Law),

MARK Wilks COLLET, of the Philadel

phia Bar. Liens,

F. S KIRKPATRICK, of the St. Paul

(Minn · Bar. Lien by Devise (subtitle of Liens). Henry T. DECHERT, of the Philadelphia

Bar. Life Insurance,

L. K. MIHILLS, of the Akron (Ohio) Bar. Limitation in Instruments,

D. M. MICKEY, of the Editorial Staff Am.

& Eng. Encyc. of Law. Limitation of Actions,

FREDERICK ALMY, of the Buffalo (N. Y.)

Bar. Limited Partnership,

FRANK H. Bowlby, of the Rochester

(N. Y.) Bar. Liquidated Damages,

HARRY T. ROWLAND, of the Rochester

(N. Y.) Bar. Lis Pendens,

John I. Bennett, of the Chicago Bar. Literary Property,

D. M. MICKEY, of the Editorial Staff Am.

& Eng. Encyc. of Law. Livery Stable Keeper,

NATHAN NEWMARK, of the San Fran

cisco (Cal.) Bar. ELMER G. SAMMIS, of the New York

City Bar. Lodgings and Apartments,

THOMAS P. Howell, of the Philadelphia

Bar. Logs and Lumber,

Elmer G. SAMMIS, of the New York

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Local Option,

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City Bar.

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L. D. BULETTE, of the Philadelphia Bar.
E. W. METCALFE, of the Lincoln (Neb.)

Bar.
W. M. McKINNEY, Associate Editor Am
& Eng. R. Cases and Corp. Cases.

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TABLE OF TITLES AND DEFINITIONS.

See index for numerous sub-titles and definitions contained in the notes.

Lend, 227

Less, 229

Let, 230

Least, 1

Lewd, 273 Leave, 2

LEWD AND LASCIVIOUS COHABITATION Left, 6

AND CONDUCT, 274 LEGACIES AND DEVISES, 7

Lewdly, 284 Legal, 221

Lewdness, 284 Legalize, 222

Lex, 285 LEGAL TENDER. See Money

Lex Domicilii, 286 Legatee, 222

Lex Fori, 286 Legislative Power, 222

Lex Loci, 286 LEGITIMACY, 224

Lex Loci Contractus, 286 Legitimate, 226

Lex Loci Rei Sitæ, 287
Legitimation, 226

Liabilities, 287
Liability, 287

Liable, 290
Length, 228

LIBEL AND SLANDER, 292 Lessor, 230

LIBEL (IN PRACTICE). See Admiralty;

Divorce; Shipping Letter, 231

Liberal, 504 Letter Book, 237

Liberties, 504 LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION. See Liberty, 505

Probate and Letters of Administra- LIBERTY OF THE PRESS, 510 tion

Liberty of Speech, 513 Letter of Advice, 237

Library, 513 LETTER OF ATTORNEY. See Powers of LICENSE, 514 Attorney

LICENSE (PATENT LAW), 557
Letter of Credence, 237

Licitation, 373
LETTER OF CREDIT, 237
Letter of Recommendation, 251

Liege-Liege Lord, 574
LETTERS, 251

[ 265 LIENS, 574 LETTERS OF MARQUE AND REPRISAL, Lie-Lying, 626 LETTERS PATENT. See Patents; Pub- Lieu, 627 lic Lands

Lite, 62S LETTERS ROGATORY, 266

Life Annuity, 628 LETTERS TESTAMENTARY. See Pro LIFE INSURANCE, 629

bate and Letters of Administration I.IFE TABLES. See Damages Let:ing, 268

Ligan, 660 Levant and Couchancy, 269

LIGHT AND AIR. See Easements Levant and Couchant, 269

Lighter, 660 Levee, 269

Lighterage, 660 Level, 269

Lightning, 660 Levy, 269

Like, 661 Levy Court, 272

Likelv, 665 Levying War, 272

Likewise, 665

Lick, 573

Limit, 666

Located, 996 LIMITATION OF ACTIONS, 667

Location, 997 LIMITATION IN INSTRUMENTS, 773 Locator, 998 LIMITED COMPANIES. See Joint Stock Locating, 998

Companies; Quasi Corporations Loco Parentis, 998 LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, 802

Locomotive, 999 Line, 842

Lode, 999 Lineal, 844

Lodge, 999 Linen, 844

Lodged, 999 Linseed, 844

Lodger, 999 Liquid, 845

LODGINGS AND APARTMENTS, 1003 Liquidate-Liquidation, 845

Log Rolling, 1017 LIQUIDATED DAMAGES, 847

LOGGING. See Shipping ; Navigation. LIQUOR. See Intoxicating Liquors LOGS AND LUMBER, 1018 LIS PENDENS, 868

Long, 1050 List, 911

LOOKOUT. See Shipping; Navigation Literary, 914

Looms, 1051 LITERARY PROPERTY, 916

Loose, 1051 LITERATURE. See Literary

Lose, 1051 Lithograph, 923

Loss, 1052 Litigated, 925

Lost, 1058 Litigation, 925

LOST PAPERS, 1059 Litigious, 926

Lot, 1161 Live, 926

LOTTERIES, 1164 Livelihood, 930

Low, 1189 Livery, 934

Lower, 1190 LIVERY STABLE KEEPERS, 934

Lowest, 1191 Livery Stock, 970

Loyal, 1191

L. S., 1191
Living, 970
Load. 973

Lucid Interval, 1192
Loaded, 974

Lucrative Office, 1192 Loading, 974

Luggage, 1193 Loan, 976

Luminosity, 1193 Loan Certificate, 979

Lunacy-Lunatic, 1193
Loaned, 979

Lying, 1193
Lobby, 979
LOBBYING. See Illegal Contracts. Macadamize, 1194
Local, 980

Machine, 1194
Locality, 989

Machinery, 1195 LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS. See Improve. Made, 1196

ments; Municipal Corporations MAD HOUSE. See Insanity LOCAL OPTION, 990

Magistrate, 1198 Locate, 995

MAIL, 1200 viii

M, 1194

THE

AMERICAN AND

ENGLISH

ENCYCLOPÆDIA OF LAW.

LEAST—(See At; BEFORE).-"At least" is defined to mean " at the lowest estimate, or at the smallest concession or claim. In the smallest or lowest degree. At the smallest number, or at the lowest estimate."1 When an act is required by statute to be done so many days at least before a given event, both the day of the act and that of the event must be excluded in reckoning the time. But this rule is not without exceptions.3

mean

Wis. 39.

1. Hoffman v. Clark Co., 61 Wis. 7; doubt that the words ‘at least,', as ihey. citing Webst. Imp. & Worcest. Dict. would do in common parlance, mtan a

2. Reg. o. Justices of Shropshire, 8 duration of the time that there is in Ad. & El. 173; In re Prangley, 4 Ad. twelve successive weeks or eighty& El. 781; Norton v. Salisbury, 4 C. four days. Every statute must be conB. 37; Reg. v. Aberdare Canal Co., 14 strued from the words in it, and that Q. B. 867. Where notices of meetings construction is to be preferred which were required to be given a certain gives to all of them an operative meannumber of days "at least” before the ing. Our construction of the statute meeting. Mitchell v. Foster, 12 Ad. & under review gives to every word its El. 472. Where a summons had to be meaning. The other leaves out of conserved “ten days at least” before the sideration the words 'for at least,' which time of hearing. Zouch v. Empsey, 4 a space of time comprehended B. & Ald. 522; Ward v. Walters, 63 within twelve successive weeks or

eighty-four days." In Early v. Doe, 16 How. (U. S.) 3. In State v. Gasconade Co. Ct., 33 610, where a notice was required to be Mo. 102, in deciding on a statute that published in a newspaper “once in each required an oath to be filed "at least week for at least twelve successive five days before the day of election," weeks," it was held that “twelve full the court said: “If the day on which weeks" were necessary. The court the oath was filed be counted, then it said: "We do not doubt if the statute was filed five days before the day of had been 'once in each week for twelve election. In the computation of time successive weeks,' a previous notice of it is laid down, generally, that where the particular day of sale having been the computation is to be made from ar. given to the owner of the property, act done, the day when such act was that it might very well be concluded done is included. But it will be exthat twelve notices in different succes- cluded whenever such exclusion will sive weeks, though the last insertion of prevent a forfeiture. Here to exclude the notice for sale was on the day of ihe day on which the oath was filed sale, was sufficient. But when the leg. would cause a forfeiture. We think islature has used the words 'for at least that day should be counted.” twelve successive weeks,' we cannot Under a provision in a city charter 13 C. of L.-1

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