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ever could authorize his attainment of it. Let tragedy-writers who make princes prate with pages and waiting-women of their murders and treasons, learn for once, from rude and illiterate Shakespear, how averse pride is coolly to confess, and prudence to betray, what the fever and deliriums of ambition have prompted us to do.
with his former dispositions, but in new situations; and entertains us in a variety of scenes.
Hotspur is as it were revived to the spectator, in the following charactergiven of him by his lady, when she diffuades Northumberland from joining the forces of the archbishop.
Who then persuaded you to stay at home?.
With others, than with Him, Let them alone:
The marshal and the archbishop are strong, i
Justice Shallow is an admirably well drawn comic character, but he never appears better, than by reflection in the mirror of Falstaffe's wit, in whose descriptions he is most strongly exhibited. It is said by fome, that the Justice was meant for a particular gentleman, who had prosecuted the author for deer-stealing. I know not whether that story be well grounded. The Shallows are to be found every where, in every age: but they who have least character of their own, are most formed and modified by the fashion of the times, and by their peculiar profession or calling. So though we often meet with a resemblance to this Justice, we shall never find an exact parallel to him, now manners. are so much changed. -- History or Philosophy cannot better set forth the superior dan
of a rebellion sanctified by the Church, than by the following words of Morton :
But now, the bishop
Nor can the indecency of a prelate's appearing in arms, and the abuse of an authority derived from the sacred function, be more strongly arraigned, than in the speeches of Westmorland, and John of Lancaster.
Then, my lord, Unto your grace do I in chief address The substance of my speech. If that rebellion Came like itself, in base and abject routs, Led on by, bloody youth, goaded with rage, And countenanc'd by boys and beggary ; I say, if damn'd commotion so appear’d In his true, native, and most proper shape, You, reverend father, and these noble lords, Had not been here to dress the ugly form Of base and bloody insurrection, With your fair honours. You, my lord archbishop, Whose see is by a civil peace maintain'd, Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touch'd, Whose learning and good letters peace hath tutor’d, Whose white investments figure innocence, The dove and very blessed spirit of peace ;