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future support of public instruction, and to the very great need of help from the nation for schools in the Territories and in the Southern States. The recommendation heretofore made is repeated and urged that an educational fund be set apart from the net proceeds of the sales of the public lands annually, the income of which and the remainder of the net annual proceeds, to be distributed on some satisfactory plan to the States and the Territories and the District of Columbia.

The success of the public schools of the District of Columbia, and the progress made, under the intelligent direction of the board of education and the superintendent, in supplying the educational requirements of the District with thoroughly trained and efficient teachers, is very gratifying. The acts of Congress, from time to time, donating public lands to the several States and Territories in aid of educational interests have proved to be wise measures of public policy, resulting in great and lasting benefit. It would seem to be a matter of simple justice to extend the benefits of this legislation, the wisdom of which has been so fully vindicated by experience, to the District of Columbia.

I again commend the general interests of the District of Columbia to the favorable consideration of Congress. The affairs of the District, as shown by the report of the Commissioners, are in a very satisfactory condition.

In my annual messages heretofore, and in my special message of December 19, 1879, I have urged upon the attention of Congress the necessity of reclaiming the marshes of the Potomac adjacent to the capital, and I am constrained by its importance to advert again to the subject. These flats embrace an area of several hundred acres. They are an impediment to the drainage of the city and seriously impair its health. It is believed that, with this substantial improvement of its river front, the capital would be, in all respects, one of the most attractive cities in the world. Aside from its permanent population this city is necessarily the place of residence of persons from every section of the country engaged in the public service. Many others reside here temporarily for the transaction of business with the government.

It should not be forgotten that the land acquired will probably be worth the cost of reclaiming it, and that the navigation of the river will be greatly improved. I therefore again invite the attention of Congress to the importance of prompt provision for this much-needed and too-long-delayed improvement.

The water supply of the city is inadequate. In addition to the ordinary use throughout the city, the consumption by government is necessarily very great in the navy-yard, arsenal, and the various departments, and a large quantity is required for the proper preservation of the numerous parks and the cleansing of sewers. I recommend that this subject receive the early attention of Congress, and that in making provision for an increased supply, such means be adopted as will have in view the future growth of the city. Temporary expedients for such

a purpose cannot but be wastful of money, and therefore unwise. A more ample reservoir, with corresponding facilities for keeping it filled, should, in my judgment, be constructed. I commend again to the attention of Congress the subject of the removal from their present location of the depots of the several railroads entering the city; and I renew the recommendations of my former messages in behalf of the erection of a building for the Congressional Library; the completion of the Washington Monument; and of liberal appropriations in support of the benevolent, reformatory, and penal institutions of the District.

RUTHERFORD B. HAYES. EXECUTIVE MANSION,

December 6, 1880.

FOREIGN RELATIONS.

XXXI

LIST OF PAPERS, WITH THEIR SUBJECTS.

CIRCULARS.

No. From whom and to whom. |

Date.

Subject.

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Legal status, rights, and liabilities of foreign-built
vessels purchased abroad, and wholly owned by
citizens of the United States; attention of De-
partment called to this point by recent case of
steamship Honduras, built at Liverpool in 1871;
on her arrival in Panama in 1879 sold by foreign
owner to Panama Railroad Company; by that
company sold to Pacific Mail Steamship Com-
pany; again resold to Panama Railroad Com-
pany, and run by latter company between Pan.
ama and Champerico, Guatemala. Tonnage
dues : anthentication of bill of sale and of
citizenship of owner of vessel prima facie evi.
dence of bona fide purchase. Tonnage of each
and every vessel to be duly ascertained by col-
lector of customs before issuance of his certifi.
cate; rulings of department coincident with
provision of Treasury regulations; said vessels
plying in foreign waters are, therefore, subject
to exaction and payment of tonnage dues in
like manner as regularly registered American
vessels; in case of vessels making regular
weekly or monthly trips, tonnage-dues to be
exacted only for four trips a year. Shipping
and discharge of seamen; subjects of extra
wages and relief discussed and law on these
points established; consuls directed to conform
to the suggestions herein contained. (See pages
150, 177, 861-865, 867, 874, 884, and 894 of volume
of Foreign Relations for 1879.)
Regulation, by the Secretary of the Treasury, of
the fees authorized by act of Congress "to pre.
vent the introduction of contagious or infectious
diseases into the United States," to be collected
for the examination of passengers, officers, and

crews of vessels liable to such diseases. Expresses appreciation of previous efforts, and

calls for further and fuller reports upon subjects calculated to advance the commercial and in

dustrial interests of the United States. International Sanitary Conference: powers hav.

ing jurisdiction of ports liable to be infected with contagious diseases invited to join: objectthe adoption of an international system of notification as to sanitary condition of such ports and vessels sailing therefrom; memorandum stating reasons inclosed; the President suggests January 1, 1881, as a suitable date, subject to

the approval of the other powers. Shipping and discharge of seamen: further dis

cussion of the subject; rules for the guidance of consular officers.

2 Mr. Hay to consular officers June 19 1 of the United States.

3 Mr. Evarts to consnlars-gen

eral, consuls, and commer.
cial and consular agents of

the United States.
Mr. Evarts to the diplomat!

ie officers of the United
States.

5 Mr. Hay to the consular Sept. 6

officers of the United
States at seaports. .

XXXIII

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