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1879.
.6 Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. Dec. 18 No. 259.-The war between Chili and Peru and
Evarts.

Bolivia: Chiliau successes causing uneasiness
in government circles; discussions of President
Avellaneda and cabinet, concerning the policy
to be adopted by the Argentine Government;
Ex-President Mitré to be invited to go to Chili
on a special mission; his reported declination;
preparations making, by sea and land, for pos-
sible rupture with Chili; the probable advan-

tages of such an event.

1880. 7 ......do ......

Jan. 17 No. 264.-The political situation : outwardly un.

changed: President Avellaneda concentrating
large forces of regulars in Buenos Ayres; Gov.
ernor Tejedor's adherents have also armed pa.
rades on Sundays; the legislature of Buenos
Ayres, being opposed to Governor Tejedor, re-
fuses to vote the provincial budget; the gov.
ernor, by decree, revives last year's estimates;
the chamber of deputies votes the governor's
action illegal and unconstitutional; this move.
ment supposed to originate with the Roca
party ; federal intervention unlikely in this
breach between Governor Tejedor and his legis-
lature; congressional elections, to be held Feb.
ruary 1, will probably decide the Presidential
contest; General Sarmiento reported to have
secured three provinces, thus gaining the bal.

ance of power 8 ......do

Heb. 11 | No. 265. The political situation: election for

members of the Argentine Congress; the can-
didates of the Tejedor party elected, the ad-
herents of General Roca abstaining from voting
in Buenos Ayres by reason of alleged military
intimidation at the polls; disclaimer of such
intention on the part of the Tejedor party,
other motives being attributed to their oppo.
nents; the Roca party carries all the other
provinces except Corrientes and possibly one
or two others; attitude of the national guards;

a confiict imminent. 9 ...... do

Feb. 13 No. 266.-The South American Continental Exhi

bition to be held at Burnos Ayres in September,
1880; transmits plans and regulations therefor,
with text of note from Argentine foreign minis.
ter; the government seeks to repeat the suc.
cess of the late Córdoba Exposition, but on a
larger scale; attendance of Americans invited.
(NOTE.-The regulations only provide for the
concurrence of exhibitors from Spanish Ameri.
can countries. (See Mr. Osborn's No. 271, of

February 28, page 18.)
10 | Mr. Evarts to Mr. T. 0. Os. Apr. 7 No. 121.-Expresses the interest felt by the Gov.

he Goy.! born.

ernment of the United States in the "South
American Continental Exhibition," as tending
to increase the commercial and agricultural

prosperity of the Argentine Republic
1 | Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. Feb. 16 No. 267.-The political situation: Still critical ;
Evarts.

the city of Buenos Ayres under arms, and busi.
ness suspended; proclamation of President
Avellaneda ordering the disarmament of the
national guards; probable refusal of Governor
Tejedor to disarm the Buenos Ayres volunteers;
concentration of troops and volunteers; pros-
pect of martial law; efforts of the peace com-
mittee to procure the withdrawal of General
Roca's candidature, in like manner with Dr.
Tejedor's declension: the resignation of Presi-
dent Avellaneda also demanded by extremists;
the text of his proclamation and decree of Feb

ruary 13, 1880.
12 ......do
... do .........

.......
Feb. 18 | No. 269.- The political situation; the crisis past,

troops returning to their camps, and the people to their regular pursuits; the ''peace committee" bring about an interview February 17, between President Avellaneda and Governor Tejedor of

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16

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC-Continued.

Xo. From whom and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

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1880.

Buenos Ayres; decree of the President Febru.
ary 17, suspending the movements of troops: the
results of the conference understood to be the
withdrawal by the President of the national
troops from the capital, and the disbandment
of the volunteers by Governor Tejedor, with
substitution of target companies for the latter:
efforts of the peace committee to cause the with-
drawal of General Roca's candidature for the
Presidency: his refusal to withdraw may en.

danger the prospects of a peaceful solution. 13 Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. Feb. 23 No. 270.- The political situation ; General Roca's 17 Evarts.

reply to the peace committee; he declines to
withdraw his candidature : his letter to Hector
Varela; the Buenos Ayres party refuse to ac-

cept General Tejedor's withdrawal. 14 ......do ....... ...... Feb. 28 No. 271.-Continental Exposition; extension of 118

time for reception of exhibits to July 31, 1880;
no articles to be received outside of South
American countries, excep: machinery and
works of art; proposal of American agents at
Buenos Ayres to convey thither the American
samples from the Rio Exhibition, and exhibit
them separately; the scheme opposed by the

directors of the Continental Exposition 15 ......do ......

May 8 No. 277.—The political situation; message of 19

Governor Tejedor to the provincial legislature;
attitude of Buenos Ayres and Corrientes in the
Presidential contest; the Argentine Congress
not yet organized; movements of General Roca
and his troops on the borders of Buenos Ayres;
the board of trade petitioned to attempt the
restoration of political harmony; text of Gov.

ernor Tejedor's address. 16 ... ...do ........

No. 278.-The political situation; the dead-lock 21

continues; interview between General Roca
and Governor Tejedor on the 10th May; the
conversation as reported by the press; no re-
gult; manifestation of 20,000 business men in
favor of peace; assurances of President Avella-

neda. 17 ......do ....

June 41 No. 283.–The political situation; President Avel 23

laneda withdraws with the national troops to a
point withont the capital; withdrawal of a
majority of the Argentine Congress on board a
gunboat; this action caused by the Tejedor
party unlawfully introducing large quantities
of arms free of duty; incidents of the landing
of the arms; President Avellaneda asks Con.
gress to declare the province under martial law;

no quorum obtained 18 .....do

June 14 No. 284.-The political situation : President A vel. 24

laneda and cabinet at Belgrano; port of Buenos
Ayres closed; the provincial (Tejedor) party
hold the government buildings in Buenos Ayres;
a majority of the senate at Belgrano; the su.
preme court and the lower house still in the
capital; Dr. Tejedor declares Buenos Ayres
under martial law; the city isolated ; railways
and telegraphs cat; efforts of General Sarmi.
ento and others to bring about an understand.
ing; the election; General Roca reported to have
a majority; disturbed state of the other proy-
inces; visit of Admiral Bryson, United States

Navy, to Buenos Ayres. 19 ......do ........

June 19 No. 286.-The situation; hostilities actually begun 25

between the provincial and national forces; a
collision near Merlo; defeat of the provincial
forces under General Arias; probable invest.
ment of Buenos Ayres, but without bombard-

ment. 20 ......do .

June 22 No. 287.-The situation ; retreat of General Arias

to Buenos Ayres; fresh engagements between
the rival forces, with heavy lo78; the provincial

forces losing ground.
| July 6 No. 288.--Peace restored; resignation of Gov.

ernor Tejedor; port of Buenos Ayres opened ;
the incidents in detail; merchants petition Mr.
Osborn to mediate between the contestants; Mr.
Osborn's notes to the Argentine Government

.........

ARGENTINE REPUBLIC—Continued.

No. From whom and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page:

28

ence

1880.

and to the provincial authorities; Governor
Tejedor's overtures for surrender; the Argen-

tine ultimatum; its acceptance and execution. 22 Mr. Hay to Mr. T. 0. Osborn Aug. 14 No. 131.–Political situation ; acknowledges re

ceipt of Mr. Osborn's 288 conveying inte
of the cessation of hostilities between Argentine
Republic and province of Buenos Ayres; in-
structs Mr. Osborn to express to the Argentine
minister for foreign affairs the gratification of
the Government of the United States at the re.

sult.
23 Mr. Consul Baker to Mr. July 15 No. 381.–The political situation; review of the
Hunter.

results of the surrender of the Tejedor party
and the success of the nationals; the terms of
the surrender; anomalous position of the na-
tional Congress; proposition to make the capital,
Buenos Ayres, a federal district, like the Dis-
trict of Columbia ; questions put by Congress to
the executive, and reply of the national govern-

ment.
24 | Mr. T. 0. Osborn to Mr. | Sept. 6 No. 296.-The political situation; General Bus.
Evarts.

tillos, national interventor, takes forcible pos-
session of the provincial chambers by order of
the President during a recess of the legislature;
consequent resignation of Governor Moreno and
his ministers, the municipal authorities and
chief of police; Governor Moreno assigns his
reasons therefor in an address to the people, a
printed copy of which accompanies this dis-
patch; probable issuance by the President of
an address antagonistic to that of Moreno; elec-
tion of a new legislature on the 26th instant;
acceptance of the situation by the people; they
look forward to the administration of President

Roca with confidence. 25 ......do ........

I No. 300.-Steam communication between New

York and Buenos Ayres; proposed extension of
Roach's line of American steamers from Rio de
Janeiro to Buenos Ayres; views of the President
of the Argentine Republic thereon: his entire
concurrence and promises of hearty co-operation
from the incoming adminisiration; the subsidy
voted by the Argentine Congress under Presi-
dent Sarmiento to any steamship company that
would place a line of steam vessels between
Buenos Ayres and any port of the United
States; the increased subsidy voted during the
present administration; the President's wil
ness to ask for a still larger subsidy, if neces-
sary; postponement of further action until the
inauguration of General Roca; probable oppo-
sition to the proposed line; benefits to result

therefrom. 26 ......do

Sept. 24 No. 301.- The capital of the Argentine Republic;

the national chamber of deputies passes a bill
declaring Buenos Ayres the capital, subject to
certain restrictions; peaceable election of new
deputies to Congress in place of those unseated
during the late rebellion; return of the Presi-
dent and Congress to Belgrano.

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AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.

1879.
27 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Kasson .. Nov. 28 No. 138.—The condition of Hebrews in Roumania;

incloses copy of a letter from the president of
the Hebrew board of delegates on civil and re-
ligious rights, asking that the good offices of the
Government of the United States be exerted
towards securing for Hebrew residents in Rou-
mania equality of civil and religious rights stip-
ulated in treaty of Berlin ; deep interest felt by
Government of United States in welfare of He-
brew race in foreign countries; this govern-
ment will be grateful for any advantages its
minister may be able to secure for that poople.
(See Mr. Kasson's 271 of December 24, 1879, of
this volume, and his No. 167 of February 16, 1879,
page 49 of the Foreign Relations for 1879.)

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1879.

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23 | Mr. Kasson to Mr. Erarts .. Nov. 29 No. 265.- Trade-marks; refers to recent decision

of United States Supreme Court, declaring the
national trade mark law unconstitutional; de-
sires to know how this will affect previous in.
structions touching trade mark convention with

Servia and Roumania. 29 ......do

Dec. 18 No. 269.--River improvements in Austria-Hun

gary : Capt. J. R. Eads' application for informa-
tion thereon, for the use of the Mississippi
River Commission; papers and map transmit-
ted; memorandum of the Vienna foreign office
accompanying the same. (See Mr. Kasson's

No. 282, of January 17, 1879, page 44.)
30 Mr. Erarts to Mr. Kasson .. Dec. 19 No. 142.-Trade-marks; refers to recent decision

of United States Supreme Court in relation
thereto; as Congress is at present occupied in
the consideration of the law of trade-marks, the
Department considers it best to delay the pro-
posed negotiations on the subject with Servia

and Roumania.
31 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts .. Dec. 24 No. 271.--The condition of Hebrews in Rou.

mania; refers to inaccuracies in the memorial
addressed to the Department by the union of
American Hebrew congregations, and sent to
Mr. Kasson with Mr. Evarts' No. 138 (of No.
vember 28, 1879); Italy, Austria, and France
satisfied with Roumanian action toward the
Hebrews: progress made in assuring them pro.
tection of person and property; naturalization
question remains to be settled, on basis in com-
mon with other races; the question one of in-
ternal administration; articles, conoerning re-
ligious freedom and protection, which Mr. Kas.
son proposes to include in the treaty now in pro-
cess of negotiation with Roumania. (See in-

struction to Mr. Kasson of November 28, 1879,
1880.

No. 138.) 32 .....do

Jan. 17 No. 282.-Improvements of river navigation in

Austria-Hungary; continuation of information
for the use of the Mississippi River Commis.
sion : Mr. Kasson transmits all the correspond.
ence in translation; the Austrian Danube ; im.
provements begun 1850; cost thus far, 45, 350,000
Horins; improvements of the affluents of the Dan.
ube; the Hungarian Danube ; 44,000,000 florins
expended on the river since 1871, and 9,930,000
florins on its affluents, by the Hungarian Gov-
ernment; effects of these improvements on rates

of transportation mainly conjectural. 33 ......do

Feb. 9 No. 291.-European railways; effects of increase

in governmental ownership of railways upon
international engagements; new clauses neces-
sary in commercial treaties to control transport.
ation tariff's; how Prussia's ownership of the
trunk lines influences the foreign commerce of
Austria-Hungary; Austria acquiring control of
the great railway lines of the empire; this ten-
dency general in Europe; military and commer-
cial reasons therefor; transit countries thereby
force commercial concessions from their neigh-
bors; need of guarding, in future treaties,
against railway tariff discriminations against
American products; Mr. Kasson proposes to
introduce clauses in the treaties now under ne-
gotiation to protect American trade from such
discriminations in the Danubian principalities.
(See Mr. Kasson's No. 195, of May 7, 1879, For-

eign Relations, 1879, page 63.) 34 ......do .......

Feb. 13 No. 292.-Mormon recruiting in Austria ; reply of

the Austro-Hungarian foreign office to Mr. Kas.
son's communication of the circular of the De-
partment of State of August 9, 1879; willing.
ness of Austrian Government to check such un-
lawful emigration by all proper means. (See
Mr. Evarts' circular, Foreign Relations, 1879,

page 11.)
. Feb. 14 No. 293.-Completion of the Austrian census of

the “occupied" provinces of Bosnia and Herze-
govina; population of both 1,142, 147, an in-
crease of 90,662 over the Turkish census of 1876;
religious and other statistics.

48

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AUSTRIA-HUNGARY-Continued.

No. From whom and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page

51

39 ...... do ..............

1880.
36 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts... Feb. 13 No. 295.- Recognition of Roumania; reports re-

ceipt of telegram from United States commer.
cial agent at Bucharest, stating that recognition
of Roumania by England, France, and Germany
takes place on 26th instant; asks intention of

this government as to same.
r. Evarts to Mr. Kasson.. 'Mar. 9 No. 158.-Recognition of Roumania; acknowl.

edges Mr. Kasson's No. 295, conveying informa-
tion of immediate recognition by Great Britain,
France, and Germany, and asking intentions of
this government in that regard; the President
has addressed Congress on the subject; quali.
fied recognition by appointment of consul at
Galatz; action of Congress only wanting to the
full establishment of diplomatic relations be-

tween the two countries.
38 Mr. Kasson to Mr. Evarts .., Feb. 25 No. 297.-Roumanian independence; recognition

of by the remaining signatories of the treaty
of Berlin; identical note of recognition by rep.
resentatives of Great Britain, France, and Ger-
many; Austrian action respecting the settle-
ment of the Jewish question; text of Baron
Haymerle's note of February 7; text of the
identical note of the three powers, of February

20, 1880.
Mar. 1 No. 298.-Emigration from Hungary to the United

States; active movement from Ober-Zemplin
and Saros in Upper Hungary, and from manu-
facturing districts in Zipse and Abazzy; many
hundreds said to have emigrated from Trents-
chin and Neutra; a Pesth newspaper suggests
checking emigration by grants of public land to
the needy. (See Mr. Kasson's No. 327, of May

29, 1880, page 58.)
40 ......do ........ ...... Apr. 14 ' No. 310.- The liberal victory in England; depress-

ing effects in Austrian political circles; expres.
sions of the government press; the fall of the
Beaconsfield cabinet regarded as equivalent to
the death of the treaty of Berlin; the artificial
character of the solutions of that treaty re-
quires the personal efforts of its framers to
carry it through; disappearance of five of its
framers from their places at the head of their

respective governments. 1...... do ..........

May 5 ' No. 320.--Political condition of affairs at Monte

negro. ...... do ........

May 13 No. 322.-The Albanian movement; it seems to

be more rapid and more extensive than was at
first expected : independence aimed at; the as.
sembly at Scutari, April 19, 1880; effective and
war-like speech of Hodo Bey; his dramatic ap-
peals to the popular sentiment against the
Turks: he strips off his Ottoman decorations
and cuts down the Turkish flag; the lion-
standard of Albania hoisted; the movement
supported; a syndicate of bankers at Scutari
offers $2,000 a day for the maintenance of those
actually under arms; choice of Doda, a Chris-
tian, and lodo, a Mussulman, as military com-
manders; the official league at Scutari, May 7,
proclaims Albanian independence; the expul.
sion of Turkish functionaries ordered : Turkish
troops passing over to the League: Mr. Kas-
son's comments on the movement; later dis-
patches. May 11, indicate that the movement is
rather for autonomy, under the rule of an Al-
banian prince, than for complete independence;
the Turkish forces awaiting re-enforcements in

the citadel of Scutari. (See Mr. Kasson's No.

, 320, page 54, supra. 43 ......do .......

. May 29 No. 327.- Emigration from Hungary to the United

States; petition to the Diet by the county of
Saros; over 3,000 emigrants from one county
the past season : local suggestions for checking
emigration by passport rules, international con-
ventions, and for returning "undeceived" emi.
grants to their homes. (See Mr. Kasson's No.

298, March 1, 1880, page 53.) 44 ...... do ........

July 6 No. 340.--Coinage statistics. (Vide F. R., 1879,

pages 82-86.) 45 ......do ..................... July 26 No. 343.- Abundance of the harvest in Hungary. 1

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