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and, disgraceful to relate, a highly respectable magistrate, and one or two other citizens of good standing, decoyed Gosling on the night of October 18th to go in a carriage with them. They tied him to a bush, gave him fifty stripes, and then agreed, in council, to burn him to ashes! The riflecompany fortunately came up, and, as the city is under martial law, arrested the offenders, and carried them before the Committee of Safety, by whom they were committed to gaol in default of 5,000 dollars bail each. By last accounts, great excitement was produced, and the mob threatened summary


Many parts of Mr. Buckingham's America leave upon the reader's mind a very unfavourable impression of the people of that country. Other passages give one a sight of strange characters, or such as can only be looked for in a land circumstanced as it is. Take some notices of a female politician.

While the cars were waiting at the depot, a well-dressed female, with gay bonnet, veil, and shawl, entered with a small basket, covered up so as to conceal its contents; and from it she took copies of a political pamphlet, which she handed round to the passengers for sale, saying, "it is a good Harrison paper, and yet not against General Jackson either; for though I respect General Harrison, I avow that General Jackson is the god of my idolatry.”

My first impression was that the woman was insane, but this was corrected by several gentlemen who knew her well, as a person obtaining her living by this mode of writing and vending political pamphlets in person. I asked if she were a foreigner. "Oh! no," was the reply, "a native American, and the only one so engaged-so that she has all the trade to herself." She was most voluble of discourse, and sufficiently communicative to all parties, but without saying anything offensive to any. This was the title of her pamphlet, "A History of the present Cabinet-Benton in ambush for the next Presidency-Kendal coming in third best-gather all your strength, and out with the Cossacks-Draw their teeth in time unless they should devour you.—An Exposition of Martin Van Buren's Reign." At the close of the pamphlet were some verses, not of the highest order, of which two of the stanzas will suffice :

"Unfurl the broad banner once more,
And rally around it in your might,

The Destructives with sadness the hour shall deplore,

When Harrison and Tyler lead on the fight.

Our cause is a just one, our leaders are true,
The Locos already begin to despair,

They know that if led by old Tippecanoe,

The hero, the statesman, we've nothing to fear."

This was not an anonymous pamphlet, but signed at the close, "Lucy Kenney. I asked her if she were the author of the compositions, prose and verse; to which she replied, "Yes, that is my real name; and there is but one man in the world for whom I would change it." I said, he must

consider himself greatly distinguished. "Indeed," she returned, "you are right, he is distinguished, for General Jackson is the man. I tried the old hero hard," she continued, "but he declared that he was too old; though I told him I did not think so, but if he would not marry me, I should live and die with the name of Lucy Kenney." The old general must be nearly eighty. The lady who in vain strove to win him, could not be more than thirty; and though her conversation was thus eccentric, her general demeanour was respectful and orderly.

We are anxious to escape from the offensive and the less inviting portions of our author's pictures; happy to find that there are many set-offs to the forbidding. The following account of a class that must be peculiar to America, viz., the lumber-men, may be placed against that given of fires. Mr. B. tells us that it is the practice for a body of men, varying from twenty to fifty, to furnish themselves with a corresponding number of teams of oxen, three yoke in each team, and large open waggons for draft; and that, having laid in a stock of provisions for nine weeks, consisting chiefly of flour, pork, and coffee, for them to set out for the frontier of the disputed territory, and there to build themselves log-sheds for the winter. The account then proceeds in the agreeable and romantic manner, of the passage now to be cited.

Here they remain from November to May, cutting down trees, barking, and otherwise preparing them for floating down the river. When reduced to the proper lengths, and completely stripped of branches and bark, they are drawn by the teams to the river's banks, then shut up by ice, and there deposited within booms, until the opening of the summer shall thaw the river, when they are floated down in rafts to the saw-mills on the Penobscot, and there reduced to planks and shingles for the Eangor market. The cold is here much greater, it is said, than at Bangor, though in that city it is common for the mercury to descend to thirty degrees below zero almost every winter; and instances of forty and forty-five degrees have been occasionally known. With this intense cold, however, there is always a bright sun; and all parties seem to represent the atmosphere, which is at such times dry and unvarying, to be much more agreeable to the feelings than a less degree of cold, with fluctuating weather, such as characterises the New England spring. The life led by these "lumber-men" in their “logging campaign" is described as a very merry and happy one. They enjoy independence of all superior control, and taste the sweets of that kind of liberty which the desert Arabs love, and the pioneers in the great west enjoy amid the untrodden prairies, of which they are the first to take possession. Labour is agreeable rather than otherwise; their provisions are abundant, and a bracing atmosphere and vigorous exercise give them a high relish for their food, a zest for their evening's enjoyment, and the best preparation for sound and refreshing sleep. Our companion had been nine months without seeing a house, and he preferred this mode of life so much beyond that of a city, that he always longed to get back to it again. The earnings of the men were equal to about twenty dollars a month, exclusive of their pro

visions, while employed in cutting, and from two to three dollars per day while "teaming" and "floating;" so that, like sailors after a long voyage, they had generally a handsome sum to receive on concluding their enterprise, and, like sailors also, they usually spent it in a short space of time. In describing the border of the disputed territory, he said there were large quantities of wood that had been cut down by the Americans on the banks of the Aroostock; but that the British had planted a number of cannon on the other side, pointing their muzzles over each separate "boom" within which the timber was confined; so that no one could float it down the stream without being fired on and probably killed. He was such an enthusiast in his admiration of different trees-the hemlock, the spruce, and the pine—that he said "in some places the timber was so beautiful, that it was dreadful handsome merely to travel through them; and that if a man should camp in such spots, he would not be able to get a wink of sleep for looking at the trees.”

And this we like, acquainting us with the enthusiasm with which American young ladies regard Queen Victoria, and even the interest with which they look upon a person who has actually beheld her.

The idea of a female governing a great nation, seemed to them to lift the whole sex, in every other country, somewhat higher in the scale of importance, and to give to every woman in every land, a right to consider it as a sort of homage paid to the entire sex. One lady told us that she never remembered to have felt so intense an interest in any subject, as that of the accession, coronation, and marriage of Queen Victoria; that she had literally devoured all the newspaper details of the processions, ceremonies, dresses, and paraphernalia of these three occasions, and could read them all again with increased delight. Another said she had dreamt of Queen Victoria, and of being introduced to her, oftener than of any other subject, and that she would "give the world to be able to see her, and speak to her in reality." When they understood that Mrs. Buckingham and my son had each seen the Queen, both before and since her accession, they literally overwhelmed them with inquiries; but when told by them that I was present, as a member of the House of Commons, and not far from her Majesty's person when she delivered her first speech, on proroguing the Parliament, soon after her ascending the throne, it seemed to give a reality and identity to the subjects of their inquiry, that they had never felt before. We were the only persons they had ever met with who had actually seen the Queen, and the pleasure it appeared to give them to know this fact, furnished a fresh stimulus to their curiosity.

Among the inquiries made, the greater number related to the Queen's personal appearance, manners, and education; though some few were directed to the age, figure, fortune, and relative position of her husband. One of the ladies had been greatly pained at hearing that the Queen had red hair, and was evidently much relieved at being assured that it was a fine rich brown. One inquired whether she was as handsome as the engravings represented her; another whether she was graceful and genteel in her manners; and another whether she was accomplished, and sang and

played like other young ladies, for they had heard to the contrary of all this, and were delighted to find their questions answered in conformity with their wishes. It was evidently a satisfaction to them also to learn that Prince Albert was young, handsome, amiable, and affectionate; but they wondered very much that he could not be made king.

We close with some interesting details relative to Pennsylvania. In one of the wings of the State-House of that early settlement in the history of American colonization, are preserved all the original records, from the first charter of Charles II. to William Penn, down to the time of the Revolution. "The charter is in excellent condition, and is framed and glazed, and suspended on the wall of the office (the Secretary of State's)."


Among the records are several original grants of lands by Indians to Penn, signed by the marks of the Indian chiefs, which are mostly emblematic hieroglyphics, as a horse, a tent, a bow and arrow, a buffalo, a dog, all rudely executed, but sufficiently intelligible. One of these chiefs is called "Last Night;" and his appropriate emblem would be the setting sun. This singularity of names and the compounding of epithets importing qualities or virtues, is not, however, peculiar to the Indians, but has existed in different nations from the oldest times. Mr. Wilkinson in his beautiful work On the Manners and Customs of the Ancient Egyptians, gives several instances of a similar practice, observed among them; and he mentions, among others, the following names :-Togar-amachus Momchiri, the Memphite, called Yoigaramos, or "a man redundant in his members;" Stochus, his son, called Arés, or "the Senseless;" Sirius, called Abascantus, or the Son of the Cheek;" Thyosimares, called Ouosimares, or "the Robust ;" and Thinillus, called Sethenilus, which signifies "the augmenter of his country's strength." The names of Rufus, Ironsides, Longshanks, Coeur-de-Lion, the Black Prince, and others in our own history, will occur to every one. Among the deeds and agreements of the time of Penn, is one that refers to a memorable deceit practised on the Indians, in the purchase of one of their tracts of land near the Delaware. The stipulation of the original agreement was, that, in consideration of the articles enumerated, almost all of trifling value, and among which were hats, blankets, wampum, handfuls of fish-hooks, and articles of little cost, the Indians were to cede to Penn and his companions as much land as could be walked over in one day and a half's journey in one direction and three days in another. In the first day's walk, Penn accompanied the Indians himself, and they were satisfied with his fairness and moderate pace. But, on the second day, the whites who accompanied the Indians walked so immoderately fast, and ran so often down declivities and over plains, that they went over two day's journey in one, at which the Indians were so dissatisfied as to refuse to ratify the grant; and the agreement preserved in the Office of Records here consents to annul that treaty, and enter on a new negotiation. In the library of the State-House are preserved all the old printed records of colonial times, when Benjamin Franklin was the state printer; and among these are files of the oldest Philadelphia newspapers, small and badly printed sheets, that are quite eclipsed by the mammoths of the present day. The library is kept up by annual appropri

ations from the state funds; and, as every member of either house has the power of taking out any number of books he wishes for perusal at home, it is made to answer the purpose of a circulating library for the town; the ladies especially obtaining through the members such books as they require, without buying them; a due supply of new novels being added every year to gratify their demand.

The present volumes contain, besides a portrait of the author, a great number of pictorial illustrations. The work is dedicated to the Prince Albert. An extract from this formal and grateful passport to popular favour deserves a place in our pages. Says the author, "Your Royal Highness further condescended to observe, that the feelings of good will towards the American people, under which the work was undertaken, could not fail at the present moment of producing a desirable effect." We have only to add, that this good and humane feeling is everywhere apparent; and not the least so when Mr. Buckingham, in a manner the most remote possible from rancour or any unworthy sentiment of national rivalship, exposes the vices in the social system of the people, and pointedly animadverts on the further tendencies as well as positive and actual evils of these blots and blemishes.

Condition of Egypt. By
Smith and Elder.

ART. XII.-The Modern History and W. H. YATES, M.D. 2 vols. As the title more fully setteth forth, these volumes treat of the "Modern History and Condition of Egypt, its Climate, Diseases, and Capabilities; exhibited in a Personal Narrative of Travels in that Country: with an Account of the Proceedings of Mohamed Ali Pasha, from 1801 to 1843; interspersed with Illustrations of Scripture History, the Fulfilment of Prophecy, and the Progress of Civilization in the East."

It does not very clearly appear at what period Dr. Yates travelled in Egypt; but it must have been several years ago, to judge from incidental allusions in the work, and indeed from the fact that having sailed from Malta for Alexandria, he proceeded to Cairo by way of Rosetta, a route now rendered unnecessary in consequence of the facilities afforded by steam, and when a visit to the country of the Pharaohs has become a very ordinary portion of an extensive tour, and even of short trips. Nor did the Doctor's excursions and explorations reach to any place out of the most hackneyed ways: neither the journey to Cairo nor the passage to the second cataract, and back again, offering to any one in these days, unless there be originality in himself, or an extraordinary penetration, novelty of subject or a key to new speculations.

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