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Sujah, sixteen years of age, had been acknowledged as sovereign by the principal chiefs; and the British generals agreed to leave the Bala-Hissar intact, in order to allow him the citadel as a place of refuge in case of danger. Futteh Jung, who had at one time taken possession of the sovereignty, retired with the British to the protection of the Company's territories. Sufter Jung remained in possession of sovereign power at Candahar.

Jellalabad, Ali Musjid, and other forts through the Kyber, had been demolished. Trophies of various kinds had been brought from Cabul: among them more than twenty cannons.

The Governor-General, with his body-guard, had reached Mumehmajra on the 14th of November, in his progress to Ferozepore; where fêtes were to be given on the arrival of the troops from Cabul. It was expected that interviews would take place near Ferozepore between his lordship and the Maharajah, Shere Singh; who, it was supposed, was about to agree to accept the protection of the British Government.

Some apprehensions appear to have been entertained of a collision between the Sikhs and the British troops near Peshawur.

An order had been published by Lord Ellenborough, declaring that all the Affghan chiefs detained in India should be liberated; but requiring, that previously to their obtaining permission to return to their own country, they should attend his levy at Ferozepore. It was supposed that at the levee some terms would be offered to Dost Mahomed which would induce him to acknowledge the supremacy of Shah Sujah's sons: it seems to be hinted that the Dost was to be offered a restoration of his subordinate rank as Ameer. The same order also contains the remarkable statement that Akber Khan, before the late advance of the British armies, had refused to exchange the British prisoners in his custody, even for his father and his own family.

The Governor-General had made public his intention "to station permanently a large British force of Europeans and natives between the Sutledge and Murkunda;" to facilitate the navigation of the Indus and its tributary rivers; and to improve the state of the roads between the Sutledge and the Ganges and Jumna. He had also abolished the Political Agencies in Scinde; placing the whole of the districts under the care of Sir Charles Napier, now commanding the Bombay army stationed there.

And now that our troops have returned triumphant to India, that composure and time can be commanded for a searching inquiry into the errors and follies that characterised our military operations in Affghanistan, we trust that no consideration will divert the Government at home, or the principal authorities in our Eastern empire, from instituting such a scrutiny, and pronouncing suitable censures on the blameworthy. Undoubtedly the British public have something to ask concerning the Cabul tragedy, as well as the Government

of India. They have borne the discredit, and must bear the loss. This inquiry, it appears to us, must go into the entire question,into the origin, the progress, the conduct, and the issues of the war. To confine the investigation to the outbreak, the rebellion, and the disastrous retreat alone, will be but a narrow and very inadequate field; for in that case the persons more immediately concerned, and against whom the most serious charges at present are entertained, are now numbered with the dead. Macnaghten was murdered; but were his alleged proper demands refused? were undue influences employed to persuade him to withdraw his requisitions? General Elphinstone is no more; but was the reported wish of the worn-out commander to resign unheeded, or unnecessarily was the acceptance of it delayed? Neither of these unfortunate men can defend themselves, and it will be natural for the living to direct all blame to their graves. But will this quiet the British mind? will it satisfy the demands of justice? Assuredly not; and indeed the questions referred to are understood to be occupying at this moment the attention of the Indian Government, and to be under investigation. We wait to learn what is the range of inquiry, what the animus of the persons conducting it, and what may be the degree of fairness manifested in visiting the incompetent, the inactive, and the cowardly, with the censure and punishment due to their misdeeds, whether of omission or commission.

To relieve in some measure the tragical drama that we have been considering, of its accumulated horrors, we conclude with the notice of two circumstances, which although comparatively but slight, address themselves to one's softer sympathies, and show that even in Affghanistan the milk of human kindness has not been thoroughly dried up, nor wholly poisoned. Two little children were lost in the course of the confusion during the rebellion and preserved untouched and safe amid all the cruelties and deaths that environed them. One, a boy, was hastily conveyed to Akber, most probably the intention being that they should reach the British officers whom the Khan detained. Nor, if such was the design did it fail of its object; for the helpless little creature was among the first things that met the eyes of his parents on their arrival at the chieftain's quarters. The other, a girl, was carried all the way to Cabul, and adopted into a family, but restored to her parents when Akber brought his prisoners to the vicinity of the capital.

No doubt ere long we shall receive sundry accounts of the incidents which befel the prisoners, both generally and individually. The female portion of them, we may expect, will contribute their due share of literary service for the gratification of the intense public interest experienced respecting the subject. Perhaps Lady Sale's narrative will figure among the number.


ART. II.-The Life of Isaac Milner, D.D., F.R.S., &c., Dean of Carlisle. By his Niece, MARY MILNER. Parker.

ISAAC MILNER was a younger brother of the Church historian. In fact, he continued the "History of the Church of Christ" commenced by Joseph Milner. The exact condition of their father is not clearly described; and perhaps might not be very flattering to the pride of the successors of the family. At any rate he appears to have been in business at Leeds, and to have been in some way unfortunate; although he was able to afford his sons a good education while he lived. At his decease, however, and when Isaac was only ten years of age, the mother felt obliged to take him from school and to apprentice him to a weaver. But before this he had made considerable progress in Latin, and had tasted of the rudiments of Greek; having also given some early indications of a genius for mathematics. Tastes which had thus exhibited themselves, or been begotten, continued to be cherished during his apprenticeship; and when his brother Joseph, who had been sent to college through the good offices of some friends, and who had obtained the mastership of a school at Hull, proposed to take the weaver from the loom, and to constitute him his usher, the youth was found competent, as we learn from this passage:

"Joseph Milner requested the Reverend Myles Atkinson, the minister of St. Paul's Church, in that town, to examine into the qualifications of Isaac, to become his usher in the Grammar-school at Hull. Upon proceeding to the work-room in which Isaac Milner then laboured, Mr. Atkinson found him seated at his loom, with Tacitus and some Greek author lying by his side. Upon further examination, it appeared that, notwithstanding his long absence from school, and the interruption of his literary pursuits, his knowledge and his love of classical learning remained unimpaired. After a private interview with Mr. Atkinson, during which the terms of the apprentice's emancipation were agreed upon, the master of the establishment entered the work-room, and addressing young Milner, said to him, 'Isaac, lad, thou art off.' The delight exhibited by the youth, on hearing these words, was declared by Mr. Atkinson to be quite indescribable."

Isaac's labours as an usher were, of course, of lasting use to him, both as regarded industrious habits and minuteness of accuracy in grammatical construction. His mathematical capacity seems to been inbred, and to have always hailed any opportunity that occurred in the school for arithmetical solution. In 1770, and when twenty years of age, he entered Queen's College, Cambridge, as a sizar, having been sent by his brother. It is reported of him that when performing one of the offices at that time allotted to this humble.

functionary, he upset a tureen of soup intended for the Fellows, and that having received a lecture for the mishap, he exclaimed in true Yorkshire style, "When I get into power, I will abolish this nuisance." He is said to have been as good as his word; for that on becoming president of his college, the degrading services of the sizars were abolished by his authority.

A person of Milner's natural sound sense, for which he is said to have been remarkable, of his regular and industrious habits as a student, and with his moral character, which was unspotted, while his manners were amiable and attractive, was not likely to remain long in a humble station in any sphere of life, when once he had fairly taken a place in it and not only felt, but fainly desired, that it might afford him a permanent position. Accordingly his progress in university honours were rapid, and his emoluments nearly of equal growth. He not merely obtained a fellowship and a living, but the professorship of mathematics, the presidentship of his college, and the deanery of Carlisle. In the course and in consequence of all these distinguished positions he became widely known and highly respected, and this by very influential persons and parties. But the rank he obtained cannot be appreciated until we hear a little more of his principles, his activity, and his efforts.

Dean Milner came to be acknowledged as a distinguished leader of the evangelical party in the Church of England, which, although not great in respect of numbers or of ability, had at that period vast influence as a religio-politico section. In short, he was at the head as a churchman of that party which Wilberforce represented in Parliament,—and was as a layman; although the senator did not on all questions go the length of the mass of the evangelicals, who, like Dean Milner, were out-and-out Tories in out-and-out Tory times. Wilberforce was a great friend and admirer of Milner, assigning to the churchman the credit, as an instrument, of his conversion. On such subjects as the slave trade and the establishment of the Bible and Missionary Societies they thoroughly agreed, while the rational, or very high church party looked with jealousy on the Calvinism and the tendencies of these subjects and institutions. But the president of Queen's College was by no means so warm an advocate of Catholic emancipation as Wilberforce, and entertained very different notions with regard to peace with revolutionary France from those of his lay friend. Indeed, although the President is said to have conducted himself with ability on the trial of Dr. Frend for publishing a pamphlet entitled "Peace and Union Recommended," yet an extract from a speech made in defence of his judicial conduct may be quoted, which indicates an improper warmth and onesidedness for a person in his capacity for the moment, and an appeal to existing passions more fitting for an advocate than a judge. The following is the passage alluded to:

Did the pamphlet make its appearance at a time when every well-wisher of his country entertained the most serious apprehensions for its safety and tranquillity? Does the oldest of us ever remember so general-I had almost said so universal—a concurrence and union of sentiment, in the best characters of all parties, uniting to oppose the influence of seditious meetings and seditious publications? At such a critical time as this, did the author of this pamphlet inculcate the necessity of peace and good order? Or did he exhort the lower ranks of the people to be patient and submissive in bearing the additional burthens which might be necessary, in order to enable us to repel, by force, the unjust attacks of an outrageous and insolent enemy ? Or again, when the National Convention of France had filled up the measure of their crimes by murdering their king and destroying all lawful government, when their deliberations breathed nothing but atheism and anarchy, and when they were threatening every country in Europe with the introduction of similar principles, did the author of this pamphlet inculcate a respect for the king and parliament of this country, and for the reformed religion, and the functions of the clergy as established by law ? I ask not whether he entered into nice disquisitions concerning improvements, or reformation in smaller matters, but I ask, in one word, whether the plain object of the author, at least in some parts of his pamphlet, were not to teach "the degraded laity," as he calls them, "that, like brute beasts, they were sitting tamely under an usurped authority?" Is there any satisfactory answer to be given to these questions?

No unexcited person can say that these were fair questions, or reasonably worded at the period of a party and even national panic in regard to peace with France, although Dr. Frend will not now appear to have been defensible in his course, or to have maintained his cause with manly discretion.

With regard to the evangelical party which at the commencement of the present century had its stronghold at Cambridge, it is only necessary for us now to remark that its celebrity has very much become a matter merely of history; that its influence in the Church of England has been recently much encroached upon, by the theologians and controversialists of the Oxford school; and that consequently Dean Milner's fame has, in a measure, passed away with the memory of the generations and the topics that could have but a temporary hold of a nation's mind; just as will ever be the case with a man who has been extravagantly praised in his time, and who has never originated anything new in science, or lastingly impulsive in the progress of society.

The truth is, that he was a most laborious student,-highly exemplary as regarded forms, for he refused to sign a petition against subscription to the articles,-and distinguished as a man of general learning and knowledge, being master even of more than one science. In a word he was a light in college life; and thought and acted as if almost everything was to be regulated by the standard which obtained in a university. His religious views were narrow, as the his

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