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the authorization of privately financed corporations for the purchase and sale of such mortgages.

The creation of such corporations would greatly improve the market for conventional mortgages and would create new sources of funds for home mortgages.

The insuring of conventional mortgages would provide a more fluid market for mortgages and would attract funds from areas of capital surplus to communities and areas where funds for mortgages are now in short supply or nonexistent.

There are several bills now before the Housing Subcommittee of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee, each of which provides a different method of accomplishing similar aims.

The final determination as to which bill or bills would best accomplish the desired end rests with the Congress.

Without discussing the detailed provisions of the three bills (S. 810, S. 811, and S. 2130), S. 810, sponsored by the American Bankers Association, would seem to offer the greatest stimulus to home financing from commercial banks and provide a new source of funds for this purpose not available, to any great extent, under present law and regulations.

S. 811 would be more limited in its application mainly affecting savings and loan associations and the purchase of participations in mortgages orignated by savings and loans.

S. 2130 would utilize an existing Government agency, the Federal National Mortgage Association, to create a secondary market for conventional mortgages.

The committee may decide that none of the pending bills are completely acceptable and may draft its own bill.

We believe, however, that the proposal for private insuring companies and secondary marketing corporations created with private funds to purchase and sell conventional mortgages has greater merit than the expansion of a Government agency to buy and sell conventional loans even though the FNMA has had considerable experience in the mortgage market and bas an enviable record.

We respectfully urge this committee to give careful study to the pending bills and the suggestions presented to the committee at the brief hearings recently conducted by the subcommittee.

Any conclusions or determinations made should be based on the recognized need for additional funds for home mortgages and the effect upon the prospective homeowner and borrower rather than any competitive advantage of one type of lending institution over others in this field.

The savings and loan associations have done an excellent job of providing funds for homeowners and nothing should be done to jeopardize the continuation of these associations as a major source of funds for conventional home mortgages.

This situation, however, should not preclude commercial banks from providing additional funds for this purpose if this can be done without Government subsidy and on an economically sound basis. Very truly yours,

T. T. SHEDDON, Executive Vice President.

NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HOME BUILDERS,

Washington, D.C., September 18, 1963. Hon. JOHN SPARRMAN, Chairman, Subcommittee on Housing, Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C.

DEAR SENATOR SPARKMAN: During the course of Mr. Buchanan's testimony yesterday questions arose as to the sources of mortgage funds and the expectations as to housing production in the future. It occurred to me, therefore, that some of the information which our economics department has developed would be useful for the committee as part of your current hearings and for future reference.

I am enclosing as a supplement to our statement, therefore, and for inclusion in the record of the hearing, special reports together with tables taken from the latest edition of the "Savings and Loan Annual Fact Book” showing a breakdown of mortgage fund sources. These are identified as follows:

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 1: New Housing Starts Projections, 1960–70, issued May 10, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 2: Growth Trends in Major Housing Market Regions, May 13, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 3: Housing Starts for States, 1959–62, issued June 4, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 6: The Rental Housing Boom of the 1960's (a Special Study), issued July 12, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No.7: Mortgage Foreclosures, issued June 24, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 8: Housing Replacement Demand in '60s, issued July 12, 1963.

NAHB Special Economic Report No. 10: Upkeep and Improvements in Residential and Nonresidential Construction, issued August 30, 1963.

Tables 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42, 43, and 44-taken from pages 40-49 of the Savings and Loan Fact Book for 1963, published by the United States Savings & Loan League.

There were at least two other questions raised during the hearing by Senator Javits with respect to our views on the operation of the middle-income programs enacted as part of the Housing Act of 1961 and with respect to the operation of the middle-income program of the New York housing agency. Within a few days we will respond as fully as possible to these questions. Sincerely,

JOSEPH B. MOGRATH,

Director, Governmental Affairs. Enclosures.

[graphic]

1 NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HOME BUILDERS N. H. ROGG-DIRECTOR OF ECONOMICS AND POLICY PLANNING MICHAEL SUMICHRAST—ASSISTANT ECONOMICS DIRECTOR

NORMAN FAROUHAR-ECONOMIC ANALYST

May 10, 1963

Special Roport 63-1

NEW HOUSING STARTS PROJECTIONS 1960-1970

UNITED STATES

In order to satisfy the need for special data on state housing pro jections, to be used primarily for planning purposes, NAHB's Economics Department has developed on a preliminary basis estimates for new housing starts for the decade 1960-1970. These estimates are based on total U. Š. projections developed some time ago by NAHB's Economics and Policy Planning Department. Because of the enormous difficulties in doing any kind of projection into the future, particularly one based on a state breakdown, the data should be used with extreme care,

THESE ESTIMATES ARE PROVIDED PRIMARILY AS A GUIDE
TO THINK ING ABOUT HOITSING ACTIVITY IN THE FUTURE
AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON TO PROVIDE FIRM
PROJECTIONS FOR ANY LOCAL MARKET.

The problems in estimating starts by states are enormous ... and users should be aware of limitations inherent in these estimates. of necessity, judgment factors nearly always play an important part in this type of forecast.

As is true with most such projects, almost innumerable refinements will have to be made. We will need moro current local data for correction of our satinatos to keep up with the dynamic changes in our economy. We ask local monoiations and members to send us local information, as this is the most important and fundamental information we need,

Again, roadors using those forecasts should be cautioned that we have a limited knowledge of factors responsible for human behavior, and it is nearly impossible to measure precisely people's future actions. Our estimates, thorofore, have to be based on many assumptions. But besides human factors, thoro aro statistical problems, such as under-reporting of building permits which varies from place to place. Also, since bomo 25 Standard Motropolitan Statistioal Areas are located in more than one stato, there are the questions of which diroatian or into which stato the oity will expand, ostimating of growth of a gran otato, etc.

The components of population chango show horo for 1960-1970 are from a
publication by the Research Division of the National Education Associatian,
Population Projections 1960-1970, based on unofficial riguros prepared for the
10900-Dun oy en Bureau of Ino Cenous.

Estimates of housing starts are based on (1) population projections, (2)
household projections, (3) Inventory change 1950-1960, (4) ratio of populatian
Increas. 1950-1960, and not increase in housing units 1956-1960, (5) adjustod
data for under-reporting of building permits for 1959, 1960, 1961 and 1962,
(6) demolition and other loss rate,

NEW HOUSING STARTS PROJECTIONS 1960-1970 UNITED STATES
(Preliminary Working Estimates by NAHB Economics Dept.)

State

.

Population 1

Z

Change 1960

1970 3,266,740 3,436,000 5,2

226,167 334,000 49.9 1,302,161 2,011,000 54.4 1,786,276 1,599,000 -10.5 15,717,204 22,029,000 40,2

Alabama,
Alaska.
Arizona,
Arkansas
California,

Protected

Starts3 1960-1970

150,000

50,000 250,000 100,000 2,650,000

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Colorado.
Connecticut
Delaware
Dist. of col.
Florida.

1,753,947 2,535,234

446,292

763,956 4,951,560

2,266,000 3,235,000

602,000

803,000 7,552,000

29.2 27.6 34.9

5.1 52.5

210,000 280,000 70,000 30,000 850,000

Georgia,
Hawaii.
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana,

3,943, 116

632,772

667,191 10,081,158 4,662,498

4,450,000

770,000

755,000 12,047,000 5,567,000

12.9 21.7 13.2 19.5 19.4

260,000 70,000 50,000 800,000 400,000

Iowa. Kansas. Kentucky Louisiana Maine

2,757,537 2,178,611 3,038,156 3,257,022

969,265

2,896,000 2,490,000 3,103,000 3,938,000 1,046,000

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All Housing Units2

1950 1960 843,857 967,466

33,072 67,193 240,750 415,834

575,163 586,552 3,590,660 5,465,870

436,226
611,162

97,013
229,738
952,131

594,522 818,544 143,725

262,641 1,776,961

966,672
120,606

188,328
2,671,647
1,232,314

1,170,039

165,506

223,533 3,275, 799 1,503,148

811,912 625,148 820,141 777,672 311,441

902, 295 740,335 925,572 978,452 364,617

689,116 1,400,185 1,971,842

918,434 609,329

934,552 1,690,998 2,548,792 1,119,271

628,945

1,268,354

194,256 417, 245

56,175 190,563

1,491,397

233,310 472,950 101,623 224,440

1,501,473

199,706 4,633, 806 1,088,367

175,769

1,998,940

281,976 5,645,880 1,322,957

194,597

859,488

944,000

2,402, 565

715,691

524,003 3,036,494

244,147

3,041,151

815,685

622,853 3,581,877

286,757

890,000 160,000 130,000 650,000 50,000

NEW HOUSING STARTS PROJECTIONS 1960-1970 UNITED STATES (Continued)

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Vermont.
Virginia
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin

389,881 3,966,949 2,853, 214 1,860,421 3,951,777

406,000 4,659,000 3,408,000 1,650,000 4,624,000

4.1 17.4 19.4 -11.3 17,0

121,911
901, 483
809,701

136,307 1,168,913 1,009,519

20,000 380,000 210,000

.

544,075 1,055,843

574,357 1,288,620

60,000 320,000

.

Wyoming...

330,066

385,000

16.6

92,086

113,096

40,000

Total.

179,323,175

213,547,000

19,1

45,983,398

58,326,357

16,000,000

Note: Projected starts for 1960-1970 should not be interpreted as a function solely of

population change, or inventory change as presented here. They are derived
from variables mentioned in text, including the population and inventory used.
Therefore, projected starts cannot be derived by simply deducting 1950 inventory
from 1960, or comparing this to percentage change in population for the next
decade. Total projected starts were adjusted for units changed by conversions,
mergers, demolitions, and other losses--and as a result (assuming at least the
same rates for the next decade as 1950-1960 rate) total starts will have to be
higher than net change in Inventory. In other words, in order to get a net
increase of 100,000 units, new starts would have to be higher, by the number
of units lost through demolition and other means.

1. Research Division, National Education Association, Population Protections 1960-1970 2/- 0.s. Bureau of the Census, 1950 and 1960 Census

3/ - Estimates by NAHB Economics Department

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