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CHART I
Estimated Number Of Fires By Years In Buildings And Other Than Buildings, In All United States Communities
Of 2,500 Or More Inhabitants. Estimates For 1942 To 1946 Based On Reports From Fire Chiefs To The President's
Conference On Fire Prevention. Estimates For Later Years Based On Reports From Fire Chiefs Submitted To The
National Board Of Fire Underwriters. Number Of Cities Reporting In 1962-2,778.

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Number of
Building Fires

311,280
307,574
324,996
334,204
355,332
360,901
388,935
385,977
389,910
418,871
423,019
416,543
399,182
409,044
408,952
400,858
414,578
419,556
437,023
481,532
508,793

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1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962

FIRES

339,055 374,485 386,113 387,111 488,381 391,258 413,610 431,233 448,235 437,832 560,714 501,761 445,934 413,348 456,609 446,538 431,519 486,579 486,469 542,414 641,585

650,335 682,059 711,109 721,315 843,713 752,159 802,545 817,210 838,145 856,703 983,733 918,304 845,116 822,392 865,561 847,396 846,097 906,135

z 500

THOUSANDS

400F

BUILDING FIRES

200

100

923,492 1,023.946 1,150,378

1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961

1962

Source:

National Board of Fire Underwriters

Definitions

UNITS LOST THROUGH DEMOLITION refers to units demolished on the initiative of public agency or as a result of action on the part of the owner.

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UNIT CHANGE BY CONVERSIONS This refers to the creation of two or more dwellings from fewer units through structural alteration or change in use. Structural alteration includes such changes as adding a kitchen or installing partitions to form another dwelling unit.

UNIT CHANGE BY MERGER Merger refers to the combining of two or more dwelling units into fewer units through structural alteration or change in use. Structural alteration includes such changes as the removal of partitions or the dismantling of kitchen equipment.

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NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HOME BUILDERS IN H. ROGG-DIRECTOR OF ECONOMICS AND POLICY PLANNING I MICHAEL SUMICHRAST-- ASSOCIATE ECONOMICS DIRECTOR

NORMAN FARQUHAR-ASSISTANT ECONOMICS DIRECTOR

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Special Report 63-10

August 30, 1963
UPKEEP AND IMPROVEMENTS IN RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION

THIS REPORT COVERS --FOR THE FIRST TIME-RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL
PROPERTIES ... we attempted to do the impossible: estimate the improvement
market in the nonresidential field ... a very difficult and complicated task

but essential for the home building industry ... The result--in a capsule:
THE ANNUAL UPKEEP AND IMPROVEMENT MARKET FOR PROFESSIONAL BUILDERS: $13.1
BILLION DOLLARS. Although the total volume of this market is over $20 billion
dollars, much of the work is done by the homeowners and by the people directly
employed by industries and institutions.
THIS IS A SUBSTANTIAL MARKET: ... for every dollar we spend on new construction
of private non-farm housing, we pay an additional 71 cents to contractors for
upkeep and improvements.
TWO-THIRDS OF THE EXPENDITURES ARE ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES ... We pay about
$8.3 billion dollars annually to contractors for ypkeep and improvements of
residential properties, and only $4.7 billion dollars on nonresidential.
Therefore, residential work accounts for 164% of all paid jobs and is the prime
market for builders in this field,

UPKEEP AND IMPROVEMENT OF PROPERTIES TOTAL EXPENDITURES, 1962 (MILLIONS OF DOLLARS)

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$ 3,299

$ 1,475 DONE BY CONTRACT

DONE BY

CONTRACT
TOTAL RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL $ 20,058

TOTAL DONE BY CONTRACT $ 13,133

For sale by NAHB, 1625 L Street, N. W., Washington 6, D. C.

Price $2.00

UPKEEP AND IMPROVEMENTS IN RESIDENTIAL AND NONRES IDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION

This special report concerns itself with estimating the volume of upkeep

and improvements of residential and nonresidential properties and with estimating that portion of the market done by builders. By upkeep we mean maintenance and repair expenditures; by improvements we mean additions, alterations and replace

ments.

In the residential field, the Bureau of the Census provides us with a good

tool--the c50 Series --showing the extent of residential upkeep and improvements.

In the nonresidential field, the size of upkeep is derived from data published

by the Bureau of the Census, in Construction Review.

There is, however, no

information available about the scope of the nonresidential improvement market.

It is conceivably a substantial market, but how large nobody knows.

Also the

extent of the market where a professional man participates is known only in

the residential field.

In this study we examine the scope of the market and try to fill the gaps

found in the nonresidential field. Specifically, we estimate the total improvement market and the portion done by contractors in the nonresidential field.

The end result is the estimate of (1) the total scope of the upkeep and

improvement market; (2) the portion done by the professional.

One more difficulty in this field is the use of loose terms. People

referring to remodeling may mean remodeling, alteration and repairs; or those referring to repairs may mean repairs and remodeling. Then, when a total figure of the market is estimated, it varies anywhere from $5 billion to $23

billion, with one enthusiast referring to this as a $70 billion "gold mine."

These estimates vary according to the objectives people have in mind, and they

add to the confusion which already exists.

(I). TOTAL UPKEEP MARKET

(A) UPKEEP EXPENDITURES ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES. In 1962, upkeep on residential properties accounted for 44% of the total expenditures, while 56% was spent on improvements. In that year we spent more than $5 billion for upkeep or repair and maintenance of our homes. of the $5 billion, $2.2 billion (over 43%!) was spent on painting, while $1.3 billion was spent on various items from the repairing of switches, to caulking of doors, and to the repairing of swimming pools. Nearly $700 million was spent on plumbing items, such as repairing of clogged drains, cleaning septic tanks, replacing faucets, changing pipes, etc. Roofing repairs accounted for $333 million and included not only roof shingle replacements, but also caulking of leaky roofs, and repairs of gutters, downspouts and flashings. A total of $333 million was expended on heating and central air-conditioning, while $256 million was spent on floor repairs.

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Painting About 35% of all maintenance and repair painting jobs are done by homeowners themselves. Out of the remaining 65%, however, not all is sublet to contractors: 5% of the expenditure is actually paid to contractors for labor only, while another 5% is for partial supply of labor and materials. This leaves little over 51% for professional people to do.

Plumbing. While about $2 out of $3 spent on painting is paid to the hired contractor, nearly 80 cents of every dollar is paid to the professional man in plumbing repairs and maintenance. Still, 16% of the people buy their own material and do the plumbing jobs themselves.

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Roofing. About one-fifth of all work was done by the homeowners, using outside help, and nearly 70% was done by professional roofers.

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