« 이전계속 »
Majesty Queen Victoria, at Pembroke Dock-yard. The Keel laid down Nov. 9, 1842, the First Anniversary of the Birth-day of His Royal Highness Albert, Prince of Wales. The launching of the Yacht to take place in March, 1843. Superintendent, Captain Sir Watkin Owen Pell; Master Shipwright, William Edye, Esq.: " and a copper box prepared to contain it, with the gold and silver coins of the realm. They were placed in the box, and the top of it closed and soldered; so that it is completely water-tight. This box was sunk into a groove cut in the fore part of the principal stern-post; it was then very securely fastened with copper nails. This part of the ceremony was performed by Lady Evelyn, who drove the nails with much ease and precision. All being ready, the word was given to " set taut the purchase ;"' the massy weight rose majestically, and in one minute the frame was erect and in its place, the Royal Standard flying on the top of it; the Dock-yard band playing God Save the Queen. Hearty cheers were then given with three-times-three for Queen Victoria, and the workmen regaled with strong porter, two barrels having been placed one on either side of the keel. The whole of the arrangements were admirably performed, and there is no doubt but every part of this splendid vessel will be equally so. She is to be ready for launching in the almost incredible time of three months.—A7, cj M. Gazette
The Liverpool Association Of Shipmasters.—In a few of our recent numbers, we have inserted some important communications, forwarded to ns by the Secretary of the Shipmasters'' Association, at Liverpool, being the contributions to an open book for the purpose, kept in the room of the Society by its members for each other's information. It is clear that, such a method of communicating information to each other by shipmasters, respecting different parts of the world, is most excellent; and when further diffused, both at home and abroad, through the pages of this work, it becomes still more useful. It was with much satisfaction that, we gave room for these communications; feeling as we did, that, we were working with them, not only for their benefit, but for that of the community at large. It appears, by recent proceedings, however, that, the Association from some cause unprovided against, has been only saved from dissolution by an enlightened body of these gentlemen, who have passed resolutions, which will result in a reorganization, and no doubt a healthy progress of the establishment.
Every friend to society must rejoice in this; as every one must see that, the position of the master of a British merchant ship is (and onght to be maintained as) equally respectable as that of the captain of a man-of-war; and being so, it is just as desirable that, they should hare their clubs and reading rooms as naval officers. Indeed we congratulate the Association on the step just taken, as it evinces a determination on the part of the shipmasters themselves to preserve their station: and we are quite sure that it will eventually be followed and work well. It is within our compass to recollect the shipmaster in the station we have mentioned. Well do we remember him appearing on the quarter-deck of his Commodore, from his own ship under convoy, as
ENLARGED SERIES.—NO. 2.—VOL. FOR 1843. S
much a gentleman as any other officer on that quarter-deck. And why should it be otherwise?
But we look on all such measures as those of the Association, as putting the shipmasters on their trial, whether they will, or will not resume their proper station; and those of Liverpool have not only responded in the affirmative, but have proved their desire by their decision on Capt. FitzRoy's proposed bill, to preserve that esprit de corps which formerly belonged to them,—in fact, by respecting themselves to make themselves respected. We sincerely rejoice at it and tell them in all sincerity that, " Knowledge Is Power."
Rollers West Of The Eiqht Stones.
We have received the following from the Secretary of the Shipmasters' Association at Liverpool, and have referred to it in a former page :—
The following communication seems interesting, being so much in accordance with what Captain Midgley noticed on 29th of Dec. 1840 (precisely one year prior to Mr. Tomkins' date) and only 1° 44' further north, and 1° 54' east, than the situation of Midgley's Rollers, as given in the Nautical Magazine for this month, page 26.
;'On 29th of December 1840, in lat. 34« 44'N." and long. 17° 30' W. with a light breeze from the eastward experienced a very unaccountable but heavy swell from the north-east. It commenced about 3h. P.m. and at 8h. had reached its height, breaking at times over the vessel in an alarming manner. We had not much wind for two days previous, nor had we a strong breeze afterwards till over the line.
"It resembled as much the boiling of a cauldron as any thing I could imagine, but was very unlike a sea or swell occasioned by wind. At midnight it had gradually subsided. All this time we had been rolling gunwales under on each side."
"E. G. Tom Kins,
Jan. 1842. "Master of the barque Lady Mary."
Cyrus Shoal, Straits of Macassar.
Barque Cyrus, June 9th, 1842. Sir.—Allow me to request you will make known to the public, through the agency of your useful and valuable periodical.'the Nautical Magazine, the existence of a dangerous and extensive shoal in the Straits of Macassar; and which I first discovered in April, 1835. and at the time wrote an account of it to Lloyd's agent at St. Helena, but which shoal not having yet appeared in any of the charts of those Straits, I fear very few still know of its existence. Having my journal by me of that voyage, I take the liberty of sendirg you the abstract from that day.
"April 9th. 1835, At four P.m. Cape Termoel E.b.N. the South Watcher N.N.E. \ E., the officer at the mast-head reported extensive and heavy breakers ahead of the ship. Steering then due north we immediately hauled off and brought the reef and South Watcher in one, bearing N.E. \ N. from the ship reef bears by compass S.W. J S. from the South Watcher, and west from Cape Termoel. The weather was very squally at the time which prevented me from exploring it with my boats. It appeared to be about two miles in length E.JJ.E. and W.N.W., and deep water within a mile of it, which was as near as I felt it prudent to go."
In 1S40 I again saw the said shoal, and gave the bearings of it to Capt. Harford Arnold, of the Charles Kerr. It has been seen last month by Capt. Hey, of the ship Eclipse, who landed on it, and places it in the same position as I do.
I remain, &c,
To lie Editor, 8jc. Richard Spratly, Matter.
Rio Grande, Brazil.
Rio Grande de San Pedro do Sul, June 20M, 1842. Sis.—A vessel arriving here should not draw more than 10 feet 6 inches water, in consequence of the shoalness of the bar, particularly when the winds have prevailed for some time from the west or north-west. Make the land about the Estreito, 8 leagues to the northward, where the anchorage ground is good, and where a vessel may come to with safety with any other than a south-easterly wind, provided there is no possibility of getting in that day, and which I should recommend in preference to standing off and on at the risk of being drifted away by the current. Early the following day get underway, coasting it down, not venturing in less than 4| fathoms of water until you come in sight of a white tower, which is a very conspicuous object; this lately has been made higher. Then is a lantern on the summit, which is lighted at night.
This tower must be brought to bear north, when a flag will be seen on the top; if this signal is kept up a vessel may enter; if lowered down she must go out to sea again. After you have crossed the bar come to an anchor near the gunboat stationed there, until you have received a visit, when a pilot will come on board, and take the vessel up to the town. It is of importance that vessels coming here should be of light draught of water, as the canal up to the town is very shallow, and vessels have generally to be lightened before they go up. All other information is contained in Norie's Book of Directions; but as no recent account has appeared, I think it would be doing a great service to masters of vessels coming here to publish the above in the Nautical.
I am, &c,
[See some remarks on this place in our last vol. p. 720.—Ed.
Minto Breakers, Macassar Straits.
London, Dec. Stk, 1842. Sis.—On my passage from New Zeeland to Manila, in the barque Countess of Minto, the 3rd of January, 1842, at 9 A.m. a patch of breakers were observed to the south-west, dry in some places, more particularly the north part, it appeared to extend in a north-west and south-east direction. Took several good sets of sights for chronometers, and had a good meridian altitude of the •nn, which carried hack, will place this danger in lat. 8° 10' W., long. 154° 34'E.
In my Chart, which is Norie's latest, there is no shoal, near this either in latitude or longitude. On the 6th of January passed Guam, interval three days, and with cross bearings could detect no error in chronometers; that is sllowing the longitude per Norie's epitome, last edition.*
I am a constant subscriber to your valuable work, and have not observed
• In p. 451 of our vol. for 1841, Capt. Goodwyn of the Florentia, says, "Norie's position 144° 56' is about correct;" but Lieut. Raper, who has gone over these maritime positions with so much care places it in 144° 41', far more likely to be "about correct."
any danger near this spot, mentioned before; should you think the above, and the following worthy a place, you may confer a favour on my brother sailors.
I am, Src,
J. K. WlSHART.
In my passage from Singapore to London, same ship, by the Carimata passage June 1st 1842, turning to windward I was within a mile of a shoal, or sand bank above water, visible from the deck two to three miles, with the Eastern point of Billiton South Western Montaran Island E.N.E., and think the passage between the Montaran and Billiton very unsafe. On the 2nd of June saw the Discovery reef, and Discovery Bank, the positions agreeing with my observations.
J. K. WlSHART,
Clark Rock, Atlantic.
15, Surry Square, Dec. 6th, 1840. Sir.—In reading this last months Nautical, I see a rock described as " Clarks Rock" wherein he gives the lat. 45° 40' N., long. 19° 17' W.
When going out to the West Indies in 1840, in lat. 46° 36' N., long. 19° 30' W. I saw a rock within 100 yards, of a conical shape, it appeared about four feet out of water in the trough of the sea. It was blowing a strong gale at the time with a very heavy swell. I should think it would be under water in a smooth sea.
You will see by the Chart between these two places a vigia marked as doubtful called " Mayda" so it appears very evident that there is a rock about there.
I am, &c,
New Light In The Baltic—We understand that in consequence of the representation of Her] Majesty's Minister at Riga of the great importance of a light at the extreme point of Courland to the trade of that place, it has been determined by the Russian Government to erect a Light-house at Lyserort, and measures have been adopted accordingly. This" light will greatly facilitate the present dangerous navigation of that part of the Baltic, as it will lead from the north-west angle of Courland to the light on the northern extreme of Domcness into the Gulf of Riga.
Uydrographic-Office, Admiralty, Jan. 2, 1842.
Neustadt Light.—Notice has been given by the Board of Trade and Customs at Copenhagen, that an Intermitting Light has been established on Point Pelzerhagen, in the Gulf of Lubeck, near the entrance of Neustadt Harbour. It gives a strong Flash every two minutes, but shows during that interval a continuous though much weaker light; and each Flash is preceded and followed by a momentary darkness. The height of the lantern being 48 feet above the level of the sea, the Flashes may be seen in clear weather 8 or 9 miles; and the weaker light about 6 miles.
The Lighthouse, which is white washed, stands in lat. 54° 5' 17''N., and long. 10° 51' 54'' E. of Greenwich, bearing by compass from Travemiinde N. by E. J E. about 2 leagues, and S.E.by E. about half a league from the entrance of Neustadt harbour.
Falsterbo Light.—The Swedish Government has given notice, that the original Coal fire has been replaced in Falsterbo lighthouse instead of the temporary Lantern announced on the 6th of July last from this Office; but that next Summer the Lantern light will be again resumed, till the apparatus for the new lamps is fitted.
The following are from the Shipping Gazelle.
Tosees Straits, Stead's Pontage.—Having passed through Torres Straits several times, I would advise persons taking that route, when once to the north of Port Jackson, to get into the longitude of Wreck Reef, to steer a direct course for it, and to sight either it or Cato Bank—the first in preference. Then steer to pass between Frederick and Keen Reefs, (on the latter the Bonavista was lost, whose crew I brought away in 1828,) and get into the fair way for Sir C. Hardy Island. When Hearing the outer barrier, always try and make a reef laid down in lat. 12° 12' S., long. 143° 56' E. On the east of this reef is marked a "dry rock ;" I saw three, the northernmost is the largest. Should the reef be made after noon, I advise to haul to the wind, and to try to gain a southing, so as to sight these rocks at daylight; but from the very strong northerly current it will be almost impossible to keep your ground. At daylight 1 should stand in, and sight the reef. If you do not see the rocks you may be certain you have drifted something to the northward. I would then tack and stand to the north-eastward, and in all probability you will make the detached reef; and, still standing on , you will see the wreck of the Flora on a reef to the northward of Detached Reef. In such case stand direct up to Detached Reef, get off the west end, and there wait for your latitude at noon; then steer a direct course for Sir C. Hardy Island. To pass through the Passage named after me, there will appear no opening, but keep on without fear, and on the northern reef, on the starboard bow, you will find the reef appear sunken, or a rippling ; pass it, and you will soon see the opening; and, shortly after, Sir C. Hardy Island, then steer in for the Sand Hills, (marked in Horshtirgli's small chart) and anchor for the night. Weigh at daylight, following Horsburghis chart, until you have Bird Island south two or three miles; you will then be in Capt. King's chart ;• follow his track strictly, noting the different islands and reefs as you pass them: should you neglect this, they are so numerous and small that confusion will follow. Anchor at Cairn-cross for the night, with the island S.E., one mile distant, in ten fathoms, muddy ground. From Bird Island to Booby Island there is not the smallest difficulty, provided you follow strictly Capt King's track, always keeping the weather danger abroad.
The only difficult part of the passage is off Good's Island, where you will hare to pass between two rocks. Steer boldly for that visible off Good's Island, and' pass it close; you will then probably see that to the northward, which is sunken, and only just visible—so I have found it when the tide was at its highest, and the water very smooth; possibly, therefore, it may not be seen— but by passing close to the one off Good's Island you must be perfectly clear of the other.
,T. A. Stead, Lieut. RN.
'Captain King's chart of the north-east coast of Australia, Sheet 3. contains the whole of the navigation already alluded to by Lieutenant Stead.
DictinsoN Reef.—The following letter was addressed to the editor of the Bay of Island* Observer, by Mr. William S. Harans, of the ship Thomas Dickinson, July 20. 1842 :—
Sir.—Having recently very narrowly escaped shipwreck, I teg leave, through the medium of your paper, to make known the existence of a very dangerous reef (and not laid down in the charts extant, and probably before unknown).