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which are given in order to keep upon good terms with them; but they do not obtain much of any thing.
Bamboos for duunage may be had for about 10 rupees per 100. Firewood is scarce; but if the longboat be sent to Laboan Treeang, a supply of both articles may possibly be obtained, but certainly of fire-wood and dunnage mats.
At Sourabaya the best time to get a rice cargo is July; the new rice is then abundant. At Samarang it comes in about June, and rather later at Batavia. The "koyan" is 28 piculs at Batavia, 30 piculs at Samarang; and it is remarked, that when a rice cargo is shipped at the latter place, notice should be taken that the two piculs are received. —Shipping Gazette.
["A Master Mariner" recently trading to the islands informs us in th« Shipping Gazette, that the rice trade at Loinbuk is now iu the hands of Mr. Thomas King, of that place."]
(Continued from p. 757.)
Maranham, Sept. 28th, 1843. Sir.—I have the honour of transmitting to you the enclosed, which was picked up on the 2nd of August, at the Bar of Tutoie, entrance toParuahiba, on the coast of Brazil, which place lies in lat. south 2° 38', long, west 41° 48', and there can be no doubt that the bottle which contained the same, came ashore on the day it was found, for the person who found it and delivered it to me, said that he passed that way on the 1st, and on returning on the 2nd, he discovered the bottle lying on the beach. Without further to add
I remain, Sir, &c,
Alex. Thomson. 55 "Ship Kinnear, from Sydney New South Wales, to London, May 8th, 1843. lat. south 8° 46'., long, west 24° 18'. This bottle is thrown overboard to ascertain the course of the current, by
Henrt Kelsall, M.d.,
Surgeon, R.N. "Have the kindness to forward this paper to the Editor of the Nautical Magazine, London, informing him where, and when, the bottle was picked up—H. K."
[The foregoing will not fall within the limits of the chart in our March number, being entirely in the Southern Atlantic. Its course has been about N, 71° W. distance about 1100 miles.]
On the bottle paper, in our last number, thrown over from the same ship, Mr. Kelsall has obligingly communicated the following :—
9, Union Terrace, Plymouth, Nov. 14M, 1843.
Sir.—The notice of a bottle thrown overboard by me, from the Ship Kinnear, forwarded to the Office by the Commander of the Nunez, and contained in the Nautical Magazine for this month, with a request to forward to you the date, when, the bottle was thrown overboard, would have been attended to before this, but that my diary of the voyage, has unfortunately been mislaid. I can however, from some data, which 1 have by me, fix the desired period within three or four dags, viz., between the 14th and the 18th of May, 1843,1am inclined to assign the 15th of May as the date; so that the bottle has made that course and distance in about 72 days.
I have Utile doubt but that other bottle papers will be forwarded to you hereafter, relating to the same subject, as, during the whole voyage from Sydney round Cape Horn, homewards, I was in the habit of daily consigning to the ocean one or more bottles; containing each a paper, noting latitude, longitude, and the day of the month, with a duplicate of those three important points, written on the back of the paper; in the event of the other side becoming obliterated by a drop of water getting into the bottle.
During the time that the ship was surrounded by the Sargasso, or Gulfweed, I availed myself of every bottle I could obtain, for the purpose of ascertaining the direction, and possibly the termination of that current.
I am, Sir, &c,
Henry Kelsall, M.d.,
To the Editor, $c. Surgeon R.S.,
[This is a remarkable illustration of the different prevailing currents of the Ocean. The bottle which we call 43a appears to have been thrown overboard in that part of the ocean between the northern edge of the equatorial current, and the south-west edge of the Guinea current: and to have arrived at the place where it was found from its starting point, we can suppose it to have been carried first to the north-west, then to the north and north-east (perhaps as fat as the Cape Verds,) until it fell into the current, setting to the southward and eastward along the Coast of Africa. The totally opposite course it has taken from bottles Nos. 43 and 44, adds considerably to the interest of it.]
Eqmond-on-zee—Oct. 9th: A bottle, containing a letter signed Francis W. Crane, on board the American barque Olga, dated Sept. 10, 1843, lat. 52° 47'., long. 3° 45' W., came on shore here 29th ult.—Shipping Gazette.
[There is an evident error in the latitude here, which possibly the contributor to the Shipping Gazette, might correct for us. The position of Egmoiidon-Zee, is in lat. 52° 38' on the coast of Holland, in the North Sea, which cur chart includes.]
We are indebted to a friendly, but unknown hand, for a file of the Neufovndland Morning Pott, in one of which we find the following:—
"We have been politely handed the following memorandum by a gentleman who was passenger in the Hibernia at the time, and who can vouch fur its authenticity. It was found in a bottle picked up by Mr. Mich. Fowloe, a respectable Planter, about the middle of August, in a place called Seal's Cove, near the Rams Islands, in Placentia Bay in this Island. The bottle was corked and sealed. This incident may lead to some useful information relative to tie currents.
"Royal Mail Steamer 'Hibernia,' Capt. Judkins—her first voyage—Lirerpool to Halifax—Lat 44° 18' N., Long. 51° 35'W., 105 Passengers, 'all well', Sunday, 30th April, 1843. Please to forward this notice to the Company in London, and to Capt. Becher, R.n., Admiralty.
James Lumsden, Glasgow.
We are thankful to the above gentlemen for their attention to keeping alive the discussion of this subject in our pages.
The bottle appears to have taken a N.N.W. direction across a part of tie usual course of the Gulf Stream, and it would add much to the interest of the subject if we had the direction of the wind on this, as well as other occasions.
Directions For Ampanam And Laboan Treeang, Lombok.
Entering Lombok Straits with adverse current, most progress may be made by keeping the Bali side on board, and working along shore until the peak bears west. By a stretch over then for Lombok, a ship will most likely fetch the bay, especially if the Bali side of the Strait be left early in the morning for the sake of the sea breeze from the southward. With a contrary current, it is difficult to get down on the Lombok side of the Strait, and on the Bali side after the Peak bears to the northward of west. Supposing a ship to have fetched North Island, she should then keep the north shore on board, and getting Bali peak W.N.W., stand for the anchorage. The village of Ampanam will be in sight. The soundings will be 30 fathoms, 25, 20, and gradually less to 9, 8, and 6, in the anchorage, soft ground. In the fine season, April to November, bring up within not less than half a mile of the beach. After the middle of November a mile or more ought to be allowed to enable a ship to run to Laboan Treeang, if need be. On appearance of bad weather, the chains should be buoyed, and everything ready toslip.
In running for Laboan Treeang Cove from Ampanam roads, a south course will about lead down; but in blowing weather it is preferable to haul out S.b. W. I W. at first, and when abreast of Tanjong Canang, easily known by a little conical hill near it, and about two miles and a half from Ampanam; steer south, or easterly, if required, as you approach the Cove. The western side of the entrance to the Cove is bluff, and readily distinguished, the eastern side is low and sandy, with bamboos aud brushwood upon it. Approaching the entrance, keep nearest to the eastern shore, as a reef runs off the other. A good mark is, to bring the low point about S.b.E., and run in with that bearing, a high bluff point on the east side of the Cove will be seen a little, when off the low point, with this bearing. Haul round the east point until it bears about N.N. W. J W. to N.W.b.N., and bring up in about ten fathoms, mud and clay, two or not more than three cables' length from the beach. The water here will be quite smooth although a great deal of swell may be in the entrance.
A reef surrounds the island with a bush or two upon it, which lies E.S.E. of this anchorage. Of this be careful, by bringing up, as advised, pretty close to the beach, which is so steep to, that four fathoms will be found over a boat's stern, when she touches the ground forward. This is the case in most parts; it is, however, a little shoal for about a ship's length off the eastern extreme point. This is the best anchorage, unless it is preferred to haul the ship into the eastern side of the Cove, which can be done safely and easily.
Having parted in Ampanam roads from two chains during a gale at northwest, a vessel hauled out S.S.W. for a few miles, and then steered S. and S. J E. for the Cove, and anchored in 10 fathoms, mud and clay, with the following bearings :—Low Point N.b.W. } W., West Point N.W. \ N., the little islet E.N.E., and the high bluff on the east side of the Cove S. J E. In this position she rode in safety, although there was still a good deal of swell; but in the anchorage recommended above, say two or three ship's lengths to the north-east, the water was perfectly smooth.
The fishermen describe the western side of the Cove as rocky, coral, and not good anchorage, with the exception of a bight, which is also well sheltered; but it is difficult there to obtain water, which is not the case on the eastern side, there being three good wells near the huts. Firewood and bamboos may be cut in plenty; but any other supplies, excepting plantains and cocoa-nuts, are scarce.
From 50 to 100 sail might be moored in the Cove to the eastward, but it is unhealthy during the north-west monsoon.—Shipping Gazette.
New York.—Oct. 14.—The following spar buoys were placed on the Bar of St. Augustine, on Saturday 7th instant.
Buoy No. 1, in 5 fathoms water outside the bar. Buoy No. 2, on the bar, 7 feet low tide. Buoy No. 3, inside the bar, 16 feet low tide. Distant 1) nautical miles from each other; the whole in a range with the light-house, and bearing nearly W.b.N.
Mark to run for the Bar—Bring the large flagstaff on St. Francis' barracks open one oar's length to the north of the light-house.
Mariners can depend on the above, as the buoys were placed under the superintendence of the collector of the port, Captain Robert Day, of U.S. revenue cutler Crawford, and the pilot of the harbour.—New York Paper.
We have been repeatedly requested during the week, to notice the fact that the buoy placed on the tail of the " Knoll" near Tybee, has filled and sunk. The pilots find it very difficult to bring vessels into our port without these guides, and we have no doubt it will be promptly attended to.—Sarawak Republican.
The collector at New London gives notice that the Light Boat at Bartlett'i Reef, parted her moorings in the gale of the 8th Oct. and went into New London. Due notice is promised of her return to the station.—Botton Shipping List, Oct. 14.
Buoys, St. Augustine Harbour, Florida, Oct. 9th,—Navigators are informed, that on the 7th of October, 1843, three spar buoys, with tops painted white, were placed at the bar at the entrance of the harbour of St. Augustine, directly in mid-channel. Vessels which from necessity may be forced to enter without a pilot, have, when in five fathoms water, to bring the light-house to bear W.S. W., and steer for the first buoy, passing as near to it as possible, as it lies is the deepest water, then run for the second buoy, and when up with it run for the third, passing along close to both. From the third buoy the channel u defined by a line of breakers on the north, and a sand beach on the soutb. The depth of water on the bar is from seven to eight feet at low water.—Skipping Gazette, Nov. 3.
Cape Bonavista.—The light-house on Cape Bonavista, Newfoundland, which has for some time been in course of erection, was to be lighted up from and after the 11th of October, from sunset to sunrise. It is a revolving light, at regulated intervals of two minutes, exhibiting alternately a red and white light, at an elevation of 150 feet above the level of the sea. It will be visible in every direction, seaward, to the distance, it is expected, of thirty miles, and kept open with Spiller's Point will take vessels clear of the sunken rocks called the Flowers, lying between the North Head of Catalina and Bird Island Cove.
Morufs Tanoe Light-house.—The Royal Swedish Marine Administration has given notice, under date of Sept. 22 :—1. That the new light-tower near Morups Tange, in the Cattcgat, bearing lat. 56° 55' 12" North of Ferro, long. 12° 22' 36" of Greenwich, one league North of Falkenberg is now completed, and provided with a lenticular apparatus, having a fixed light, which will show a glare round the whole horizon. The tower also offers a particular mark during the daytime, being 70 feet high, the roof and the light 95 feet above the level of the sea, and may be seen, in clear weather, at 3} German miles distant.—Shipping Gazette, Oct. 18.
Beacon On The Rowan Rock, Algoa Bay.—A meeting has been held, and a Committee appointed, to carry into effect a plan proposed by Sir J. Marshall, of Her Majesty's ship Isis, for a pontoon beacon on the Rowan Rock, which will be dona forthwith by private subscription.—Snipping Gazette, Oct. 28.
Suei Passage.—The Royal Swedish Marine Administration have given notice that in the course of the summer a wooden house of 12 ells height, 32 ells long, and 15 ells broad will be erected on the Western Hartholm, near the Pairwater (canal), from Argo for Carlscrona, and which house will be situated 90 ells from the Old Schanze (fort), 14 above the level of the sea.
And also that on the E.ist Shore, before the close of this month, two barracks, of one story high, not painted, will be finished, together 54 ells long, 8 ells high, and 8 ells above the level of the sea; which edifices will be visible at a considerable distance, between S.S.W., and S.b.W., according to compass. These buildings are but temporary, and only intended to remain standing during the erection of the fortifications; but as the time required for their building cannot very well be ascertained, and the appearance of the Hartholm and the country round will, as the works proceed and ultimately be finished, be materially changed, so as to make its recognition difficult, the said Administration hereby draws the attention of mariners to the circumstance, in order to prevent misfortunes, which might, through the altered appearance of the country, probably occur.—Shipping Gazette, Oct. 26.
Want Of Lights On The East Coast Of England.
Sir.—The columns of the Times are always open to assist the distressed, or, to remedy grievances. I would now appeal to you to exert its powerful influence in favour of our poor mariners. The November gales have begun, and the coast of England is already strewed with wrecks; in the gale of the 12th ult., not less than thirty vessels on the east coast alone were reported wrecked. In the gale of the 28th a large number went on shore, and many were driven from their anchors:—the long winter nights are fast approaching yet what has been done towards providing Harbours of Refuge, or in placing lights in order to render available the little shelter that already exists on the east coast of England!
It is well known to all in the trade between London and Shields, that the only real harbour of refuge between the Thames and the Humber, is Harwich; and that Yarmouth is the only roadstead. It will be readily supposed that every facility is provided to enable vessels in time of need to reach these friendly anchorages. But alas! what is the fact? to enter Yarmouth Roads from the northward, by night, is next to impossible, merely for the want of a small floating light placed near the Sea Head in the Cockle Gatway; and in the same manner none but those well acquainted with the locality can venture to approach Harwich Harbour, by night, for want of a still smaller floating light placed near where the present Cork Ledge or Fairway buoy stands.
Surely this betokens an apathy, or indifference to the welfare and lives of our sailors, that is difficult to understand, and especially in the face of the evidence before the late Shipwreck Committee of the House of Commons, where it may be seen that the honourable Member for Whiiby, who is also one of the Elder Brethren of the Trinity-House, in examining a witness touching the deficiency of lights on the east coast of England, says at Question 1545, " Are you aware that both the lights at the Cockle Gat, and that at the entrance to Harwich are about to be carried into execution?" This occurred in May last; six months have elapsed since that time, the fine season has passed away, dark and dreary November has begun, and we have no sign of life, no symptoms of those lights being placed. Let me adjure those who have the power to remedy these grievances, to think of the awful responsibility they incur, if with the means at their disposal they allow another dreary season of gales and shipwreck to commence without doing all in their power to save the lives as well as the property of their fellow creatures and brother seamen.—I am, &c,
Shields, 1st Nov., 1843. A Collier.
[Since the above was written, we understand that another glaring proof of the necessity of lighting the Cockle Gat occurred in the S.S.W. gale of the 28th ult., when die pilot cutter belonging to Yarmouth, with three of their most ex