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263.-The bodies of the crew floated up, except the boy.
The Life, VOYAGES, AND EXPLOITS OF ADMIRAL Sir Francis DRAKE.- By
John Barrow, Esq., 1 vol. 8vo.—Murray, Albemarle Street. For some time past we have been on the look out for the publication of this work, and are enabled at length, before the close of the year, to call the attention of our readers to a book, the perusal of which, we believe, will afford them more than usual interest.
The life of such a man as Sir Francis Drake, whose name from childhood has been familiar to our lips, and ears, could not well fail to afford ample materials for an interesting volume; but the great merit of Mr. Barrow's work consists in having succeeded for the first time, notwithstanding there are many published narratives of the adventures of Drake, and among others one by Dr. Johnson,-in bringing to light a series of Original letters of Sir FRANCIS DRAKE, and of Howard EARL OF EFFINGHAM, the Lord High Admiral in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, collected chiefly at the State Paper Office from “the almost illegible manuscripts"-a glance " at the best specimen," of one of which (printed at page 300,) fully corroborates the fact of their being so : we confess to us it is
perfect Hebrew," In addition to these Mr. Barrow has procured much new and curious information from manuscripts in the British Museum, and has consulted largely all the old chroniclers, Camden, Stow, Strype, Speed, Holinshed, &c., together with many rare tracts communicated by Mr. Bolton Corney, “a private gentleman of great literary acquirements and research."
We shall, in this present notice, confine ourselves entirely to a few piquant extracts from some of the original letters, which appear to have been written chiefly during that eventful epoch in the history of our country, the attempted “ Spanish invasion," by the miscalled “ Invincible Armada ;” and in the next, for the benefit of those“ who read no more than is set down for them,” we propose to give a general outline of the work.
The letters are in themselves so irresistible that we hope to be excused for thus deviating from the usual routine.
The first extract we shall quote is from a letter of the Lord High Admiral, which gives a pretty clear insight into the general state of the finances of the country in those days; and is certainly highly amusing.
It will be recollected that Sir Francis Drake, who took an active part in the defeat of the Spanish Armada, had the good fortune to seize a vessel, on board of which was one Don Pedro, together with a large amount of treasure ; a little of which the Lord High Admiral appears to have stood somewhat in need.
The letter is dated from the Ark in Dover road, the 27th August, 1588, and addressed “ To my verie lovinge freinde, Mr. Secretarie Walsinghame, at the Courte.
“ Sir, I send you heer inclosed a note of the mony that Sir F. Drake had abourd Don Pedro. I did take now at my comyng downe 3000 pystolets, as I told you I wold, for by Jesus I had not (three pounds) left in the worlde, and had nor anythinge coulde geet mony in London. And I dow assur you my plate has gone befor, but I will repay it within ten days after my comyng home. I pray you let her Majestie know so; and by the Lord God of heyne I had not on crown mor, and had it not byne meer nesesite I wold not have touched one ; but if I had not sum to have bestoed apon sum pour and myserable men I should have wyshed myselfe out of the worlde, "Sir, let me not lyve longer then I shall be most wylling to dow all sarvys, and to take any paynse I chan for her Majestie's sarvys. I thynk Sir F. Drake wyll say I have lyttell rest, day or nyght."
The following letter from Sir Francis Drake to the Queen, recommending an attack upon the Spaniards on their own coast, will be read with interest.
“Sir Francis DRAKE TO THE Queen. “ Most GracyOUS SOVERAIGNE,
“I have receaved from Mr. Secreatary som particuller notes and wi hall a comandment, to answere them unto your Majestie.
" The first is that your Majestie would willyngly be satysfyed from me how the forces nowe in Lysborne might best be dystressed.
" Trewly this poynt is hardly to be awuiswered as yeat, for tow specyall cawses, the fyrst, for that our intelligences are as yeat uncertayne. The second, is the resolucyon of our owne peoyle, which I shall better understand when I have them at sea. The last insample at Calles is not of dyvers yeat forgotten, for one such flying nowe, as Borrowghes dyd then, will put the wholle in perille ffor that the enemyes strengthe is now so great gathred together and redy to invade ;--but yf your Majestie will geve present order for our proceding to the sea, and send to the strengthning of this fieett here, fower more of your Majestie's good shippes, and those 16 saill of shipes with ther penaces which ar preparing in London, then shall your Majestie stand assured, with God's assistance, that yf the flett come out of Lysborne as long as we have vittuall to leve withall, uppon that cost, they shall be fowght with, and I hope throwghe the goodness of our mercyfull God, in suche sort as shall hynder his qwyett passage into Yngland, for I assure your Majestie, I have not in my lyffe time knowen better men and possessed with gallanter mynds than your Majestie's people are for the most parte, which are here gathred together, vollontaryllye to put ther hands and hartts to the fynishing of this great peice of work, wherin we ar ail perswaded that God, the gevr of all victoryes, will in mercye lowke uppon your most excellent Majestie, and us your power subjects, who for the defence of your Majestie, our relygon, and natyve country, have resolutly vowed the hassard of our lyves.
“The advantage of tyme and place in all marciall accyons is half a victory, which being lost is irrecoverable, wherefore, if your Majestie will comaund me away with those shipes which ar here alredye, and the rest to follow with all possible expedycyon' I hold it in my power opynyon the surest and best cowrse, and that they bring with them vittualls suffycyent for themselves and us, to the intent the service be not utterly lost for want thereof: Whereof I most humbly beseche your most excellent Majestie to have such consideracyon as the wayghtenes of the cawse reqwyrethe. For an Ynglyshman being farre from his country and seing a present wante of vittuall to insue, and perseaving no beneffyett to be lowked for, but only blowes, will hardlye be browght to staye.
“I have order but for tow monthes vittualles begynning the 24th of Aprell, whereof one wholl monthe may be spent before we com there, the other monthes vittuall will be thowght, with the least to bring us back agayne; here may the wholl service and honor be lost for the sparing of a few crownes.
“ Towching my power opynyon how strong your Majesties fleett should be to encounter this great force of the enemy, God increac your most excellent Majestie's forces, both by sea and land, dayly : for this I surly thincke ther was never any force so strong as theris now redye or makynge redye agaynst your Majestie and trewe relygyon, but that the Lord of all strengthes is stronger and will defend the trewth of his word, for his owne name's sake, unto the which God be all glory geven. Thus all humble duty, I contynewally will pray to the Allmyghtye to blesse and give you vyctorye over all his, and your enemyes. From Plymothe this 13th of Aprell, 1588.
Your Majestie's most loyall,
Francis DRAKE. To the Queen's moste excellente Majestie.
We would continue further extracts of these most interesting documents, but must necessarily defer doing so, till our limited space affords another opportunity ; but in the mean time, we earnestly recommend to the service at large, and to all seafaring men, the perusal of Mr. Barrow's interesting life of that great and extraordinary man, who in the quaint language of an old historian, first "ploughed a furrow round the world.”.
New Charts. (Published by the Admiralty, and Sold by R. B. Bate, 21, Poultry. The following interesting plans of places in the Archipelago, will concern both the seaman and the classic scholar, to both of whom, the neatness and elegance of their execution will make them doubly welcome. EGINA AND METHANA.-Surveyed by Commander Graves, H.M.S. Beacon, 1839. Poros Island.-Surveyed by Commander Graves, H.M.S. Beacon, 1839. Gulf of NAUPLIA.—By Captain Copeland, H.M.S. Beacon, 1832. Portchell, Morea.—By Commander Graves, H.M.S. Beacon, 1839. Icylı Bay, Morea.- By Commander S. Brock, H.M.S. Magpie, 1839. VATika Bay and Cervi Island.- By Com. S. Brock, H.M.S, Magpie, 1830. MeneuvASIA.-By Commader Graves, H.M.S. Beacon, 1838. Port IERAKA.-By Commander Graves, H.M.S. Beacon, 1838.
To the foregoing may also be added. The HARBOURS of Great Exuma.- Bahamas.- By Lieut. E. Barnett, 1837.
H.M.S. SAMARANG.–The information in our last regarding this ship, is confirmed by recent accounts, which state that the Samarang after being eleven days under water, was weighed on the 27th of July, and without serious damage. She was then unstowed, the mud washed out, ber inside dried, and she was to sail from the Sarawak with three months provisions on board on the 17th of August.
PROMOTIONS AND APPOINTMENTS.
(From the Naval and Military Gazette.) PROMOTIONS.
superintend Packet Station at Falmouth
- E. Norcutt (1838) to be Governor of COMMANDERS-E. Crouch, John Lort the Gambia - ). Bribane (1837) to Larne Stokes.
LIEUTENANTS-B. Drury (1848) to LIEUTENANTS-C. C. Forsythe, W. Shearwater-J. Smith (1843), R. CampR. Card, W. G. Deane, J. B. Ballard. bell (1843), N. S. Knott (1838), W. F.
MASTERS--J. E. Davis, H. B. Yule, Fearle (1838), and B. Young (1841) to
SURGEONS-J. O. Goodridge, D. Tho. Helena-W, Morris (1838), F. H. Vyse, mas, W. Robertson-R. Butler, m.m., (1842), R. McLeod (1841) to HyacinihC. Smith.
E. Nicholls to Formidable-T. Crang to
E. Collier (1815) to CaledóniaJ. Bull
(1843) to Sealark-Sir F. Freeling (1842)
to Formidable-D. H. Miller, (1841), C. CAPTAINS-N, Lockyer, (1815) to Al R. Marcuard (1840) to Veslal.-R. Mc bion-C. Talbot, (1830) to Vestal. Donald (1842), J. Morshead (1836) E, F.
COMMANDERS-T. L. Gooch (1852) to Roberts (1841), G. C. Adams (1815), J. Sealark-J. J. Robinson (1843) to Cale- Dirom (1841), E. Little (1837) to Albion donia-W, N, Fowell (1839) tó Mohawk E. Holmes (1841), M. Burrows (1843), -Sir C, Ricketts (1831) to Helena-R. H, King (1841) to Winchester-P. GodWilcox (1823) to the Portsmouth Ordi. frey (184ì) to Warspile-A. S. Robinnary-J. Rains (1829) to San Josef, to son (1810) to command Tartarus, T.