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glib, to make smooth, P.R. i. 375 gloss, comment, S.A. 948 gloze, flatter, deceive, P.L. x. 549; C. 161

gonfalon, standard, P.L. v. 589 Gordian, intricate. There was an oracle that he who could untie a knot, which fastened yoke to pole in the wagon of Gordius, King of Phrygia, should be lord of Asia. Alexander the Great cut it with his sword Gorgonian, the sight of the Gorgon Medusa petrified living things Gorgons,

three monstrous sisters, the most terrible of them Medusa (q.v.).. Goshen, the district on borders of Egypt where the Israelites dwelt


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Harapha, Hebrew word translated "giant " in 2 Sam. xxi.


harpy, a winged monster in Greek mythology, personification of the storm-wind, supposed to carry away a person or thing that suddenly disappears

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Hebe, youth personified Hebron, a city south of Jerusalem. See Numb. xiii. 33 Hecate, a goddess connected with night and witchcraft Hecatompylos, City of the Hundred Gates, ancient capital of Parthia

Helicon, hill of the Muses in Boeotia

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guarded the golden apples in the far west. In P.R. ii. 357 M. uses it of the place Hesperus, fabled to be father of the Hespirides. The evening star

hierarchy, a sacred principality or holy government, P.L. v. 591 hinge, used by M. of the cardinal


P.R. iv.

points 415 Hinnom, a ravine S. of Mount Zion Hippotades, son of Hippotes, i.e. Eolus, god of the winds Hispahan, Ispahan, capital of Persia holocaust,

whole-burnt sacri

fice, S.A. 1702 Horonaim, a town in Moab horrent, bristling, P.L. ii. 513 horrid, bristling, P.L. i. 710 hull, toss like an empty hulk, P.L. xi. 84o Humber, supposed to be named from a Hunnish pirate Hyacinth, a Spartan youth of great beauty, whom Apollo loved. Apollo was made to slay him by accident, and from his blood the flower hyacinth sprang

hyacinthe, dark and curly like the Greek hyacinth, P.L. iv. 301 Hydaspes, the Jhelum, a tributary of the Indus

Hydra, a marsh-monster with nine heads, slain by Hercules; its heads grew again threefold when cut off

hydrus, water-snake, P.L. x. 525 Hylas, a beautiful youth, carried off by the nymphs Hymen, the presiding deity of marriage

hymenæan, marrying song, P.L.

iv. 711.

Hymettus, a hill near Athens, famed for honey Hyrcania, a province of the ancient Persian Empire, near the Caspian

Hyrcanus II., placed on the throne of Palestine by the Romans, and attacked by his rival Antigonus. Both were of the family of the Maccabees. The Parthians carried off Hyrcanus, and supported Antigonus

Iberia, now part of Georgia
Ida, a mountain in Crete.


legend places the birthplace of Zeus on Mount Ida. There were other mountains of this

name, the most famous of which is this next

Ida, near Troy, the scene of the Judgment of Paris, to whom three goddesses presented themselves, Hera, Athena, Aphrodite, the fairest to receive as a prize a golden apple idolism, peculiar opinion or theory, P.R. iv. 234 Ilissus, a stream flowing by Athens Ilium, Troy

Illyria, the E. seaboard of the Adriatic; Dalmatia, with parts of Croatia, Bosnia, and Albania

Imaus, Himalaya imp, offspring, P.L. ix. 89 impaled, hedged, P.L. ii. 647 impediment, baggage, P.L. vi. 548

implicit, entangled, P.L. vii. 323 importune, importunate, P.R. ii. 404

impress, a device on a shield, P.L. ix. 35

incentive, kindling, P.L. vi. 519 incubus, lascivious or suffocating devil, nightmare, P.R. ii. 152

indorsed, having upon their backs, P.R. iii. 329 indulgence, remission of penalty for sins, granted by the Pope: these were sold, P.L. iii. 492

infringed, shattered, P.R. i. 63 inhabitation, inhabited world (a Grecism), S.A. 1512 Inogenia, Inogen or Imogen, daughter of the British king Pandrasus, wife of Brutus the Trojan

instinct, a flame, P.L. ii. 937 instruct, instructed, P.R. i. 439 interrupt, interposed, P.L. iii. 84

Irassa, a city. Irasa is named in Pindar as the house of Antæus, but not the same Antæus

Iris, the rainbow personified Isis, one of the Egyptian deities, wife of Osiris, and mother of Horus Ismenian, Theban or Boeotian, from a river Ismenus

Janus, the Roman " deity of the beginnings," represented with two heads (sometimes with four)

Japhet, used by M. as though it were the same word as Iapetus, father of Prometheus. Prometheus stole fire from heaven, and gave it to men; the gods in revenge made Pandora (which see) Javan, son of Japhet, identified with Ion, the mythic ancestor of the Ionians. Ionia, or Greece

Jephtha, Judges xi.
Joel, Judges iv. 21
Josiah, a good king of Judah
who purified the valley of

jousted, took part in a tourna-
ment, P.L. i. 583
Jove, Jupiter, chief of the
Roman gods, as Zeus of the
Greeks; born, according to
one legend on Mount Dicte
in Crete. He deposed his
father Kronos
Julius, C. Julius Cæsar, the
great Roman dictator, did
not rise to fame before middle
age. Before this, he is said
to have wept that he had
lived so long and done so

Juno, wife of Jupiter, incensed against Æneas Jupiter. See Jove

kindly, engendering, P.L. vii. 419

kindly, natural, P.L. iv. 228 Kiriathaim, a place unknown, perhaps E. of Jordan, Gen. Σίν. 5

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Launcelot, the most famous

knight of the Round Table Lavinia, daughter of Latinus, King of Latium, betrothed to Turnus, but wedded by Æneas

Lemnos, an island in the N.

Egean Sea, fabled to be the home of Hephaistos (Vulcan) Lemures, spectres or spirits of the dead, mostly regarded as malevolent

Leo, Lion, a sign of the Zodiac Lethe, forgetfulness Leucothea, a marine goddess of the Greeks, identified by the Romans with the moongoddess

levant, from the E. or sunrising, P.L. x. 704

Leviathan, a word used in the Bible sometimes of the whale, sometimes of the crocodile; but there are mythical legends about the creature, P.L. i. 201

levy, raise, P.L. ii. 905 libbard, leopard, P.L. vii. 467 Libecchio, a wind from the S.-W. Libra, the scales, one of the

signs of the Zodiac

Lichas, who brought Hercules the poisoned robe which killed him, was thrown into the sea by Hercules in his frenzy

limbec, alembic, a vessel used in the laboratory limbo, border, the regions bordering on hell and

heaven. There were the Limbo of the Fathers or Patriarchs, of unbaptised Infants, and of Fools limitary, sentinel of the boundaries, P.L. iv. 971 Logres, a name of Britain in British legends

Londinium. London is said in legend to have been founded by Trojan settlers who came with Brutus

lore, lesson, P.L. ii. 815 Lucifer, the light-bringer, name of the morning star, also used of Satan Lucina,

Roman goddess of


Lucrine Bay, a lake in Campania, famed for oysters Lyceus, a mountain in Arcadia Lyones, Lyonesse, a British name for Cornwall, or for Leon in Brittany

Machabeus. The redoubtable family of the Maccabees, first of whom was Judas Maccabæus, headed a patriotic revolt, won several great battles against Antiochus Epiphanes, and held out against them for many years. They were priests. See Book of the Maccabees

Macharus, a city in Perma Meander, a river in Asia Minor

Manalus, a mountain in Arcadia

Mæonides, Homer
Maotis, Sea of Azof


Straits, off S.

Magnetic, magnet, P.R. ii. 168 Mahanaim, E. of Jordan, where Jacob, after parting with Laban, saw heavenly hosts encamped

Maia, mother of Hermes, the messenger of Zeus. Raphael is compared to Hermes because sent as a messenger from Jehovah

Malabar, the S.-W. coast of India

Mammon, a personification of filthy lucre

manure, attend to, P.L. iv. 628 marasmus, consumption, P.L. xi. 487

Margiana, a province near to Sogdiana

marle, earth, P.L. i. 296 Mars, god of war in Roman mythology


mask or masque, a dramatical fantasia, with songs dances, P.L. iv. 768 maugre, in spite of, P.L. iii. 255; P.R. iii. 368

meath, to press so as to make

mead, P.L. v. 344 Medusa, a Gorgon whose face turned into stone all that looked upon it. Perseus

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Midas, King of Phrygia, judged that Pan sang sweeter than Apollo, and had his changed into asses' ears for his pains


middle (air), i.e. between earth and heaven, P.L. i. 516 middle (shore), of the Mediterranean, P.L. v. 339 Mincius, now Mincio, a river in N. Italy, flowing through Lake Garda, and passing into the Po

minim, minute thing, P.L. vii. 482

missive, projectile (adj.) P.L. vi. 519

Modin, the district from whence came Judas Maccabæus

Mogul, a dynasty of Moslem Emperors, reigning at Agra first, then Lahore, then Delhi mole, mass, P.L. x. 300 Moloch, an Ammonite fire-god, to whom human sacrifice was

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nectar, the mythical drink of
the gods, P.L. iv. 240
Negus, title of the King of

nepenthes, an opiate given by
Helen to Menelaus. She got
it from Polydamna, wife of
Neptune, Roman God of the
sea, incensed against Ulysses,
as described the Odyssey
Nereus, the "wise old man of
the sea," father of fifty

fastidious, P.L. v. 433;
P.R. iv. 157
night-foundered, lost in the
night, P.L. i. 204

Montezuma, emperor of Mexico,
subdued by Cortes
Morocco, in Ñ. Africa
Morpheus, god of sleep
morrice, or morris, a dance
(originally Moorish), C. 116
Moses' chair, see Matt. xxiii. 2
Mountain, the Mount of Temp-nice,
tation cannot be Quaran-
taria, near Jericho, as the
prospect shows. It may be
one of the mountains of Ar-
menia; or perhaps M. had no
special mountain in his mind,
but chose a central position
and imagined one
Mozambic, Mozambique, in E.

Mulciber, Vulcan, god of fire
and smith-craft
Musacus, an early Greek poet
must, new wine, P.L. v. 345
myrrhine, made of baked clay
or some such substance,
probably porcelain

Naiades, water-nymphs
Namancos, marked in Mer-
cator's Atlas near Cape
Narcissus, a beautiful youth,
cold to a nymph Echo, who
loved him and died of love.
Nemesis made N. fall in love
with his own image in a
fountain; and he pined away
and became the flower called
by his name

nathless, nevertheless, P.L. i.
Nazarites, a sect who abstained

from all intoxicants and kept
the hair unshorn
Nebaioth, used for Ishmael in
P.R. ii. 309, but really the
name of Ishmael's eldest son
(Gen. xxiii. 13). See Gen.

xxi. 17

Nineveh, a city on the Tigris,
founded by Ninus
Niphates, a mountain in Ar-

Nisibis, in Mesopotamia
Nisroch, a deity of Nineveh
Norumbega, a part of N.

Notus, the S. wind
numbering Israel, 1 Chron. xxi.


numerous, metrical, P.L. v. 150
Nymphs, guardian beings who
inhabited trees, springs, and
Nyseian isle, Nysa in Libya,
connected with Bacchus

Ob, a river of Siberia
obdured, hardened, P.L. ii. 568
obnoxious, exposed, S.A. 106
obsequious, obedient, P.L. vi. 10
obtain, hold, P.R. i. 87
obvious, in the way, P.L. vi. 69
Echalia, probably in Thessaly,

whence Hercules was return-
ing when he received the
poisoned robe

Eta, a mountain in S. Thessaly, which Hercules, finding himself doomed to die, ascended, and burnt himself on

a pyre officious, subservient, P.L. viii.


Og, a giant, King of Bashan,
Deut. iii. II

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