페이지 이미지

Olympian, at Olympia in Elis be emerged into the upper air.

were held the most famous When he had all but come to

athletic contests of Greece the end of his journey, he Olympias, mother of Alexander looked back, and Eurydice, the Great

“ half-regained,” vanisht Olympus, a mountain in Thes

away saly, where the Greeks sup- Orus, Horus, an Egyptian deity, posed their gods to dwell; the son of Isis and Osiris also used as a synonym for Osiris, an Egyptian deity and the sky

culture-hero, husband of omnific, all-creating, P.L. vii. Isis. He taught the people 217

agriculture and civilised Ophion, a Titan, driven from them. His brother Typhon Olympus by Kronos

murdered him, cut him in Ophir, the land whence Solo

pieces, and cast the pieces mon got his gold

into the Nile. Isis gathered Ophiuchus, a northern constel- the pieces, and put them lation

away in a chest Ophiusa, an island full of ser- ounce, a kind of leopard, P.L. pents

iv. 344; C. 71 opposition, an astrological term, outlandish, foreign, P.R. iv. 125

used when the earth lies Oxus, a river in Asia between two bodies and in one straight line with them, Palatine, a bill Rome where P.L. ii. 803

stood the palace of the later opprobrious, infamous, P.L. i. Emperors. M. anticipates in 403

P.R. iv. 50, for then the Ops, wife of Saturn

buildings were more modest optic glass, telescope, P.L. i. 288 Pales, a Řoman deity of Aocks orc, a sea-monster, P.L. xi. 835

and shepberds Orcus, a Latin name of the king pampered, leafy (Lat. pampinus, of the infernal regions

“vine"), P.L. V. 214 Oread, a mountain nymph Pan, the rural god of the Oreb or Horeb, which properly Greeks, patron of flocks and

means a dry place," was shepherds; a kind of personilater used of the Sinaitic fication of nature. The region

word mây means every orient, bright, ke the sunrise, thing," and M. plays on this P.L. xi. 205

word in P.L. iv, 266, though Orion, a constellation figured there is no real connection

as an armed man, which was between the two

supposed to bring storms Pandemonium, the place of Ormus, Hormuz, a rich city on All-Devils. A word coined the Persian Gulf

on the analogy of Pantheon Orontes, a river to the N. of Pandora, a woman made by Syria

the gods to do mischief to Orphean, Orpheus was a mythi- men, The word means that

cal musician, who played so she possest “ all their gifts " beautifully that beasts and Pancas, now Banias, a town trees and rocks listened and under Hermon at one of the followed him

springs of Jordan, believed heus, a mythical singer, who

by many to be the ancient went to Hades in order to Dan recover his dead wife, Eury- panim, pagan (or infidel) dice. He so charmed Pluto Panope, a sea nymph, daughter; that Pluto consented,

of Nereus condition Orpheus should Paquin, Pekin (really the same not look back upon her until as Cambaluc)

[ocr errors]


iv. 40


paragon (vb.), to compare, P.L. | Phlegeton (Phlegethon), riwer of X. 426

fire, one of the rivers of the parallax, an astronomical term, infernal regions in Greek

used metaphorically for a mythology strange effect of vision, P.R. Phlegra, the battle-field of the

gods and giants in Greek paramount, chief, P.L. ü. 508 mythology paranymph, bridesman, S.A. phoenix, a fabulous bird, sup

posed to live a thousand pardon, dispensation or indul- years, and then to burn itself, gence, P.L. ii. 492

on which another would rise peal, fill with noise, P.L. ii. 920 from the ashes Pegasus, the winged horse of Pindarus, a great Greek lyric

Greek mythology; in later poet times associated with the pinnacle, Matt. iv. 5 Muses, because with his boof platane, plane-tree, P.L. iv. 478 he struck, and forth came Plato, most famous of the Greek the inspiring fount called philosophers Hippocrene

Pluto, king of the underworld Pellean, of Pella in Macedonia; poise, weigh down, P.L. ii. 905

used of Alexander the Great, Pomona, the Roman goddess who was born there. At the of fruit trees, wedded by battle of the Issus, he cap- Vertumnus tured, when he was twenty | Pompey, Cn. Pompius Magnus, three years old, the wife and distinguished himself before daughters of Darius, with he was twenty-three, but did otber ladies not a few; but not obtain a triumph so early dismissed them free

as M. states Pelleas, a Knight of the Round ponent, from the W. or sunTable

setting, P.L. x. 704 Pellemore, a Knight of the Pontic King, Mithradates Round Table

pontifical, bridge-making, P.L. Pelops' line, the Thyestiadæ,

whose story was the theme of Pontus, the Black Sea; famed many Greek tragedies

for its fish; also a district in Pelorus, the N.-E. promontory Asia Minor southward of the

of Sicily Peor, i.e. Baal-peor, a licentious port, gate, P.L. iv. 778 deity

prætor, a Roman official, P.R. Perea, a district E. of the

iv. 63 Jordan

pretended, stretcht as a screen, perfet, perfect (older and P.L. X. 872

correct spelling), P.R. iv. 468 prevenient, anticipating, P.L. xi. Persepolis, ancient capital of Persia

prevention, anticipation of a person, character, P.L. X. 156 coming blow, P.L. vi. 320 Petsora, Petchora on the Arctic prick, ride or spur, P.L. ii. Ocean

536 Pharphar, a river flowing near procinct (in), girt (Lat. in proDamascus

cinctu), P.L. vi 19 Philip, father of Alexander the į Proclaimer, Luke iii. 4

Great. Alexander began his proconsul, a Roman official, reign at twenty, conquered P.R. iv. 63 Persia when not yet twenty- proom, prelude, P.L. ix. 549 five, and died at thirty-three progeny, birth and lineage, P.R. Philomel, the nightingale Phineus, a blind soothsayer of Proserpine, daughter of Ceres old Greece

(Gr. Demeter), wife of Pluto,

X. 313


iv. 554


C. 995

ii. 833

who carried her off while stronghold E. of Jordan.

gathering flowers in Enna See i Kings xxii. 34 Proteus, the mythical Old Man ramp, jump, P.L. iv. 343

of the Sca, who could trans. | Raphael, archangel. See form himself into

many Asmodeus shapes

realty, royalty, P.L. vi. 115 prowest, most renowned or rebeck, a kind of violin, P.R. bravest, P.R. iii. 342

P. 401 Psyche,, the soul personified recorder, a wind instrument, Eros (or Cupid) loved her, but

P.L. i. 551 visited her only at night, and redound, overflow, P.L. Ü. 889 forbade her to look upon Regulus, M. Atilius Regulus was him. She disobeyed, he taken prisoner at Carthage. departed, and she traversed He was sent home on parole, a weary pilgrimage before and bidden to persuade the she was united to him Romans to make peace; but, again

on the contrary, he is said to punctual, like a point, P.L. viii. have told them to hold out, 23

and then he returned to his Punic, Carthaginian or Phæni- death cian

reluctant, struggling, P.L. X. 515 Punic coast, the N. of Africa, result, rebound, P.L. vi. 619 about Carthage

Rhea, wife of Jupiter Ammon purfled, fringed or embroidered, Rhea, wife of Kronos (Saturn)

Rhene, the Rhine purlieus, neighbourhood, P.L. Rhodope, a mountain range

between Thrace and Macepurpose, converse, P.L. iv. 337 donia. Here was the oracle Pyrrha, wife of Deucalion

of the Thracian Dionysus. Pythian, the Pythian games The “ Thracian bard" Orwere held at Delphi in honour pheus did not honour Dionyof Pythian Apollo

sus, who sent upon him the Python, the dragon of Delphi, Bassaridæ (a rout of Mænad

bred out of slime left by women), and they tore him Deucalion's deluge

to pieces, nor could bis

mother Calliope aid him quaternion, fourfold, P.L. V. 181. Thomb, wheel, P.L. viii. 134

The four elements, according Rimmon, a Syrian deity to Heracleitus, were air, rined, rinded, P.L. V. 342

æther, water, and earth ruin, fall, P.L. vi. 868 Quiloa, near Zanzibar

Rutupina equora, Rutupiæ is Quintilian, a great critic and the modern Richborough

rhetorician under the early Roman empire

Sabean, Arabian Quintius, L. Quintus Cincin. sad, serious, P.L. vi. 541

natus, dictator in Rome, Salem, properly Salim, P.R. ii. called to that post from the 21. See John iii. 23 plough, returned to the Salmanassar,

Shalmanezer, plough on resigning it

King of Assyria. See

Kings xvii. I
Rabba, or Rabbath, chief city salve, save, P.R. iv. 12

of Ammon; on the E. of Samood skore, in Siberia

Samos, an island off the coast of Ramath-lechi,“ casting away of Asai Minor ncar Ephesus

the jaw-bone"; see Judges (not in the Cyclades) IV, 17

sapient king, Solomon Ramiel, “ exaltation of God” Sarra, Tyre, famous for its Ramoth, Ramoth - Gilead, purple dye


Satan, the “enemy.

gutta serena, a disease of the Saturn (Gr. Kronos), the Titan eyes, P.L. iii. 25

who ruled the universe before Scricana, part of China and Jove (Zeus) deposed him

Tibet Saturn, used by M. for the Gr. Setia, a town of Latium, famous

Kronos, chief of the Titanic for wine

dynasty that preceded Zeus Seuern, named from Sabrina, satyr, a hybrid monster with drowned in it

goat's feet, in Greek myth- sewer, a butler or steward who ology. The satyrs suggested arranged the meats on the the traditional type of Satan table, P.L. ix. 38 in art and legend

Sibma, a town in Moab scales, one of the signs of the sideral, of the stars, P.L. x. 693

Zodiac, between Virgo and Sidonian, Phoenician, as Sidon Scorpio. In P.L. iv. 997 M. was one of the chief Phænialludes to the classical belief cian towns that the fates of earthly silly, simple, p. 388 combatants were weighed in Silo, Shiloh, where was the scales by the gods

sanctuary of God Scipio, conqueror of Hannibal Siloa, a pool with a spring flowScorpion, one of the signs of ing into it, just outside Jeru. the Zodiac

salem, and near the temple scull, shoal, P.L. vii. 402 silvan, Silvanus, a Roman deity Scylla, the straits of Messina of the fields and forests

were supposed to have on Simeon, Luke ii. 25 one side Scylla, a devouring Sincan, Chinese monster, and on the other Sinai, a mountain or mountain Charybdis, a whirlpool

range on a peninsula between secular, lasting for a whole age, the Gulfs of Suez and AkaS.A. 1707.

bah; here were given the secure, careless, confident, P.L. Tables of the Law to Moses

Sion, one of the hills of JeruSeleucia, a dty on the Tigris, salem, where the temple stood

built by Seleucus, one of Siron, a name used in ancient Alexander's generals

astronomy, of beings who Semele, a woman beloved of sat each in one of the nine

Zeus in Greek mythology, by, “ infolded spheres," making whom she became mother of melody Bacchus

sirocco, a hot wind from tho seneshal, steward of the house- S.-E. hold, P.L. ix. 38

Sieraliona, Sierra Leone Sennaar, Shinar, a part of Sittim, a camping-place of the Babylonia

Israelites hard by Jericho sentence, opinion, P.L. ii. 51 sleight, trick, P.L. ix. 92 Scon, Sihon, King of the Amor- slightly, slightingly, contemptuites

ously, P.R. H. 198 Septentrion, northern (Lat.), Socrates, the Greek philosopher P.R. Iv. 31

and teacher, was put to death scraphim, high order of on a false charge of blascelestial beings

vi. 541


phemy and corrupting the Serapis, an Egyptain god

youth Serbonian bog, Lake Sirbonis sock, Soccus, the boot of the

in Egypt, between Mount ancient actor, p. 402 Casius and Danietta, where Sofala, on E. coast of Africa a part of the Persian army Sogdiana, N.-E. province of the perished in 350 B.C.

ancient Persian empire drop serene seems Soldan, Sultan to be a literal translation of Solomon, 1 Kings xi. 4

SGT ene.

sooth, true, C. 823

hence malefactors were cast Sophi, or Sophy, Shah, P.L. X. down 433

Tarsus, chief city of Cilicia sord, sward, P.L. xi. 433

Tartarus," the Pit,” Hades spet, a variant of spit, C. 132 Tauric pool, sea of Azov, so spring, growth, P.L. ix. 218 called from the Tauric Cherstarve, perish, P.L. ii. 600

sonese or Crimea statist, statesman, P.R. iv. Tauris, Tabriz, in N. Persia 354

Taurus, the Bull, one of the Stoa or Colonnade, a place in signs of the Zodiac

Athens where Zeno taught ted, to spread out hay for the stub, stump or stubble, P.R. i. making, P.L. ix. 450 339

teem, breed, S.A. 1703 Stygian, of Styx

Telassar, a city of the “chilStyx, River of Hate, one of the dren of Eden," where pre

rivers of the infernal regions cisely is unknown in Greek mythology

Temir, i.e. Timar or Tambersublime, uplifted, P.L. X. 536 laine, whose capital was sublimed, uplifted, P.L. I. 235 Samarcand success, result, P.L. ii. 9

tempering, mixing, P.L. vil. 15 succint, girt up, P.L. iii. 643 Teradon, a city near the mouth summed, a technical term in of the Tigris

falconry, of full plumage, Tethys, daughter of Uranus and P.R. I. 14

Ge (Heaven and Earth), and supplanted, thrown off his feet, wife of Oceanus; a sea-deity P.L. X. 513

tetrarch, lord of a fourth part, Sus, Tunis

in allusion to the four eleSusa, treasure city and winter ments, P.R. iv, 201

residence of the Persian kings Teucrigena, Brutus the Trojan (Shushan in the Bible)

led a colony to Britain, ao Susiana, a province of the cording to the legend

ancient Persian empire Ternate, one of the Moluccas or suspense (adj.), full of suspense, Spice Islands P.L. Ü. 418

Thammus, a god supposed to swage, assuage, P.L. I. 556

have been slain by a boar on Sylvan, Sylvanus, Roman Lebanon, and to die and redeity of the fields and forests vive each year.

The Greeks synod, assembly, P.L. ii. 391 identified him with Adonis; Syene, a place on the Nile, by he was mourned in a yearly

the first cataract; and festival by the women of Roman frontier station

Lebanon Syrinx, a mythical nymph be Thamyris, a blind Thracian loved by the god Pan

bard Syrtis, a gulf and quicksand in than, then, S.A. 158 N. Africa

Theban monster, the Sphinx.

When Edipus guessed the Tantalus was condemned to riddle, she died

remain throat-deep in a lake, Thebes, a city in Bootia (N. with fruit-trees over-banging; Greece), scene of a mythical but so often as be caught at struggle, and of the Greek the fruit, the trees receded, tragedies of Edipus and the and when be stooped to drink,

Seven Heroes the water filed away from his Thebes, a famous city in Egypt lips

(distinct from Thebes in Taprobane, Ceylon

Greece) Tarpeian Rock, front of the Thebes, a village near Neapolis,

Capitoline Hill, where stood and bearing its ancient name the temple of Jupiter. From as Tubås: wrongly connected



« 이전계속 »