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with Elijah the Tishbite in Turnus, the rival and foe of P.R. Ü. 313. For the allu- Æneas, who married his besion see i Kings xix. 5

trothed bride Lavinia; deThemis, goddess of justice and scribed in Virgil's Æneid right

Tuscan artist, Galileo, P.L. i. thereafter, according, P.R. Ü. 321 288 Thermodoontea puella, Eliza- Twins, Gemini, a sign of the

beth, as an “Amazon” (Ther- Zodiac, called Spartan in modon, a river in the land of allusion to Castor and Pollux the Amazons)

Typhoean, of Typhoeus Thisbite, Elijah the Tishbite Typhon Thrascias, the N.N.-W. wind Typhon (P.L.), a monster who Thyestes, before whom was set rebelled against Zeus

the flesh of his sons at a ban- Typhon (P.R.), or Set, brother quet

of Osiris, who murdered him. Thyrsis, the typical rustic maid He is regarded as evil perin pastoral poetry

sonified tiar, tiara, diadem, P.L. iii. 625 Tidore, one of the Moluccas or | Uncouth, unknown, P.L. u. 407, Spice Islands

iv. 363 Tigris, a river of Mesopotamia, Unexpressive, inexpressible, p.

supposed to be that which 388 watered Eden

unfumed, not burnt for sweet timelessly, untimely, p. 380 scent, P.L. V. 349 tine, kindle, P.L. X. 1075 unobnoxious, not exposed to tire, drag, tear (tecbn. term in anything, invulnerable by it, falconry), P.L. vi. 605

P.L. vi. 404 Tiresias, an ancient Greek seer, unoriginal, primeval, P.L. X. who was blind

477 Titans, in Greek mythology, unprevented, unforestalled, P.L.

were the beings who ruled the universe before the dynasty unweeting, unwitting, P.R. i. of Zeus, who warred upon 126 them and overthrew them. Ur, a great town in Chaldea They are often confused with Urania, Muse of the heavens, the giants. In P.L. i. 510 patroness of astronomy; used of the eldest of the given a new meaning by M. brood, whom M. says gave

P.L. vii. I place to Saturn, q.v.

Urchin, hedgehog, supposed to Tobias. See Asmodeus

have a malign influence, C. Tobit's son, Tobias. See As. 845 modeus

Uriel, “ Light of God" Tophet, in the valley of Hinnom Urim,

“ lights," Trebisond, Trapezus, a Greek was kept within the breast. city on the Black Sea

plate of the High Priest, Trinacrian, Sicilian, title for purposes of divination.

taken from the three pro- What it was no man knows; montories of Sicily

but probably some cabalistić Triton, a river in Libya

symbol or charm, jewel, or Triton, a sea-deity, son of scarabæus, or the like

Poseidon (Neptune) and Urim and Thummim, talisman Amphitrite

worn on the breastplate of Troy, a town in N.-W. of Asia the High Priest, by which in

Minor; scene of the famous some manner unknown the siege by the Greeks dated will of God was supposed

1184 B.C., sung of by Homer to be made manifest. See Turm, a troop of borse (Lat. Exod. xxviii. 30,

I Sam. turma), P.R. iv. 66

xxviii. 6

iii. 231





P.R. I. 312

Uther's son, King Arthur what, why (a Latinism), P.L. II.
Ussean, of Uz, probably Arabia 329
Deserta. See Job i. 6 whilere, whilom, of old, p. 412

whist, hushed, p. 387
Valdarno, the vale of the river Wilderness, of Judæa, Luke iv. s

Arno, where Florence lies won, dwell, P.L. vii. 457 Vallombrosa, a beautiful valley worm, used of all serpent kind,

near Florence van, wing, P.L. i. 927 Vant-brace, arm-mail, S.A. 1121 Xerxas, King of Persia, who invapour, beat, P.L. xii. 635

vaded Greece and was deVenus, Roman goddess of love feated at Salamis, 480 B.C., Vertumnus, a Roman deity and Plataea, 479. He

associated with the growth of bridged the Hellespont; and

plants from blossom to fruit his first bridge being carried Vesta, goddess of the hearth, away by a storm, ordered the

apparently used by M. as a sea to be scourged and cast personification of domestic fetters into it

retirement, p. 403 Villatic, belonging to a farm or yeanling, new-born, P.L. iii. 434

country house, S.A. 1695 Virgin, Virgo, a constellation senith, the part of the sky volant, Aying, P.L. xi. 561

directly above the head Vulcan, Roman god of fire and Zephyr, Zephyrus, the west smithcraft


sone, the magic girdle or cestus wanton, capricious, P.L. iv. 316 of Venus. For the allusion, welkin, sky, P.L. il. 538

see Chapman's Iliad, xiv. 166 well-couched, well-hidden, P.R. | Zophiel, a cherub




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ICTOR HUGO said a Library was an act of faith,”

and some unknown essayist spoke of one so beautiful, ii.

so perfect, so harmonious in all its parts, that he who es made it was smitten with a passion. In that faith the promoters

of Everyman's Library planned it out originally on a large

scale; and their idea in so doing was to make it conform as wth far as possible to a perfect scheme. However, perfection is a

thing to be aimed at and not to be achieved in this difficult world; and since the first volumes appeared some fifteen years ago, there have been many interruptions. A great war has come and gone; and even the City of Books has felt something like a world commotion. Only in recent years is the series getting back into its old stride and looking forward to complete its original scheme of a Thousand Volumes. One of the practical expedients in that original plan was to divide the volumes into sections, as Biography, Fiction, History, Belles Lettres, Poetry, Romance and so forth; with a compartment for young people, and last, and not least, one of Reference Books. Beside the dictionaries and encyclopædias to be expected in that section, there was a special set of literary and historical atlases. One of these atlases dealing with Europe, we may recall, was directly affected by the disturbance of frontiers during the war; and the maps have been completely revised in consequence, so as to chart


and Gaul Matt the



it is

or K

the New Europe which we hope will now preserve its peace under the auspices of the League of Nations set up at Geneva.

That is only one small item, however, in a library list which runs to over seven hundred and sixty volumes. The largest slice of this huge provision is, as a matter of course, given to the tyrannous demands of fiction. But in carrying out the scheme, the directors and editors contrived to keep in mind that books, like men and women, have their elective affinities. The present volume, for instance, will be found to have its companion books, both in the same section and even more significantly in other sections. With that idea too, novels like Walter Scott's Ivanhoe and Fortunes of Nigel, Lytton's Harold, and Dickens's Tale of Two Cities have been used as pioneers of history and treated as a sort of holiday history books. History itself in our day is tending to grow more documentary and less literary; and "the historian who is a stylist," as one of our contributors, the late Thomas Seccombe, said, “will soon be regarded as a kind of Phænix.” But in the history department of Everyman's Library we have been eclectic enough to choose our history men from every school in turn. We have Grote, Gibbon, Finlay, Macaulay, Motley, Prescott; we have among earlier books the Venerable Bede and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and we have just completed a Livy in six volumes in an admirable new translation by Canon Roberts.

"You only, 0 Books,” said Richard de Bury," are liberal and independent; you give to all who ask.” The delightful variety, the wisdom and the wit which are at the disposal of Everyman in his own library may well, at times, seem to him a little embarrassing. He may turn to Dick Steele in the Spectator and learn how Cleomira dances, when the elegance of her motion is unimaginable and “her eyes are chastised with the simplicity and innocence of her thoughts.” He may turn to Plato's Phædrus

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3 and read how every soul is divided into three parts (like Cæsar's Gaul). He may turn to the finest critic of Victorian times, Matthew Arnold, and find in his essay on Maurice de Guerin the perfect key to what is there called the "magical power of poetry.” It is Shakespeare, with his

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“daffodils That come before the swallow dares, and take The winds of March with beauty;"

it is Wordsworth, with his

“ voice ... heard
In spring-time from the cuckoo-bird,
Breaking the silence of the seas
Among the farthest Hebrides;"

or Keats, with his

... moving waters at their priest-like task Of cold ablution round Earth's human shores."

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William Hazlitt's “Table Talk,” among the volumes of Essays, may help to show the relationship of one author to another, which is another form of the Friendship of Books. His incomparable essay in that volume, “On Going a Journey,” forms a capital prelude to Coleridge's "Biographia Literaria" and to his and Wordsworth's poems. In the same way one may turn to the review of Moore's Life of Byron in Macaulay's Essays as a prelude to the three volumes of Byron's own poems, remembering that the poet whom Europe loved more than England did was as Macaulay said: “the beginning, the middle and the end of all his own poetry.” This brings us to the provoking reflection that it is the obvious authors and the books most easy to reprint which have been the signal successes out of the seven hundred odd in the series, for Everyman is distinctly proverbial his tastes. He likes best of all an old author who has worn well or

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