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B.-WEALTH, LOCAL DEBT, AND TAXATION.*
in the several States and Territories, by census of 1850, 1860, and 1870. (Compiled from advance sheets of census of 1870.)
and Nebraska, which, having less population than the representative ratio, are, nevertheless, assigned one Representative each by law, and dividing the remainder by 279, being the whole number of Representatives originally determined upon, less those assigned to the four States above named. By subsequent act, approved May 29,1872, nine Representatives additional to the original number of 283 were assigned, one to each of the following States: New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Tennessee, Louisiana, Alabama, and Florida.
The relative rank of the States, (according to population.) in the order given in table A, was, in 1860: 22, 27, 28, 7, 29, 24. 1, 21, 2, 32,19, 5, 12, 18, 11,13,14,17, 3,9,10,6, 4, 8,^25,16, 3l, 23, 20, 15 26, 30. 34, 33, 0, 36, 35; and in 1870: 23, 31, 30..7, 32, 25,1,17, 2, 34, 20,10,14, 22,12,16,18, 21, 3, 8, 9, 6, 4, 5. 26,13, 33,19,11,15, 24, 28, 36, 29, 27, 37, 35.
* No valuation of the property of the General Government is attempted in the census of 1870.
Lands, productions, &c.
Farm lands, improved, acres
Farm lands, woodland, acres
Farm lands, other, unimproved, acres
Farms, cash value of.
Farming implements and machinery, cash value
Wages, including value of board, during the year...
including betterments and additions to stock
Produce of market gardens
Value of home manufactures
Value of animals slaughtered or sold for slaughter...
Value of all live stock
Horses, number of „,
Mules and asses, number of
Milch cows, number of.
Working oxen, number of
Other cattle, number of
Sheep, number of.
Swine, number of.
Wheat, spring, bushels
Wheat, winter, bushels
Indian corn, bushels
Rice, pounds ,
Cotton, bales .•
Peas and beans, bushels... ,
Potatoes, Irish, bushels P
Potatoes, sweet, bushels
Milk sold, gallons
Seed, clover, bushels
Seed, grass, bushels
Silk cocoons, pounds
Sugar, cane, hogsheads.
Sugar, sorghum, hogsheads
Sugar, maple, pounds
Molasses, cane, gallons
Molasses, sorghum, gallons
Molasses, maple, gallons
Bees' honey, pounds
(Being a statement of outstanding principal of the public debt of the United States on the 1st of July of each year, from 1857 to 1872, inclusive; vide report Secretary Treasury, December 4, 1871, page 13, and public debt statement of same, July 1,1872:)
1862 524,176,412 13
1863... 1,119,772,138 63
1864 1,815,784,370 57
Debt of each
The public debt at the close of each Administration was: Washington, (first term.) ending 1793, $80,352,634 04; (second term,) $82,064,479 33; John Adams, $83,038,05080; Jefferson, (first term.) $82,312.150 50; (second term,) $57,023,192 09; Madison, (first term,) $55,962,827 57: (second term,) $123,491,965 16; Monroe, (first term.) $89,987,427 66; (second term,) $83,788,432 71; John Quincy Adams, $58,421,413 67; Jackson, (first term.) $7,001,698 83; (second term.) $3,308,124 07; Van Buren. $13,594,480 73; Tyler, $15,925,303 01; Polk, $63,061,858 69; Fillmore. $59,803,117 70; Pierce, $28,699,831 85; Buchanan, $90,580,873 72; Lincoln, $2,680,647,869 74; Johnson, $2,588,452,213 94.
* Compiled from advance sheets of the census.
G.-RE VENUE REDUCTIONS.
Official estimates of the annual reduction in internal and customs revenues of the United States by legislation
since the act of 1866.
Total number of acres of public lands of United States, including those disposed of as well as those yet on hand :; 1,
Quantity sold 161,766.426.46
Entered under the homestead laws of 1860, 1864. and 1866 20,500,216.69
Granted for military services 62,115,202.03
Granted for agricultural colleges:
Selected in place 1.461.157.64
Located with scrip 6.175,431.35
Approved under grants in aid of railroads 26,027,673.52
Approved swamp selections, (given to theStates) 48,775,990.05
Quantity granted to the States and Territories for internal improvements 12,403.054.43
Donations and grants for schools 67.983,922.00
Donations and grants for universities > 1,082,880.00
Located with Indian scrip 732,165.21
Located with floatscrip under act of March 17,1862 15,296.24
Estimated quantity granted for wagon-roads 3,857,213.00
Quantity granted tor ship-canal * 1,450,000.00
Seats of government and public buildings. 146,860.00
Granted to individuals and companies 2,482.861.32
Granted for deaf and dumb asylums 44 971.11
Reserved for benefit of Indians \ 13.280.699.94
Reserved for companies, individuals, and corporations 8,955 383.75
Confirmed private land claims 18,696,947.62
Total disposed of
Remaining unsold and unappropriated June 30,1871 1,376,529,562.64
*The number of articles on the schedule has been reduced from two hundred and eighty-six, under act of March 3,1865, to fifty-five under act of July 14, 1870.
t Reduction effected chiefly by repeal of extra duty of twenty per cent, imposed on manufactures by section five, act of March 3,1865, and by additions to free list.
t By raising exemption on income from $600 to $1,000. establishing uniform rate of five percent, instead of differential rates of five and ten percent., increasing exemptions, and, in some cases, reducing rate of tax.
§ Mainly by repeal of duty on raw cotton.
|| By repeal on all manufactures then taxable except gas, enumerated in section ninety-four, act of June 30,1864.
1T By repeal of tax on gross receipts,sales other than sales paid by stamps, and sales of tobacco, spirits, and wines, legacies, successions, articles in schedule A. passports, and special taxes, except those relating: to spirits, tobacco, and fermented liquors, by raising income exemption from $1,000 to $2,000, and reducing the rate from five to two and a half per cent.
**By reductions on tobacco $6,854,000, gas tt2.800.000. stamps $10,977,183, and banks $500,000.
§ Repeals duty on tea and coffee—a reduction of $15,893,846 67.
The Commissioner of the General Land Office, January 9, 1872, estimates the quantity of land embraced in the limits of all the railroad grants, after deducting 8,740,264.55 acres lands reverted and lapsed, at 207,460,031.77 acres, and estimates the quantity they will receive from such grants, after deducting 6,314,005.45 acres reverted and lapsed, at 172,739,430.80 acres.
I.-VOTES ON GENERAL TARIFF ACTS,
(1842 to 1870,)
by States, in the House of Representatives, on their passage.
The above table, excepting the last column, is from Mr. Edward Young's Customs-Tariff Legislation of the United States," 1872.
'Special Report on the
Receipts since the formation of the Government, from March 4,1789, to June 30, 1871: customs, $2,981,260,790 71; internal revenue, $1,631,820,461 33; direct taxes, $27,239,672 42; public lands, $191,713,472 08; miscellaneous sources, $220,467,039 79—being $5,052,501,436 33.
[The Secretary of the Treasury reports, February, 1871, the aggregate proceeds of sales of abandoned and captured property covered into the Treasury as $26,709,268, ($19,204,211 being proceeds of cotton.) Of this there had been expended in purchase of products of insurrectionary States, $2,465,833; returned to claimants under awards of United States Court of Claims, $1,556,247; expensesof collection and disposition of such property, $75,000; leaving a balance of $22,612,188 in the Treasury.]
Expenditures since the formation of the Government, from March 4, 1789, to June 30,
* Premiums received on sales of gold are excluded from this table, and premiums paid in purchase of bonds are excluded from the table of expenditures. The former aggregated in the above twelve years $166,589,922 60; the latter, $46,278,907 43.
tin elucidation of the expenditures, the following data, taken from the official reports for the respective years, are appended:
Civil List.—The largest items in expenditures (cents omitted) under this head are: 1860—Congress, $2,619,520; executive. $1,826,804; judiciary, $1,181,667. 1861—Congress, $2,819,930; executive, $1,882,357; judiciary, $958,464. 1862—Congress, $2,516,852; executive, $1,958,410; judiciary. $958,464. 1863—Congress, $2,252,510; executive, $2,515,853; judiciary, $1,088,460. 1864—Congress, $2,937,192; executive, $3,433,031;