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76. No advances of money are to be made to any person belonging to or employed in the revenue service, unless specially directed by the Treasury Department in writing.
77. No purchases, repairs, alterations, or changes are to be made, for or in any revenue vessel within the limits of the United States, without the previous sanction of the Secretary of the Treasury.
DUTIES OF OFFICERS.
78. No officer or other person attached to, or serving on board of any revenue vessel, or holding any office or place of trust, profit, or emolument in the revenue service, shall oppress, cruelly treat, or maltreat any other person under his command or control, or in the service. . 79. Drunkenness, profane swearing, and all other scandalous conduct tending to the destruction of goods morals, are positively forbidden on pain of prompt dismissal, if an officer, and if a petty officer or other person, on pain of punishment according to the laws and usages of the sea service.
80. Officers upon the receipt of orders from the Department are expected to obey them with alacrity. Any attempt to procure their revocation or qualification through political or other influence, being regarded as prejudicial to good order and discipline, will incur the serious displeasure of the Department, and a note of the fact will be made upon the roster of officers kept at the Department, opposite the name of the offending party, and will stand to his discredit.
81. All officers and other persons of the revenue service are required and strictly enjoined to properly observe and obey the orders of their su periors, and to use their utmost exertions to carry such orders into effect with zeal, alacrity, and promptitude.
82. No officer or other person belonging to the revenue service is permitted or authorized to take out of any seized vessel or prize any money, plate, goods, or any part of her cargo, nor to take or remove any part of her rigging, stores, or outfits, unless it be for the protection or preservation of the same, or unless it should be absolutely necessary for the immediate use of the vessel making the seizure, (in which latter case it shall be the duty of the commanding officer to have accurate lists. made in detail of all property or articles;) but the whole, without fraud, concealment, or embezzlement, must be brought in and delivered to the proper authorities.
83. No officer shall receive, or permit to be received, on board of a revenue vessel, any goods, wares, or merchandise, other than for the sole use of the revenue vessels, except gold, silver, and jewels, and except the goods or merchandise of vessels which may be in distress or shipwrecked, or in imminent danger of being shipwrecked, and in order to preserve them for their owners, without orders from the Secretary of the Treasury or other competent authority.
84. No officer or other person belonging to or serving in the revenue service shall unlawfully destroy any kind of public property not then in the possession of an enemy; and it shall be the duty of every officer and other person attached or belonging to any revenue vessel, or in the revenue service, to use his utmost exertions to prevent the destruction by others of all property of the Government within the limits of his command or control, or coming under his observation.
85. It shall be the duty of every officer and other person in or belonging to the revenue service to use his utmost exertions to detect, apprehend, and bring to punishment all offenders against the laws of the United States, and to aid and assist, at all times, all persons legally appointed for this purpose.
86. If an officer becomes incapacitated, from sickness or other cause, for the efficient performance of his duties, the commanding officer of the vessel shall make report, setting forth all the facts of the case to the Secretary of the Treasury, through the proper official channel.
87. All applications for leaves of absence on account of sickness must be accompanied by the certificate prescribed in the foregoing regulation, together with a certificate of a board of survey provided for in section 103, and the officer shall state how long he has been absent already on that account, and by whose permission.
88. Leaves of absence, other than for sickness, not to exceed thirty days in any one year, may be granted to officers in the discretion of the Department, when the exigencies of the public service will permit.
89. All offenses of officers on board revenue vessels shall be promptly reported by the commanding officer, through the proper official channel, to the Secretary of the Treasury.
90. No person in or belonging to the revenue service shall waste, embezzle, or fraudulently buy, sell, or receive any ammunition, provisions, rigging, outfits, or other public stores or supplies; nor shall any officer or other person, in or belonging to the revenue service, knowingly permit through design, negligence, or inattention, any waste, embezzlement, sale, or receipt of any property of the United States. . 91. If any person in the revenue service shall knowingly make or sign,
or shall aid, abet, direct or procure the making or signing of any false muster and pay-roll, or shall execute, or attempt, or countenance any fraud against the United States, he will, on satisfactory evidence to the Secretary of the Treasury, if an officer, be dismissed and handed over to the judicial authorities for trial; but if not an officer, he will be delivered up to the civil authorities for trial and punishment.
92. It is strictly forbidden to all persons belonging to the revenue service, or serving on board any revenue vessel, to give, hold, or entertain any intercourse or intelligence to or with any enemy, without leave from the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury, or the commander-in-chief of military or naval forces of the United States, when employed or acting within the limits of their commands, and beyond the reach of the Executive.
93. If any letter or message from an enemy be conveyed to any officer or other person serving on board of any revenue vessel, or to any person employed for the protection of the revenue, he will, within twelve hours, make the same known, having opportunity so to do, to his superior or commanding officer; or, if a commanding officer, he shall, with all convenient speed, reveal or make the same known to the Treasury Department, through the proper official channel, or to the military or naval commander-in-chief, within the limits of whose command he may be at the time.
94. Spies, and all persons who shall come or be found in the capacity of spies, or who shall bring or deliver any seducing letter or message from an enemy, or endeavor to corrupt any person belonging to the revenue service, shall be seized and held subject to the orders of the Secretary of the Treasury, or other competent authority.
95. No person serving in any revenue vessel, or belonging to the reve nue service, shall make, or attempt to make, any mutinous assembly, or shall utter any seditious, treasonable, or mutinous words, or shall conceal or connive at any mutinous, treasonable, or seditious practices, or shall treat with contempt his superior, being in the execution of his office; and every person in the revenue service, being witness to any mutiny or sedition, shall do his utmost to suppress it.
96. Any felony committed on board of a revenue vessel shall be promptly reported, if in port, to the collector of the customs; if at sea, the offender shall be confined for safe-keeping, at the discretion of the captain, until the vessel returns to a port of the United States.
97. In case the crime of murder shall be committed on board of any revenue vessel, if within the waters of the United States, it shall be the duty of the commanding officer to call in the aid of the civil authorities, and deliver up the party or parties charged with the crime, and afford all the facilities in his power to the civil officers whose duty it may be to · take cognizance of the act; if at sea, or without the limits of the United States, it shall be the duty of the captain, or commanding officer, to confine and safely guard the offender until he can deliver him up to the proper authorities.
98. All crimes committed by persons on board of revenue vessels, while lying in the waters of the United States, are to be punished by the judicial authorities of the locality in which they may have been committed.
99. No punishment is to be inflicted upon any person on board of, or belonging to, any revenue vessel which is not authorized by law, or in accordance with the usages of the sea service.
100. All deserters from the revenue service shall forfeit all pay then due them.
101. Whenever any vessel is captured or seized by a revenue vessel, it shall be the duty of the commanding officer thereof to carefully preserve all the papers and writings found on board the prize, and to transmit the whole of the originals, unmutilated, to the collector of customs of the port, in conformity to law.
102. The term of service for an officer upon a station will be generally #e years, unless the exigencies of the service should, in the opinion of the Department, otherwise demand.
103. No departure from the foregoing regulation will be made at the solicitation of an officer, except in case of sickness, and then only upon the production to the Department of a certificate, to the effect that the nature of the disease absolutely requires a change of climate, made by a board of survey consisting of a surgeon in the Army or the Navy and the surgeon of a marine hospital, who will be invited to constitute such board by the collector of customs, upon the written application of the officer.
104. If these medical officers are not within reach, the collector will select two physicians of good standing to make said survey, at the expense of the officer concerned.
105. Crews for revenue vessels will be shipped for the term of one year (unless otherwise directed by the Secretary of the Treasury) under the personal supervision of the captain or commanding officer of the vessel, according to the terms and forms of shipping articles appended to these regulations, and will not be discharged within that period, unless by written authority of the Secretary of the Treasury.
106. The rate of pay of the different petty officers, seamen, boys, firemen, and others authorized to be employed on board of revenue vessels, will be fixed from time to time, according to circumstances, and the place of employment of the vessel, by the Secretary of the Treasury.
107. No person serving on board of a revenue vessel shall be discharged in a foreign port, or sent on board of a vessel fallen in with at sea, unless the vessel fallen in with at sea is in distress and requires additional hands to bring her into port; and in that case the men thus sent will be entitled to their pay as though they had remained on board their own vessel, and also to be reinstated in their former or a better position on rejoining their vessel.
108. Captains or commanding officers of revenue vessels may rate or disrate the petty officers and crew of their vessel, within the limit of the numbers authorized by the Department; but no one is to be disrated, except for good cause; either of want of capacity or misconduct.
109. Rations will be served out to the crew under the orders of the commanding officer, and under the personal superintendence of the junior lieutenant on duty.
110. Commanding officers of revenue vessels will be held to a strict account for all provisions delivered on board of vessels under their command; and they shall examine all the returns of expenditures, all requisitions for supplies, all accounts rendered against the vessel, and all other returns or reports required under these regulations, and, on being satisfied of their correctness, shall approve the same.
111. No person attached or belonging to a revenue vessel, or revenue boat, will. be permitted to take or appropriate to his own use and benefit any supplies, outfits, fixtures, or furniture, or any provisions which are not regularly served out to him as a whole or part of his proper rations.
112. No provisions belonging to the United States are to be taken on shore, or removed from the vessel to which they have been delivered, for the private use of any person, or under any circumstances whatever, except as herein authorized.
113. When crews of shipwrecked or other vessels in distress are supplied with provisions or other articles of public property from revenue vessels, receipts shall be taken for them in triplicate from the party or parties receiving them, if circumstances will permit; but if circumstances will not permit the obtaining of receipts, then the senior or commanding officer of the revenue vessel will cause a full detailed list of the articles and quantities to be made out and certified by a junior lieutenant, which he will countersign as being correct—one copy to be sent or delivered to the collector of customs of the port under whose superintendence he may be, to enable him to have the United States reimbursed by the owner or owners of the vessel relieved, and another copy sent to the Secretary of the Treasury.
114. In all cases where revenue vessels employed in assisting vessels in distress may incur any necessary damages or expenses, the owners of the vessels so assisted may be required to indemnify the United States for the same; and to this end the commanding officer shall forward to the collector of the port under whose superintendence 'he may be, an accurate estimate of expenses incurred and damages sustained, which the collector will transmit to the Department, with a full statement of all the facts, together with the names of the vessel, the master and consignees at the port to which she may be bound. :
115. Each and every petty officer, seaman, boy, fireman, and other person regularly shipped, will be entitled to and receive one entire Navy ration per day in kind while actually engaged in serving on board a revenue vessel, except the grog ration, which will be commuted at the rates fixed by regulation, viz, three cents.