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116. Stewards, cooks, and boys attending upon officers' messes may have their rations commuted at the rate of thirty cents per day, (the commutation rate of the grog ration must be paid to the persons thus provisioned in money as a part of their pay or compensation,) the commutation less the value of the grog ration to go to the mess in which they are serving.
117. No article of furniture, fixture, or supply, belonging to the United States and furnished to a revenue vessel, is to be condemned or disposed of in any way without the authority of the Secretary of thọ Treasury, through the proper channel, except as hereinafter provided.
118. All articles of supplies, outfits, furniture, and other public property on board of revenue vessels are to be accounted for by the commanding officers; and the value of all articles of fitments and supplies not satisfactorily accounted for will be checked against the pay of the officer responsible for them.
119. All provisions, supplies, and articles of every description for the use of revenue vessels shall be carefully inspected by the commanding officer of the vessel at the time they are sent for delivery, to see that the provisions are sound, wholesome, and of good quality, and that they are in strict accordance with the terms of the contract; and in case of outfits and other articles, to see that they are of good quality, of the proper kind, size, and description required, and properly put up.
120. Articles sent on board any vessel by the contractor, in conformity with previous requisitions or orders, must be delivered to the commanding officer, or such person as he may appoint to receive them, who is hereby required to cause receipts to be given for the same, provided they are of the proper quality, in good order, and accompanied by bills or invoices made out in due form.
121. All stores sent on board a vessel in commission by a contractor will be carefully examined, when first received, by the officer to whose department they may belong, and such others as the commander of the vessel may appoint; and, if found by them to be of inferior quality, a regular survey will be ordered, and held upon them immediately.
122. All articles condemned by survey as unfit for use, or not conformable to contract, may be returned to the contractor. Duplicates of the surveys must be immediately forwarded to the Department, accompanied by such remarks as may be deemed necessary.
123. Provisions which have become unfit for the use of the crew, from age, or from any other cause, shall be regularly surveyed by a board of survey, composed of not more than three nor less than two lieutenants or engineers, (if there be so many on duty on board ;) and in case there
should not be two lieutenants or engineers on board, then the requisite number of persons, not exceeding three, may be made up from the petty officers of the highest rank.
124. Provisions condemned by a regular survey at sea, by a board of survey, may, if the captain or commanding officer be of opinion that the health of the crew and officers require it, be thrown overboard; but, if in port, the provisions thus condemned are to be retained on board until the survey is approved or disapproved, and directions are given for their disposition.
125. No survey upon provisions shall be ordered by any officer or person on board of a revenue vessel other than the captain or commanding officer; nor shall any officer left in temporary command, or during the temporary absence of his commanding officer, order any survey upon provisions.
126. Each mess will be supplied with the necessary tin buckets, or kids and cans, tin pans, tin pots or cups, tin plates, tin dishes, iron spoons, and common knives and forks.
127. Commanders of revenue vessels will allow the cooks, or members of the men's messes who may be selected for purchasing such necessary articles for their messes as are not embraced in the ration, every reasonable facility for doing so, and are enjoined to see that they are not imposed upon in making purchases of these articles.
128. Each revenue vessel will be allowed a fishing seine of suitable length, which will be used for the benefit of the officers and men's messes whenever the duties of the vessel will permit, and there is a reasonable prospect of taking fish.
129. Fishing lines and hooks will be allowed to each revenue vessel, which the commanding officer will see properly distributed among the men's messes.
130. The officers and crews of revenue vessels are to be furnished a full and reasonable allowance of water for drinking and cooking purposes.
131. All revenue vessels without medical officers will be allowed a suitable medicine chest, containing such medicines as the commander, with the sanction of the collector, may think necessary.
132. Revenue vessels are not to be used for any other than public purposes; nor shall any vessel be diverted from the service herein prescribed, or any person or persons received on board a vessel for passage from one place to another, for pleasure or business, unless it be for the benefit of some branch of the public service, and with the express previous authority of the Department.
133. All persons in the service are to be constant in attention to their duties, never absenting themselves therefrom without the consent of their immediate commanding officer, nor remaining out of the vessel to which
they may belong during the night, after sunset, without express permission from the commander of the vessel.
134. Every officer or person of the service shall treat with respect his superior, or any one having authority over him, and is required to set an example of morality, subordination, and devotion to duty.
135. If any person in the service consider himself oppressed by his superior, or observe in him any misconduct, he is not on that account to fail in his respect to him, but he is to represent, through the proper channel, such oppression or misconduct to the proper authority. But in all cases such person will be held accountable if his representations should be found vexatious, frivolous, or false.
136. No person in the service shall, without the authority of his superior or commanding officer, exchange with another for the performance of any duty with which he may be charged.
137. Officers of the revenue service are strictly prohibited from publishing, or causing to be published, in newspapers, pamphlets, handbills, or otherwise, any disrespectful or offensive matter relative to transactions of a private nature between officers or between officers and citizens. An officer so offending shall be arrested and tried therefor; and one specification of the charge against him shall be the violation of these instructions.
138. All communications from officers in the revenue service for the Secretary of the Treasury shall be transmitted unsealed through their commanding officers, who will indorse them and forward them through the collector.
139. If any person on board a revenue vessel, or belonging to the revenue service, shall know of any fraud, collusion, or other improper conduct in any agent, contractor, officer, or other person connected with or employed by the revenue service, he shall, without delay, report it in writing through the prescribed official channel to the proper officer or to the Department.
140. Malicious, vexatious, or frivolous charges against any one will subject the accuser to all the pains and penalties of such conduct.
141. No officer or other person in the revenue service shall use language that may tend to render officers or crew dissatisfied with their duties.
142. No petty officer, seaman, or boy shall be kept in confinement longer than one week, except for good and sufficient reasons, which must be reported to the Department.
143. When the sun sets at or after 6 o'clock, tattoo shall be beat at 9 o'clock in the evening, and the colors be hoisted at 8 o'clock in the morning; and when it sets before 6 o'clock, the tattoo shall be beat at 8 o'clock in the evening, and the colors be hoisted at 9 o'clock in the morning. The colors shall be kept flying until sunset if the weather will permit, or the senior officer see no objection thereto. Whenever a vessel of the service shall get under way, or come to anchor, the colors
shall be hoisted, though earlier or later, if there be light enough for them to be seen; also in passing, meeting, joining, or parting from any other of the vessels of the service; and unless there should be sufficient reason to the contrary, on falling in with any other vessel at sea, and in passing or approaching forts, castles, batteries, light-houses, or towns.
144. All lights and fires, except those necessary for the service of the vessel, or specially allowed by the commanding officer, or the lights used in the ward-room, steerages, and forward officers' apartments, shall be extinguished at tattoo. The wardroom lights shall be extinguished at 10.p. m., and all others at 9 p. m., unless otherwise allowed in special cases by the commanding officer. The greatest caution is to be observed with regard to lights in any part of a vessel. No light shall be left unattended in any apartment, unless it be in a lantern, properly secured. No uncovered light shall be used in any store-room or in the hold ; nor shall spirit lamps, explosive oils, or friction matches be allowed on board any vessel of the service. .
145. Gambling of every description is strictly prohibited on board vessels of the revenue marine service.
146. Officers not on duty are to keep the Department at all times advised of their addresses.
147. Officers, on being detached from duty, will immediately inform the Department of their intended place of residence, and notice must be given of any contemplated change before it shall have been made.
148. Officers will promptly acknowledge the receipt of orders, and also inform the Department immediately on their having reported in obedience to them. .
149. All persons belonging to the service will conform strictly to such regulations for uniform as may be published from time to time; and every person is strictly forbidden to wear any dress or decoration other than that to which his grade clearly entitles him.
150. In port every boat is to carry the revenue ensign, unless other. wise ordered.
151. All important orders to the officer of the deck, to be carried out during the night, whether given by the commanding or executive officer, must be in writing.
152. The practice of presenting swords, plate, or other things of value by inferior officers or crews to their superior or commanding officer, in the way of compliment, and all votes, resolutions, or testimonials, whether of praise or censure, from inferiors to superiors, are injurious to discipline, and are therefore strictly forbidden.
153. Discussions of military or naval movements by officers in the · presence of their attendants, or any of the crew, are prohibited.
154. The use of sheath-knives on board ship is strictly forbidden. Jack-knives shall be worn with lanyards and in fobs.
155, Steamers of the revenue service are never to be used in towing except in cases of distress, and then only when no other assistance is at hand.
156. All mail matter conveyed by vessels of the service is to be delivered immediately after arrival in port to the postmaster of the place.
157. Hammocks shall be scrubbed once each month; and twice, if weather and duty will permit.
158. White bags shall be kept clean by as frequent scrubbing as may be found to be necessary.
159. Clothes-lines and bammock girt-lines shall be fitted and got up on wash-days, and whenever wet clothes are to be hung up to dry. Clothes are not to be hung in the rigging to dry in port, nor at sea.
160. Hammocks shall be neatly lashed up, as uniform in size as possible, and neatly stowed in the nettings during the day.
161. The bedding and clothes of the crew are to be passed up, shaken, and aired at least once a month, and oftener if necessary.
162. When the duty of the vessel will permit, each Saturday is to be set apart for piping up the clothes-bags, and for allowing the men to overhaul and mend their clothes.
163. When in port, all hands shall be called at daylight and the hammocks piped up. At sea, the hammocks of the watch below shall be piped up at seven bells.
164. The hammocks shall be piped down before dark, unless the duties of the vessel will not allow it to be done.
165. Every precaution is to be taken to guard against fire. Lucifer matches are not to be allowed in the men's bags, messes, or elsewhere between decks, unless they be kept in a safe, and in the care of a responsible person.
166. Galley fires will, in general, bé extinguished at 8 o'clock p. m. in winter, and 9 p. m. in summer.
167. The captain or commanding officer may give special permission for lights in officers' apartments occasionally; but they must be reported out to the officer of the deck and captain.
168. No officer or other person will be permitted to read in bed by a lighted lamp or candle, or to turn in and leave lights burning in his room.
169. The magazine is never to be opened without the knowledge and consent of the commanding officer, and until the fire-screens, gratings, and tarpaulins have been placed.
170. All officers of the revenue service are required to afford all the aid in their power, not inconsistent with their official duties, to the civil authorities in executing process in harbors, roadsteads, and adjacent coasts, against persons charged with crime, and, at the request and under the direction of the captain or commanding officer of any vessel, to assist . in quelling mutiny.
171. Intoxication, or excessive drinking of intoxicating liquors, is to be promptly punished.